Freedom of Thought Requires Free Media

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Freedom of Thought Requires Free Media
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Media that spy on and data-mine the public are capable of destroying humanity's most precious freedom: freedom of thought. Ensuring that media remain structured to support rather than suppress individual freedom and civic virtue requires us to achieve specific free technology and free culture goals. Our existing achievements in these directions are under assault from companies trying to bottleneck human communications or own our common culture, and states eager to control their subjects' minds. In this talk--one of a series beginning with "The dotCommunist Manifesto" and "Die Gedanken Sind Frei"--I offer some suggestions about how the Free World should meet the challenges of the next decade.
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on the original on the good morning it's a pleasure to be here and an honour to be a Republican for the last thousand years we our mothers and our fathers have been struggling for freedom of thought we have sustained many horrible losses and some immense victories and we are now at a very serious
times from the adoption of printing by Europeans in the 15th century we began to be concerned primarily with access to printed material the right to
read and the right to publish where the central subjects of our struggle for freedom of thought for most of the last half millenia the basic concerned was for the rights to read to you in private and to think and speak and act on the basis of a free and uncensored will the primary antagonist for freedom of thoughts In the beginning of our struggle was the universal Catholic Church an institution directed at the control of thought in the European world based around weekly surveillance of the conduct and thoughts of every human being you based around the censorship of all reading material and in the end based upon the ability to predict and to punish unorthodox thought the tools available
for thought control in early modern Europe would poor even by 20th century standards but they worked and for hundreds of years the struggle primarily centered around that increasingly important 1st mass manufactured article in western culture the book when you could print them possess them traffic in the read them teach from them without the permission or control of an entity empowered to punish thoughts by the end of the 17th
century censorship of written material in europe had begun to break down 1st in the Netherlands then in the UK then afterwards in waves throughout the European world and the book became an article of subversive commerce and began eating away at the control of thought by the late 18th century that struggle
for the freedom of reading and begun to attack the substance of Christianity itself and European world trembled on the brink of the 1st great revolution of the mind it spoke of the date egalitarian effect only take but actually it meant freedom to think differently the Austrian regime began to struggle against thinking and we moved into the next phase of the struggle for freedom of thought which presumed the possibility of unorthodox thinking and revolutionary acting and for 200 years we struggled with the consequences of those changes that was then and this is now now we begin a new phase in the history of the human race we are building a
single nervous system which will embrace every human mind we are less than 2 generations now from the moment at which every single human being will be connected to a single network in which all thoughts plans dreams and actions will flow as nervous impulses in the network and the fate of freedom of thought indeed the fate of human freedom altogether everything that we have for for for a thousand years will depend upon the neural anatomy of that network hours are the last generation of human brains that will be formed without contact with the next from here on out every human brain by 2 generations from now on every single human brain will be formed from the early life in direct connection to the network humanity will become a superorganism in which each of us is born on neurons in the brain and we are describing now now all of us now this generation unique in the history of the human rights in this generation we will decide how that network is organized unfortunately we are beginning badly here's the problem we grow up to be consumers of media that's what they taught us where consumers of media now media is consuming but the things we read what was read them the things we listen to it listen to us listen to them we are track we are monitored we are predicted by the media we use the process of the building of the the network institutionalizes the basic principles of information flow it determines whether there is such a thing as
anonymous reading and it is determining against anomalous reading 20 years ago I began working as a lawyer for a man called Phillips Zimmerman who had created a form of public key encryption for mass use called Pretty Good Privacy the effort to create Pretty Good
Privacy was the effort to retain the possibility of secrets in the late 20th century Phil was trying to prevent government from reading everything and as a result he was at least threatened with prosecution by the United States Government for sharing military secrets which is what we call public key encryption back then we said you shouldn't do this there will be trillions of dollars of electronic commerce give everybody has strong encryption nobody was interested but what was important about pretty good privacy about the struggle for freedom that public key encryption in civil society represented what was crucial became clear when we began to win In 1995 there was a debate at Harvard Law School for about discussing the future of public key encryption and its control I was on the side I suppose of freedom it's where I try to be with me at that debate was a called Daniel Weitzner who now works in the White House making Internet policy for the Obama administration on the other side
was the then Deputy Attorney General of the
