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Inception Revisited
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Unsere Vorstellung von Zukunft speist sich aus dem ungeheuren Reservoir uneingelöster und vergangener Zukünfte. Ein Großteil dessen, was Menschen von der Zukunft befürchtet oder erhofft haben, hat sich nicht erfüllt. Das hindert uns nicht daran, weiter fleißig Zukunftsängste und Zukunftshoffnungen zu streuen und zu schüren – und immer wieder enttäuscht zu sein, wenn es anders kommt, als man gedacht hat. Matthias Böttger und Ludwig Engel versuchen in ihrer Arbeit mit Zukunftsszenarien Wege in offene Zukünfte zu erforschen, die in Betracht ziehen, dass man eben nicht wissen kann, was da kommt und trotzdem gezwungen ist zu handeln.
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local governments no but they have more than
1 hi time William thank
you so we had some the chance to listen to some nice
talks yesterday and were in English and which have to adopt the speakers yesterday and that
they agreed to come here so we switched to English and and switch the title as well because now it's talking futures and not inception revisited anymore but they're still futures a still the parent in the title and all officers called around tactic which
translates to spatial tactics and with the subheading officers from a better future and we're trying to explore possibilities of futures and the city of future cities of cities
in the future of past ideas of future cities and so on and that this is basically what our lecture will be about and it will just show a couple of examples of how we try to approach that are very different of the
difficult problem of talking about something we all don't know very much about 1st of all am 1 problem which is inherent when you talk about futures is on the left you have a picture of Metropolis from the twenties on on the right you have to screen out to screenshots from and what is it minority report from 2002 and then obviously there hasn't been much change to it so am I guess 1 of the biggest problems we have to deal with this that our ideal future doesn't change as much as time changes and so at least the pictures of what we think will be the future state quite the same yesterday we had a nice talk Jeremy use this title was close I think talent borrows genes do something like that and he was saying that while
out we don't have any industry in the future because everyone will print everything and 3 D in his house and he said it like that is going to happen and somebody somebody sitting
next to me was talking to his neighbor it was like yeah he could he could have been talking like a hundred years ago about the end of commercial um airplanes because everybody would have a jet that can be flying on its own and not using commercial air travel anymore so I guess that's 1 of the of the
things we always have to think about that the ideas of our future might not be so original after all and this is something which I
particularly like it because it's an idea of the future that is not intended as an
idea of the future and some people would call that a utopian and that is actually I don't know at the chance to sort see the screening of a utopian London yesterday that was actually a very nice and well executed movie about and the ideals of of something that couldn't be built that is Berlin it's the nonstop airport at the stations and you can see that the actual station there and research written but actually propose to build an airport on hardened Baxter docile and um these see the big the big what is that although bond and going there and then the idea actually was in the war but there's something it's used to a strip along Tiergarten as the landing ground
and he proposed as well but then is a city which can b is city any longer so we have to find means of transportation to get everyone out as fast as possible and so he proposed to put an apple at like right in the middle of the city to fly everyone out to some other place of course there was only the beginning of a bit of a discussion what to do with the very center of the city but the thank you that's great that's fast forward as I'm not planned but it
but next please come from OK with all this preliminary talk and this is just and we had the chance to write an article about and exactly what I was trying to talk about right now in this book utopia ever and said this is sexual figures wall current ideas of of the future which are basically just a repetition of what has happened before and there yet now we will atleast try to start explaining ways of how to get out of this uh itself repeating future history while the show
and some examples from an earlier project that that in 2008 was an exhibition happening in Venice that the architecture of be another called updating Germany and and that is a is a big exhibition plays all the countries represent their
nations there and that pavilion and normally there's a kind of a show of best practice example but in 2008 the idea was to show things that were
still ahead of time and with some very far in some very soon happening but what what all the updates to current conditions and as you all from Mike of familiar with computers and
normally you know updates himself where and that means that the you get some like box removed and sometimes new tricks new functions but sometimes is also a completely new set up and use system which based on so it can be radical changes but it can also be minor changes but always often to the better but very often also then you box included and sometimes it makes also to the words and so I think it's very important also for architecture and urban planning to not believe in 1 kind of the Tolkien idea of the master plan but you can't have a straight line into hands the title updating and so on and so the question was was
