Merken

Stopping the Brain Drain in Developing Countries through Entrepreneurship

Zitierlink des Filmsegments
Embed Code

Automatisierte Medienanalyse

Beta
Erkannte Entitäten
Sprachtranskript
of the young man and dozens and
and when it comes to to this system which has been initiated by that and that a set their German Federal Ministry
for Economic Cooperation and Development and query something a bit then the program we and vary this into when I come that parliamentarians State Secretariat Mr. civil on to give an introduction to this session and from the perspective of the ministry but then he has to be excused the for now he might get make it but we will start with the discussion stopping the brain drain in developing countries through entrepeneurship that's the topic of this session and there has been a lot of focus on on my creation and the refugee situations over the last month of the year let's say there are approximately 250 million people living outside their countries and as we speak the out of the countries of origin and my trading for different reasons at the same time so there is a lot of bad news staff happening in a lot of countries where people might from so there's a new start up and entrepreneurs is seen by passing and some of the countries and this is what we want to look into a bit closer today and we are very very honored to have 3 of those great enterpreneurs as from can unite heated and Morocco here today to share with us their experiences of setting up their initiatives and doing great work in the countries so please and a warm welcome so we have from Egypt's not just summit that connect entrepreneurs and resources from the men our region and Africa to bringing the collaborative economy to Morocco to managing a happy for technology innovation in Kenya trait expertise here on States today and I would previously introduced and I was that down now with you at each of you so we have up there found it permits the designer I and II of II definitive another red and then I might is the founder and CEO of rise up in the Middle East and Africa as top and biggest entrepeneurship summit with around 5 thousand I attendees from 52 countries and the fourier founded rise up he worked at insights into where had creating the 1st start ups pipeline In all Junior Achievement countries worldwide he's also so young Clovis Schaefer a network of young people under 30 were accepted and their potential achievements and try from 1 over the
right while so OK I k we are flexible but of course the as I just mentioned in our state secretaries tho Mr. civil and was a bit delayed but the few now also I would like to welcome him and give his introductory speech before we
continue with the with the discussions about the discussion thank you the for the In many migrants here in thinking thanks ladies and gentlemen now now so thank
you for your introduction to this panel already like them we're proud to be year I think for the 3rd time that the Republika which is a unique event but only for as in the inset and for Germany but for all the world because it brings together thousands of free thinking unconventional people who engage in dialog with 1 another and were found of inspiration we want to make
use of your creativity to be frank for our development cooperation the digitalization in particular is a topic where we need and we want to explore new avenues and creates new partnerships that's where the beams that was also represented at the CBH it's digital trade fear for the very 1st time earlier this year we invited 13 ups specially selected from developing countries to priests and their business ideas at the trade fair and to get into contact to uh German and the European companies and therefore it's for me only natural that we are once again being represented at the report because this year development cooperation is not stochastic rural standby development workers boring development organizations to the more traditional manner and it's certainly not the work done by development policy makers like me effective development these when expertise is brought together including key by channels and pathways that are outside the mainstream just 15 years ago that 3 quarters of all Internet users lived in industrialized countries to gain is almost the other way around 2 billion of 3 billion Internet users worldwide our from developing and emerging economies this is causing upheavals in every sphere of life we development policy makers would be behind the times if we did not attempt to make use of this most powerful force for change the 1 topic that is very high on the agenda in germany right now the topic that will continue to occupy us in the future as well these migration and displacement every day people are leaving their homes because they hoped to find a better lives in a different country and unfortunately all too often they are also forced to leave because that's their only chance to survive there are many reasons why people decide to migrate a lack of prospects in their country of origin is 1 and 2 great differences in living conditions in income between different parts of the world are enough digitalization has made these differences visible to the holy roller what we can see this effect every day in social media and by the way I think this is really changed in recent years this is new that so many mobile phones are spread across the vote in particular also in African countries with 500 million mobile phones in Europe 700 million mobile phones in Africa more telephones than toilets in Africa and this has changed the world because what we are experiencing here in Europe or investors countries the use sent it to across the brought everywhere and makes our planet in the Baker village in my ministry we are working to create programs so that more people will once again have a reason to stay in their homes and left prospects for their future 1st of all we are tackling the root causes of displacement in the countries of origin including in the home countries of our panelists today that he's in Egypt Morocco and Kenya we want to create prospects for the future in these countries and move lounged 3 special initiatives and are working through them in the Middle East and North Africa in West Africa and in the Ukraine over 1 billion euros is being provided for on-going projects to help refugees directly and we set up a Cash for Work Programme for example through which 50 thousand mainly student refugees will be found rookie in these you know only In many cases however migration also means returning to 0 making and that's why the 2nd grade that we are helping is with the reintegration of returnees Digital transformation can help you the B said this 1 of the 1st donors to have recognized the potential the possibilities of digital networks are huge and they mean that people can do their jobs independently from their own homes the ideas here for each from the 2 Koreas fares to Apple based info portals and personal digital coaching programs for example we are supporting the pilot project together with the Berlin start up here opened higher education they just had to contact the dual of this project at the CD to fear in February its aim is to enable refugees in Jordan for instance to gain access to tertiary education through you don't think this is a very promising example for young refugees coming here to Germany or to Europe and giving them a