United States and a lawyer in private practice named Stewart Baker who had been chief counsel to the National Security Agency our listeners and who was then in private life helping businesses to deal with the
the listeners he then became later on the deputy for policy planning in the Department of Homeland Security in the United States and has had much to do with what happened in our network after 2001 at any rate the 4 of us spent too pleasant hours debating the right to integrate and at the end there was a little dinner party in the Harvard Faculty Club and at the end after all the food and been taken away and just the port and the walnuts were left on the table Stewart said alright among us now that we're all in private just as plurals I'll let our hair down he didn't have much here even then but he let it down we're not going to prosecute your client Mr. Zimmerman he said public key encryption will become available we follow along a losing battle against it but it was just a delaying tactic and then I looked around the room and he said but
nobody cares about anonymity do that and a cold chill went up my spine and I thought alright Stewart now I know you're going to spend the next 20 years trying to eliminate anonymity in human society and I'm going to try to stop you and we'll see how it goes and is going
badly we didn't build net with anonymity built in that was a mistake now we're
paying for it our net work as soon as that you can be tracked everywhere and we've taken the web and we've made Facebook out of it we put 1 man in the middle of everything we live our social lives are private lives in the web and
we share everything with our friends and also with our super Friends the 1 who
reports to anybody who makes him who pays him who helps him or who gives him the 100 billion dollars he desires we are creating of media that consume us and media loves it the primary purpose of 21st century commerce is to predict how we can be made to buy and the thing that people most want us to buy is debt so we are going into debt we're getting heavier heavier with get heavier with doubt heavier with all we need we didn't know we needed until they told us we were thinking about it because they only the search box and we put our dreams in everything we want everything we hope everything we do everything we wish we knew about this in the search box and they only in we all reported everywhere all
the time in the 20th century you have to build the beyond that you have to torture people you have to threaten
people you have to press people to inform on their friends I don't need to talk about that in Berlin in the 21st century why bother you just build social networking and everybody forms and everybody else for you why waste time and money having buildings full of little man to check who's in which photographs just tell everybody to tend their friends and being your done who did I use that being you're done there's a search box and they own it and we put our dreams in it and they eat them and they tell us who we are right back if you like that you'll love this and we don't they
figure us out the machines do every time you make a link you're teaching the machine every time you make a link about someone else you're teaching a machine about someone else we need to build that network we need to make that brain this is humanity's highest purpose we're fulfilling it but we mustn't do it wrong once upon a time the technological mistakes were mistakes we made them they were the unintended consequences of our thoughtful behavior that's not the way it is right now the those things that are going wrong or not
mistakes that design since they have a purpose and the purpose is to make the human population readable I was talking to a senior government official in the United States a few weeks ago our government has been misbehaving we have rules we made them after 9 11 they said we will keep databases about people and some of those people will be innocent they won't be suspected of anything the rules we made in 2001 said we will keep information about people not suspected of anything for a maximum of 180 days and then we will discard in March in the middle of the nite on on Wednesday after everything shut down when it was raining the Department of Justice and the Director of National Intelligence in the United States in all which aging those rules this small change we we used to say we would keep information on people not suspected of anything for only 180 days maximum would aging that a little bit to 5 years which is infinity a job with my little lawyers I work with in New York there only rough 5 years in the press release because they couldn't get the sideways into the font for the press release otherwise that I've just said infinity which is what they mean so I was having a conversation with a senior government official I have known all these many years who works in the White House and I said you're changing American society he said well we realized that we need a robust social graph of the United States I said you need a robust social graph of the United States yes he said I said you mean the United States
Government is from now on I'm going to keep a list of everybody every American knows do you think by chance that should require a along and he just like because they did it in
a press release in the middle of the nite on Wednesday when it was raining we're going to live in a world unless we do something quickly in which our media consumer last and so stated is in the
government's cops it will never have been any place like it before and if we let it happen there will never be any place different from the it again humanity will all have been wired together and media will consume us and stated in the government's cup and the state will only our minds for
the soon-to-be ex president of France campaigned as you will recall last month on the proposition that there should be criminal penalties for repeat visiting of jihadi websites that was a threat to criminalize reading in France well he will be there soon to the president of friends but that doesn't mean that that will be an exp idea in France at all the criminalization of reading is well advanced in the United States in what we call this terrorism prosecutions we now routinely see evidence of peoples who will searches submitted as proof of their conspiratorial behavior the act of seeking knowledge has become an overt act in conspiracy prosecution we are criminalizing thinking reading and research we are doing this in the so-called free societies we're doing this in a place with the 1st Amendment we are doing this despite everything our history teaches us because we're forgetting even as we learn we don't have much time the generation that grew up outside the net
