Silicon Savanna - How Technology In Africa Is Changing The Globe

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The narrative on Africa has long been led and dominated by stories of war, minerals and safaris. While most recently the narrative has shifted into a manhunt for bloodthirsty rebel leaders, a story not too distant from that of tyrannical and oppressive African leadership. Africa, you could say, has an image problem. The African people, however, with their indomitable spirit, their tenacity and their make-do attitude continue to be part of a new chapter in history through innovation, ingenuity and information technology.
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and up right so the real a real honor to be here in front of
you to be had Republican brilliant conference I'm very thankful I that I can represent not only myself but only my country but also the continent in some respects and hopefully have as you get to know each other and as you get to know my story and I get to know your always hopefully we can discover something new soul Time magazine famous magazine brilliant magazine end in January 1984 there and a cover story speaks for itself Africa's woes
schools conflicts and corruption and these 3
things dominated the discussion on the African continent and the truth is that up to today a lot of people still seemed to associate this with the African continent there's 2 main stereotypes you could say the personified people's ideas about the African continent 1 war crises poverty guidance seen if you've had it I don't need to repeat to the
2nd is it more exotic right so beautiful vistas all gazelles antelopes everything you can imagine and these are the main areas which seem to dominate the
trains of thought when it comes to the African continent so much so that years later you could say 16 years later also the economists ran a
very interesting obviously at thousand actually this month in the year 2000 there on a cover story and made of a declarative statement on Africa calling it the hopeless continent and all this would really needed to be and all this was true that all this actually summed up the sum total of all these people on this so vast expanse of this continent the model is very easy to learn what more is there to know about Africa besides out of with lies
inheritance which you seem to leave you and Contact you vise president of e-mail we've all been notable but not but that there's so much more that underrepresented you could say and I think 1 of the best ways to show and showcased this is an analogy and it has more meetings than 1 if you remember NASA big big about portrait of the world by 9 covering the entire expense of the other watching and looking for the bright lights sign where people are where electricity is civilization if you like that's become an iconic image that describes the work of and if you look you see for itself that in more ways than
1 Africa is the dark continent and absence of light in this particular picture bank testament to that and yet if we look at some of that came out of Facebook last year as well . 2010 rather by turn in the data visualization department and we look at the number of connections that way of visualizing the Facebook network all across the world we see a very interesting pattern and that a gentleman who actually went to the extent of combining both photos and overlaying them to see what happens might not be as clear here but we'll assume an African a 2nd all what you find is a question bigger than NASA could ever presented to you and that is if indeed there is no electricity if indeed there is no light and yet the presence of people is there and you know the presence of some level of technology than what
gaps are we missing when Facebook shows us you know what it does with all those connections coming in and to Africa if we look at Africa here it's not as as clear yeah uh I apologize but what you see when you overlay the 2 images is 3 or 4 hobbs sports in Sub-Saharan Africa it's in West Africa it's around Nigeria and Ghana in East Africa it centers on Kenya and Tanzania and all through southern Africa its present and what this tells us is that there is more to this entire debate and there's more to the hopeless continent than meets the eye and technology is the key to that entire debate so if we look at some statistics that McKinsey on the in in a recent study a few years ago call um plans um on the prowl they found out that the GDP of all these African countries combined into 1 . 6 trillion US dollars and this is closed in present especially much much closer not pass rusher of all Brazil and if you look at the African consumer their spending power and this was like the estimated to be around 860 uh million dollars plus now of all the cities in Africa is over 52 cities with a 1 million people in each 1 of them the fast forward to the year 2020 ends the GDP has grown to 2 . 6 trillion dollars even amidst crises and as we've seen in the couple recent weeks of a double dip recession and a lot of
developed countries consumer spending parser grown tremendously to 1 . 4 trillion dollars and more African of 50 % more
