IMMI as an interface between the Internet and the State

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IMMI as an interface between the Internet and the State
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The Icelandic Modern Media Initiative set out many ambitious goals for the protection of free speech in the modern age. As information is increasingly becoming the fundamental currency of society, it’s worth looking into the state’s ability to protect human rights and identify its shortcomings. Smári McCarthy will provide a short overview of the IMMI project and outline some of the problems with national law in a networked environment.
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well because of the water move in what
who so here is the existing the
regulations and protections of obsolete well it they those you years it was 1 of their sleep
because they were invented for time which has long since passed the existing the speech regulations in world of the philosophical
descendants of the the French and American revolutions and that were really really good for solving the purposes of that time but since then we've had an industrial revolution we've had 2 world wars we've had the beginning of the information age and nothing has really changed we still have the same fundamental idea of how to detect the way we have communication and this this is isn't acceptable because the the Internet itself as absolutely changed our information culture change the way we communicate with each other but it has never been as easy to have conversations
and despite this we are seeing a culture where the media itself is being attacked increasingly subtly the the attacks against the media or the not as as group was used to be where when you and it's still the case in some countries that journalists and and that somewhere out in most the western world this just doesn't really happen anymore what happens in the western world is that they get censored by but the all sorts of mechanisms that there's litle there's cooperators used to to censor of the whole Balkans mechanisms of the this just doesn't only applied to all media it also applies to people who are using the Internet using Twitter using
blogs using all these new kinds of annotations which have been allowed to buy new technology so we need to kind of rethink things so about a year ago a couple of people sat down and we thought OK let's let's look at what is actually being attacked what are the entire vectors for free speech or against
the speech that reviews frequently and we we went from we looked at how different legislative structures are being used to contract these how different countries are trying to protect territory speech and so on we came up with a proposal which is kind of gathered together what we think it was a like the the best of the kind of between the team of free speech regulation for protection and that we wrote a little of parliamentary resolution proposal which went through their something parliaments and into last year of a of the parliament accepted the proposal and so as we would like to become a free speech right right we know that this is good because last country that that it is still the dominant empowerment planet that's of rapidly changing but still you know they have a lot of benefits from that and there's a lot of reasons to do this kind of thing but it can't really stop there so what I'm gonna do is i'm just gonna run quickly through the different things that we we were included in the 1st the source protection that others the right to protect sources from from being attacked or or being divulged uh it it's just making sure that the the journalist doesn't have to tell the government or somebody else who has forces work because those exceptions this for example in the case of maybe model where only the now that was the that the source might have solve the murder case that be about the so we just talking about because it affects the local yeah the and the value of what so yet so of section that it
and makes that people who want to private remain private and then other 1 issue we want to do with this data retention of course this is the 1 that's
insulting in Germany but did attention is a very Bob thing if you have source protection because it means that but even if the journalist is taken his source and this legally allowed to do so retained data can be used to figure out that sources so we need to contact this idea of the standard of the attention because it just it it is a way of attacking privacy with without of this actually knowing that they're exploring data before we actually have a chance to have a standard model and that's kind of being spied on always no cost and these government should be able to that of intermediary
liability protection is another thing that it's essentially a question of our through intermediaries and communications the people who times new data from from point a to point B of all people in between I do they actually have some obligation to behave in certain ways are they going to have
to do to filtering censorship or or are they comfortable if you transmit something that is illegal now we believe that that should not be the case because if that's the case then everybody will start to prevent information that they think might be illegal from going through the crazy example of this is in China where they everybody knows that the Great Firewall of China the this big censorship mechanism but most essential doesn't actually happened at the border where government what really happens within the state because the status of the issue blanket statement do not embarrass of course everybody's going into that in the strongest possible way because they don't want to have to deal with the result of having embarrassed the government so know we we want to introduce be safe no no Open Government
Open Data this is very important because without it In the power of the model leads to see what the government is doing and poets doing it and whether decisions being made on on a good day so this is very strong challenged and you know the couple talks about this this this week the distance so nothing at all to much in this but we we thought OK
let's look at the computer information access and see which ones we good our of Estonia Norway has very modern feel information that's which I noticed this apartment they just say OK all data should be open and public by default the if there's exceptions and they should be dealt with in a very strict in particular way which is kind of the opposite of what used to be used to be that our people would I have to ask for information specifically every single time and and often you wouldn't know what it is they're asking for for and you have to I can guess what the existing work exists and then there's kind of my personal favorite
moment which is history section 1 1 people know that it is very frequent for newspapers to get legal action against some months so even years after
after a articles and published it and this is done by people who wants their Google record their search results to not be a very back in you children about life so people like say Ukrainian only got sort or a rich business people in recall doing something bad will will soon newspapers and say well you know it's alright we want to take you to court if you just remove it from the database person
newspapers never going to tell anybody this but they know they have a good reason because it costs a lot to go to court the cost lots stand up the right to have published so we thought OK let's let's count the number of days since publication and see if there's a pattern we have actually establish pattern is kind of what we think it looks like we're about to do some research on and then we say OK so there's a financial you lose some financial gain from having published that it's going to operate quickly the of the frequency of legal threats is going to the coming days or weeks maybe the minimax so well let's let's put something limitation so that it makes sense for for the newspapers stand up the right to publish a while it makes economic sense for them to do so but at
the time at the point in time when it is no longer economically viable for them to do so the state comes in and says no you cannot follow suit there no you cannot remove this from the database and so we're we're considering that and the legislation now England is a very nice place there no it isn't really I lived there for a couple years it's not a lot but some uh they have this wonderful
libel law which unlike every other reliable and world except for well there's a couple of Australian states in the union of the few places but in most places but law works in such a way that if I see you for libel I have to prove that you libellous in UK somewhere around it tries to you for reliable you have
