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Free Culture in Brasil

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creative Commons and of the young 1 hour to find out that song that Analysis Center for Technology on but I was at the end you by my the data was medical because the 1 like is that people will be also often think it is be on the Net Neutrality due the stuff the air from the mainstream and been wounded and become an all none count of sidings of those inventors the foot pocket after the common whatever levels as well as well but
but but so I think very much for being here maybe you're skipping lunch at this time so I'm very happy to be back in Berlin and to talk to
you about uh the recent research within mechanism so basically my presentation is going to be divided into 3 parts and going to talk about this idea of free coaches in Brazil and I'm going to show you a little bit
about what's going on in the country in terms of like freedoms freedom of expression freedom so I you know to use the network Internet is seen as a fundamental right basically let's go so the 1st 5 of my presentation I start with this very
interesting thing when Chris Anderson was an editor of Wired magazine went to Brazil like 2 years ago is only the man was to meet with this person that is this woman right there but her name is that the
amount of and she's a single of a Brazilian band from a very poor region of the country she sings his music style called taxonomic to basically I I find it very interesting that you have presented some of a
person that represents the idea of innovation Silicon valley values but wants to meet someone in Brazil 4 from the poorer areas from the poor region so as I find this very powerful image y like Silicon Valley wants to go to the
Brazilian theory refreeze why do they want to learn about and talked to to to a single like that the United inverse you so my presentation is going to answer a little bit about uh this question in order to answer the question of a stacked uh with a very important thing which is if you think about digital inclusion so if you think for instance help people get connected to Internet in a country like Brazil everything that you know about this has changed in the past 3 years so basically this has happened because of this phenomenon called the land housing
land stands for local area networks so these are basically cyber cafe s with computers connected to each other in which you can basically playing games where basically you can also use this computers to access the internet so basically if you go around and resumes you will see land houses so basically everywhere by absolutely most of the Brazilian CDs
even in the Amazon very distant parts of the country there you have a LAN house so this is the land house this is also another 1 the
the like of different shapes everywhere this is
also a land house and this is another 1 of the
interesting thing about this is this is not a governmental policy this is the market organizing itself like a small intrapreneurs generally in a very poor areas that were organized this little shops in which they offer Internet access it's also interesting because they started to emerge because of the game so people would go to these places in order to create phrases were crafted strike but suddenly things started to change and not only gamers were looking for it for the land houses but also versus people who simply wanted to use the internet so the public of the land houses it also changed along time uh in order to also received people interested in simply using the internet just to give you a few numbers right now in Brazil you have a 90 thousand land house if you compare this number with the number of libraries for instance resume has approximately 5 thousand library if you compare it to the number of which stores the country in itself has only 2 thousand bookstores in 2 thousand 300 move you to basically the absolute majority of cities in Brazil they do not have a
library and they do not have a bookstore they do not have a movie theater but they do have land house so basically these are becoming some sort of a focus point for people to access information and basically get connected and received by the the music fumes etc. so they're becoming public spaces with a very important role in the vicinity of size 2 in 2005 of all the axes and all of in the Internet and resume 17 per cent were made throughout the land how 2006 it was 30 per cent 2007 it was 49 per cent and number that maintains pretty much the same even to the articles and so basically if you compare the accesses to the land houses which is the green line but with access at home it's domiciles missiles do and houses since 2007 became much more access to but to use the Internet than people access the Internet at home for instance but basically if you go to Brazil today the majority of access to the internet it takes place in Islam houses small shops dude from the bottom up without any governmental support that brought the internet to very distant and remote regions in the country so as you can imagine it completely changed
the landscape of digital inclusion in the country and brought connectivity to places that you wouldn't expect suspected to get so quickly but in the other important thing is