is the last generation that can fix it's without force governments all over the world are falling in love with the idea of data mining their population I used to think that we were going to be fighting the Chinese communist party in the 3rd decade of the 21st century I
didn't anticipate that we were going to be fighting the United States government and the government of the People's Republic of China and when visitors here on friday perhaps feel perhaps you whether we're going to be fighting her to governments are falling in love with data mining because it really really works it's good it's good for good things as well as evil things it's good for helping government understand how to deliver services it's good for government to understand what the problems are going to be it's good for politicians to understand how voters are going to think but it creates the possibility of kinds of social control that were previously very difficult very expensive and very cumbersome in very simple and efficient way it is no longer necessary to maintain enormous networks of informants as I have pointed out chasing gets a bargain now if it comes back because Zuckerberg does its work for it but it's more than just the use of surveillance it's more than just the permanence of data it's the relentlessness of living after the end of forgetting nothing ever goes
away anymore what his and understood today will be understood tomorrow the encrypted traffic you use today in relative security is simply waiting until there's enough of it for the crypto analysis to work for the breakers to succeed in breaking it we're going to have to read do all our security all the time forever because no encrypted packet is ever lost again nothing is unconnected
infinitely only finitely every piece of information can be retained and everything eventually gets linked to something else that's the rationale for the government officials who says we need a robust social graph of the United States why do you need it so the dots you don't connect today you can
connect tomorrow or next year or the year after next nothing is ever lost nothing ever goes away nothing is forgotten anymore so the primary form of collection that should concern us most is media that spy on us while we use them books that watches read them music that listens to us listen to it search boxes that report what we are searching for to whoever is searching for us us and doesn't know what's yet there is a lot of talk about data coming out of Facebook is it coming to me it coming to him is coming to them they want you to think that the threat is data coming out you should know that this threat is code going in for the last 15 years what has been happening in enterprise computing is the addition of that layer of analytics on top of the data warehouse that mostly goes in enterprise computing by the name of business intelligence what it means is you've been building these vast data warehouses in your company for a
decade or 2 now you have all the information about your own operations your suppliers your competitors your customers and now you wanna make that data start to do tricks by adding it to all the open source data out there in the world and using it to tell you the answers to questions you didn't know you had that business intelligence no real threat of Facebook is the BI layer on top of the Facebook whereabouts the Facebook data warehouse contains the behavior
not just the thinking but also the behavior of somewhere nearing a billion people the business intelligence layer on top of it which is just all that code they get to run covered by the terms of service that say they can write any code they want for improvement of the experience the business intelligence layer on top of Facebook use where every intelligence service in the world wants to go imagine that you a tiny little secret police organization and some not very important country let's put ourselves in their position let's call them I don't know what you know curious that your secret police during the people business secret policing is people business you have classes of people that you want you want agents you want sources you have adversaries and you have influence of bowls that is people you can torture who
were related to address their wives husbands fathers daughters you those so you're looking for classes of people you don't know their names but you know what the White you know who is recruited ball for you as an agent you know who are likely sources you can give the social characteristics of your adversaries and once you know your adversaries you can find the influence of balls so what you wanna do is run code inside Facebook it will help you find the people that you want it will show you the
people whose behavior and social circles tell you that they are what you want by way of agents sources what the adversaries are and who you can torture to get to the so you don't want data out of Facebook the minute you take data out of Facebook instead you wanna put code into Facebook and run it there and get the results you want cooperate Facebook wants to be a media
company it was the only way it once you to punch like buttons like what was a terrific even if you don't punch them because they're web bugs because they show that Facebook every other web page that you touch that has a like button on it when you punch it or you don't they still get a record the record is you read a page which had a like button on it and you there you said yes or you said no and either way you make data you taught the machine so media want to know you better than you know yourself and we should not let anybody do that we fought for a thousand years for the internal space the space where we read think reflect and become on Orthodox inside our own minds that's the space that everybody wants to take away tell us your dream the Taoist of thought tell us what you hope to tell us what you fear this is not weakly all regular confession this is confession 24 by 7 the mobile robot that you carry around with you the 1 that knows where you are all the time and listens to all your conversations the when you hold this and reporting Unit headquarters but it's