have moved toward cities by this year now that among a lot of other factors is what led the economist 11 years later to come full circle of and discover which some of you may have seen recently which said a new perspective on Africa and intended Africa rising now part of the reason 0 1 way to describe the reason Africa all the rising Africa if you like goes toward the title so whether we call it take Africa all the silicon someone if you like the name is not as important as the movement and as a series of of of changes that are taking place on the continent that did leads not only from an economic point of view but on innovation and business point of view globally that I've got shape this debate so I think just put some of this in context we need to we understand the get reacquainted with what the African continent is and 1 of my uh my favorite images to do that is by infographic by that Michael house and he looked at the true size of Africa a lot of times Africa's surpassing idea in our minds and yet here we visualize and look and see exactly how many countries it can hold spell it out for you China India Eastern Europe Italy Germany France Spain the US and if you look you know through the lens a couple other countries as well this is the size geographically all the continent and the numbers that I said before cover some of the the small
idiosyncrasies behind it now if we look at the people beyond just this geographic expanse of people is 1 . 2 billion people on the African continent today Over 620 million mobile phone subscribers 140 million Internet users and over 2 thousand 600 languages summed up In this 1 space that's 2 thousand 600 local colleges to address and so even the Tom Africa is as ambiguous as the term European is as ambiguous as the term North America right I'm a Kenya and then I'm an Africa in that order and that's something which a lot of times no 1 might pay attention to but over the coming years as we begin to get a better view of African affricate takes its its presence on the world stage will begin to see this now with all this said this 1 particular quote that sort of sums up that introduction to Africa and I'll love it so much because I think it speaks not only to me but hopefully at the end of this presentation to you as well and I look forward to engaging around it and 2 lines have been historians tails of the heart will always glorify the hunter and so the better educated you the better we understand what's what's coming from the African continent the better we know what to expect and how to respond to now in 2002 there was over 49 million smartphones in Africa and now we've seen them grow to 620 million with 735 million by the end of this year but numbers numbers don't don't tell the true story numbers don't really get us acquainted with what's happening there now much of the developed world you could say is isn't used to seeing small forms like this and I a smart the Eiffel of all 4 and dominating conversations across the development of any of this the not the 11 10 this in particular um known in Kenya as then we come with which is a very funny um analogy around its its flashlight it's useful and this is really this is 1 of the highest release smartphones by Nokia itself and this really captures part of the sentiment how how many people have no access to a more were 40 after today is actually more than people with access to the radio in another level of mass media that we've come across to become acquainted with now as we look toward this and get better acquainted with what Africa string in terms of mobile we need to take a step back and look at how the entire world has experienced the Internet up to 2 days this is mobile and this is a callable to graveyard if you like and this is a stage that entirely past Africa at this stage of fixed lines and the age of experiencing the internet on a computer right on
a personal computer PC or Mac if you like that entire is being questioned now it's relevance is being questioned in a lot of times but it's it's been deemed unnecessary and what will find with elevator vision coming out of Africa is that it completely goes against the historical status quo In that you experience the Internet to a PC and then some sort of some handheld device be laptops and be at a smartphone beta tablets and just works straight toward a mobile phone and see what can you do and what can you innovate in and around that so 1 wants to in particular that I think some of this up is the story of the ideals which is opinion a story like like none of so people always ask the question what would happen if there a 100 dollar smart phone if you change the world would change the way people consume information and data and in Kenya did this 100 dollars smartphone made by Chinese manufacturer who away came into the market almost unbeknownst to many a little bit of a bias but not much and in the space of 1 year completely turned the smartphone market in Kenya Android and got an entirely new segment of people aspire for smartphone using much smarter for and a screen 1 that beginning what has started for Kenya revolution towards the smartphones as and cost effective what's competing on price and competing on on what they can offer the consumer now it's going to continue to disrupt and bring about different levels of innovation to us leaving the typical pattern the typical state of things in question according to studies by the London Business School the World Bank and consultant at Deloitte for every 10 additional mobile phones per 100 Africans the GDP is expected to rise so that the actual economy of the patch is expected to rise possibly up to 1 . 2 % but none of these statistics really tell the story none of these really speak to what's going on and 1 of the best examples is now for mobile and test set meaning of money and so he this is history 1 of the things that has put Kenya and continues to put Africa on the global map using SMS technology that allows to people wherever they are in the country to send and receive money from each other without any need of a bank or any
