Hacking for freedom in the European institutions

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Video in TIB AV-Portal: Hacking for freedom in the European institutions

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Hacking for freedom in the European institutions
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Hack the Union technically: Mining for freedom
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How can coders affect policymaking? We need tools to defend our newly discovered freedoms on the internet. Much of the threats are of legal nature. There's great imbalance in our resources in protecting infrastructure vs. the resources of the opposing industry interest. We need to deploy infrastructure to offset this.
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and but what about the remaining hey thank E. B and the the thank you and it's true I support of organizations but I try to consider myself an independent 1 and and what I want to talk about this a hollow we can influence policy-making at the European Union level and this is basically like the collateral damage of actin like act as positive and effects on the developed a lot of tools what we wanted to counteract and we created a lot of tools while the by the created the resistance in the last 3 or 4 years against and I want to show you some of the tools of 5 and in fact that we have developed in this tool box in the last last 3 or 4 years and the how you can use those tools to really like and subversively influence policy-making at the European Union and so European Union has 1 beautiful model which I think is is really 1 of the biggest strengths of our sister United in diversity if you think about the fact that you know that the European Parliament as 23 official languages 27 countries of 6 political groups and more than 170 parties represented in the European Parliament that is such a huge diversity that means there's like never all of the Eastern group agreement or there's like always even in the Socialist Group there's like some renegades that the voting against a group policy or something like that and there's just such a great diversity and such arms like chaos as well that I really enjoyed and and things and so all of this sucker what institutions where we can and want to influence policy-making of course this is order and was the legislative pipeline goes like when there's a new legal proposal that always comes from the commission the commission there's a bureaucratic institution that is not democratically elected and then they come up with the text and the text gets submitted to the European Parliament where there's a lot of different than quite complicated stages and that deleted legislative proposals true that might last like from a few months to a few years or if there's a dead on proposal and of course for and then after the parliament has scrutinized the legal proposal then the Council that is like the representation of the Member States like the
ministries like the ministers of telecommunication of you each member state that is that becomes uh Council and they decide whether they approved this or not and if they proved and it becomes a directive or regulation or whatever and if they don't the whole cycle starts again basically so there's other authorities that you can also be involved in this policy making in the data protection and the officer 1 very nice guide and you have telecoms regulation authorities like which is umbrella organizations for the 27 telecoms regulatory authorities and some 27 Member States so this is there's a lot of of attack and so the 1st thing you can monitor attacks the denial the harmony of you do software development but whenever you do suffer for the little point is is saying that the
earlier you fix the bonds the left expensive it is to fix the bugs or you know like it's really really hard to change a fucked up all than it has been already adopted in the countries or when it has been reported in the Parliament so you need to fix the wall before that way before that so then that's what I'm going to go to the other organizations some of the organizations that do very good work on the European level the and then we have some allies everywhere of course like and good people and never institution out from my own experience we have the pirates and the European Parliament we have other MEP mostly in the green socialist but there's even some good people I guess and and the conservative parties or upset and then there's European for parliamentary software user group which is very active interest to support in the European Parliament people wants to use free software and free standards and then there's even people in the Commission who who do good jobs and are like that I guess is also a bit deprived of civil societies like so so the cost for getting there and and and giving advice to these people is quite high you need to be in Brussels Brussels not cheap etc. etc. they lobby companies do have the money but civil society it's kind of you know they have entry at least and and some other organizations but it's it's it's difficult so they are deprived even in the Commission of of the the input of civil society and and when they get that they usually very thankful for that and then the 2 biggest ally again this diversity like you can just like so much chaos going on but I really enjoy and so then this lot of the issues that we care about besides act of network neutrality is 1 of those and 1 of the 2 was a show of some I have have roots in the network neutrality debate then we have the passenger name records cybercrime directive is now at the moment in the end the plenary stage already and it's it's a very that piece of legislation it's like the hacker paragraph in Germany 3 years ago I guess and and if you remember 3 years ago in Germany that was like a huge outcry against that at the moment is 5 people working against cybercrime directives and 1 of them and that's it's it's very horrible so that you can help out the cytochrome directive that be really nice we need some big noise around that
