AV-Portal 3.23.3 (4dfb8a34932102951b25870966c61d06d6b97156)


Video in TIB AV-Portal: MesoOptics

Formal Metadata

The Impact of Holography on the Commercial Lighting Industry
Alternative Title
The impact of holography on the commercial lighting industry
Title of Series
Part Number
Number of Parts
CC Attribution 3.0 Unported:
You are free to use, adapt and copy, distribute and transmit the work or content in adapted or unchanged form for any legal purpose as long as the work is attributed to the author in the manner specified by the author or licensor.
Release Date

Content Metadata

Subject Area
Computer animation Optics
Functional (mathematics) Perfect group Software developer Direction (geometry) Diffuser (automotive) Set (mathematics) Instance (computer science) Computer animation Optics Electronic visual display Quicksort Object (grammar) Table (information)
Area Latent heat Group action Computer animation Factory (trading post) Workstation <Musikinstrument> Data structure Instance (computer science) Office suite Computing platform Computer architecture Product (business)
Group action Computer animation Operator (mathematics) Computer hardware Quicksort Computer architecture
Type theory Group action Greatest element Standard deviation Computer animation
Slide rule Word Latent heat Computer animation Connectivity (graph theory) Reflection (mathematics) Computer hardware Diffuser (automotive) Right angle Quicksort Task (computing) Physical system
Type theory Data management Exterior algebra Computer animation Multiplication sign Feasibility study Optics Diffuser (automotive) Public domain
Area Computer animation Projective plane
Point (geometry) Building Multiplication sign Surface Materialization (paranormal) Number Product (business) Prototype Latent heat Computer animation Speech synthesis Quicksort Data conversion Relief
Polar coordinate system Distribution (mathematics) Computer animation Profil (magazine) View (database) Order (biology) Projective plane Laser Graph coloring Spectrum (functional analysis)
Area Addition Process (computing) Computer animation Optics Quicksort
Type theory Frequency Distribution (mathematics) Computer animation Different (Kate Ryan album) Surface Multiplication sign Universe (mathematics) Data structure Spacetime
Area Distribution (mathematics) Computer animation Optics Diffuser (automotive)
Computer animation Term (mathematics) Multiplication sign Range (statistics) Bit Software testing Mass Product (business) Computer architecture
Distribution (mathematics) Process (computing) Computer animation Angle Profil (magazine) Order (biology) Mass
Game controller Electric generator Computer animation Lecture/Conference Weight Statement (computer science)
Computer animation Markup language Personal digital assistant Profil (magazine) Optics Quicksort Number
Revision control Computer animation Quicksort Line (geometry) Spacetime Product (business)
Electric generator Computer animation
Electric generator Computer animation Website Quicksort Product (business)
Building State of matter Range (statistics) Sound effect Mass Food energy Revision control Database normalization Computer animation Term (mathematics) Optics Right angle Office suite
Computer animation Cuboid Sound effect
Computer animation Energy conversion efficiency 1 (number) Sound effect
Frequency Computer animation Multiplication sign
Computer animation Surface Optics Pattern language Relief Product (business)
Area Touchscreen Reflection (mathematics) Surface Diffuser (automotive) Bit Field (computer science) Product (business) Revision control Proof theory Category of being Computer animation Optics Video game Right angle Pattern language Asynchronous Transfer Mode
good morning and this is a kind of an easy paper it's really a story about 10 as an idea that that was floating around years ago probably Lake Forest 82 and about the recent and successful commercialization of that idea and it's the story of Men's optics and and the company that I work for any of the like architectural products in
the early days but when we were talking about all sorts of possibilities for holography it kind of on the side of that the display ID as an odd ideas were these sort of functional ideas and we used to discuss things like wouldn't it be great to have a whole set of collimating optics that were a linkages roll them up and put them on the shelf and enrollment set among the tables in various things like that I there were things that we did all the time many of us have done which is make holograms of ground glass for instance to use for backlighting and and object lighting and things like that and and also there these discussions about making holograms to overlie but to magically turn them into the perfect lights for display holography and things like that and this this is really this papers
about that last idea and and its development this is about the holographically produced and directional optical diffuser and it's called Mizo optics so
that the area that this is has developed in is the lighting industry the international lighting industry is quite large and then it worldwide it's about a 25 billion dollar industry North Americans about a 9 billion dollar industry within that within the lighting industry there's something called