chance to use the time they had recently issued it to a kid another example with inspirational project ideas our intention was to provide input for further discussions about such digital approaches in development policies and to offer around
Apple of the instruments that can be used for digitalization if you copies of the toolkit our available here at the front another example is our cooperation with a better place that the better place left use of German think tank that he's part of Germany's biggest speech to the nation platform better place thought or that is currently in the process of conducting a study on the digital and needs of refugees in Jordan Greece and Turkey the findings of the study will be used to generate ideas for development cooperation support the beams that uses existing commitment in projects all over the world however particularly when it comes to new innovative ways of providing support we also want to work with new players and this social start start ups setting can new trends and entrepreneurs are creating jobs the study conducted by the OECD in 2013 showed that more than half of all new jobs that were created in the past 10 years were created by companies that had been on the market for less than 5 years that is also meant to be our topic today the panelists and the organizations and projects they are representing an hour session today have some very interesting approaches to show you and like to briefly introduce our guest but maybe you already did after use you started already so you you interest rates are funded by Abdul from to shut
our yeah In this is 1 of the most important Entrepreneurship Summit in the world it brings together thousands of entrepreneurs from the text start up and this seen from the Middle East and Africa but a few to creating synergies informing kinetics we share held pronounce it correctly he's 1 of many innovators working together on important topics to do with the Collaborative Economy topics that are also highly relevant in the context of Republic ranging from Eve governments to open knowledge and crowdfunding as Monte view
who has uh moved from Morocco to Paris introduced this approach into the Middle East region and Jessica or 1 of the creative brains behind then selects and I happened Kinnear is focused on supporting African entrepreneurs looking to establish new tech startups for the German Development Ministry your thoughts on the following 2 questions are of great interest if you allow me to uh if you some of our new hopes and expectations how can development cooperation support entrepreneurship and the start up a culture what is the
role of diaspora entrepreneurs and transnational networks when it comes to making use of the potential for migration and to what extent our digital technology is important for you in your projects so I'm looking forward to your panel discussion I'm certain that it will provide an inspiration for everyone and it just before I conclude let me invite you to our next Congress on ICT for development ICT for refugees sees the title on a Tuesday the 31st may of made in 20 16 here in Billings so some flyers are available here uh with our
staff thank you very much for your attention and am looking forward to to tool fruitful discussion and hopefully many new ideas and concepts we want to support and want to implement in our development policies thank you very much thanks for coming
if it OK I think a lot and the system on said I will then yet
not so if go back into the introduction then in that case I think an what is important to to emphasize that we have 3 people here who had set up and running artisans years great initiatives are actually work beyond initiatives that has been initiated is rooted in the countries of their itself and stems from within the countries themselves I I guess that's an important thing to mention but as the let's go straight into the discussion then it is and I think it it would be nice if you could maybe each of you appreciate a entities like how your your work units is actually started let what was the driving motivation that uh behind
them maybe we start that you from a high of about heavy them from Egypt the current so you all know in 2011 there was an arab spring and that the spread of
Austin in Egypt um so post their spring there was a huge buzz and huge drive for a lot of young people my age to start businesses and start stop so solve the current existing go social and economic problems for that we need an ecosystem of resources that actually supports the star those between investors accelerators incubators corporations government support to media and culture and policies and also the needs and resources for started so we collectively with the ecosystem of founded the rise up which started off as a large shall pressure conference with 2 thousand people in downtown Cairo in 2013 currently were nearly 5 thousand attendees it's of a global event that will works with more than 50 countries all over the world have it in these for more than 50 countries and the main focus is How can start ups that developed the most benefit from the resources existing around them and them in the region the ecosystem or even beyond so we work with is incubators and Silicon Valley and in Berlin and London and Copenhagen and Sweden and the y and everywhere else also that they get better access and no 1 really kind of someone applies as a the start up move and it's a very inclusive and neutrals entity so we work with everyone who drives value and we don't we're not really government neither corporate nor investor related we work with all of them so it's a platform that that sense and the values of driven from what happened 18 days and diary square which is was very 2 times the that's it we're currently working on developing new things to actually accelerate this movement the forward uh 1 of them is a city to city partnership and thus starting with Britain thank you is again you have been with I have this away snap in Nairobi from the very 1st moment but recently actually left to to found the preferential let's see what was your motivation behind that what made you