that it's interesting because the uses of the land house I getting more and more complex so basically a lot of people is now using it for some sort of public interest activities you don't really important things but if you take a look at that it's a picture taken from the services that are rendered trillion house the can to 1 of these places and pay your utilities so you were water electricity telephone you can return you're not fighting through the land houses so basically if you're a taxpayer you use the land houses to return types of filings and they charge you 50 cents of football for that or you can send red you made if you're looking for a job so they have this particular service it cost 1 dollar they help you to to prepare your resignation and help standard for you if you're looking for a job and they charge you 1 dollar for that so it's interesting because it turned from go internet access and then it's becoming a sort of public interest often in which you can actually do a public interest stuff but then they tried to a very low price for that so that's the 1st point of my presentation just to give you an idea about what's going on in the country so it takes me to the 2nd part that some of my presentation in which I would like to talk about a more a comprehensive phenomena of the appropriation of technology by the theory from and by that I mean not only the Brazilian refused but the global period so what's going on is that computers Internet digital technology getting a poor regions geographical social theory refuse and people are getting really creative about the way they use this technology in order to create stuff so basically what's going on in and a part of this research that I've been doing for the past 5 years and the research continues it's called open business so basically in this research we work in many countries Not only Brazil but also Colombian Mexico Argentina and Nigeria and we wanted to know what was happening when people appropriated technology especially in their their reference in each of these countries so basically we did a lot of research about the Nigeria human industry I'm not going to talk about this but it's today but it's a fascinating case we also work like with Colombia and Mexico with their music industries that are emerging out of the this appropriation of technology and of course we work a lot with Brazil in Brazil the research that in is about this particular music scene that is called techno right so basically break important this means he she means she's it means like very romantic music very good to dance together like with your boyfriend or girlfriend they're very like people following lot listening to visbreaker songs mixed with factional especially technology from the eighties so basically what happened is that people in this poor areas of the country they started using computers to create these new rhythms that became extremely popular in the then emerged the so called Technical right just to give you an example not every year this techno seen it releases 400 these for you to give a comparison like Sony BMG that is the largest record label in Brazil releases approximately 12 years for you to basically different form major labels in Brazil together really is approximately CDs per year while these guys in a very poor area there really isn't 400 cities and 100 DVDs every year so it's not only a curiosity phenomenon but it's also a very important economic phenomena that in is very strong 1 in the sense that it makes a lot of money the funny thing is if you will place explore for to buy 1 of these spectral registered if you will not find them because what happened in the scene is that the technical regular musicians made the deal directly with the street vendors the same guys who sell pirated materials so basically they somehow keep the intermediary and they started delivering their music CDs directly to the guys in the streets or selling of Britney Spears 2 years or more recently Lady Gaga the news or whatever so basically these guys made a deal with this history of vendors and gave their cities all waiting for these guys to distribute them industry so pay attention because it's not viruses they have deliberately given their music to be spread out like this huge network of street vendors that before used to work only with virus so that was stated to be undertaken so how they make money they make money pretty much by playing life In the so called sound system parties it's a sort of biting in which you have a lot of equipment you have its variance is because of the different sounds assisting companies they compete among each other to see who has the most updated equipment the most cutting-edge equipment so it's a sort of a
competition race for cutting edge technology and there is really a coat of technology so basically every year when the new equipment comes they have to buy equipment or the time it comes from this kind of thing this special and people clap so it's a very interesting thing to see how there's a coat of technology going on there In this body so that the place a very poor areas they're very convincing in terms of how they use technology to basically you see the different groups of you know enjoying the music and like participating in the spiders and they are very important from the economics of how and the musicals these features actually taken by hearing motor that is in the college and basically if you want to see where the user so basically this is the so you don't see this in is in the store you basically see them in places like that being sold in the street directly to the street vendors so basically I'm going to give you a very broadly an overview of how take rademacher market works economic because the same model is pretty much the room for a lot of the musical production that goes on around the world so basically let's see how it works it all starts with the artists in they go on to a studio that is generally a domestic studio in which you they are the owner of this would have probably 30 dollars in order to record the songs you get you're materials out from the and basically then you give them to the street vendors industry so there is no money going out from the street vendors back to reactants they simply deliberately give their cities and that's it so the public in itself it by this these from the distributors industry vendors and it also the the artists when they play like they are paid either by the sound system pardon or by the concert halls and the public in itself based some systems in a concert hall so the money goes like that to the artist another very important thing that we realized when he did our research is that this is a leveraged market in economic terms so basically there is a pioneer investors there's a guy who was the the um and investor in terms of equity or guy school one's money to the people organizing private so he received the interest or dividends out of this investment so it's a very interesting thing because it allows the sound system by providing treatments to invest but laser beams in like very expensive but gadgets so that's an important thing in