commercial and architectural lighting and commercial architectural lighting is but it's a it's a heavily regulated industry with with very clear specifications for things you find this kind of lighting in transit stations platforms in subway stations offices schools factories things like that and this this is an example of of that these things hanging down these big structures hanging down there are some commercial lighting fixtures for instance in a in a high transit area leyline Architectural Products who
I work for is a company that sort architectural and commercial lighting manufacturer and they've been around since 1982 and in 1989 we were and I don't think it's the I don't know what you call it acquired by a very large corporation called the GEM Thomas group in the generator Thomas group has about 40 lighting companies under its umbrella including companies like their light which is the largest theater lighting company in the world they do all the big operators into the rock concerts and things like that can light bright 2 tons of companies including the light so it's a pretty big corporations so the
company I work for this is a picture of the manufacturing facility they make up lighting fixtures and they install the lamps and and all the hardware that's required to deliver light to where it's supposed to be and there are very well known
especially for the transit lighting they've done natural in Los Angeles and bottoms and Francisco and a lot of work in Chicago and many many international airports for pedestrian outlining so it
is this type of lighting as you can imagine is that it has to meet very strict performance a standards you know you have to watch out for things like layer and and and things like that and traditionally the conventional optical
components were things like louvers and bottles and plastic diffuses lenses and reflectors and on and on and on sometimes these systems can get very complicated and just full of all sorts of hardware and everything to to to do with this slide has to do for the task lighting and things and so controlling right these are all those kinds of
specifications that you would find on in this kind of a lighting industry so that so it's in other words it's not these are lamps that you buy at Home Depot it's a it's a it's an industry unto itself on with very strict specifications power consumptions really big when these days and of course so OK with OK leader light before they
knew I was on had started to look around for an alternative to the conventional optics and the uh in Ashdown who who was the manager of research on his now with TIR Systems and he actually came up with the idea of of looking into holographic technology to find some solutions so for a few years they didn't intense IP and public-domain literature searches and and and and then the search is I mean they didn't really want to do you have to do this themselves and but then they they kept coming to dead ends for the exact types of diffuses they needed so that's when they found me
I can I was brought on to the to the team in 1997 and I started we started just doing some lab experiments in some technical feasibility studies and things like that so the deer and during this time Dean
came up with this name has a lot to exist to identify the new
area of research so the research team as Peter Kroon all he's the director of engineering is about 20 and lighting engineers at light and not on them as a project that on all the other projects Scott Santoro was a very well known lighting designer on and he's he's that the guy that designed the the fixtures this myself and then Tyler coaches are research scientist and he's he's really strong and Photometrics and all those kinds of things he fixes everything and we had we had a
prototype lab in 1998 at the University of British Columbia and then in 2003 I got to design a really beautiful I have you know from sort of you know that's not the ground up the floor up so the speech and it's in this building here this is technology placed on the outside of Vancouver and there's a number of research companies in that building so here we had these research goals which and were to
utilize the holographic industry existing holographic technology on you know I knew that there was this vast industry and has Ian pointed out this morning you know the surface relief and technology industry as it was quite well developed by this point I did consider going the volume or out of that at the time of the year was the you know the industry was so well developed with surface technology that that that this was the rock that we went and so the idea was to create photo resist masters robust enough to withstand forming a conversion into final production materials and to create microstructures that would manipulate light as as initially of ground glass with very specific performance criteria and there were some
things we had to avoid like spectral dispersion hand we had to avoid any kind of 0 order in the final material but in and the
main thing and this is the unusual thing in 1 of the things we're very uncertain about at the beginning was to create I'm a material that would produce this this this and this is a simplified polar plot its color battling profile and you can see it's the opposite of the galaxy in distribution so we had to if you know this is a laser beam going into material bird's eye view then as you can see how the light is bent away from the main axis and that took a lot out of it but that was very critical to this this project being successful and so anyway let's