do that I guess quite big step right and so there I am I to say entrepeneurship is about taking risks and it's not being conventional and not being conventional by sitting at a time and telling a story sound of the conventional what motivated me to start reinvention that starts from a story ladies and gentlemen Africa as you is about 1 billion a 6th of the world's population almost 70 % of Africa's use of Africa's population are you people sitting here 3 people hear people in the group are part of the pseudo and I here to revolutionize this industry it starts from a story the such convivencia labs but let me take you back to 2007 end 2008 at that time I was a student studying computer science at the University of New I got an opportunity in 2003 to study in Canada and I got an opportunity to study you know will be whereas born I choose to study you know why because I saw opportunity and I knew that if I stayed I could make change and yes been there at the right time it happened at the university and that some of the world's best professors like Nathan Eagle was invited as as as an adjunct professor and such eeprom program fall knocked him and I learned how to do more about programming 2 years later I developed it developed a wireless mapping surveys in 2007 but the 1st in a the mapping application the crucial points of interest on there will be and in 2007 and E 2 on the what happened in Kenya the post-election violence what happened Arab Spring that right there was an opportunity for the young people like me to actually tapping into work this opportunity and use the skill sets bloggers on the ground at every class Julianna would teach are you column right together and what could be built in weeks was built in days by who none other than the U. the U. would would develop their skill sets at universities would develop their skill sets on their own they were putting best you sets to good use any developed that will shape the platform in a matter of these there was a media blackout in thousand and eat and through shady information there was an information flow by using the power of the Internet and the power of the you'd be accessed you sets but you have to get people we have the right mind-set to disrupt and their leaders at the right
positions to disrupt and the same league as a couple of years later in 2008 and 2009 Harry customers in I set up the I have to give them a whole but it would cause it's the technology hard in there will be where it would come on a frequent basis every had meetings meet up and giving rise to what we call now in East Africa and sub-Saharan African the sequence of honor 5 years later ladies and gentlemen we do you know that we would be starting a start up revolution the and being in this space for over 5 years I am passionate and passionate about talented young people who have potential in August last year I met of very humble gentlemen quality Bongo minor queen spies was nomical fond of and started reinvention labs because the talent is global opportunities are not at brave create opportunities for talent everywhere we want to ask for people to come back to their home countries and he knowledge to the people in their home countries you want people in this group to share with each other through brave we billion of global network where desktop connections and global connections can be made to entrepeneurship for young people talent is everywhere opportunities and not here to create this opportunities let's do that ladies and gentlemen thank you very much have
fantastic think that you can as math you it's the it's not history at having grown up in America living in Paris but having decided to work better in your country or that it is a new home regions its you actually working in various countries in In the the molarity so what what was your main motivation to do that that is definitely not it's kind of hard to
use to go after you could not have very critical and sit on my chair and I think we have the the thing is that the opposite of your case because I left Morocco with the idea of never at 18 years old and I never wanted to come back so it's studied there and started working in a consulting company and so on and then I just got bored and started working more and more with that you know we've communities with the share and other things in Paris and globally and by seeing that in my traveling a lot and I realize how important what and how dynamic is creating community work and I wanted to bring that back in Morocco actually because I initially I wanted to work free development and and development institutions and so on but after experience that I realize it was not dynamic enough and I found all the innovation and will for a change in the different found and frustration communities and groups in the collaborative economy structures and so on and am I decided to organize events are to raise awareness could make people especially in the collaboration topic because they don't know it if you would agree but in our region and not very familiar with Sub-Saharan Africa but more with the whole Middle East and North Africa we have have given the stronger initial culture of collaboration that we still found in a real rural areas and so on but that is completely lost and in the business world and in cities and and by seeing how it's kind of it has been growing for like 5 A and or more years now in Europe and in the US and I wanted to bring these 2 concepts and ideas back and connect different people around them so just to make them aware to make them experience that collaboration is still possible that it can be a promising business model and our and that we have to trust each other for that which is kind of the biggest challenges for me in the region right think yeah I think we have we
have 3 points which is a really like there is talent and potential like everywhere it's about having the opportunity in and the space to to live it and then a lot of times that happens when there's a moment of challenge of crisis that people actually and right up and take action and to power to do so and I'm getting that opportunity providing a framework for that at that moment this is where you guys actually having your heart beating is and the other aspect is that the effect of collaboration it's about bringing people
together to achieve something great so looking at that like and that you work more like assuming in inside of the countries like what what is the main situation of intrapreneurship and so what are the main challenges or obstacles you're you're dealing with you take and it the from so if were were not a
conventional low pressure constant so basically it started to with times that it you should organize a conference with the so streets were a lot of their tanks everywhere there was so people protesting everywhere and this overcoming this gave the whole ecosystem this kind of driving energy that some of it's a resilient because I think this is from of of size for 1st without opportunity side