only hold the 1 that runs all that software you can't read can't study can't see can't modify can't understand that
1 that 1 is taking your confession all the time when you hold it up to your face from now on it's gonna know your heart that's an Android app right now micro changes in the color of your face reveal your heart rate that's a little lie detector you're carrying around with pretty synovium was in the classroom and watch the blood pressure of my students go up in In a lost all classes in the United States is really important information but it's not just me of course everybody right because it's just data and people will have access to the inside of your head becomes the outside of your face becomes the inside of your smartphone becomes the inside of the network becomes the front of the files at headquarters so we need a free media or we lose the freedom of thought it's that simple what is free media means media that you can read that you can think about that you can add to that you can participate in
without being monitored without being surveil without being reported in on that's free media if we don't have it we lose freedom of thought possibly for ever having free media means having a network that behaves according to the needs of the people at the edge not according to the needs of the servers in the middle making free media requires a
network of peers not a network of masters and servants not a network of clients and servers not a network where network operators control all the packets they moved this is not so simple but it's still possible we require free technology the last time I give a political speech in Berlin it was in
2004 it was public indulgence and I said we need 3 things free
software free hardware free bandwidth now we need them more it's 8 years later we've made some mistakes where in more trouble we haven't come forward we've gone back we need free software that means software you can copy modify and redistribute we need that because we need the software that runs the network to be modifiable by the people in the network embraces the death of Mr. jobs is a positive event I'm sorry to break it to you like that he was a great artist and a moral monster and he brought us closer to the end of freedom every single time he put something out because he hated sharing it wasn't his fault he was an artist he hated sharing because he believed he invented everything even though he didn't inside those find little boxes with the lit up apples on them I see all around the world is a bunch of free software tailored to give him control nothing
illegal nothing wrong he obeyed the
licenses he screwed us every time he could and he took everything we gave him and he made beautiful stuff that controlled its users once upon a time there was
a man here who build stuff in Berlin for abolition bear his name was Philip Johnson and he was a wonderful artist and a moral monster and he said he went to work building buildings from the Nazis because they had all the best graphics and he meant it because he was an artist as Mr. Jobs was an artist but artistry is no guarantee of morality we need free software the tablets that you use that Mr. Jobs design are made to control you you can't change the software it's hard even to do ordinary programming it doesn't really matter they're just tablets we just use them would just consuming the glories of what they give us but they're consuming you to we live
as the science fiction we read when we were children suggested we would among robots now we live commensal E. with robots but they don't have hands and feet where their hands and feet we carry the robots around with us they know everywhere we go they see everything we see we listen everything we say they listened to and there is no 1st law of robotics they hurt us every day and there's
no programming to prevent it so we need to free software on last we control the software in the network the network will in the end control us we need for hardware what that means is that when we buy an electron something it should be ours not someone else's we should be free to change it to use it in our way to Ashura that it is not working for anyone other than ourselves of course most of us will never change anything but the fact that we can change it will keep us safe of course we will never be the people that they
most want to surveil the man who will not be president of France for sure but who thought he would now says that he was trapped and his political career was destroyed not because he raped a hotel housekeeper but because he was set up by supplying inside his smartphone maybe he's telling the truth and maybe he
is but he's not wrong about this workshop maybe it happened maybe it didn't but it will we carry dangerous stuff around with us everywhere we go it doesn't work for us it works for someone else we put up with it we have to start we need
free bandwidths that means we need network operators who are common carriers whose only job is to move the packet from a to B they're merely pipes they're not allowed to get involved it used to be when you ship thing from point a to point B if the diner opened it up and looked inside it he was committing a crime are not more in the United States the House of Representatives voted last week that the network operators in the United States should be be completely immunized against lawsuits for cooperating with the illegal government spying so long as they do with quote in good faith closed world and capitalism means never having
to say you're sorry you're always doing it in good faith in good faith all we wanted to do was make