see here yeah so I mean I know my area of knowledge was holography and so I basically designed this facility on if somebody if anyone in this room walked in they think we were shooting masters for embossing or a masters for you know anti-counterfeiting or something like that and they I have a
spin coating room and and I spin coat photo resist and we haven't optics lab with the he can't he can't laser in it and you're sort of typical dark room and for doing the and the photo processing chemical processing and what we have in addition to this that was
unusual for me as a of a do an awful lot of photometric and so we we have a photometric lab within our facility and there's a huge photometric lab out at the plant and where they where they manufacture all the fixtures and we do a lot of us were really lucky because we have access to the scanning electron microscope at UBC at the university in town and so we do a lot of we do we do a lot of examination of surface structures and and things like that using a senior I do a lot of this space into a lot of because these types of masters have to be absolutely perfectly cosmetically floor free as well so you know we we did a lot
of prototyping and we made a lot of masters and did a lot of experiments and came up with lots of different lighting distributions over that time period this shows
that about going on that that actually shows the light as you can see that the dam area in the middle that's that's your battling profile distribution come and then in
2001 uh we successfully and combined all the things we had to do to create the 1st full luminaire as they call it that incorporates this optical diffusing material and In
parallel at the same time I was working very hard with different vendors to come up with you know the best electroforming methods the best ganging up methods and the best method to mass produce the final production material which which legal I didn't does not do so so all of this was going on and we had
to meet the usual things budgetary costs a big 1 a real big 1 in a potential show-stopper had been coming up with a final material that was durable but in terms of UV degradation in terms of becoming brittle and you have to be able to clean it has to be able to stay installed for many many years architectural requirements are generally in the 10 to 20 year range so we had to we had to work on that quite a bit of accelerated aging tests and things like that we had to have our photometric requirements and it had to be very esthetically comparable and preferably better than anything that was existing at the time and and and and I had to be I wanted to be able to continue to utilize the holographic industry to not have to 18 0 start somewhere with something that would have taken 10 years to develop that didn't exist right so that that was another 1 of the criteria for success a
material manufacturing uncertainties this would be the final mass of material at the other end of this I had to make sure we can maintain all those distribution angles maintain the profile that we started out with not introduce zero-order and make sure that the material held up so
and this is an example of of what can go wrong and as you can see with this you know you can reintroduce 0 order you can lose your profile you can lose your distribution angles throughout all of this process so that was a that was a very important going on and alongside that the mastering in fixture design so anyway In
2001 we that came with the very 1st of this new generation of lighting fixtures called them S O X 1 and we took it to you that the biggest lights Lighting on lighting industry and trade show and conference in North America called light fair and in 2000 when it happened to be in Las Vegas and so we brought this you know we brought the fixtures and everybody was really nervous lighting industries pretty conservative and you know we did not people would like it or they understand they care 1 way or the other and down and it was you know we we had
this in our sky statement with this and everything you know our revolutionary weighted control light and um this is this is a this is the
very 1st sort of a mark up picture of the of the X 1 fixture and dumb that's the the the the panel got the panels that you see the translucent panels are the actual Menzel optics diffuser material and rigid material in this case there and if we it's
a couple of other pictures of it hanging you can kind of see and if you know if you look at the profile of this fixture you can see it's very streamlined you know it's just like a winning really and and it's doing an amazing number of things to control the light that there's hardly anything there so it is so when you go to this this light use this thing with a no it was like it was so different than than everything else that you saw this is a better
version of it this is this is my favorite version because it is you can see where those wings are are going up on the side there was and some some some lines inside the fixture and they would image out and sort disappear up into space and stuff so the esthetics of these things are really quite the really quite lovely and uh so we took the X 1 and we