it's not a conventional low start-up ecosystem it's not of the drive is not just the business itself there's a very strong drive to become resilience so basically everyone stemming out of this movement is there to stay of trying to stave further setting the 1st opportunities have called a movement on expression the 2nd uppity it's a very young movement so usually founders our got the people at 2 3 years of experience after university and that's 50 60 % of the just voltage of that are under 30 the 38 opportunity
is it's going getting more global so because of the known location and its attachment to Europe until traffic and the in the world but they get access to locally local resource and will receive so many many of the VCs then that's then the most successful start-ups in Egypt where actually from London Stockholm and the US of 500 starts 1 of the most important trait excitons in the world just investment and start ups over the past 2 years that image from the chance I definitely some instability is there's a challenge of from a political and know of a regional side which shies away from investors that are intending to invest in the region this is 1 Harborough's isn't saying there's an equivalent or equilibrium for that which is the resilience of the space the 2nd 1 is very very old laws studied law and international on most of the Egyptian laws that govern business Our 50 or 60 years old so imagine now with all the text of destruction how can we start start with all these all those and how can you get investment how can shares between you and your parts around the 3rd challenge which is changing a lot as the cultural site so there's a huge gap between the older generation in Egypt and the younger generation below the durations very preservative conservative they they don't like change their a big part of the honda against so what's going on in terms of the evolution and the H is actually all about getting out change doing staff meeting new people traveling and and uh change for them is the only constant so this kind of clash between just 2 generations is that 1 of the hundreds for for the system as a thank you this accounts that and then you have to use the parents of what where do you see other aspects actually 0 well I see a couple of overlapping no challenges and opportunities and I definitely see R. when comes to enter printer are on a policy level we still do have very up-to-date loss and in Kenya
and down some of them and to bring years need to collaborate with our government officials to have the educate themselves on some of the policies and also government educating our that the younger generation and entrepreneurs and these concepts especially in the hardware space and an example is is break but the internet uh back on our how many of you know about the brain for opens yeah the Odyssey take when they lie in the stage of FCI did launch it's an public I believe in a couple of years ago and when they were actually being prototyping like components which are like 5 dollars when you when the input they need to be taxed like about our 10 times so only very uptake a lawyers around our own what I cities of means so we need to have like a bit of our amalgamation with these 2 stakeholders so they can be informed of like what needs to work where and another challenge but I do see is and the copy face model around so cancer Viners ecology is not Silicon Valley or start a nation get the ingredients are of a Sarah ecosystem II that you can replicate by not copied in the sense that and we talk about are these talent spots that a skill set the skill sets on and compare these to this and Israelis a very technically apps and Owen and canyons as to affect the i have to but the act at very specific are still so it's not a copy paste motorway connection to technology from 1 country and and copied into a developing country and and start a start up you have to understand so the factors and in the environments on the opportunity side I mean what is happened over the last 8 years uh in Kenya and has has a lot of it has a lot to do with different stakeholders and and this goes all the way from government private sector civil society and start ups and then we start with the government at that time we had a champion of the lake was system called a professor at the time they them all and he pushed you pushed our objection creates policies around the town and policies around the use of fiber and right now Kenya has a couple of hours of cables coming in from the port area and an atlas 5 in them in the major cities and I remember in 2009 this was interviewed by a couple of international media CNN and BBC in asking with all this band with the what what I you going to do now that you have a faster Internet so but government actually has done its parts gives the push for a faster and faster Internet but not not necessary that the course has gone down on the other opportunities that do exist is out from private sector we've seen over the last 5 years major companies like IBM Research setting up and they he quarters i in I will be each and every mean um very specialized skill sets out into the country over 50 researchers from all over the globe are coming to in Kenya and it's really good to kind of like tapped into this as complements the other opportunities when the I have was set up about 6 years ago these being a sporadic our Marshall mean of over 100 in 2010 cuts across Africa to actually are in Dallas the young entrepreneurs get into our entrepreneurship and tap into the opportunities the challenge to that piece and I like to see this from an active is a lot of you know already acquired or are you a column for ease of political activist in our Nairobi be and Kenya and she's 1 of the co-founders of who shady and she does mention is that you can't entrepeneurship yourself out of everything entrepeneurship is not necessarily the solution to everything sometimes special just need to fix things on the governance level and the scores for all our various leaders in this space is looking at opportunities in the policies while doing that term what can you do better how can we work more efficiently so it's not a biologist Chrétien our start and getting a business going but I think it's more about we talk about collaboration and we talk about partnerships halt can we actually create more tangible actionable martinis shapes that can be measured and said over the five-year period this is what we eat for a city in for a countries in terms of development thing the great yeah we we already have running short
on time and things that I think that we we do see at generation gets but on not only within society but also between institutions and at those institutions that actually set the framework legal framework for a lot of things and and and those initiatives and uh new forms of