sort of financial institutions whatsoever now that may not not sound too interesting interview he exactly how this is Grote and specifically how people have used it to change our country so that is 7 thousand agents across the country and 15 million people using the service which basically means it's everything from I walk outside this room and find 1 man who was an agent why go into a mall and find a retail store that's full of agents who could serve me and allow me to deposit money into my fault but again it's what people have done with it that party that's part of the reason it's gotten so successful the technology behind the of has been accepted support across the world and it's become 1 of the leading case studies in the most mature mobile money market with 17 million Kenyans from out of a possible 40 using the service and transacting in doing business with you now if we take example I have a friend is a is an artist who is a messiahs any makes he doesn't like to call them classes of sunglasses but he makes he makes the pieces of art
that you wear away eyes if you like and use uses scrap metal and a whole host of different materials now he relies on people who were in what's called a dual Kiley sector due Kiley meaning that hot sun in in so and what this is this is the informal sector in Kenya employing about 8 million people now they typically works you know under the sun wrought iron metal would work and it's a very hard uh this sector of the economy took place because of how high formal and unregulated
it is and yet the way they use the way supply works in that sector friends but the gentleman with these different pieces of metal and how
he finds out what he turns into OT sameAs Ezekiel is the kill for him to get his work he goes into a certain market timing yes to go there physically select a number of things but arrange for delivery and then go back and await for His materials derived for him to work on them I wouldn't pass a how that's changed but his workflow is through him being able now through just form selling little as tenuous sense if you like to as much as we adjust well over a thousand of them uracil the thousand 400 dollars to any 1 of the suppliers and coordinating the supply delivery so what was previously this the cost of doing
business he does not have to leave any physical space to conduct business in quite the way anyone with a bank account and 1 the check book would be able to doesn't sound like much but that's partly what's going to drive the next half a million jobs that are created and therefore informal sector every year now majority of our descendants the majority of people in Kenya have been classified as the and back for a long time and this fixed a lot of people in Africa as well no access to financial services and yet something like compressor breaks this down to the point where regardless of the form you have regardless of the bit of technology you have as long as it did send an SMS both ways you have access to the now all the stories don't mean anything until you get a sense of how cancer using this this past December for example in just the the 30 days of December Canyon send amongst themselves although 1 billion euros in these person-to-person transfer steady days 1 billion euros or I thought that what country and 15 million people that's not too bad end of 60 per cent of that is amongst each other while the other 40 % is to businesses showing that for market like this that's unlocked the whole new segment common created if you like disrupted banking and finance as we know
it now that technology has been exported to a whole range of countries from Afghanistan and Haiti right now are some of the big big examples the US and in some cases Barclays just opened up something I believe a few weeks ago in the UK an app called Pineda like people to exchange of goods and services through this act that mirrors and Fessenheim pencil works and so what began as symbiotic experiment and to get people to save to get people to transact money amongst themselves as really been exported to a whole new level where people are liable to transact and rethink of the entire level of financial
services unit has been used in Afghanistan 1 of the
most interesting examples the police force from all across the country would be paid using cash and so you have man in Europe because there dispersed across the country have challenges like the Taliban it was a very sensitive way to get money to it and so they all 1 of the 1st cases to implement and pass all of these policemen have mobile phones and so it is possible to actually get direct access to them you know they'll never have access to any sort of a bank or financial services now 1 of the interesting things they found out of this was that as they began to send and cancer to each 1 of these police officers now be found on the perils that 10 % of the entire were were ghost workers right and so this money had just been going as pattern disappearing along the way and yet they never knew and so every 1 of these police officers afterwards gets a mysterious he writes 1 actually correct everything and I have more motivated people were being paid was better than the Taliban wondering you know how how how this could really have happened and what that speaks to is that the amount that you're able to communicate through investor is simple assess which 1 to 1 and all these people needed to do by cutting out the middleman was not go up to someone and withdraw right and that's where the 1 of the best example so far