walked away with the best New Product of the year award which was we were just stunned and it was an amazing
accomplishment but in a very conservative industry that could have just you know turned its knows about it basically so so there was a really big deal for us and we were absolutely thrilled so that was 2001 and so basically the
technology was launched in and and legal light started to really focus on on their new generations of luminaires incorporating this material and these taken
right from the web site so
so would be their production continued after we introduce the the 1st sort beauty fixture a that that fixes about 500 dollars and then leader light started in 2 you on coming up with the new generations of fixtures which were much more work
workhorses of the industry and the 1st 1 which is also then an award winners something called the pure effects and some it's considered sustainable lighting because because of the mass optics inside and then the really brilliant lighting design them by Scott these these fixtures are exceeding all of the energy requirements that that you haven't states like California so they're going in and they're not only meeting them but they're exceeding them so they're very efficient light so you can have a lot less light you can say a lot of money in terms you know little delighted to a 50 story office building right you can imagine the end if every 1 of the fixtures you know stating that much in terms of power consumption so so that's the pure effects and this shows that this is kind of
what we call a standard 2 by 2 tr offer and it's a it's a very very popular fixture these redundant like 150 dollar range and and there's many many versions of this
and they're they're going out like crazy I was in the plant 1 data medicine something out from shipping and I was kind of standing there and I was trying to move around all these big shipping boxes and I I looked and I realize that they were all purify fixed fixed personally I wish I got a picture of it it's kind of like they were just like I and this and get out to the plant very much right so and and and the
1 that tell no that's still pure effects all this is the new
and this is the new launch this is this is something called the and it's even more energy efficient than the pure effects and this 1 is is is this is the launch that's going on right now and yeah
so it may make little tiny ones which is really cute and they make really big along with Williamson the and it's pretty neat
like the that it in this short period of time the matters so had become it's it's not it's 30 % of
little lights business which is pretty phenomenal for you know 3 or 4 or 5 years so it's it's really have beyond my wildest dreams really it's been incredibly successful and I do tell them constantly such that it's it has a lot to do with this I mean it has everything to do with this industry and and that this was such a well-developed industry the surface relief aspect of it to be able to just plug into that and to know who you know the the the best people were in the right people to work with the you know to get from a to B without a lot of problems and so I am constantly reminding themselves and so there's lots of
patterns as you can imagine and and there's also lots of other products that 60 % 60 what 70 % of lights businesses not meant optics better than cold start to shift more and more and now I wanna say think you'd everybody because there were
these people that were so helpful and I got references from tj I did a lot of early work like Tom and chroma genome and I even said Scott to Lake Forest beginning trained ice and a friend and and we couldn't do this with all of you and you think is the difference in thank thank you very much so that some questions what note a of proof of political life in the 1st 2 women were transmissive and the I think that the ongoing wants to be reflected no there it's all transmissive him the tr offers here trough a 0 there about this deep and the and the lamp is in the middle at the top and they're just light inside and then the those and then you have of the whole surface is so yes the it's wonderful that use of each items the user is a small beam somewhere that so that you could look at or around the room the work that could could look at the beginning a lens I hide inside the fixtures well let's saving that for later you can hear we went through intellectual properties and patterns and so you have any conflict running up against you all got less that I mean there's so many diffuser patterns in the world right I believe we believe we have you know a unique product on that i in the last minute he did pattern search on optical diffusers before all the screen things started to happen it was it was there weren't that many right but because of all the flat screens and everything now it's like that you know it's become a very crowded area so yeah I mean I believe were fine but the patent attorneys believer find that have it's always it's always a consideration in a field like this endowments what reasons we do a lot SEM work transmitted to the next 1 of it could happen but yeah I mean it so we did some early examples of the material I mean of course it's easier to get with reflected backing not having it reflected backwards was a bit of a leap and so they absolutely can be used in reflection mode you what if