of organizing and but the added that technology aspect and get became an area and can vary emphasized here and as much as I do work in various countries but the the exit connection between communities that serve a growing and how would you describe the role of this technology a in your work and how how it that uh there's rapid increase of dish opportunities actually changes our approach for the work you guys are
doing mn well it's not it's not a surprise digital acknowledges kind of revolutionary especially since most of the pollution in our region is very young but in the in
the case of Morocco for example um and and in many developing countries of moral has 1 3rd of its population in recent iterates so basically you have like different types of challenges that you need to
address as the cheesemaker isn't performance once you cannot disconnect your will to innovate and to start a business and so on from the social and the social impact part and um digitaltechnology and social networks and so on a new media enabled actually these used to connect online where and when he it was not able to to do it offline for example due to the mobility issues or so on and of course to create project that help for example uh um In in Palestine and there there is a very interesting woman on the and right who created the have freelancer platform basically because and initiatives in Bethlehem and uh you but when you're in this region you cannot you just can't move especially if you're when because there security problems and and a lot of women in the region are very well educated they go to university more than men more and more and they just cannot work so and in that case being able to start a business online is a very powerful tool and and in terms of uh the other point is just a self organizing and you have more and more grassroot projects like for example and empowering like rural areas as well as we have an which is a very interesting project ran in and in the south of Morocco and basically it's kind of the and and have better working with craftsmen in craftsmen sorry in there and the rules are of Morocco so basically the arts that are able to use their mobile phones with very simple technology that has been made specifically for them and both their pictures on the platform and then they're like self-organize with competence on this would not have been possible with digital pathology but my point is that it's not enough and I think you can confirm the thank you and
you have you mentioned before the effort of city collaborations and the day that that dementia rural areas and because the I context matters we we only all and you have I mentioned that what works in Monday's doesn't work in the other and what works in urban areas and in your countries as might be extremely different story in other places within the countries so how how do you for instance in in your work like look into scaling and diversifying uh in an in an inclusive way Dennis speaking of fresh because systems don't tend to revolve around countries need the confidence the theory were around the smallest governance which is a city
so in Germany you find the then and then other cities different are different in terms because system here in the US Silicon Valley and then you go to Detroit have a totally different ecosystem there's actually stemming from an economic challenge in Egypt as well Kiran than other places so I think of this Hobbes thing but the the concentration on very small ecosystems that are tending to scale the potential of collaborating with these between these ecosystem actually so when we're able to for example if a stop in Egypt is able to raise funding from Kenya and then basically scale moral or com for mentoring and Berlin with the use of of flow of communication and transportation this is the ideal world of stars were going to live and stops are no longer is located the centralized on 1 hub there or even we're talking about how to prevent brain drain you even drain towards 1 place they're they're they're the out of funny 0 1 of the companies in Spain the research they ask a million years 70 % of them said we want start start up and most of them like 90 % said we don't really care where it is so that's going to be the next strand that anyone will start their own company anywhere in the world depending on the needs of of that business and depending on the resources that the system will drive sigh ideally I would love to see Cairo collaborating with the Nairobi with the Casablanca what was there then what of Silicon Valley and so on thanks a lot and I would like to uh soon
also give a give space to the audience to Exley and ask questions to you at the far we do that and so we we have various differed from the ministry from the term event of race next sitting here and were very keen to to know of course like what candidate event of races Due to best apart initiatives and not only initiatives but part the the start
of an entrepreneur seen in countries such as yours on a longer term there is a very on clear cut answer for this
government and development corporations are you to be best when they work with local partners so basically when they
catalyze the ecosystem not try to implement or build an ecosystem themselves because as of the year said it's a quick it's a queasy because there's a government corporations investors media universities and each has its own rules the role of a catalyst from the government side and from the development corporation side is usually best if they're able to find 1 neutral and see where they can act together the whole ecosystem in 1 round table and speak about the charges and how they can do so by catalyzing that the resources either the networks or the funds or they're even in the presence of some some of the points catalyzed up but implementing is I haven't seen on now of 1 of strong at the system or the government is the man implemented in the 21st century BC test again this is the that has left a
really are pondering about the term catalyzing and I've heard a lot about a lot of collaborations the way we want analyze of grew with all the and to bring you and and
when I do see is you would just do it to experiment and and and and below the prototypes the problems so come down to the level of I am not in government I am not in the development of an evident from your we all smart but the 1 who going to 1 direction solving a problem if we do that I think then it went to was something tangible but when we start putting all these processes and prerequisites around as we start creating a box around the see this line here we that creating a box around us let's get rid of the ball if we wanna collaborate with each other what do we want to hear Republican we wonder distraught you want to tap into the 70 per cent how we're going to do these these opportunities how we going to create jobs how are you going to tap into the digital the rise I wouldn't have money I'm going to create infrastructure talk to the people on the ground the champions on the ground they know they have the answers but let's not mediated conversations let's do something for