updating into a better future and what is really is a better future and I show some
examples just give you like that fall from a different what's from the architecture world in a way but it's not really about building it's more about how to live in the built environment of a list in environment of the quality this for example is there and it's the shelter from the 2nd World War flat on course in Hamburg and it's and it is very sustainable building because it sustained actually the war and sustain the dismantling after the war and it's still there and people cannot get rid of it because so much concrete it's like it's possible but it's very
expensive and complicated and so it's still staying and now the idea is to convert it into an ecological center and using them pick wall to actually store energy in it so it will be filled with water tank and warm water can be stored in the bunker and it's also decorated some solar panels and it's becoming like an ecological center of firms for Hamburg for the the homework and so that it's in
good example I think for the idea of what updating could mean so it's something already this thing that can be brought to another level at the from special
problems because 1 of the central questions how could you live off after oil and so there is waste for
example maybe some of you have seen this is the ideas for big up draft solar power plants in the desert we have huge areas covered with glass and then he is produced and coming up the chimneys and produces energy the consent by Europe slice and there were architects like and to stuff body who took this idea and developed
a whole city concept and then such as glass shelter because in the end you only need a thin layer
of these um glass panels to to create the necessarily warm air that goes up the chimney and while that by turbines is turned into energy power but underneath it could be a completely
artificial environment and so he called the agreement that the mind that could be be also updates a couple of problems and ways live living but also think
that that energy if you talk about how the landscape will change we call it the possum fossile landscape there might be and the idea of a and B still use coal to produce energy for a while hopefully not too too long but for now we still do and but normally is the company's digging out the call for 50 years and later having a big hole and then thinking about OK what can we do now and then they start to make lakes of it but if we think ahead and already imagine if the whole becomes the late later and we can also change maybe the pattern of excavation and whether grounded is taken off is put and it's an amazing idea for landscape designers to suddenly really become and where they could we can model the earth in the way that they can make up a height difference is up to to 400 meters so it's really
terraforming and it's amazing and options that normally landscape them and never would never happen happened in this case it's about a little village was a it's if it's close to from and as
stuff was about to be half removed because of the cold was is underneath itself or close to it so they want to relocate the whole village but and this architecture team of will and the author constructed is most that this idea maybe the current think about at slightly different
paths for the big Barbara and um their village and tell the village OK maybe you have to suffer for a couple of years but then later there will be a big lake next to you and you can read it already imagining having a memory being a tourist center having sailing boats and so on
unfortunately it will take about a hundred years until you have the 1st sailing boat so it will be like 30 years of excavation and take another 30 of them until enough water it's actually naturally well liked by the reverse flowing into the big hold it up and then you can but we have this nice Marina but that landed for this is that this is the old plan and we have
to think in extreme long term view and this will be the
new different plants we have this huge lake and you could have a marina and the mayor of the city was so happy about it and convince the TXU renamed his village into a staff up on Lake itself on the and and I think he um already bought the Internet address and and the sites and maybe maybe you can already rent on reserve a place for you vote by 2 thousand 100 and but overall
it's the the question how do we want to live and I mean that's all options for the future and none of them will become reality like this know so because you cannot predict the future but we can imagine different
futures and maybe influence which 1 1 which direction the relative will go and and this is
another example of an office from your clothes Christian architecture that thought about maybe the next step is actually a different technologies about genetically modified trees because we already I mean we do like genetically modified corn and so on and so maybe the next step is that we
actually find out how photosynthesis really works and the modified trees into growing all houses and trees are fascinating because they produce energy solar energy like solar energy the water and the sun and the transport energy in their structure and also there what it does so in the structure of energy flowing water flowing and you can climb up on trees so it's basically all you need to actually make a house work and in this case this new plans that power plants and that's the kind of word of game with
power plants put in this Nietzsche put would grow over the old city and completely provide all the services you need and then you