the whole industry and another thing that we realize that is actually very important is that the public would be buying CDs and DVDs also directly from the artist in the DAG and that's a very important thing because these are the 2 most separated market the see in video that I sold by the artist who do not completely With the CDs and DVDs that are sold in the street but this is a very interesting thing because this is that I sold by the artists are more expensive to become like with graphic material sometimes the lyrics and this is is that I sold streets are a sort of a generic type of city in which have become an plastic bag without any sort of printed materials it's only the music and that's it that's interesting how the market is divided in how the artists actually able to capture the present value of playing life so basically when you play life in cell in these that's when you actually make money by selling them right away to your public that just saw your life presentation so that that's not ragged musicians they really understood that this very well inside like capturing the value of being alive and another important thing about this is that this is a very novelty of market so basically at that it's very easy to the changes in technology and to the changes but can help people create new ways I'm going to talk a little bit about this uh in a few minutes but there's 1 word that can describe the technical Rademacher this word is innovation to basically they didn't lose time when digital technology came the appropriated it immediately they understood that by making your music popular it's possible to make money by other ways and they organize their markets precisely that way to basically this is a very interesting a lesson and phenomenon that the learned very quickly in terms of not lagging behind in terms of innovation in digital technology so as I mentioned to you that this is a very popular markets and it's so popular that a recent research neighbors you about who war the most popular artists in the country it's a nationwide research realized that the number 1 and I have to stay in the country is a product of these break he is Emeritus named and the interesting thing is that among the 10 most popular artists in the country all the 3 artists are a product of this network by of doing business in a different way that is the same as the technology so basically this is important because it indicates that the public sphere is changing very much in Brazil in the sense that model to become successful you do not need the radios the TVs about the traditional media anymore you already have a different network which is widespread to the street vendors to the Internet to the land houses that already has its own power or to create the the phenomenons of fame and nidus themselves so this indicates a very profound transformation in terms of public sphere but in a country like Brazil this is very just because this year we are going to have elections in the country so it's going to be probably the 1st elections in which it to be all that objectively possible to measure the impact of these new emerging networks in terms of like political changes so it's a very interesting year for the country because these new networks that emerged in the past 3 years they're going to be would have and the tests and to be able to see how much of the public sphere has changed in terms of how is it possible to create uh another system of communication in parallel to the traditional media so I think this is also important in this sense that and as I mentioned to you this type of music and this type of thing it's basically not only about that number again but it's the type of way of doing business in many other parts of the world so it's pretty much safe to say that on the very significant portion of the way that music is made in lists and in the world of today the same model of the command so inside that is you you have examples like for instance function which is a model different style you have examples like 4 another music style as well this or the 1 1 of them would we have a gene deserve not all music scenes that follows the same a
style of doing the users of the technology then it's important to mention that this is also a phenomenon of the global period so it's not only about words you the same template for doing business this way is also applied for instance it could do little style and voluntary which is a very danceable Electronique style and music from involuntary but the bubbling style from Sudan which has also very interesting connection with Rotterdam so it's interesting because it's an international dancing Telectronics style that connects the 2 countries same way of doing business but the champion in Poland it's also I style of music from Colombia the quake people in South Africa is a sort of South African hip-hop style in it's basically the same way that the technical regulars created was pretty much the way quedó was created the biblical in Ivory Coast to another example in the queen did and she had in Argentina I would like to start a little bit at the individually because this is 1 of the most recent fire uh of our research in Brazil and basically in the results that we got from Argentina indicate pretty much what is the future of these types of scenes so I really believe committee Gettysburg representative for us to see what's coming next so let me explain a little bit what indigenous only is a very popular style a traditional style Latin America is basically popular in all the Latin American countries with the exception of 1 which is Brazil reserve there's a like and very much prefer someone but everywhere else there is the let's say common denominator in in terms of music in the country this is the traditional so it's a group like almost all the rest of the the Argentina and basically the very traditional way of addressing very conservative in the sense but this is the traditional so what do you think that she had was basically to take always all the traditional things about and mix it with hip-hop creating a very important urban read them but in terms of like kind of a bit of reason that is very connected to the street life the way that people live