Internet Censorship Worldwide

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Internet Censorship Worldwide
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small 0 Moon and for talk for museum allele the bottleneck and the other can look at the zero-crossing find them this internet site license at this becomes the the the thank you as a so that the hi hi everybody thank you for being here today as I am the head of the Reporters Without Borders new media desk you probably wonder exactly at what link online free speech and because traditionally Reporters Without Borders defends press freedom Angeles but for years we've been involved in this fight for as a free speech online because it's part of the right to inform and to be informed because in many countries where the traditional media are and as a control of the regime online reporters and bloggers are the ones who cover the stories of interest for the people they are the ones who can hold those with power accountable they are the ones who have become the new hills of free speech and then going to give you some general trend of the Internet censorship
worldwide some information about the Internet enemies
report that Reporters Without Borders published last month and then and then opened for for that
Q and a with the audience tho the fight for free access to information is being played out to ever greater extent on the internet the emerging general trend is that a growing number of countries are attempting to tighten the control of the next but at the same time creative resourceful netizens are fighting back and demonstrate mutual solidarity by mobilizing when necessary In many authoritarian countries the Internet offers a unique space for discussion and information sharing and it has become an ever more important engine for protests and the realization of the Internet those repressed civil society is to provide and develop the new media especially social networks have given populations collaborative tools with with decaying change what this challenge the social order young people have taken them by based on Facebook for instance has become the rallying point of the activists were prevented from demonstrating in the streets we intermediate whereas the emergency laws for which people to have to demonstrate in the streets birds and bloggers have been able to mobilize especially every April 6 every year to ask for more freedom to protest against the cost of life and hour just to criticize the government the new round we've seen how Facebook and Twitter have helped to protesters to spread their message out as 1 single video on you tube can help to expose government at this to the entire word as you probably all at least so policy no atleast heard of this video this young woman Neda who died in front of the other camera and was video was sent over the world and that has become a rallying point for the critic of the regime and that this video has made relational place around around the world in Burma as well during the last Saffron revolution we were able to see life the repression against amongst this was completely different from what happened in 19 88 when that we have very few pictures of the both past and it actually came to us sometimes several weeks after the event's so we were informed of this repression away there later this time where I thinking feeling like we're actually with them and then witnessing the event's and in Cuba we can see that just 1 as you as the flash drive can be all the text to disseminate news they are being passed from hand to hand with articles from the students were not able to publish it in their country but Internet censorship is just not it's not only a question of human rights and it also deals with economic interests in some countries like in Turkmenistan's it is companies that have obtained better access to the internet into the new media sometimes with positive consequences for the rest of the population and as a barrier to trade with sense to trade which censorship should be included in the next and agenda of the world trade organization meeting because it does have consequences on for financial transactions and investments transparency symbol of the WTO members including China and Vietnam should be required to open their Internet forward networks or be sanctioned and and they have made promises when they join the W. T. O. to open up their media markets and we can see that these promises have not been kept at all well what times of change in the Internet and new media where in some countries the exclusive province of certain dissidents and open and the leaders of those countries has 1st being taken aback by a proliferation of new technologies that a younger generation was mastering pretty well and they have been also taken aback by this new form of public debate and dictators has you know its ability to cope not only with colored revolution but with Twitter revolution the vast potential cyberspace can no longer be reserved for dissenting voices and repressive governments acted on the effects they have a sense of political and social content with the latest technological tools they have arrested and harassed netizens bloggers behaviors on the president's evidence and ID restrictions in order to compromise user's anonymity and they have fallen back to where their propaganda on the web in 2009 some 60 countries experienced a form of of web censorship which is twice as many in 2008 we can see that the World Wide Web is being progressively divorce rights implementation of national Intranets whose complaints is approved by the authorities you was nets to Internet took meaning that it does not matter to the government if more and more internet users are going to become a victim of the sort of digital segregation it does not matter to them is the very nature of the Internet as we know it is being attitude what we're seeing now is Web 2 . 