cannot have this part of going up the tree surrounded and water energy and so on coming into every floor of that in this case like typical American downtown and so as I said it might be a technological biological innovation that we cannot imagine yet because like internet was a very kind of big step and everything changed and then via mobile phones and so on and the we don't know what the there might be other new things that could also completely again change the way that cities and but somebody might see the can we don't know which 1 was the degree important 1 and the but that was in 2008 and it was a collection of very interesting project but still have the question I mean it was an open project hundreds of ideas and we compute the TV said that it was probably that thousands of their being many more and that's the last 1 and and now what but there was also the question we had
projects for better future and what is a better future and maybe it won't be better anyway and made it also kind of unclear fulfillment better and what does it mean to be asked a lot of the people that he hoped would no how the future would look like philosophers like sort
like and like politicians section the near and
them scientists from the picture from the climate change in attitude and from other all over the place and ask them how they imagined the city and the lifting environment will look like in 2 thousand 100 and that is a completely and scientific question and some of them 1st in 1 times that's because they can maybe you think about even also we would say you don't know what's really going to happen but they make predictions about how the city is going to be in 2030 maybe in 2050 but 2 thousand 100 is completely out of scale but the good thing is that they start to fantasize and have all these crazy ideas and them but it was very interesting to see that is kind of very diverse in what direction the future can go on and I think it's very important to collective ideas because they're all perspectives from the now into the future and of course none of them really talks about what is going to happen but the it's a very interesting starting point of magic and in
this book that had a lot of illustrations that will follow of now than the allotted to loudly and here you see what I'm coming from the interviews ways of how we could live on the sea or the city a bit dystopian that's also very interesting that in a country relatively running world like Germany most of the future visions turned into the
horrible visions very soon in other countries that have very different and then we come to the central
project called talking futures on your turn now
thanks I wouldn't call it that central but it was a really nice project we have a lot of fun doing it it's a very small book it's really very small we send it out as a Christmas gift for people to hang on the on the Christmas tree and since you ever wanted to find means of of explaining to people that there's probably a lot of different futures ahead of us we designed it as a the language layers like is a dictionary for different future scenarios so in that little book there's little phrases of yeah and statements which you might hear all might which which might come in handy if you to travel to a certain future before that we introduce a by a little text which was called a futures and
utopias and which hopefully put in in rather than logical the meaning what I was trying to explain in the beginning and the
interesting thing is that we have organize I mean allowing still the future's not more original than the 1 present so I I apologize something is is
kind of shallow but I mean so we try to anticipate these these different futures and on on on different scales so this for example is on the streets in the post fossil wild and what you might see on the street the 1st 1 is actually taken from a project we wanted in Bangladesh where the future and what looks kind of grim but if you ask people about the future it it kind of looks like a very optimistic so the exact opposite of all was just saying and the first one is I wish that wouldn't be so loud implicating
that the city of noise has been lowered so that there is become so sensitive again that you really did not bothered by the bees and
nice cast sound can you copy that is is probably a very well now statement as you have ring tones for your phones that would be the tones for you for your future come and the last 1 is what mass on the streets so many people which
are of course implies uh that's you really have the public space for people to attend if you look at dystopian ideas
but laughter of any age you always have a very vast and and car-centric and not very people friendly environment and
on a side note we always try to put it in reference to what we saw in Bangladesh because that was and the backdrop already
started to develop the scenario so on the left you always see pictures we took 1 1 Bangladesh actually just some yeah some slum settlements when we went on and on the roof chosen via and were shocked and made photos in all
against and this is nice as well this is the will of gene manipulations and so there is actually a very kind of you know it's funny word out there way you go to the suited to see
transgene organisms books what and where the lines have been extinct for quite a time and the Swiss Army knife has actually become an
organic thing as the as the tree droplets we had before and then what that probably stands for itself that is just kind of like the very In the future no future generations X statement about what will come in the future the number of people in the
community that's not the end get but just the beginning again
because we tried to and learned from you at the conference and we would like to continue with the dialog discipline of having translatable maybe only 1 language and statements about the future and so we already published some of them also on the local toward and so if you have this hashtag of talking futures their fun and