of starting out Kenyon and Worm global after that so 1 lights payment innovation doesn't mean much 1 intact points unless you look deeper unless uniform more stories and this uniform more evidence
behind the fact that Africa is actually exporting global technology 1 1 specific way and
this needs no reminders Republic as there's someone you the she the story last analysis Patrick Meier what he
was able to do alongside a group of bloggers and technologists across the world of Kenyan origin and some from different parts of the of the world were connected to Kenya In 2007 2008 Kenya held what is to be had disputed or contested election and as a result of that the country got into some unrest you could say and out of this started in what was this a blog posts from
someone asking how we're going to know what's going on you can't be playing the sound of music when people in town writing enchanting and so much of this is going on in the media would show so saying was a response to that and a shady has in the space of 5 years now 5 6 years has become 1 of the 50 most innovative companies in the world according to MIT step review and 1 of the 5 most innovative companies in media according to Fast Company now all they do all this was and what are the improved got words these people have no access to technology and people have messages they wish to send it could be to attack it could be estimates it it could be e-mail whatever means and whatever axis you have if you have a message you'd like to send happen we gather everybody's message visualizing and make decisions upon that and they and what this is actually the very 1st map but now I mean from the haiti um earthquake to of Sonoma get on in the US to almost every single major crisis in in the world where people had a large amount of information needed to make critical decisions were so he has has actually played the role of of coming through um and visualizing and helping them make sense of that data and this is 1 example of a company that's focus not only on using just technology but web technology to influence the way the world operates and shift the way we consume and make decisions on information and so last year um they they began a number of ambitious projects and 2 of them
us if driven Crowdmap somewhat touched on just slightly but speak to a very very critical part of what the web is headed and this is all being shape this entire debate this this thinking is being shipped out of this technology companies not-for-profit free and open source technology company in Nairobi slave-driven when you when he had that if you've been trying to keep
up with the stream of tweets of the event is 1 a bit difficult you could say to capture everything from of tweets and that speaks to just I experience of the wearable Wear-Tees that's going the web is like drinking from a files and to make sense of every RSS feed and every blog subscribe to every to the personality you follow them every e-mail you receive and if you like every semester would take
you a while to say the least and all of us a coordinator attention span crisis of sorts now from this of course that he be based on the experience of mapping of crises where people as domesticable helpful resources and needs have taken to the Web as the next challenge was swift river and what this is aiming to do is to take that entire challenge and entry and read and be presented in a new light and I'm using algorithms and the like to distill and create a custom
PureData feed for you and I mean the B does out not by the private data but but mn
distort but it's definitely something that say to pay attention to the especially over the coming months and years Crowdmap up on the other hand is a plug and play example of which he say these technical it can be
tricky to implement and yet with program at the same time it will take me to finish this talk anyone of you could have mapped out Republican and how many people like here and what they're interested um anything any got the to participate you have pretty interesting map that's the kind of level of the time and especially big data with what they're working with a speech-shaped on the global stage thanks to their minds and what they're doing now this is a pretty brief um grab screengrab of of the platform which is a bit hard to come by the artist but I'm sure they like this said you know it's private detective might be changing but everything you can
imagine a regarding the date and where the web is headed in general they are on the cusp of and innovating around now they're all these and the hardware they
operate from Nairobi the I have a place have spent quite a bit of time myself it is also a that is much smaller level less than impressed so impressed
that creates this sort of fertile ground for destruction what is the outcome would people respond with someone example is is the i have a knack of physical
space in Nairobi that houses about 7 thousand of of of Kenya's most creative people in technology in business early-stage financing design you name it there's a lot of brilliant
people there and this space this house has brought
together the entire city and given it a nexus point on which to innovate tests and to try out new and innovative arms absence or on an agreed to create not only for the Kenyan market before any market that has access to this kind of financial services like investor or to the mobile Web like the rest of the continent no if you look at the rest of Africa you might be wondering if this may not much going on that outside of Kenya but you would be wrong if you said that