money Your Honor let us out OK you got we must have free bandwidth we still only the electromagnetic spectrum it's still belongs to all of us it doesn't belong to anybody else government is a trustee not an owner we have to have a spectrum we control equal for everybody nobody's allowed to listen to anybody else no inspecting no checking no record keeping those have to be the rules those have to be the rules in the same way that censorship had to go out if we don't have rules for free communication we are reintroducing censorship whether we know it or not so we have very little choice now our space has gotten smaller our opportunity for change has gotten less we have to have free software we have to have free hardware we have to have free band with all way from them can we make a free media but
we have to work on media to directly not intermittently not offhand we need to demand of media organizations that they obey primary aspects a 1st Law of media robotics do no harm the 1st rule is do not surveil the reader we can't live in a world where every book reports every reader if we are we're living in libraries operated by the KGB well Amazon . com or the KGB what well you'll never not the book that wonderful printed article that
1st commodity of mass capitalism the book is dying it's a shame but it's time and the replacement is a box which is the survey also reader or it doesn't you will remember that Amazon . com decided that a book by George Orwell could not be distributed in the United States for copyright reasons and they went in a waste it out of all the little Amazon book reading devices where customers had purchased copies of Animal Farm or you may have bought it but that doesn't mean you're allowed to read that censorship
that's a book burning that's what we all lived through in the 20th century we burned people places and all art we thought we killed tens of millions of people to bring an end to a world in which the state would burn books and then we watched this it was done again and again and now we are preparing to allow it to be done without matches
everywhere and anytime we must have media ethics and we have the power to enforce those ethics because we're still the people who pay the freight we should not deal with people who self surveiled books we should not ideal with people who sell surveillance music we should not deal with movie companies that sell surveil movies we're going to have to say that even as we work on the technology because
otherwise capitalism will move as fast as possible to make our efforts at freedom irrelevant and there are children growing up we will never know what freedom means so we have to make a point about it it will cost us a little bit but not much but a little bit we will have to forego and make a few sacrifices in our lives to enforce ethics on media but that's are all along with making free technology that or all we are the
last generation capable of understanding directly what the changes are because we have lived on both sides of them and we know so we have a responsibility you understand that it's always a surprise to me that what is deeply true that of all the cities in the world I traveled to Berlin is the freest you can wear hats in the Hong Kong airport anymore I found out last month try to wear my hat in the Hong Kong Airport you're not allowed it disrupts the facial recognition there will be a new airport here will it be so heavily surveil that you will be allowed to wear a hat because it disrupts the facial recognition we have a responsibility we know that sampling became and the freest city that I don't because we know because we have a responsibility because we remember because we've been on both sides of the wall that must not be lost now if we forget that no other forgetting will ever happen everything will be remembered everything you read all from like everything you listen to everything you watched everything you searched for sure early we can pass along to the next generation a world free here than that surely we must what if we don't what will they say when
they realized that means we lived at the end of a thousand years of struggling for freedom of thought that that a when we had almost everything we gave it away for convenience for social network because Mr. Zuckerberg asked us to because we couldn't find a better way to talk to our friends because we love the beautiful pretty things that felt so warm in the hand because we didn't really care about the future freedom of thought because we consider that to be someone else's business because we thought it was over
because we believed we were free because we didn't think there was any struggling left to do that's why we give it all away is that what we're going to tell the somebody freeing thought requires free media free media requires free technology we need require ethical treatment when we go to read to write to listen to what those are the hallmarks of our politics we need to keep those politics until we die because if we don't do something else will die something so precious that many many many of our fathers and mothers gave their lives for something so precious that we understood it to define what it meant to be human it will die if we don't keep those politics for the rest of our lives and if we do then all the things we struggle for will get because everywhere on Earth everybody will be able to read freely because all the Einstein's industry will be allowed to learn because all thus derivatives skis will become composed because all of all this will
become research physicians because humanity will be connected and every brain will be allowed to learn and no brain will be crushed for thinking along where at the moment where we get to pick whether we carry through that great revolution we've been making a bit by letting it for a thousand years or whether we give it away for convenience for simplicity of talking to our friends for in search and all the really important stuff I said in
2004 when I was here and I say now we can win we can be the generation of people who completed the the work of building freedom of thought I didn't say that and I must say now that we are also potentially the generation that can lose we can slip back into an inquisition worse than any inquisition that ever existed it may not use as much torture it may not be as bloody but it will be more effective and we mustn't mustn't let that happen too many people thought for us too many people died for us too many people hoped and dreamed for what we can still make possible we must not fail thank you and me at