3 months if it what what worked at the if he didn't work for the work that experiment again let's do it and these are the values of brave be passionate about what you're doing experiment born lead to unleash the best in the cell but the battle the humankind and the world the true colonies you know when you you're being something when you're really happy and I cannot express at the moment how try as I am doing brief because it's helping young people building companies in Africa they have no yeah well with a white and that if you have a good that is legitimate thing by and then they will not have to mind the eigen the fiber more approach from well as having word I'm gonna sit because I have
hills so I could have and having a having worked with actually um like we've been add development institution and
with uh development CG for further funding program and I agree with all of you the problem is that we have at resources like and especially funding resources and as a huge network powerful network connected with politics and so on and they're completely disconnected with the actual reality right so it's slowly changing of course but at what we need is indeed more collaboration and more trust in the collaboration and by that I mean you don't just sign as like a local partnership with the small aims you'll locally or whatever grassroots movement and then uh whenever the the person argue organization and offer any pennies initiative that is not in the initial plan not be flexible and not funding because if you want change after stress the people know the reality and be as fast as they are and this is the problem be from like able to allow funds and um like resources like a charter mentoring and so on to give to this small institutions and small groups and this is the best way I mean to to have an impact thank you thank you I
and other questions in the audience do we have the good but was
it I think so the interesting discussion I wanted to ask and I myself am from the rock as well and I wanted to ask you there's a know how it is with you are and what is that how is the idea of becoming an entrepreneur in your country it seen as because in my country is like it's the best thing to become a doctor it's best to to become an engineer and make your parents proud proud and happy and become an entrepreneur or it is not really that much of an is is not really desirable right now is not the top priority for a lot of young people in my own country so how it is in your is it is it changing of you I have that
on the of I actually agree especially like in friends I think Lake and from what I know from and naruby and carrier would there be more dynamic ecosystems of 1st our moral qualities of very young um enterpreneurs it's it's still as seen as something at different and not desirable or people don't understand nobody in my own 2 eyes in
like understands what I'm doing but it's slowly changing because of the activism of the actual exist system the more it grows and the more start working with a big companies to get funded there are more and more programs and so um there is more awareness about it so it like we have there is a big challenge of storytelling and you have to work with with media online platform with that of the Abbey companies and government even if it's they and the the less dynamic institution they're supposed to follow so um get it is it is difficult but is changing so slowly OK with that question yeah of time
back to the headline of the brain drain all you discuss very much that obviously you want to to
keep initiatives local such and at the same time the ministry in some of course trying to hold that many of institutions well are at the same time there's multiple you of Member States for example that set of programs that make it easier for me to me us just set up companies here there's Estonia with the residency program the measures of success by how many people to the companies in Estonia there is it something that worries you at the same time these European western countries a basically trying to get the best talents to Europe or to US etc. freeze programs who had a learned
about our destiny a program when as in Finland like uh about a year and a half ago and I think it's brilliant I if the quiz eat only talked about us getting and diversifying and um but challenge that we do have been in Kenya is actually getting them when we actually see talented doesn't away from where you from and it it's really expensive to pay for work permits probably like garbled 2 times the cost
and if you can actually like to make that easier to actually bring talent in a specific country or have regulations like uh then you residency program we can actually have part of it the meanest strong and register company nest when you're at a very low cost and keep that down because the highest cost of a start up is actually starting and I think that that that he's actually brilliant thing that's that's really good In my opinion the and you and I don't so briefly introduce said you cast said funding and find can look after fun captivity he's working with and stepped on creating digital economy air on intranet of opportunities for Syrian refugees in Turkey and then that attacked introduced briefly that would be too so everyone since I don't have high heels I think it can stand quitting but yeah I just wanted to quit to share with you a very interesting project we implemented flow Josette that's about creating employment and entrepreneurship for refugees was during the
effort is actually in in Turkey also included in the German IT industry and we just started the project so I cannot tell you too much about the results so we started 2 weeks ago about my there's some figures and some insights want to share with you and 1st of all what we saw that we have a relatively small but very dynamic IT industry and Turkey with about 2 thousand 500 companies with growing very rapidly and what we also found out that there is a very dynamic entrepreneurial ecosystem which has the potential retrieval of jobs to the Assyrians and what we also fall them as figures which I wanted to share with you know I can do the relevant for what we're discussing today if you look at the start ups of newly established businesses and Turkey in 2015 would follow up that about 32 per cent of his newly established companies were established pursuant refugees and about 50 % of start ups which were establishing a joint venture was Turkish and the student and you know so I think a very relevant figure when we discussed this topic which we have today because it shows the potential which migration have to which the refugees have for portion of the entrepreneurial ecosystem for creating jobs and it also shows the great potential of the digital technologies of traditional industries and so we can see actually had from some other projects we implement on the off of years that and causal for example will also work on promoting the between industry and communication with the promoting of business of refugees and migrants and I think this is a very very interesting relevant to the topic of this of before because it's so that the neurochemistry is a very good history to create jobs for young people as we go forward and so today and this high-level jobs highly qualified jobs and therefore I think we should cautious topic and we hope that with this project in Turkey we can also make good contributions very interesting which in the think we