0 colliding with control 2 . 0 the very few rare countries such as North Korea and Burma can afford to completely cut themselves from the world wide web either permanently or temporarily in case of a general troubles we've seen it in Vermont during the trial of some sushi and the internet connection work to be suspended in the city was a trial was taking place because the authorities wanted to prevent pictures information from getting out and in you know in this country is the lack of interest structure is that is the main issue also to access the Internet and the development of not acting on this because it's sort of as going in the right direction for them and the telecom black markets and prospering in countries that you back for instance where access society and passwords are sold for a few dollars at to people who want to have access to the web and there were required to use of passwords and ideas rather at nite you know there's a back market is also striving at the border between China and North Korea and where people can use phones to connect to the outside world and and if you heard about that but a man was executed last January the no scoreA what was his crime is the former just they're using a Chinese self when he was able to get at the border he called a friend a defector who is now in South Korea and they talked about and and the cost of life give him some information about the price of rice and that's what got him into trouble he was executed netizens are being targeted at at a growing rate for the 1st time since the creation of the Internet a record number of close to 120 bloggers Internet users and cyber dissidents are behind bars for having express themselves freely freely online and there was a lot of reasons for that is in the East China which is far out ahead of other countries with about 72 detainees followed by Vietnam 70 the 7 17 detainees and then round about 10 detainees as these 2 countries you know many around have as you know large weights of midseason arrest in recent months and in China and you shall ball this intellectual who has been promoting the chapter weights this text and asking for more democracy and freedom in China was sentenced to 11 years in jail and the sentence was given on Christmas Day last year and in in Vietnam seen some pretty harsh sentences as well given to us bloggers and Democrats activities and who have been calling just for more freedom and some of them were sentenced to 7 years in jail and 1 of them wants with actually sentenced to 16 years in jail because he refused to apologize to as the judges who apart
from the usual suspects some other countries have been arrested netizens in the last few months and even though it's not clear whether or not they are this country there actually elaborating and that controller represses repression strategy in the molecule to bloggers and the in the cyber cafe owner where actually arrested they and they were arrested by local authorities were trying to cover up a local demonstrations and with repression turned out really bad and in Azerbaijan and we have to bloggers had then had the desired and any nearly who are currently in jail or they expose a corruption of certain officials and they also have made fun of them on the videos that was widely circulated on you tube and it looks like the regime we have the same sense of humor more and more states also and acting of considering repressive laws pertaining to the web and the western democracies are actually not immune from this tendency for more on the Internet regulation and they do it in the name of the fight for and the fight against child pornography or again the theft of intellectual property that we're seeing it for instance in Australia and but also in France Italy Spain Great Britain and of course we are not against blocking of some kind of sites but the problem with this tendency is that we have very we have to be very careful about how it's done a few websites dealing with upon a graph being blocked with the court decision in a state where the rule of law is being respected is fine but if you start setting of filtering systems and that are likely to close all the blocking anyone not being overseen by a judicial order then there's real cause for concern and I think we should really stay very vigilant about what our democratic countries are doing on the global scale as the act that ACTA treaty which is supposed to fight counterfeiting is being negotiated behind closed doors without consultation of NGO civil society and then we are pretty worried about what can happen because it could possibly introduced some them liberticidal measures which could lead to more so than in some of filtering of the whether it's pretty unclear because we've seen just a few the leagues on the internet by the way about what was happening and but now there's some efforts at European level to get the European Parliament involved and get more information about what exactly is going on ch some as Scandinavian countries are actually taking a different direction and in Finland an order was adopted stating that Internet access is a fundamental right for all citizens that's an interesting take and in the Iceland's parliament is currently examining Abila names the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative IE and then i which is aimed at strictly protecting freedoms on the Internet by guaranteeing that transparency and independence of information what they want to do is basically to take the best those protecting press freedom and online free speech around the word and apply them on their territory so we'll have to see how this goes if it's adopted but that I strong could there will become a sort of sigh applied eyes for bloggers and and citizen Thomas now we're talking before about you know netizens against