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Science fiction has long known this and has bequeathed this knowledge to digital culture: to liberate is to create new ways of being but first, one needs to describe a new place for them to be. And in what space is the (post)modern world defined? None other than the city. This too, science fiction has long known and has bequeathed to digital culture. From its genesis, science fiction has been obsessed with the city, imagining and re-imagining it in beautiful, ugly, invigorating and depressing ways.
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you know the kind of of in the
arcade fire final talk floor today I am very happy to announce Eden components he's working at the Utopia and is based in salary and which is a very nice so here he is also passionate about science fiction why carried in OK the song is while OK so high as a monitor said my
name is even I'm soon-to-be 29 I study intuitive University ending my MA in General History which actually means European history will talk about that in a 2nd might be a is in philosophy and history 1 of my professors from the BA whom I hate always told me to never apologize when you giving a talk so just to piss him off and most of the 3 apologies the 1st 1 is that later on in talk I will be giving some examples of science fiction now I would like to admit my ignorance of non western science fiction and to say that those fields all masses French science fiction Chinese science fiction Japanese Eastern Europe and all over the globe these examples of just go the of my heart the 2nd apology is to the thinkers that I will quote because would completely butcher the feeling for the sake of brevity and I encourage you to go online all these texts all by of unfortunately deceased people and some of them have been released to the public domain so you can them for yourself and less apology is to you because it would be covering some basic terminology and if any of you are familiar with them and I apologize for repeating things that you already know that being said let's get started what I might feel today to tell you all the things you always and so you I'm really grateful to be giving this talk on the 2nd day because they held many because Julia never gave an excellent talk with force which senator who spoke yesterday and others say that there needs to be new thinking about what the city is I couldn't agree more box 1 of the blueprints which you can use to rethink this very basic idea that governs the way that we live I'm here to tell you that science fiction represents a source for those blueprints it's not the
only source but if the from the 1 which is accessible to all so the women would be doing this is by following this trail of so stop will be post modernism I will talk very briefly about what modernism is it even try and
create something which 1 of my professors who might like called the bumper sticker version of postmodernism then we will talk about the organism L. ask the question what is urbanism and how can we use it to be radical and lastly we will answer that question by looking at science fiction OK so that's the plan for today let's get started so the 1st of the we have
is the bumper sticker version of postmodernism now there's a reason I chose this image because it's not actually a part of it looks like a plant lately lies in the fact that you don't know how to pronounce the money const name it's not cat which is what upon a supposedly meant to be but it's cont however I apologize in advance if I'm offending anyone if you're American and you read it the pond works this drive the point home which post modernism
would like to make there is no such thing as objective knowledge devoid of context everything depends on the eyes of the observer who reads the sentence knows that to say that I am a college student having a mind blower moment that nothing exists no the sentence clearly exists but the meaning which should be like for me it depends on your perception of reality now is that perception of reality naive is is free of outside influences but would like to shape the way which is the world of course not you are constantly being shaped by the forms and you you all sitting very nicely now and being quiet on talking because on default figure of if you want to ask question you would raise your hand when was the last time anyone enforced these was to you way back when when you in kindergarten
ever since then you have been silently more modeled to fit the structure was and who does the modeling power more than that power is the modeling the power structure in the form doesn't make the chosen these the cause is the needles and what this poll does it activates of all forces at little cost
to itself that monitor and cultivate societies now you can just take society causal off and fill in with anything you want this whole your life you relationship school school work whatever society the city Powell doesn't need to operate on you there's no police officer you or someone from the Convention telling you how to 6 and yet here you up it activates other forces like shame and go hate and positive forces as well like happiness love compassion to make sure that you follow the structures which make it live this is the bumper sticker version of postmodernism and believe me it's about most there's a lot of side questions that can be asked like what is call who is power house power operate the question that I would like to focus on is How can we resist how can we make sure that these hidden forces which we have no control over the shape lies in 2 ways in which we find optimal the no this train of thought called post modernism is a very general term is essentially an old then train of thought on on its speakers thinkers and writers go up in a and that's no accident it's post model and the model experience is entirely influenced by the city ever since the 12th century and we won't go into the history of things no it was twelfth-century cities in Europe but also in China and Turkey in other places became exceedingly if not the main ways in which we live our lives the main influence on how we live is individual living outside of the city which sellers produced inside so it's no wonder that post modernism is open as and we say his urbanism what do we mean it is the way in which we think about being living producing in the city which is here is a picture of this guy's Michel Foucault this guy