thank few
months let's learn take questions here it's not going to be simple but let's set a good example and if you put forward a theory course some danger
possible future could you name some organizations or groups in the United States that have put forward actually in your in your way in Europe positive way of transforming our society you know the United States but around the
world we have organizations that are concerned with electronic civil liberties the EFF the Electronic Frontier Foundation in the United states that quot to that in France its freedom in the Netherlands and so on electronic civil liberties education is extraordinarily important pressure on governments to obey rules that came down from the 18th century regarding the protection of human dignity and the prevention of state surveillance are crucially important unfortunately electronic civil liberties work against governments are not enough the free software movement that FSF the Free Software Foundation the United States and the Free Software Foundation Europe headquartered in Germany are working in an important way to maintain that system of the anarchistic creation of software which has brought us so much technology we can't control that commercially caught the creative commons movement uh which is strongly entrenched not only in the United States and Germany but in more than 40 countries around the world is also extraordinarily important because Creative Commons gives to creative
workers alternatives to the kind of massive over control in the copyright system which makes surveillance media profits the Wikipedia is an extraordinarily important human institutions and we need to continue to support the Wikimedia Foundation as deeply as we can of the 100 most visited websites in the United States in a study conducted by the Wall Street Journal of the 100 most visited websites in the United States only 1 does not surveil it's uses
you can guess which 1 it is it's Wikipedia we have enormously important developments now going on throughout the world of higher education as universities begin to realize that the cost of higher education must come down and then brains will grow in the web of the university of better because the money and do what is the most extraordinary online only university in the world right now it will soon be competing with more cost in universities still MIT X the Massachusetts institutions of technologies new program for web
education will provide the highest quality technical education on earth for free to everybody everywhere all the time building on existing MIT OpenCourseWare Stanford is about to spin off a proprietary web learning structure which will be the Google of higher education at Stanford gets lucky we need to support free higher education on the web every European national Ministry of Education should be working on it there are many places to look for free software free hardware free bandwidth and free media there's no better place to look for free media right now than this world everybody
knows what they can do they're doing it we just have to make everybody else understands that if we stop or if we fail freedom of thought would be the casualty's and will regret it forever might be that dream more questions in the meantime gentleman with a microphone over here will begin and end 1 2 and so on are in the bacteria that have high kind of take
maybe fast these thank you very much so I just wanted to ask you for the question I can be Facebook can
iPhone and free media coexist on a long range probably not but we don't have to
worry too much my phone is just the product In the Facebook suggests a commercial version of a service I said recently to a newspaper in New York that I thought Facebook would continue to exist for somewhere between 12 and 120 months I still think that's correct federated social networking will become available Federated social networking in a form which allows you to leave Facebook without leaving your friends will become available better forms of communication without a man in the middle will become available the question will be will people use that freedom boxes in an attempt to produce a stack of software that will fit in a new generation of low-power low-cost hardware servers the size of a the mobile phone charges and if we do that work right we will be able to give billions of web servers to the net which will serve the purpose of providing computing services that don't invade privacy and are compatible with existing services but mobile phones can change very frequently so I found goes away it's no big deal and web services are much less unique then they appear right now now Facebook's of brand and it's not a thing that we need to worry about in any great particular we just have to do it in as quickly as possible coexistence well all I have to say about that is they're not going to coexist with freedom so astrological existence and
life of a the of the above there is a thank you other 1 the uses insulating and the folds of presentation so I was involved in introducing e-mails about integration of the nineties some other time connectivity was very expensive we spending 30 US cents the kilobytes of megabytes of data would be 100 dollars about 300 of it's changed from then but it's still very tightly constrained by the regulatory bodies so we on the ground I find it very difficult because the powers that be the gatekeepers have a vested interest in maintaining but but in that gatekeeper nexus there is also a nexus between governments in my country and governments and yours and write down the largest biometric data in the world is the census of bundle based on the company uh that's providing it is a company as directly big to the CIA so what do we as practitioners to so become very very powerful entities this is what I this is why I