have time for 1 more question and I saw him in hello yet many restriction from the development cooperation as well so the question is what a back up what he said from me to Jessica you know I love
the way you think and your ideas and of course it would be great to just sit down and the experiment have crazy ideas and and the this scale it or lose it afterwards but it's still difficult from a governmental perspective to test because it's it's not the you have to justify to its taxpayers and so I can rather see the role and I think that's what you said in all function as as a kind of a broker to facilitate we are not disruptive minute really innovative but you guys are but what we can do is bring you guys together all network you with other guys because we have the context and we have the policy traceability away you this treated with the policy trained to it 1 reason that process so I had but
that the for thank you I was just wondering that too great women sitting up there but overall what's the experience of the
participation of women in into the notion government and that is
it's interesting if the length of the opinion that so basically of of talk on
on my express our team is nearly 50 60 % fewer and our summit has nearly 5 thousand and these 40 per cent of them are women and of scene I think much more of a female founders of the mode different enough pressure in the past 2 years than any other because of into nearly 30 countries and see all the systems so on honesty and
there say they're better than the Egyptian man of future we encounter and in terms of working with the region as egoistic the very targeted and very focused on what they want to do and they're very passionate about what they have so on entrepreneurship side can generalize on more than that but on the pressure side it's a very positive of rich and it's maybe
just a minor allele Edison but as I i it's like gender is a very important topic for me and organize minivans about that in the
region especially since our rights are really complicated in terms of a social and situation in in the whole Middle East and North Africa but in the small they could system of entrepreneurship is actually of where we see that the gender balanced starting to shift and freeze them
was like 35 per cent of female of founders of entrepreneurs are female in the MENA region is like 10 per cent in the rest of the world so yeah it's difficult but it's changing again and what's happening on fresh
in the MENA region and Africa as well as following the future of this region right and probably part of the big future of the world because as I and
statistically it's 60 per cent of the population so what we have a the very strong economy 1 day that taxpayers are actually deciding on who to rule them 1 were to decide on the old policies the views of the people going to vote according these would be willing to state of what the future are so as as much as shaky right now and transition with all the changes of governments and changes of policies having the pictures really bright and you have 3 examples of people just decide to stay there and make this happen and we know thousands of others were just small the presentation of but very big generation thanks a lot so much 2 of the 3 of
you know I tried to wrap this up briefly and correct me if I miss something so I I I think bottom line there is potential there strife and what we see is that it's where there is
friction and wear change actually spots and then gets bigger and friction that non-Indian conflicts inside of countries that makes debate together in a joint forces and an end rise up but also means friction between our institutions that are maybe not really having the frameworks that are supportive tool in a the tool reality as we see it and as the generation so I'm not the young and upcoming but the ones that I dont and right there right now uh fighting for the change they want to see in in the word to support those frameworks and so 1 of you mentioned basically said we need to break down hierarchies work together don't don't actually see this distinction between governments and and those people who would actually serves as a maybe that that there is a sense of the advice like ego allow it to divide uh
within countries between people but also between those who make the set the frameworks and those who tried to change thanks so much thanks to you everyone
here I am the fact that
Subtraktion
Bit
Datennetz
Stab
Besprechung/Interview
Abfrage
Physikalisches System
Fokalpunkt
Computeranimation
Hypermedia
Gewicht <Mathematik>
Perspektive
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Ultraviolett-Photoelektronenspektroskopie
Optimierung
Stochastische Abhängigkeit
Metropolitan area network
Aggregatzustand
Besprechung/Interview
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Sprachsynthese
Aggregatzustand
Subtraktion
Freeware
Selbst organisierendes System
Mathematisierung
Besprechung/Interview
t-Test
Transformation <Mathematik>
Computeranimation
Internetworking
Gradient
Kugel
Prozess <Informatik>
Migration <Informatik>
Wurzel <Mathematik>
Optimierung
Softwareentwickler
Leistung <Physik>
Soundverarbeitung
Videospiel
Physikalischer Effekt
Ereignishorizont
Displacement Mapping
Forcing
Portal <Internet>
Stochastik
Digitalisierer
Konditionszahl
Hypermedia
Mereologie
Projektive Ebene
Ultraviolett-Photoelektronenspektroskopie
Information
Logische Schaltung
Verkehrsinformation
Instantiierung
Beobachtungsstudie
Prozess <Physik>
Selbst organisierendes System
Besprechung/Interview
Sprachsynthese
Ein-Ausgabe
Bitrate
Systemplattform
Service provider
Hinterlegungsverfahren <Kryptologie>
Generator <Informatik>
Twitter <Softwareplattform>
Prozess <Informatik>
Digitalisierer
Mereologie
Projektive Ebene
Ultraviolett-Photoelektronenspektroskopie
Softwareentwickler
Metropolitan area network
Erwartungswert
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Sichtenkonzept
Offene Menge
Besprechung/Interview
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Kinematik
Softwareentwickler
Kontextbezogenes System
Vektorpotenzial
Datennetz
Stab
Migration <Informatik>
Besprechung/Interview