now some of the apps that are being made in places like that the I have in the the and the lab this is 2 of them um are really remarkable in how they've been able to scale and how look take they seem to be at this from the outset of pick a couple to share with the ICAO I don't know how many farmers we have in the room and escorted by surprise but 1 of the most critical things about um and livestock farming specifically very knowing when you call is pregnant doesn't sound like much but for a country which um you that part of its bread basket but of 1 of the real growth and as for the country's agriculture this is incredibly useful information into any farmer small-scale farmer mid-sized to understand the entire gestation period of you guys about 9 months but is is is phenomenal and what I call the is using a simple SMS solution but the simple from the outset it gives a farmer and the ability not to use some sort of but paper contraption to figure out and the and find out the call cycle but to fill in a set of parameters about this bit of lifestyles and on average if you look at each 1 of the cows and they give I think it's 1 . 5 to 3 meters more on on average them as a result of this part of technology and that's not saying much but that has the
potential to transform not only the African continent as it continues to succeed but other emerging markets where agriculture and livestock farming and continues to be important couple couple of connecting more 1 money to the world and in more ways than 1 what they're doing is changing the way we think of more money have been sending more well money to my
cat died in the pizza hut to the life of the
average repeats outdoor pizza chain and all sorts of different businesses and yet I pay on time I'm able to transacted all these large large businesses pay my water paid utilities and so on but there's no way of these businesses acting on it all on me as a person to me I'm just a payment that walked in and picked up the see and what they're doing is they're casting the net out wide underlying any small business to actually tapping ends begin to act on the information that all these people seem to give I give my mobile phone number so they can contact me and market to me about to give my ID number so they can validate medium in any of the information in any information about computer database and more importantly what it allows and them to be secreted a credit rating system for this entire mass of people so sending
as you had billions of euros a month 0 month-on-month from amongst themselves into businesses and allow them to act on that and
actually build innovate on top of amount of this brand new linear money lastly and agriculture again but for a small scale farmers across the country this this would seem like not not the best place for this deception 1 none of these acts are unacceptable couple with of it to operate exclusively on SMS and what form does it is that it allows farmers and geographically spread out to collectively negotiate and buy goods and supplies that sounds like a problem which should be solved already and it with a mobile phone which guaranteed all this a 1 to 1 ratio and more important a very personal way to contact each and every 1 of these people who cumulatively and shape a lot of African economies so in the 13 countries
that encourages across across the continent you find a total of 35 each 1 of these have focused exclusively on technology some amongst
us a range of other aspects of what they're doing is mapping out but the dead at college level in academia level or higher up to seeking to disrupt the market they're looking at applications technology and building to create some of the examples of hopefully better for their respective countries during that it's not exclusive to January's Africa but it's something that spreading and something which if this is all you see in a matter of months out of 1 country what can you expect to see out of that 5 out of 13 now 1
example West Africa which really really caught my eye it and has been mPedigree known counterfeiters have a great creates I've got a great great advantage it seems outwitting on the authorities and creating the it's um counterfeit goods on this particular case counterfeit medicine no every year the the kind of fit industry general accounts for 690 billion dollars worth and specifically um products and pharmaceuticals it's 800 billion dollars in Africa 100 billion so you've got this large large amount of our fate
of medicine also which you that contain traces on no no but no dosage whatsoever and the largest but affected by this is West Africa now what I'm prepended do was developed by a gentleman by the name of bright Simmons is they have sought to tackle this problem head-on and 1 of the most innovative ways to do it would be through the mobile phone again it's ubiquitous you've got find some countries like South Africa but more active SIM-card than the total population of the country and so what this tells is that is 1 way to reach people this 1 layer if you can successfully innovate on and scale is small but know what they've been able to do is for every bit of medicine you get you're able to get you able to see a code and in 2nd year estimates that go too short but you know 4 digit number and you get a response to whether that piece of medicine that you bought is actually legitimate and this in the process of that almost half a dozen countries it's spread out to just from an experiment is from a proof of concept in gonna what this is showing is that reading it's doing better than just meeting the counterfeiters halfway it's completely cutting them and challenging Africans to ask and demand for goods that actually the legitimate saving millions of dollars in the process note also quite a bit about scale and I think it would be unfair to discuss all of this