to prove that you were not like and because of this flip around it's incredibly expensive for people to protect themselves and often the end up going
bankrupt defending solves against entirely nonsense claims so we're hoping that anyone
gets its act together and already the bill before Parliament amendments to exists but in meantime we want to create some kind of limitations that if there's somebody there was a lot of students in England against a citizen from another country then you know you we want people in our countries said no way this goes against our our general ordered our our rule of law we do things to around so we're not going to honor and court verdicts like that and you know it it just means we're going to bring the libel case to the home country of what is being sued we think that's a fairly reasonable thing to do so this idea of libel
tourism is something we want to stop it now process detection is another thing in other places in the United States certain torus about this it is incredibly expensive to to protect yourself and
director of speech everybody in US always goes all we have 1st Amendment rights we we have the right to to NASA or publish anything but in reality that's not necessarily the cases in the church Scientology versus Time magazine case where no time magazine did a cover story about church Scientology always well except it's ontology so the important thing it was like this and they had to fight their way all the way to the Supreme Court to into the actually be printed and when they finally 1 but this meant that they had spent
7 million dollars in current value protecting their right to free speech that something time I was thinking to wanted twice that most people most organizations of companies can never do that right so we want to kind of put some onus on the people who were filing lawsuits to you know if they're going to make claims and they have to be ready to stand up for a product and that's the end of using and just as an example I think the meeting of string around so centers when you are prevented from publishing something before you've actually published and the this is really bad and I simply had an example a couple of years ago and 2009 where we
could think which is a lot of what was the largest on the bank the marginal book was leaked on Wikileaks and so on the local news agency wanted to report on this except they got the conjunction of just prior to going what saying you cannot report on this so you know that kind of thing we don't want when want something in the public interest we want people to be able to report on it that the old saying is published and be back and you publish 1st and then are down nature being the 1st next so yeah there's
some issues on media ownership who owns media outlets so that kind of thing not necessarily and something pollution interested in or social media isn't but another issue which is more interesting is the idea of refugee journalist because
others asylum-seekers who were essentially information sent the people who have had to flee their home countries because they're being threatened uh either imprisonment or even death just for having written an article published in the in spoken at a rally something like that having published information and now they wanted and not by the government or by some special interests so don't really wants to point out to you have to suffer and the we need to protect the rights to these people to lead to another place
refugee issues in Europe in general are incredibly bad they're regulated by the Dublin mentions and essentially the 1st country that a refugee camps into has to deal with the refugee case so this means that there's a lot of pressure on
countries like Greece and the Czech Republic to deal with the refugees from here further east books and you know the from it may just it isn't good for those countries that have to do with everything that it should be more equally distributed so will be a big issues here so but you know all of these proposals of them is trying to push for the don't actually solve all problems people are still going to kill those going the other problems was and was actually just policy it's just a decision that people make and they decide to abide by our people will be able to violated and uh you know we we want to promote the technological solutions possible if everybody you strong encryption than that would actually solve a lot of the problems that we're dealing with but most people don't so in the meantime it would be good to have most effective right now the the title of this talk was about how many can be on a bridge between the internet and the state and so you know having gone through what's what proposals we are making and we kind of need to ask OK what the hell does this matter to us how God and from the Internet you guys are united by the end of a working in and you know that's what really matters through the Internet to us so the values of the internet people are different from the values the common people in that you know we we have a very strong urgency for the
ability to share information if we capture information we found that you know that the Internet is worth that the Internet is for sharing information and is also
different from the values of the corporate people because there's a lot of corporate interests and making keep making sure that people don't share information this way or certain information about how things are done like and thing and it turns out that governments have existed for a very long time and and their own and that they it is to kind of protect their values so or at least that's what they say they exist for but if they want to protect their values in this new digitized age they need to protect the rights to receive change and transmit information so this idea of the speech needs to
be formulated in terms of information right that needs to be a change from a question of whether people can stand up on a soapbox and and talk to whether people can write a blog retreat or or you know basically have conversations with each other and you know take
as in the European context because ice and there isn't really all that interesting it's a kind of place by just adding this graph but this is this is kind of how Europe works by uh it takes a long time to do it in the cycle
but you know there are things there in Europe they're supposed to Europe the European Union these things supposedly exist to protect our our values so in the
European Union under the European Parliament just a couple days ago past this with regard in this set so that you know the European Parliament welcomes the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative which enables bullfights and the new you position so strongly with regard to the legal protection of freedoms of expression and information that I should highlight that word information because that's really really important the European
Union is founded on this idea of fundamental freedoms of
free movement of goods labor capital and services and the you know that is a very economical the idea is
if you want to abolish the borders and all these things to crawl and then you get something that is closer in some way to have market situation people might agree or disagree but this is a fairly something except
probably know where we need to goods services capital and labor hardly have to get information about what is needed where while tens of information is actually more important than there will be movement information is more important than the free movement of any of these because if we can prove information about words needed freely then we can actually you move them in a sensible way so they're kind of talking to people now Knowledge
proposing that maybe the european union I
want to add this the the history the movement information 1st and plan and if we can do that if we can just get up in the body and the European Union itself and everything directive that comes to the European Union after that will have to be enlightened by this decision but instead of always talking about information freedom and human
rights perspective which is what we always do I mean it information is most valuable to us as humans because you know at the end the day a technology is only about humans
but no training in an economic economic perspective that will allow way we can know maybe convince people who would warrant otherwise convinced that being information flows good thing to do so finally we need help we we just
found this institution around the idea of Indian and what we're trying to accomplish both in Europe and I and around the world but also please help us we we need all the help we can get the no
modern from of him mood d the