in the poor neighborhoods in the big cities of Argentina especially when a scientist so it's a very interesting thing because it said music made by by the people using electronic instruments in most of the cases for poor of people in the peripheries and talking about violence drugs with very high lyrics and is extremely popular in a city like women sites so this is the Committee G. but the interesting thing about the Indian is that it started just like that number again but the street vendors became obsolete to basically they evolved to a point in which they do not need the street vendors anymore all the music is circulated by means of web sites like this 1 that is called mono or sites like this when you probably might not like the way these websites are designed and that's natural because they're not designed for you but it's the way that people like individually about like the websites to design I love that 1 because they put our web chat right in the front page of the new website so you can check your friends while you download the individual songs so this is a very interesting thing it moved from the street vendors to the internet and then it moved once again it moved to cell phones using to basically the number 1 way in which individually circulated in women scientists today is by means of tools so we did this interview With the single his name is spelled which is a short for L covered in the class the caveman and this Caveman he said the following that his dream is to go to a concert and get a machine in which he can tell everyone in the concert turn on your cell phones and many people do that he can broadcast his entire music collection I call his CDs on songs so that people can download them immediately using both tools but in this particular to basically it's very interesting because if you look for the traditional music industry you cannot find a service that sales you music to blue tools in Brazil Argentina but if you look to the musicians in poorer areas and in the peripheries they have been doing that for quite a long time right now so basically this is a video about innovation gets 1st in this period freeze and then after maybe possibly it can get uh appropriated by the traditional industries and so it goes so the future of this peripheral scenes is pretty much similar to the future of committed yet committed yeah represents what technology is becoming a represents with all the other scenes that I mentioned I also become so it's pretty much but changing quite fast in terms of how they do their business so another important thing is this concept of Internet artist so basically you might think you're required the German Internet directors globally you might think of Arctic Monkeys leave the island another artist that have become all these guys they only emerge because of the internet so they became like labeled as Internet act what does it mean to be an Internet artist in a developing country like Brazil so if you ask someone in Brazil hold is the Brazilian Internet activist they will tell you that girl over there are name novel modeling and she is the poster child of being an internet child in Brazil and Internet practiced in Brazil but no 1 is going to tell you that a band like fun does is also on the internet in Brazil because fun doesn't always not popular in among the middle class and the upper middle class it's only popular with the lower classes lower economic classes in the country and never ever people think about them as the Internet and but then if you compare the numbers about Internet presence between novel modeling in front as the numbers are pretty much interesting in terms of social networks the most popular network in Brazil is or In novel nonetheless has 140 communities the largest of them with 27 thousand members while phantasmal has 810 communities with the largest 1 being 35 thousand but novel modalities in the traditional media she has 77 artists 7 7 articles while phantasmal has 5 thousand basically very much local newspapers in terms of my space here novel has 2 2 . 5 million hits effort has no has no whatsoever because these bands of the peripheries they do not use MySpace they don't like MySpace they prefer their social networks
and they prefer to use to in order to to make their music available and last if you compare the most you view by a novel it's 532 thousand new and it's a TV short presentation shows his on TV like presenting life in the most viewed video by phantasmal is 1 . 2 mutant views and it's actually of the that that was not even made by the band it's a for moment I've made by fans that someone just applauded that you to and he quickly got 1 . 2 million so this is not the exception this is the rules I wish I had the time here told navigated to you to with you to show you the artist that I considered fame was in Brazil and what is their web presence what is there a number of hits that you to and then I would navigate and YouTube if you with the peripheral artists with the artists from the previous and you will see that the rule is that there much bigger than the traditional artists that have a strong presence in the media told my point is you have the traditional media 1 side and you have this artists emerging on line on the other side which has so much bigger than the traditional media so this is something to think about because it represents a change in terms of public sphere finally my last part of my presentation is going to be about something else completely different from I said what I said before I would like to tell you the story about the new law that is going to be approved it's in the process of being approved and you in Brazil that is all for the Internet and not against the Internet or criminalizing the Internet or restricting Internet rights as is the case in many other countries of the world so basically what Brazil is doing right now is that it's creating a lot that has become known as democracy view it means a sea rights based legislation for the Internet or in other words they can write use the online but this is something that is going on right now now in the country and the should think about the way his lawyers you that you know the sentence in which people never