without talking about what is arguably 1 of the the continent's biggest social all social media-related successes now makes it is a social network founded in Cape Town South African still boards and they continue to be a shining light for for what's possible but for the African market social network that started as an instant messenger clients for feature phones if you like and now what to I forward with it's a BlackBerry windows for this probably up next day are completely spread out and this is the number 1 social network in Africa by numbers 10 million users most of them and so that a million active users and 40 million users across and the Wealth large number of users in Indonesia large number in Mexico as well and so some I believe also in Europe was released in Europe now makes it is a story which many people I have have built all 4 of endowment
innovated around specific in South Africa where the number of users and mixing of number the ones on Facebook that's set to change especially across the continent so given what we saw some of the Facebook map if they were to do that in the present day it would look a lot different than what he did at that time no 1 example of scale from in Africa has to be an act that is built on 2 makes it just 2 months ago act is called density but not not nothing original um similar to hot or not I'm 1 of those early Internet which started from the West Nile when the space of 2 months on mixing right but this sandbox over 40 million people across the world they got 1 million subscribers on and over 100 million page views that's not saying much in this part of the world but you show me something else that's gotten a million africans using that service and now we actually talking I and build 1 of the best ways to unlock that is typically to target feature phones and target that level of the market and destructive so this stories onto 1 of stage they only the beginning I could see any of those hubs anything to go by and number of apps coming
each and every 1 out of each and every 1 of those hubs and speaks to a greater some idea and that's that Africa is a hopeless continent that Africa's woes the side of the point to then be we've got to examine and see that Africa is realizing and the question is whether you fries with it as 1
example of the most interesting 1 that that that came across in any anybody around here and today I find is quite interesting and ideas this a gentleman but he used to be a teacher lives out in the in the Kenyan village um came across to join the at loved the service and in Kenya we have a couple services are and by 2 to themselves and by the that all I just to send and receive by text with Twitter you do not
have to be signed up wanted to receive updates from someone now chief the Europeism I'm talking about and what he was able
to do is even a constituency in in district that you electricity is not even guaranteed let along with every 1 of his constituent he's been able to get an audience of just over 20 thousand through his tweets so he has a feature phone in all he does just explain is he writes these updates and informs the local people who subscribe to street he has what are called
but arises from which is a gathering of people and every month he holds true and each 1 of these 2 gatherings and asked each other locals have a smart
for and so another smart any for detailed Anderson 1 text message and this 1 text message subscribes them to receive every update for free on their part the net or provide with this and so what he's been able to
get in in With this has been entirely new group of people speaking with him he talks about if some I think his voice a robbery but not too long ago by just texting and saying so and so is this the using having this gentleman's house we should do something and then tablets pretty much surrounded his house and awaiting you know to the exact some some measure of justice on on on this on this guy but but but still I think what each 1 of these stories tell to is that scale not only in Africa but the rest of the world is is something we've almost forgotten something we think is is is lost in a world of what's out and a lot of these other and instant messaging tools and that's SMS building building and starting from there and in some cases with voice places where the illiteracy is is is a big it's a big challenge and starting with SMS can actually unlock of knowledge as the next million for the next 20 thousand like what you've got your key but possibly the next billion across all the emerging markets now Africa's weathered the financial storm of the global economic crisis and is set to become at least a lot of these Hobbes as I mentioned I set to become regional contenders the 10 fastest-growing economies of the next years all African countries and according to World Bank
economist 45 % also of Kenya's because 10 is the a thing is that level is around 45 per cent of its GDP if Kenya was in Europe it would be a top contender over the next 10 years and what is still to use that as you thinking as you creating as you tweeting as you investing in the next
level of business on the side of the globe you kind of forget the southern hemisphere and more importantly you can forget Africa thank you so much public few
excellent thank you so much so that was just perfect for my eyes and in the in the you really you know trying to bring in people to tell his African