Projektive Ebene
Softwareentwickler
Maßerweiterung
Logische Schaltung
Computeranimation
Einheit <Mathematik>
Machsches Prinzip
Besprechung/Interview
Physikalisches System
Quelle <Physik>
Uniforme Struktur
Quadratzahl
Momentenproblem
Hypermedia
Besprechung/Interview
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Ultraviolett-Photoelektronenspektroskopie
Systemplattform
Fokalpunkt
Ereignishorizont
Quelle <Physik>
Folge <Mathematik>
Punkt
Ortsoperator
Web log
Mathematisierung
Klasse <Mathematik>
Gruppenkeim
t-Test
Kartesische Koordinaten
Sondierung
Systemplattform
Computeranimation
Internetworking
Metropolitan area network
Sechs
Rotationsfläche
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Optimierung
Informatik
Grundraum
Leistung <Physik>
Einfach zusammenhängender Raum
Datennetz
EEPROM
Singularität <Mathematik>
Datenfluss
Mapping <Computergraphik>
Verbandstheorie
Menge
Rechter Winkel
Basisvektor
Mereologie
Hypermedia
Information
Drahtloses lokales Netz
Freeware
Gemeinsamer Speicher
Mathematisierung
Gruppenkeim
Extrempunkt
Kontextbezogenes System
Unternehmensmodell
Dialekt
Ereignishorizont
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Rechter Winkel
Geometrische Frustration
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Datenstruktur
Softwareentwickler
Soundverarbeitung
Vektorpotenzial
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Punkt
Momentenproblem
Schwebung
Gruppenoperation
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Raum-Zeit
Framework <Informatik>
Gammafunktion
Leistung <Physik>
Energiedichte
Arithmetischer Ausdruck
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Grundraum
Bit
Einfügungsdämpfung
Web Site
Gemeinsamer Speicher
Stab
Mathematisierung
Baumechanik
Term
Gesetz <Physik>
Raum-Zeit
Internetworking
Übergang
Metropolitan area network
Informationsmodellierung
Gruppe <Mathematik>
Vererbungshierarchie
Kontrollstruktur
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Zusammenhängender Graph
Softwareentwickler
Urbild <Mathematik>
Schnitt <Graphentheorie>
Amalgam <Gruppentheorie>
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Einfach zusammenhängender Raum
Transinformation
Hardware
Schaltwerk
Benutzerfreundlichkeit
Physikalisches System
Thermodynamisches Gleichgewicht
Ein-Ausgabe
Frequenz
Objekt <Kategorie>
Arithmetisches Mittel
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Generator <Informatik>
Flächeninhalt
Hypermedia
Mereologie
Evolute
Ultraviolett-Photoelektronenspektroskopie
URL
Programmierumgebung
Einfach zusammenhängender Raum
System F
Generator <Informatik>
Flächeninhalt
Framework <Informatik>
Subtraktion
Transinformation
Punkt
Selbst organisierendes System
Computersicherheit
Adressraum
Mobiles Internet
Besprechung/Interview
Iteration
Schlussregel
Term
Systemplattform
Speicherbereichsnetzwerk
Rechter Winkel
Hypermedia
Datentyp
Mereologie
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Projektive Ebene
Mini-Disc
Grundraum
Hilfesystem
Telekommunikation
Zentrische Streckung
Vektorpotenzial
Subtraktion
Sprachsynthese
Ideal <Mathematik>
Physikalisches System
Kontextbezogenes System
Term
Datenfluss
Transportproblem
Physikalische Theorie
Konzentrizität
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Bereichsschätzung
COM
Inklusion <Mathematik>
Softwaretest
Punkt
Datennetz
Besprechung/Interview
Unrundheit
Schlussregel
Physikalisches System
Gleitendes Mittel
Term
Raum-Zeit
Ereignishorizont
Diskrete-Elemente-Methode
Hypermedia
Mereologie
Softwareentwickler
Schnitt <Graphentheorie>
Grundraum
Metropolitan area network
Tabelle <Informatik>
Umsetzung <Informatik>
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Prozess <Physik>
Quader
Prozess <Informatik>
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Softwareentwickler
Term
Gerade
Richtung
Übergang
Prototyping
Momentenproblem
Eigenwert
Zellularer Automat
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Wort <Informatik>
Softwareentwickler
Urbild <Mathematik>
Hill-Differentialgleichung
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Datennetz
Mathematisierung
Besprechung/Interview
Automatische Handlungsplanung
Gruppenkeim
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Softwareentwickler
Optimierung
Normalspannung
Leistung <Physik>
Managementinformationssystem
Subtraktion
Freier Ladungsträger
Besprechung/Interview
Vorlesung/Konferenz
MP3
Diskretes System
Hypermedia
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Physikalisches System
Kontextbezogenes System
Optimierung
Systemplattform
Metropolitan area network
Besprechung/Interview
Gefrieren
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Optimierung
Einflussgröße
Aggregatzustand
Resultante
Information Retrieval
Umwandlungsenthalpie
Telekommunikation
Vektorpotenzial
Besprechung/Interview
t-Test
Datenfluss
Intranet
Prozess <Informatik>
Migration <Informatik>
Digitalisierer
Mereologie
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Projektive Ebene
Ultraviolett-Photoelektronenspektroskopie
Optimierung
Logische Schaltung
Figurierte Zahl
Regulator <Mathematik>
Softwaretest
Zentrische Streckung
Prozess <Physik>
Datennetz
Perspektive
Besprechung/Interview
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Kontextbezogenes System
Softwareentwickler
Serviceorientierte Architektur
Demoszene <Programmierung>
ATM
Druckverlauf
Subtraktion
Dicke
Besprechung/Interview
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Physikalisches System
Druckverlauf
Rechter Winkel
Geschlecht <Mathematik>
Besprechung/Interview
Physikalisches System
Term
Metropolitan area network
Generator <Informatik>
Sichtenkonzept
Rechter Winkel
Mathematisierung
Gruppenoperation
Mereologie
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Extrempunkt
Aggregatzustand
Generator <Informatik>
Forcing
Mathematisierung
Reibungskraft
Versionsverwaltung
Hierarchische Struktur
Wort <Informatik>
Framework <Informatik>
Gerade
Eins
Hypermedia
Metropolitan area network
Besprechung/Interview
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Framework <Informatik>

Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Stopping the Brain Drain in Developing Countries through Entrepreneurship
Serientitel re:publica 2016
Teil 150
Anzahl der Teile 188
Autor Guedira, Asmaa
Wissenbach, Kersti Ruth
Sharara, Abdelhameed
Colaco, Jessica
Silberhorn, Thomas
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/20704
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract Creative and full of innovative approaches, young entrepreneurs in low-income countries are building a path towards greater economic development. Through initiating new networks and setting up collaborative environments, these entrepreneurs are creating opportunities both for themselves and others. As such, this session will look at how innovation and entrepreneurship can offer long-term perspectives for young people in their home countries.

Ähnliche Filme

Loading...