know how loss and sausages and may well in Brazil lost generally made by people like them sit in a room with very limited participation with no real feedback from the Brazilian Society and this particular law trying to change that and actually changing the so basically what you might want to you this is the right legislation for the Brazilian Internet is doing is creating but with the support of the Minister of Justice and with the center that I directed resumed the Center for Technology in society but this is actually when the project was launched the 3 months ago this is mean that is the minister of Justice and I'm going to save you about 2 other guys in the room I'm not going to tell you about them but basically just to tell you that this is a governmental sponsored legislation that that is taking place in the country that is being viewed from the bottom up collaboratively how's that being done well the 1st thing want to lounge of public discussion about increasing sold during 45 days we bolster the document online using a special form in which we posted the following issues privacy freedom of speech rights of boxes safe harbors net neutrality and Open Data to basically we wrote the text said we want to do new in Brazil's how would you like to be they can to account for this particular issue and then you posted it online for 45 degrees the turnouts of participation was really really impressive to basically this force 45 days was about principle this is done that discussion we then wrote the piece of floor we wrote to the actual text of lobbied article 1 article 2 article tree and it's just been posted online on April 18 so less than 1 week ago this law that was the you based on this discussion that took place publicly was posted online so we now have the text of the legislation and it's going to be open for comments for another 45 days so basically for additional 45 days can also form and the exact text of the law so you might as well that's great but this is very easy for Brazil because Brazil is so favorable to this idea of free culture but that's not actually true because the way we got to where we are today was basically because of a lot of public struggles In order to criminalize the Internet in the country so basically In the past 6 or 7 years Brazil has been dealing with all sorts of proposals that were very pretty much arbitrary so for instance 1 proposal by the senator recalled the black idiots that became actually known as the as belong the proposed to criminalize the Internet in current in the very comprehensively just to give you an idea if you unlock your iPhone in Brazil you would have for years in jail so basically they were going to criminalize very trivial activities but there were taking place such as a lot in an iPhone or downloading content online violating the terms of use you could get actually 4 years in jail for doing that and believe me you don't want to spend for use in a Brazilian jail so basically this is the situation that we were facing before so all sorts of crazy proposals trying to create like from strikes was complete prohibition of using the internet in political campaigns this was the regulatory environment in the country detained because of this radicalization because of these proposals for criminalization the Brazilian civil society actually got together so we have a sort of effect in which everyone was actually trying to respond to this threats of criminalization in the fact that civil society got together was very strong to basically but what happens is a lot of the newspapers he stated like printing articles about how this criminalization was wrong they can on the fact that criminal did that civil society was fighting against the situation so a lot lots of articles were published say the Internet should not be regulated criminal should be regulated from Seaview rights of perspective we should protect privacy should protect freedom of speech and not criminalize the way that people use the Internet so it's pretty much against the global trend that we see in many countries like France New Zealand Australia career in which you have proposals such as the 3 strikes law the Digital Economy Bill uh in England and so it goes it goes pretty much at genes history and because of the fact that responding to the threat of criminalization civil society got together and actually started to fight against these proposals in proposing severe
rights based regulation that was actually protecting the Internet principles as it is to
basically I will be having a lot of results in a lot of participation in in the 1st phase had a lot of comments like so we have more than 800 substantive requirements but we also include elected leaders streams in the process of making a lot this is the official website at the government so in 1 side see the comments from people in the order side you see what people are talking about this but perceive your idea on like in real time and you have the participation of a lot of important institutions like the newspaper association the broadcast association the Brazilian Bar Association for it's a very interesting thing because it really got legitimized in the way that the process was view and in the 2nd phase I mentioned to you that we opened it 1 week ago we already have uh 260 comments in 1 week to basically we believe that the 2nd phase is going to be even more participatory than the previous phase has been and it was already very good so what is not included in this legislation what we're not talking about because we couldn't be much and the shows because otherwise you were going to be a fading along the process if you have too much ambition didn't it was not going to work so we left behind copyright issues better communication issues and personal why because of copyright issues already has its own why not to the Ministry of Culture numbers you already has a for 2 years of process for reforming the Brazilian copyright love and making it more friendly to the internet so we didn't want to interfere in that particular process that accommodations issues is also left behind and personal data just like copyright has its own process going on at the Ministry of Justice so basically but we left these issues behind in order