we would like to ask if if you want you can fend some more and less maybe we can talk we have to talk in future going on and collect the whole big book like a dictionary of the of talking future maybe you have to realize that we talked about futures and Utopia in plural and
then there is also like a crucial point because normally it's 1 future that you can imagine but of course with all this idea we know that is only a
perspective from the now into 1 optional future imagine but then many more everyone of us has a couple and then if you connect them we have millions and thousands and then maybe the worker told here
have lost the bit them energy and that's also a problem of as we saw yesterday and a move utopia London it was a dream of the
sixties and seventies fifties of equal society and that that was not really fulfilled with the in the eighties as we saw in the movies and maybe then also with the end of the real reality gender that that is most and the war coming down all this political ectopia not really why you could really talk about them anymore because they Sunday produced so many wars and their problems and so on but I think in the last years with the
all the crisis is coming up it has kind of come back but maybe everything we should think about it in the plural and then we maybe can take off some positive talk positive energy of that because all these ideas will not be the 1 solution that you need it may be updated will have new problems and you have to reiterate and we change it later and and it's really important to be aware of the fact that there is no straight line into the 1 future so it will not like from from the 1 point and then you have this vision that it could be like this it won't be the 1 way and I think a lot of talk if that fails had this idea that try to realize and Utopia and that will work and that the knife picture of Marshall
McLuhan and he already had this idea that you and have that normally if you look into the future we look in know in a way into to rear-view mirror on the the past and try to continue the past into the future and trying to be on the road and there's always this 1 vision also if you would imagine you have only the rear-view mirror but the front view is blacked out of tape so close and then you would try to steer the car forward by keeping on the street looking into review of real real human error that often works quite well for why because most 3 of straight but then suddenly there's a curve or maybe there's some other objects on the street of some problems and they won't help anymore and that's why it's very risky to believe in the prediction methods that are usually used by politicians or leaders of companies that
tried to I work once will work for a while and continue and unfortunately actually does work for a while but at the moment it doesn't work anymore there's no idea of what to do so I us but it's important to develop these scenarios to be actually able to react in case something unexpected happened and and this is like that's
another example of this idea of looking back it's image by likely maybe some of you may have seen it it became really famous supposed drawn in 1920 but already in 1921 it was bought by a bunch of engineers and he wrote this text this is the English
translation of the original German texts about the angles no was that the title of the picture he called it they're thing because she's the the angel of history and maybe I read it to you a clear painting and angle of snowballs shows an angel looking as tho he is about to move away from something is
fixedly contemplating His eyes staring at at his mother's opened his wings spread this is how 1 pictures the angel of
history his face turned toward the past where we perceive a chain of events he's he's 1 single catastrophic keep piling records upon wreckage and hurled it in front of the danger would like to stay awaken awakened the dead and make the whole what has been smashed by the storm is blowing from paradise and the paradise was also the image of the book title this on the very beginning so that was the idea of updating Germany maybe it has got caught in his wings that such violence that the user can no longer close them the storm resistibly propelled them into the future to which he is back to which Uzbekistan and by the pile of debris before him grow skywards this storm is what we call problem and that leader led us to a project the with all this knowledge about that we don't know about the future how can you imagine how all this history has already piled up and what all these problems but it should still try to look into the future and especially Berlin is kind of full of history and you have 2 quotations that you probably know and there were
kind of while the failed or maybe they want the relative roles honest and everything but then there was
a start for project it's in November that the magazine asked and they had to have a new issue on Berlin and they trying to the other you have to have a structure of what could you imagine how would wouldn't be in 2015 and that so many options how it could be and we had a workshop with experts from many fields mostly academic not like that of the case you cannot have everybody but from different disciplines thinking about options for the future and the created the kind of and the method of scenario planning waves of how could be we can find the methods and error planning is very commonly comes from the from and the military basically tries to makes sense of a very over complex world and Berlin as our case study was of course very