began by speaking the United States government's recent behaviors on 1 of my colleagues at this author figure Luscinda India have been spending a lot of times this past month trying to get emotion through the upper house of the Indian parliament to nullify department by the regulations on the censorship of the act and of course the good news is the largest biometric database in the world will soon be the retinal scans that the Indian government is going to require if you want to have a propane gas cylinders or anything else like energy from your home I can and the difficulty women having you talking to Indian government officials this month is that they say well if the Americans can do it why can't we move on which is now unfortunately true in the United States Government has this with your lowered the ball around the world on
Internet freedom in the sense of data mining your society to the chinese level that
fundamentally we agreed that going to data mine the hell out of their populations and they're going to encourage every other state on to do the
same so I'm entirely with you about the definition of the problem we are not now any longer living in a place of a in a stage in our history where we can think in terms of a country at the time globalization has reached the point at which these questions of surveillance of society are now global questions and we have to work on them under the assumption that no government will decide to be more virtuous than the superpowers I don't know how we're going to deal with the Chinese Communist Party I do not know I know how we're going to deal with the American government we're going to insist on our rights we're going to do what it makes sense to do in the United States we're litigate about it we're gonna push we're gonna show of we're going to be everywhere including in the street about it and I suspect that's what's going to happen here too unless we move the biggest of the societies on earth we will have no hope of convincing smaller governments that they have to let go of their control so far as that with distance and of course we're going to have to use unregulated bandwidth that is we're going to have to build around 8 0 to 11 and Wi-Fi and any other things that the rules don't prevent us from using and how is that going to reach the poorest of the poor when the mobile phone systems can be shaped to reach the poorest of the poor I don't know but a little project with 3 children in Bangalore trying to figure it out we have to we have to work everywhere if we don't with a screw it up for humanity and we can't afford the rest thank you for the gentleman over here please professor modern
I also want to thank you and I can tell you that the like of transforming freedom of work in Vienna and some years ago I saw you talking on the web video that foster and there was so you pointing out the role of Zimmerman Frederick and we try to help him as well but uh listening to you today I see that this is just too slow too little and I find that amazed that 2 things so the 1st is that the academic system that say the European 1 was was founded by Plato and was closed down by force about thousand years after the 2nd start of the European bed University was around the 11th century and let's see if we get there it to to have a running as long as thousand years so my question is why is it not deeply in the cell structuring of Arkady media to help the cost that you have talked about today and why don't we have free lunch appears helping them elderly little projects running for 305 thousand euros here than there are much more let's say efficiently like maybe you would agree that Mr. source tries to some years ago
at Columbia we tried to interest faculty in the state of preservation of the libraries and I saw more distinguished scholars at my own university than at any other time in my 25 years there engaged politically their primary concern was that aging of the paper on which were printed the 19th century German doctor
rock that concern that conserved morphological research than any other literature on Earth right but it was 19th century books they needed to preserve but the problem with academic life is that it is inherently conservative on because it preserves the wisdom of the old up and that's a good thing to do but the wisdom of the old is old and and it doesn't necessarily embrace the issues of the moment perfectly I
mentioned the walk because I think it's so important to support the University as it maneuvers itself towards the net and away from the forms of learning that have characterized the matricula during University of the past for the last thousand years mostly we moved scholars to books and the university grew up around that princeton it grew up around the principle that books are hard to movement people a reason so you bring everybody to win now we live in a world in which it is much simpler to move knowledge to people but the continuance of ignorance is the desire of businesses that sell knowledge what we really need is to begin ourselves to help to turn the university system into something else something which allows everybody to learn and which demands on surveiled learning the Commissioner for Information Society will be here she should speak to that that should be the great question of the European Commission they know they printed a report 18 months ago that said for the cost of 100 kilometres road you can stand 1 6th of all the books in European libraries that means for the class of 600
kilometres of road we could get a mall we build a lot roads in a lot of places including Greece in the past 10 years and we got scan all the books in Europe at the same time and made them available to all humanity on and on surveil basis if this is true is wants to build a monument to herself it isn't going to be a sufficient that politicians she's going to do it this way and you're going to ask around to be on a plane on my way back across the Atlantic Bird promise you and as the myself as forming states not our fault and wants to know
if you want to hurt somebody hurt him you should be changing the European university you should be breaking it up into on surveilled reading you should be putting google books on Amazon at business that some North American Anglo-Saxon elbow capitalism thing why are we making knowledge free in Europe and assuring that it's on surveillance that would be the biggest step possible and it's within their power thank you so much gradient and the mean but we're
going to have to had


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