and then this data retention and by the reader Enforcement Directive will be opened up this year possibly which is the problem of follow up to after the PSI directive from the past consist of agreement etcetera etcetera so there's a lot of the issues that we do care about and some of these so organizations showed you on know islands help us with the so so basically this is the context in which we try to operate and the issues that you care about and the variance of this like a notion of of of of all pipeline of all legislation comes tool to live and then the whole what it's implemented and so on so I prepared 5 of these cases the and 4 prisons and things the 5 tools that I want to present to you the 1st will want to present to you is about understanding law and not the lead lawyer for me it's quite difficult to to read these long texts that are quite difficult to understand what it is it's also true that some of these text blocks like means legal means that get copied from 1 piece of legislation to the next 1 you get very short means that like that phrases the very often come and very common but then you have also a longer phrases which are and are quite interesting like the 1 the European Interoperability Framework was called by the Business Software Alliance which has been found by similar tools but this was used by that was done by manually by hand but a freeze on face of Fondation Europe the reform at the trade agreement 1 of the biggest trade agreement service formalized like an ASCII text it's 4 . 5 megabytes and out of that that I think 5 4 megabytes is this tariff tables tables like customs and stuff like that and and it contains I red articulate actually which is it's not something that you really want to export and you can find that that that that long string of basically the texts of copy passes or or like text blocks that appear in other documents which is really helpful and
there's a big difference to where you know differs from according if you over the coding but this also has a different you just move around the text in in your called like read you you move it later in the course we don't care about that if someone renames article 7 into article 28 and news article back we still care about that that and this is the same sex but we don't really care about that but it was article 7 or 8 or whatever and then you can use this also for collaborative commenting this is like I don't know from many of you know steps of which has been used as a tool and drafting the new Public License version 3 all common that com which is really nice tool that you select the text online with the mouse and then you get a small and text input box there can comment on that part of of text only like this and and that everyone has is that there's a comment on that because it's highlighted like like here uh and so on it's really useful for if you have a legal text and you want to do commenting on that like collaborative understanding of what is this law going to do to us um that automatically imports text from Euralex which is a database of documents of the European Union which is quite nice and convenient like if you ever want to refer to Europe to a dossier of directives and you can make up automatically
the euro interview long strings it doesn't even have to exist because to be imported automatically and and you can even refer to article so you can have very precise references so 2 2 parts of loss and sentiments euros along to other people a look at Article 7 and this and that directive this is quite impossible using existing tools now
this you have to ship around PDF files or something like that and then you know it would imply that if you will want to scrutinize PhD dissertations of of politicians who want to get rid of that and you can do that but this is where a bit basically of it to be long strings you have a reference document that you want to analyze and you have a bunch of of all the documents that you want to analyze against to say tell me what other passages in this document that are shared by all these other documents and then you will get get together nicely and then this was like this other case that in all many of you have heard Hungarian Hungary the country now has has a new constitution and 1 of the reasons for doing this new Constitution was apparently that's the old constitution has been written after the 2nd world war and it's completely called communistic and blah-blah-blah need to have a lot of more than a new constitution and made a comparison that the constitution from 89 90 and this is a fantastic result for me is that there is absolutely no overlap there's 1 match that is 5 tokens long nothing else so that reasoning that we need a cool new Constitution because it's written by the Communist this complete pollution and so this is how it looks this is from the Kerry trade agreement and you have against is an of of the accurate directive animal which 1 is the sum of 1 of these I can check that out but yes the judicial decisions taken finding infringement of intellectual property rights to Israel authorities might issue against infringer an injunction aimed at prohibiting the continuation of the infringement on and so this is this is helping you to understand what is going on even if you're not a lawyer at that maybe you can involve lawyers that can go give you comments on on parts that appear here but basically this is the 1st step you read through the law all the proposal and you you you you do some analyzes to we need to take action what do we take action what kind of action we take so the next step that you need to influence this whole decision-making processes to know then supply the right of the input to the right people but as the time and for that you need to monitor all the process you need to be aware as I said it's too late after the adoption and the member states to protest against any proposal you need to do this and this and that and amendments stage where you can still like patch the law you know in fixed the box earlier on so use you supply fixes you can't use supply changes to the proposed law and for knowing that a man is the deadline for example I onto when you can submit something like that you need to know about that and if you want to know if today you can go to the European Union website you can subscribe there and you can get some modifications as well movie database there's not so nice and they don't have actually the data about the tabling of amendments deadlines because they are hidden away in pdfs and you need to check the PDS on a daily basis whether they have been updated and they're like 20 something committees so that means if you interested in it doesn't need to download twenty-something pdfs and read through them but as something as changing and that what a hassle so how do you know when the taming that is you counterpart track because we have more databases restrict them from from the internet from PDFs etc. from the official sources and you have better data we have actually people inside the European Parliament of thinking so the service and and I'm pretty amazed by the and so basically it allows you to see what is the process coming out that each legal dossier that I care about or even you can monitor what new dossiers are introduced in the Parliament on a daily basis