story and really happy to have patent kids alleging he but this full pages and is many times
people what's happening and think that you have a job that
thank you so much now useful also did a perfect job timing so we have about 15 minutes left the question answers so please if there questions from answers that the of the inherent in the air so this
gentleman back things so as to keep getting the 1st question I have I have seen instead that of the led others go 1st but can you give us an update on the
idea stirred 80 dollars smartphone many users are currently have so the last
thing about is the the idea smart and some many users souls at the Safaricom CEO at at a gathering in January mentioned 300 thousand but there's there's other estimates that would say that that is so it's it's significantly higher than that so a and that the thousand 200 thousand is on the lower part but the other 300 thousand 100 1 there 8 9 months ago interesting in the at
the and thank you very much for your presentation there was really wonderful I really
liked it has to be a specific question the questions 1 is about the user numbers for the for the agricultural home absolute wasn't the reactions and services they had ICAO and other 1 as farmer thing here and you have any idea to what extent farmers are willing to be to use these tools in in terms of numbers of arms and the 2nd question is you examples were very much concerned with a service delivery of sending money in improving services and in this respect I would like to know how do you see the potential for using technology and governance issues we talk a lot here on on it Republican at about participation accountability in these things and
I think even in Germany most citizens and really inclined to use technology and participate in some but I know that in the aid business a lot of people again very high about this and I think this is that the way to go and we need to use this technology to um involve citizens
I would like to use you on this job thank you if you don't run allowance the the the last question 1st so this
is of course to be another recall mock for Kenya and that was that last year it became a and B is the 2nd country in Africa and the 1st in Sub-Saharan Africa to to open up all government data to support
this is allowed to used myself right now I want to get a computer or any 1 of you know people were interested in taking you deep dives into data and making our visualizations of helping people understand what that they too have the kenyan government has actually been digitizing a lot of this information and this absent tools now that allow for me for example to find and each constituency in the country is allocated a fine so I can actually walk through the expenses of this fine like never before no 1 had the power to do this no 1 would want to go to the trouble of finding this kind of information and now with a half decent connection to the internet I can access that and I can actually up somebody with a local councilor begin to ask questions begin to interrogate what see and that has been something which we began to see a whole range of different but applications tools and services built on that not only from Kenya on its I challenge anybody here but to be honest to to give that a look and and see what they can do that as well with regarding the 1st question I believe for ICAO and I'm not entirely certain but I think I think I think there definitely more than and 5 hundreds of of of these farmers and why why why I think it's important if it's is is quite a big learning curve right so I'm even the summary says that came out this week that
said we know farmers actually prefer to call over to texts longer recently because a lot of assumptions about being made in agricultural well we just do this for their armor not a research like that is better informing the only thing is position model other African countries as well great greatly factory more questions in the meantime I think we have space for a total of you key there is an answer short it's you find so just a little shot a short Christian last
unit a similar talk of just a checkbook must solve here on and I just wanted to know you connected to a new way like and I hope of product is something that you know each other or if you working together yeah
so 1 of their start ups that I'm involved it is a technology blog and so we do a lot around innovation start ups of African take and so were collaborating with that yeah I would be I have what not of their and also with I have research which is the research division of of the i hope so the however what we've been friends for 4 years the giver interesting talk I actually have a question about the use of mobile
phones in terms of like I wrote a review full story that farmers in the countryside in boonies actually use the phones for comparing the prices they will get for the harvest in different cities so that it did change the way that harvests were like market a lot and they they obtain a lot higher prices now our smartphones also used family-wise Rotherham groupwise like your model larger groups that use 1 full nor is the person person were belonging like we use it I think it's it's a different way how how the tools are used in the joy of I add say definitely on on all forms in
general typically some of you know what the question of multiple SIM cards arises so people will have more than 1 and cut to more than 1 different provider and the Ford is a very personal device and yet you know it's it's shared like in the in example of of chief could you repeat what he said is that even if some each home only had 1 person with 1 this