repressive authorities and the outcome of a cyber war between those 2 parties will basically depend upon the effectiveness of the weapons that each camp has available and we see on 1 hand powerful filtering and surveillance systems and on the other hand the more sophisticated proxies censorship circumvention tools such as stores ingredients 500 you try reach as these tools are developed mainly thanks to the solidarity of and that netizens and volunteer developers around the world and we know that thousands of Iranians today use some of proxy that we're originally intended for Chinese users and you'd you try reach Professor free data are pretty popular and then they should get more helpful resources for from the international community to continue this crucial as thing and global pressure makes a difference to and the major work powers geostrategic interest of finding a communications platform on the web and in January 2010 the US-made freedom of expression on the Internet a cornerstone of their foreign policy which tremendous exactly how the country will apply this strategy and then what the reaction of our countries will be what we notice compared to John least work for mainstream media is that when users dissidents and bloggers can be pretty vulnerable because they are now related to 1 these outlet and then we can see that they're starting to organize collectively or individually depending on what was they wish to defend and we have seen more ass decisions bloggers associations have been created in Russia and Oracle we see various users and that Iris with Users group launching comp aims to protest against some government decisions as a very interesting 1 was when the government decided to stop and knowing all the lead people to take the busses and transportation for free and there's some bloggers decided that was a really bad decisions so they asked people and that regular people to give some of the transportation points to this older people and and they did it I mean some of them did and bloggers also feel and they posted online just a challenge what's as the government was doing here we we also see we've also seen Chinese Internet users organizing side movements on behalf of Iranian demonstrators you've all heard about the hashtag at the end for China Society for year-round sorry China for years so whether that causes are national or global said messages that bloggers and that is and communicate are the ones that will decide of tomorrow's Internet we can still feel like you know sort of resistance is being organized on the way again this tendency for more control more oppression more propaganda not I'm just going to see a few words about uh the list of the enemies of the internet that Reporters Without Borders without less and less to the monster no time and so every year we published a list of countries that are
supposed to be the worst violators of freedom of expression on the net this year again and the 12 words violators where so the Arabia Vermont China and Korea Cuba Egypt around was better than the CIA yeah Tunisia Turkmenistan and Vietnam and some of these countries are determined to use any means necessary to prevent their citizens from having access to the Web as Burma North Korea course Q back Turkmenistan's this some countries where financial technical obstacle are coupled with harsh crackdowns on the existence of a very limited in intranets intended should down of slowdowns are pretty common especially impaired of unrest in the internal is the Internet's potential as a portal up into the work directly contradicts the propensity of these regimes to isolate themselves from other countries and so the reader is stands for instance have opted for such that the filtering that the Internet users have chosen very often to practice self-censorship and it's something that is hard to measure that exactly as for economic purposes China Tunisia Egypt Viet Nam have wagered on infrastructure development strategy but at the same time keeping a tight control of a way of political and social contains and the Chinese and Tunisian filtering system for instance are becoming increasingly sophisticated and that these countries are also demonstrating the deep intolerance for critical opinions even if they pretend that they are not as censoring and political content on the Internet and around I mean you think it's something that you know pretty well but the series domestic crisis that Iran has been experiencing for moms has could netizens in new media in its next and they have become not enemies of the regime among the countries that are under surveillance because we have this list of enemies of the internet and we have a list of countries in this evidence that do as well as their behavior basically raises some concerns about the net freedom on it maybe not that worrying right now but in the future it can be a real problem so among these countries under surveillance of several Democrats is Australia because of the government's plans to introduce this highly developed Internet filtering system and also South Korea where we have drinking in those creating too many specific restrictions on web users and challenging anonymity and on the way that we have added to countries this list this year to this list and Turkey and Russia and 1 inertia aside from the control exercised by the Kremlin on most of the media outlets the Internet has become basically the freest space for sharing information for denouncing corruption and that the Russian because use that pretty well and that the independence of the way is being jeopardized by some bloggers arrests prosecutions and as well as by blocking of some websites that of extremist but also that we see Woodside being blocked for a little while and then what we are saying is also the regime's propaganda being increasingly increasingly presence on the web