like there's not very many like on I think the databases to have like 3 dossiers day and but most of them are not important or uninteresting for for my value system that I tried to die and protect and automatically linking to documents and the long string so whenever you have a dossier and poetry became goal will typically Lansing and see the text into the commenting over there in you can we have a we have a very interesting data for example and the members of parliament you have that also will of course on the public schools the European Parliament website what they don't do is they don't have change looks like was discovered what was he doing before like he's working here for years but he has not been in this position before is there's a lot of shuffling around going on like for example assistance you know secretaries other people helping the members of parliament is the churn of 15 to 20 is secretaries or assistance going in and out on a daily basis in the parliament they being accredited or not so this just a huge member people number of people going in and out as being employed in the parliament and the contract that actually those people which is quite interesting for later on if you might want to see some knowing about all this guy has worked for this and that and something but then there's also very interesting data it's more interesting than I think
get useful is like how are the members of Parliament moving around and offices like this is now his office but he's going to be assigned to a new position that is important so we moved his office next to the I don't know and the Secretary General of of that organization that is going to have some some more important positions of actually you can see that the position the inside of a of a Member of Parliament inside of the ranking of the parliament by various offices and how he moves around I think is quite interesting at least and then this is also of course useful when we are on the ground in the European Parliament and want to goal and knock on the office and talk to the Member of Parliament we need to know that and and we have very accurate data on and so basically this is how it looks very simple and we have various views you have the dossier views you have to view on the representatives and you have views on the Committee's this most important stuff that that we care about in the European Parliament actually if you want to intervene in this in this process and this legal process and so what can you do otherwise which is I think by by combining lossless data we were able to also find out you information that is unknown wanted today or if you don't use contract like for example by combining combining the data of who was taking responsibility for the LSE and having the Member of Parliament we can combine that actually which is unavailable anywhere and you have a list this number of parliament has taken responsibility for these and these dossiers and you see who was important and harmony dossier someone has taken care of and that these are dossiers actually that matter order just like feeling dossiers because the Parliament is always churning something out even if it doesn't make any sense so you can also see if someone is like a procrastinator I was just doing dossiers because he has to do something but they are mostly unimportant and you can see people like for example on the undistorted was like 3 incredibly important dossiers already inches in Parliament for treatment or something I think is really important to see also was doing important work and was just like that and someone was not trusted by anyone and just getting trapped dossiers because he has to do something but they're not giving him anything important you and so I think this is also very important to see the influence on each of us here on which we can also deduce from from this much data so then we're going over of already to the next step and this is a joint project with like to that that is called political memory against all of you have heard about this this is focusing on mostly often on the representatives so we know the history again like what have they taken care of how was the voting behavior this riveted in that there is this working pattern that they're not only submitting amendments but also submitting voting like after the amendments have been submitted as we go through the list of all the amendments in this tell the members of Parliament this is a bad amendment what against this this is a good amendment brought vote for orders and so on together long list and this is gets turned out to members of Parliament so they know how to water this is an incredibly important service this is what they get from lobbyists actually this is the right data at the right time in the right place you don't need anything else just here press yes and and if they don't care about anything else right so this is such a list which gets handed out to the members of Parliament and after they voted we can compare have they really voltage like comply recommended to them and by doing that we can set up a list of who was on our side was vaulting like we recommend that that was not holding like we recommend that you know so we see who are all allies and who our enemies so we need to focus on 1 of is a lost cause you know so this is actually a very important and also like having a memory of all these bad votes that is like that is the case of the 2 Jeremy lexicology increasing the political cost of talking with our rights of time of putting the finger out some on the slides and the notes on camera and so this is very important also for campaigning and its integration with the pi form which is basically when we know that the who are influential people in the dossier there's always campaigns to call them and this and this new tool called pi form which is basically you give your phone number you get a call from high form so you don't have to pay anything and you get connected to 1 of the influential members of Parliament and you can give them a call and you you get a briefing before that on the phone and you can call them and this is very important for for campaigning and then of course when the elections come we have this memory of is this guy that you have to vote for actually someone who recurrences breed ends the values that I stand for or hope for you as well uh and so on and this is very important and also the realize that members of Parliament also read like saying the assessment of of the who's doing what and and this is going way beyond of and the usual vol tracking is like what what you this is 1 of the services you have on tracks all the warts and we don't care what all the water you care about whether the