to make this project for a civil rights legislation to be possible but in some
summarizing what I have to say if these lawyers best and possibly it's going to be best hopefully studiously here we're going to have a new collective right margin in Brazil it's a right that has to do with seeing the internet as a fundamental but sure as something that cannot be disconnected that everyone is entitled to have a more important than that a collective right to protect the internet freedoms and principles as we know today as we have moles over the past years but in a way that they're protected from threats such as the the absence of net neutrality criminalization threats to freedom of speech so keeping the liberties in the internet but protected from all sorts of threats that might come in the future from pressures coming from everywhere so if you're interested this is the website of the project it's going to be there's going to be an English translation of
the law the law currently has 33 articles and the English translation is going to posted either today or tomorrow so if you want to follow and see what is the proposal that Brazil is proposed for the internet this is the place to go to take a look and that's all I have for you today thank you very much to sex does things the the due to SCTs mn he and I get to the heart of the political and and my name is and thank you another different presentations I have clicker question
is how he thinks the representational problems in the process of building this collaborative law exist that's always the problem of these platforms and and I find that really fascinating acceptance of the inevitable and most that's a great question so basically what happens is the text of the law is going to be built collaboratively but once it's finished is going to be sent to Congress but 2 % of the same guys wearing applied that actually represent the people in Brazil to basically what do you see view of legislation that has been proposed does is to create a very legitimize texts that represents of course with its imperfections of the discussions that took place during the process this is going to be up presented to the Congress and then you to follow its natural way of being approved inside the Congress so basically it's a mixed way of designing a lot 1 of its open with its imperfections in the order 1 is being used to be going to be decided by the Congress which annoys perfect there's no problems there's not a lot so it's going to be decided decided to Congress so it's a mixed way of designing all at all thank thanks a lot for your presentation really enjoyed it and I'm curious about the periphery and political participation as said these the people in the periphery in both urban and rural areas of very innovative in their ways of engaging technologies and I'm curious and when it for example you set that civil society is strongly objected to certain restrictions I'm curious and did people in the periphery also engage in this kind of process and if yes how and also some of the people who use the platform that provide for the log you named a couple of institutions that do you have any data on some other groups are is it again just the middle class things the that's a great question but I'm not sure if you've got the 1st part of my presentation all the land houses so basically what's going on in Brazil is that you have these small shops offering Internet access in very remote and were neighborhoods and they're basically present all over the country all the CDs and pretty much a great deal of the poor neighborhoods and 1 of the partners that actually uh participate in I participate in a lot of this process is land how's association to basically you're concerned that but are people from the periphery 1st participating the answer is yes through the land houses and throughout the land how's association that is pretty much a very president being that many places and cities in the country of course this representation is not perfect there is a center of gravity that is definitely about people who who have traditionally internet access the middle class but uh it's safe to say that there has also been a participation from the lower classes as well throughout the land house hi this which is and 2 questions 1 is and what you do with an Facebook where the other services to go of the
market and so on and and also why do do you think with but if you the exceptions the rest of the world music industry has really taken on cells the measurement so your question about work is what is the role of monitoring this political process is that the OK so basically that Brazil has a very interesting position in terms of social networking because it has 4 or cuts is not the most anywhere else it's a Google project but it only took off actually resumed and the funny thing is that it took off and resume probably 3 or 4 years before Facebook was what it was in the United States France instance to basically the same view of connectivity that people in the US have right now because of facebook we had it in Brazil 2005 so it's a very interesting phenomenon because the Brazilian Society those who have access to the internet really got connected quickly to worker so basically the rule is as follows whatever you do online they want to have a significant impact you cannot do more work to resort to face face with is really small is actually very interesting about what's going on because I or could it really got appropriated like it we need to rephrase so you have like have like a lot of the people actually going to work in a very strong presence and work today and what's going on is that the upper middle class actually fleeing to Facebook to Facebook system is small in the country but the numbers very but it's something around 5 per cent while market has 90 per cent of the social network market to basically this enormous rate is because when the periphery comes there's a market gets really really interesting that people stifling for Facebook the people in the from the upper middle class because it wants a sort of a more gentrified environment for connected so it's a very interesting thing that that is going on in but of course democracy