and we have bloggers who are infiltrating discussion forum but he was a means critics and so that it's not sure yet whether this if this is the beginning of the a real strategy of internal control but that he has a real risk that the Internet can be transformed into a tool for political control so we wanted to have to draw the attention on this issue and in Turkey subtopics mainly deal with at the church founder of the Republic the honor issues concerning minorities and that have occurred and Armenians the dignity of the nation is also a big table and so Cerveza excuse is basically have been used to justify blocking civil house thousands of websites including you tube and which has been triggered a lot of protest by Turkish bloggers and also by some international organizations and then the organism that is used to express themselves freely on such topics for also faced additional reprisals we see pretty efficient online domain being prosecuted for attempting to the image of the nation for terrorism and so on and so it's something that we see propriety of in In this listeners events we have other countries such as the United Arab Emirates hours time and that's should actually need to make some effort some progress because they may very well next year being transferred into the enemies of the Internet least itself title because of the abuses of the laser measures to crimes as because they had boasted the number of websites blocked and better was because the president has to sign liable to single order that were rated Internet and that is uh coming to force this summer just a few months before the election so this list of enemies of the Internet and countries in the surveillance will probably change next year the train this probably that there should be more addition to that countries taken of the least but at the same time as examples of Internet users actions online campaigns for the general interest could also be more numerous and and each of us can be today is the 1 who can mobilize over infinite users for important causes the environment for speech and women's and children's rights that's why it's really crucial to fight today for Internet to remain what it was meant to be a free space for sharing and exchange not a tool of repression at the hands of of repressive or manipulating powers and this site is being played out right now so I think I'm going to stop here was collected from time to ask questions and I think there are some microphones variant on the very well but if you wanna answer some questions please add go ahead of you have to to answer the the I think we have very few time left the the it can hear me right out to what are some of the
methods that reporters if they are right and 1 of the 1st nations like the the ones you name what are some of the ways they they can try to get the news out right now like 1 of the and the tools of the trade of people at the right time giving people like I you know there's a repressive countries or a series of democratic countries when 1st of all and what is important is that more and more people in those repressive countries know about
censorship even if it's been denied by the government so they are being more curious about how to get around censorship quality key proxies and
even if proxy servers are blocked in that country sometimes it's being as no computer on DVDs and passed from 1 hint whenever it's on you is the flash right and so on so I guess there's more awareness about how themselves to get around censorship now you have all the tools like in Cuba for instance online Domal eastern bloggers as they cannot have access to their blogs and their blogs are hosted a abroad so what they do is they basically
because the articles before and they put it on you is the key driver and then they go on they can go
now to some of the tourist hotels so they good of online it's really expensive is 6 to 7 dollars an hour when the monthly salary is about 20 dollars so they just go online they stands as an e-mail with all the information that the friends of road will be the ones as information but then there can be no mother it's the comments which is a little bit tricky 4 of them but and I guess what which we try to do it is not
only to monitor and the and violations of online the speed but also to help spread the word about these tools to get around censorship and also to call upon all of us in our democratic countries where we do have access to a pretty open Internet and there are some very useful tools like toward you can download it to your computer it doesn't cost a thing and then you become part of the network where as computers of road are being put at the disposal of people in repressive countries so that they can get around the Great Firewall of China of the great Firewall if you're examples from from Cuba and would that that circumvention of the users that are legal in cuba that's still something if they can't do that pretty much themselves on the line between well and there is a really high and I think it's you have according to the law you can get 5 suggestions for connecting to the Internet illegally and 20 years for sending an article about that hasn't been invented by advisor the authorities and so in this case it's pretty suspect because they can have access to the World Wide Web being some the Internet and in some tourists the tail so they would go there send their e-mail in you know a few minutes and then go
or some of them have also used as a black market and I think you pay 50 dollars amongst to surf the Web and their 1 daughter for sending 1 e-mail but then it's passwords and ideas that belong to people that are authorized to have access to to the next and they have to use it at nite because these people are using it during the day so it's quite some organizations but you know how to use the more
you do you things the but as