over complex place for us because we ones subjects that actually moved through the city we have our visions for the city and so and we try to grab a group of people that had some involvement with Berlin and would think of alternative futures that wouldn't be so obvious in the 1st place we came up with these for options we named and typed project optional cities because it's basically not was going to happen to Bill but what could happen to Berlin and as you can see where Berlin Blade Runner where the uh Berlin I can destroyed the words that that is obviously not a very good well that we have but a link which sees the bone and they're playing with the world so but is becoming global player in a sense I guess Berlin think tank Stella is obviously you a quite grouping play on words and tries to take what
Berlin is now to the next level in the sense that that and has been a place of experiment and that it will be a place of experiment always on the brink of disaster this is why the what the globe already has a little crack
and on the very left low we have and fundamentalist cities which actually made Berlin into a lot of different cities that don't really interconnect any longer but live coexist and so we have not 1 there but we have different there's that have a different ball actually too many have sort of a global but anyways looks nice and yeah that is fundamentally cities
as you can see we have we have an apple town we have that help in this on the hill over there we have the Socialists we have some Japanese and class of we have some nite over there some pirates will have a communist in class and and we have a lot of satellite balls which kind of and interconnect the different parts of Berlin to their actual uh what belongs to to the countries where they kind of reference to that is fundamentally cities want to the next 1 intentionality is what the groups we work with probably once the land to be so there's the wishful thinking in a very progressive sense as well the land as the experimental fields for things and for lifestyles and so we have and like these different structures that you've all around existing structures temporary things we have a lot of nature back in that we have a reference of American many different historical levels of all lands and so forth that is the think tank Stella the Berlin Blade Runner and while the city's trashed here and the the barrier if we can't do anything any longer we have a lot of guys I don't know what guys an English what is the what is the bonds in English cultures great so we have a lot of the bad parts in the city we have a dystopian view on the city we have Blackhawks controlling everything we have huge almost blind police cars and we have a lot of people actually leaving the city I just realized I I I can look down here as well and and the last 1 but that is probably 1 of the biggest threats the creative community is presented with in Berlin is that Berlin actually becomes 1 of these homogeneous places and will he called technology and there other businesses really found a way of
investing in the city and making the city of Singaporean uh like place where everything is controlled and might be wealthy but still
might be very controlled place and the very homogenous place you see all the people thank Xuan and what is it not Frank Schreiber somewhere some martial arts and peaceful martial art doing it together Taichi provably and yeah and the investors flying in with the helicopters to see if the city is as they propose I think you you
also the that and that the admission about mostly of about not and that when you go to bond this where you really imagine that could be really that in the future they
that they have really positive ideas about the future and I think it's clear that all of the images are not the ones that will be realized
it's more of tend view our state of whole to move of pessimism at that moment that you can see in the images in a wide spread way so we have some key factors that we tested out in a wide range and of course there are many more images that can be millions but hopefully these kind of images can help us to actually and height and work on the future because as we said we cannot predict that but
we can help shaping designing the future and I think a conference like this you could also is also doing that all the time and imagining different options and publishing about it and talking about it it's also about in a way that if we known but if you have an idea of how the city could be and if you want to pursue dissipate and shape and they have to do so and we have find have to find ways of student and and I think that so
that 1 kind of more analog way in a way of creating these ideas that they as a big that should be the community and I will be really happy if we could start with you also that we started to date is talking
Futures project in the end to end and more entities and dialog of how maybe you could talk to each other in the future indicating a certain state of being in the future in the dialog thank you very much so we have a little bit of time left so if the question what comes and do you personally have an idea of the temple at for project of the temple that well I guess what I really liked what was
the idea with the with the bark obviously to put a very high steep mountain on it and not in the sense that I would promote having a big mountains on their because that's probably very impossible to to do over the next hundred years but what it did was it had a lot of people that 1 interested in the place before suddenly talking about there was a lot of cafe solvable in what people actually started hanging up canvases with the little idea of the of the mountain on the temple field and that change the public discourse about what was going to happen with the field and in a sense that was a way of democracy this goes that was added specific gave what typical 4 billion with before the only discussed within very small in group of people so I guess that was that was a very you know good of an intervention to do these questions OK thank you have a
life conference then send us some dialogs of the future
thank you hang up well along in you have
a little more on