view has to have a presence that work to basically uh spontaneously throughout community it's being discussed inside of work at this well it's an important part of it it's also pretty much about media because the media is really also beaten up in Brazil is becoming a really important for the business society so I believe did their 3 dealers of public sphere spheres in the Brazilian society actually for I work at you to to readers and MSN the microsoft messenger which basically everyone especially in the peripheries use in Brazil if you have access to to ask for your 2nd question can you remind sorry always yeah OK so offenders to the right why the music industry has not for instance captured the value of these all other industries that emerge from the what what it's a very interesting thing so basically if you take the most popular items in the brackets scene which is by my colleagues so they don't have a record label but they have a plane so they make a lot of money and they have been offered deals with the record labels so they came to them and they said well I want you to sign with this and this and because the idea of business models that they have is incompatible with the way that the traditional record labels do business so it's interesting because the very idea of success has changed pretty much of a 0 because of being successful is no longer being hired by a record label but becoming a success in this sense that Calypso has become a success on your own dealing with the different types of networks so a lot of younger artists they asked fire much more to be like leads to then being hired like to to buy a rapidly worse in the said that it fact and 1 of the things for a presentation and you mentioned an interesting phenomenon which is and that there is a shift scenes in Brazil from from criminalizing an Internet issues into moving in mortal civil law while at the same time the rest of the world seems to increasing criminalized at the same issues so what I was wondering is whether you anticipate at some point and present a similar tendency and if so so why not deal with some of them that he's already right now to it's a great question but I think it's the pressures about criminalization they didn't disappear there still there and it's increasing the only thing that changes is that something else came up which is a pressure coming not from an institution but from civil society itself in order not to criminalize into making based on C rights for protecting the rights so in terms of pressures they're not going to go away actually a country like Brazil the amount of pressure to receive these for instance from intellectual property issues like every year United States releases the report called Special 301 in which it gives a grade the countries everywhere if you're being a good boy or a bad point and of collective property compliance with this is a very strong instrument of product of pressure in Brazil it every year receives like a report from the US it has to mobilize public money in order to create institutions the fight against crime piracy and that's exactly what the country has been doing for the past 80 years so it's a very interesting thing because these pressures they're not going to go away the only thing that is new in this scenario is the fact that something else something which is the fact that see the society's organized at least try countering pressures that are going to remain there for for a long time to to you know what I was of appeals to the thank you
Zählen
Chi-Quadrat-Verteilung
Computeranimation
Übergang
Kraftfahrzeugmechatroniker
Bit
Freeware
Datennetz
Kombinatorische Gruppentheorie
Term
Computeranimation
Internetworking
Texteditor
Arithmetischer Ausdruck
Rechter Winkel
Mereologie
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Metropolitan area network
Bit
Inverse
Kombinatorische Gruppentheorie
Physikalische Theorie
Internetworking
Verbandstheorie
Flächeninhalt
Gruppe <Mathematik>
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Free Culture in Brasil
Serientitel re:publica 2010
Teil 53
Anzahl der Teile 60
Autor Lemos, Ronaldo
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/20925
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract "April 8th, 2010 was an important date for Brazil. That is when a draft bill named Marco Civil was launched, aiming to protect fundamental rights online, such as privacy, freedom of expression, net neutrality, open standards, and open governmental data. Looking from the outside, that might seem natural for a country like Brazil, which is internationally known for being supprtive to the idea of free culture. However, that is not the full story. My talk is going to describe the fierce debates and struggles inside Brazil that led to the proposal of the Marco Civil. It will show how the Marco Civil became a response to years of national and international pressures for the radicalization and criminalization of the internet. For many years, other draft bills had been proposed (and almost approved), creating crimal conducts such as unlocking a cell phone, punishable with up to 4 years in jail. Or yet, simply prohibiting the use of the internet in political campaigns. I will describe how these radical proposals ended-up mobilizing the Brazilian civil society to claim for more balanced laws. The Marco Civil establishes probably one of the first collaborative legislations sponsored by a government. It was through a process of open public participation (available at www.culturadigital.org/marcocivil), divided into 90 days. For the first 45, an online discussion took place about the principles that should govern the new law. More than 800 substantial comments were received, from private and public interest groups. Based on those comments, the text of the law was then drafted, and opened again (on April 8th, 2010) for public participation. The final text will then be consolidated, and officially introduced to Congress. In short, the Marco Civil might be an important inspiration for other countries facing the trends of radicalization and criminalization of internet-related laws. In my talk, I will describe how we got there."

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