3 or 4 people who will use that for someone will send a text message or 1 1 1 actual innovation that was that was made made for Africa if you like is what's called a please call me message if I don't have time and 96 per cent of the continent is prepaid so it and runs out and I want to reach you I can send you a free message that has an advert with paid for by the telecommunications company that tells you call me and sometimes in some countries use send you know maybe some you know someone wants to whether to bring bread home or not so I'll send it to and to is yes and what is not so there's also the different ways that they've built around them but does your question with smartphones in particular the they they become a lot more personal you know people have invested significantly in this and so that it is more personal but we do with
all forms I mean if someone was to ask me I can
I put my syncretic therefore I would think twice and handed to it and so this is a general level of it's it's accepted that that you can ask me that and you know and then it's it's more of a personal call In the last questions against please and then the lady in the back of just the
social media like Twitter is creating also a different layer of publicness of use sometimes you
you look on twitter and then the 8 o'clock news using talking about and know something only different from a Twitter stream and I was following the occupying Nigeria movement and I we are intensively and I followed a lot of what the demonstrators of the young demonstrators listening to the streets through this clashes to what's going on and also a Nigerian intellectuals who took over the chance to say it's not morphogens solvent Christians against Islam it's it's another problem so how to use them how do you think about the change of publicness of different layers of reality which are transported to between 2 people is there do you see the any impact like for example if you marry also know occupy Nigeria as in 1 example our model last year the of
north Africa spoke for itself there are many when we got to the point that you know they they they took action to the extent that you know the this number of dictators while of power 1 interesting idea that I've been thinking about that I'm looking to write a piece about is that in in in if you look at the sixties and seventies when Africa had between the 6 to 1616 1970 Africa had dozens of coded touch but in the in and that was acceptable somewhat to the weather the world was somehow all right with it if if you can present day the could entice frowned upon you know and and and you know people How about crimes against it but a social media upheaval is different so maybe that's a nucleotide in present day but a specific to the words of my opinion of that is is that's really opened up of that is a new level of debate and examples in Kenya a political year and almost no politician can afford not to be and not to go that level of scrutiny from people that he ASPA for obviously Africans abroad but a lot of them connected and then you have Africans in the country so you get this balance of debate coming in and alter the beeping started locally and regionally so I'd say you have different levels of society now getting acquainted this companies were saying you know we only serve you solve your problem if you treat us for will solve varsity t-test Matikainen company right it's a Kenyan telecommunications provider and so there's there's all these different ways that they're trying to get people to adopt technologies are in the end that states is
definitely giving giving us and you spin as far as
politics is concerned wait-and-see this then the year for a number of countries in Africa and it's something it's only a matter of time Canadian Rockies for the final question
yeah and so you mentioned those 26 100 languages in Africa but and it seems that a lot of examples you gave her from an angle from English-speaking African and I'm just curious to know what links are being made from asking on behalf of some Mozambican friends were antiques and journalists what links can be made between and French-speaking African Portuguese-speaking Africa and some of what you've talked about things right so I think Lusophone Africa I think in
Mozambique of it in a lot of African countries II that's a tennis people at trying their best to replicate and can success can is a unique case and in many ways but that doesn't stop them from trying to see if a lot of this will x and working in quite the same way now a lot of what I've said to be honest applies to many of the and the anglophone countries but what what the I think the best way to determine what applies and what does it actually falls back to the question of the leadership of the country and so for the ones that are democratic along some autocratic but stable that typically what will determine the level to which some technology can can actually change change the country from Ethiopia is a good example the of economically doing fantastic but in terms of technology because everything is so government led you find that emit hasn't picked up in quite quite the we could have if those competition so I'd for francophone Africa for Lusophone Africa it comes down to and fro possibly all of them it actually comes
down to to the leadership to where you know has a direct effect on the adoption of technology and innovation OK that's all that's all I figured out thank you so much about the future of yeah had it has a right hand side