important holds then the way we wanted them to or not this is the sort of so yes and this is also important for citizens to plan a political role with the have experiences now this act of for example like the huge outcry having tens of thousands of e-mails through to to the members of parliament or event model that for that was that set up a small form both with the applied forms in conference and then they had nothing to do people were sitting there calling members of Parliament and here in the Parliament and uh and being like of feeling aggression of the members of parliament like are you guys all single phone system yet we have so many phone calls all day and this is like having a a huge pressure on them and and changing things for us and then you have also you know all the statistics of who was aligned with what we do and who is not this is like 1 of the graphics see EPP is a conservative group but mostly there the obstacle that we need to overcome the then Socialist Group is mostly green but then you see the always I like that like the conservatives in this case and now a British Member of Parliament is actually a socialist is responsible for that which is quite interesting of and and then you have like visual stuff stuff for you can see that Hungary is the worst sucky country in Europe the most hostile toward a freedom 1 values that we care about all I care about least and then you see Scandinavia that might be like a good role model so we have like this historical data and is the pie form this is like the boys so like the this is not the stressor on with this is that this is a nice service and for putting the pressure on the Member of Parliament besides the email thing which is not sold on effective don't effective part of that is like when they see the numbers I got the same unit and thousand times that but this that's not going to be right and sometimes of course so legislative compare this is 1 its project a bit of dormant and then relaunching it and I think this might be like an operational relaunch now because it has not been advertised here so this is basically wanted to avoid the effect of fall for digital rights having country overviews like country briefing pages on digital rights situation in your country in other countries and this is how it looked earlier it's a simple greedy but now we have a transition the graphics and like this censorship vizualization and then the list of what is the status and all the countries in the world that we have data on and then you have the source on a country basis and this is basically also the remaining of key but we'd also do import lots of data sets from other organizations and and we also import news items so you always have of what is currently in the news in the country you have the input from professional digital rights organizations like for example in this case the OpenNet Initiative that do did this report on censorship and of course we really really rely on if any 1 of you wants to and
can help please go to the little dog and updated German page or whatever country of form if you have any insights in these cases or if you have good datasets supplied that to us and the last 1 the 1st stage in influencing the European policy-making as when the law has been made all in the directive has been passed on and it sucks or it was a failure of they what do you do that but this is in this case of the the law as to the telecom package which is the telecommunication regulation in Europe and the result follows from nearly chemistry will speak tomorrow or that there is nothing wrong with network neutrality there's no violations everything is right that and he said no that's not true and we submitted lot of its of freedom is a Dutch organization and another organization maybe that for the another they both compiled long list of of network neutrality violations across Europe already back then and the because simply ignore and soul so we said OK then let's do something and recreated respect my which is I looks like that uh and it's basically a very simple but tracker follow for violations of metric neutrality whenever you sense a natural neutrality violations by you're surfing the internet because you're not able to connect to SMTP or your your voice IP is blocked you tolerant Ingres brought peer-to-peer is blocked when you are not allowed to tap their your your wireless connection or whatever that's all network neutrality violations and we want them here and that the tool
on respect metal to you and this is a very helpful not only for us and doing are campaigning but it's also being used as input for the regulatory authorities dozens of direct reports which is umbrella organization of all the European telecoms regulators and they use the data from respect that for doing own report that they so I'm going to write for individuals and so I think we dominated that list with all the submissions that we had a and also the French regulators really really happy about that uh that we have such a huge list of all of all of all the violations and now they're going after that so by just creating this resource where people can come submit that the regulatory arteries is actually have have a huge interest in and then using this so actually maybe tomorrow we can show of of course neutrinos already but so that what you said there's nothing wrong and Internet as this forward crept in so for the future so and you see this is this is 3 4 5 2 was that I presented here is important I think we need to do more of these tools because this is how we can create get into I get all voice into the policy-making and and so I want to do more of these tools so in the future I want to do some kind of organization that allows more
hackers to focus on creating some tools like this so and people don't want to of be a modernist policy-making can go and actually do that which is quite hard now what we can see that this technology you can do a lot of things and doing this is not really campaigns is somewhat longer of a longer term projects and sold in the the few hikers that encoding we need a lot of people would do visual things because they're like hackers in all we'd like cons all graphics but that's graphics at all and people like colors and rounded corners very well on the I sold yes so and this is what I call a constructive hacking so this is like the contrast to online and now like the and the most debated he had earlier like you can create a lot of constructive things and do you have a huge impact on
on this whole stuff you on need the dosing for that so if anyone has the skiers use it from constructive things and not for all destructive things so that concludes my talk thank you it the for past year