examplesof up to great French thinkers model doing here is taking part in a poulticed this boulders was in 72 and Paul tested a Maoist activists who was shot by a guy out looking for a new 1 of the biggest automotive companies in the world the claims was that it was no accident but in Ohio the guy out to assassinate this activist who was working for work of light within the city of Paris this porters did not and you they marched through the
streets of Paris and when the pull this was done and this is documented for solve took a seat at the face to discuss the next steps all of their ideas all of those thoughts of all of the were formulated within the city now you think these jails of postal but chose think about the street think about when you walk who you talk to me I don't know how many of you here have experienced for the shocking day-to-day reality of being a stranger in a city or being in a place where you're not supposed to be well the skin color of the people around you is different than yours where your gender is not the light gender the and how segregated all cities have become personally I come from Tel-Aviv 1 of the most segregated city in the world for 5 minutes from the high street there is 1 of the poorest neighborhoods in if 1 of those poor people came to the main streets of television there will be a police officer could taken down the would be summoned to shoot them but they would feel the form force of shame and being perceived and being looked at as something we so he'll urbanism tells us is where resistance begins we must say to Paul but there are other ways to live but there are techniques and technologies which enable us to be different than Paul wants to be new ways in which to live and by I mean everything eating having sex giving birth or going to sleep
collaborating every time you think about a new way in which to be you of existing OK great what is science fiction have to do with it science fiction is the art of thinking about new ways to be is the
out of asking what's in our lives could be different the way to travel the way we talk about the way we
do everything diversity and richness and multiplicity is the name of the game using in the stration by my because 1 of the greatest comic book artist of all time with just Darryl another amazing comic book artist and when you look for the 1st time it looks amazing looks exactly what I'm talking about look at all these people look at the colors look at denotes the face to look at of skin color everything is sold the verse but if you look a bit deeper you will see that 1 thing has been maintained here gender all the gender roles but as you know them the woman has a baby this woman is promiscuously close and she's engaging nothing to lay the way in the back of the trade the so was the clothing the men's clothing is practical if the flamboyant was practical so this shows us how science fiction can either they exist in the past lectures and preserve them at the same time the the way in which it preserves them is if it takes for granted the fact of our lives and projects them with its vision into the future so it says this 1 thing is different but these 10 things are the same 3 reinforces reenacts reinvigorates the current cost to drive point home will take a look at some examples they are somewhat
chronologically in although that's just an accident I'm not saying anything chronologically of that science fiction in the fifties was better and in the sensitive of to date it is but at some point the point I wanna make today ah Jonas dealt with 1 of the fathers of science fiction officer clock your many books some of them you know childhoods and Eindhoven with ominous name is a mainstay we also this book which is a bit on the right and on the edge of the city in the stars in it can be dim the lights of its a bit 0 perfect OK so in its you have a city that is controlled by a computerized entity which codes the DNA of every 1 of its citizens should that citizen fall to disease or violence it's simply that creates that citizens from the database it also maintains the city itself leading to a very interesting fact that you can see clearly here at the cover the
city is determined this self-sufficient is its own object and yeah small transient momentary but then 1 of the citizens of the city breaks the mold goes outside and almost all the ending because it's a great book by does something which changes everything the cover itself and the story tell us all sorts of things about the city that offers the clock would like to imagine us living in the future 1st of all of built to pull opposites the city and manner this is a thinking which would be familiar to anyone here studied the architecture and urbanism of the forties and fifties the structure and man of opposites we need to create the interface but in essence the stand part of the city is grandiose like shopping also architecture is music which froze in time think about that saying the grandeur of the city is maintained in the clocks work and even though it tells the story of a radical someone who breaks away from the system the he's the genius is the prodigy the he's million you will not untouchables you want it to be rebels you of cold in the database amongst you some well status see the matrix comparisons amongst some of the highs and 1 of the operation that somewhat matrix tells is well it's a 1 of my examples by where what what matrix tells you is the DOS I except for that 1 of you is the genes that's a mainstay of the non-medical science fiction group truly Benin is possible but it's only the exceptional human who can perform 2nd example is by also OK when my personal favorite awful 1 of the best science fiction titles to have ever existed she holds a lot
of books but your the dispossessed this possessed tells of 2 planetary bodies what is the mother planets the other is the moon the movies they stopped it is but there's a lot and because of its start lack of resources the community which it creates is a communist 1 lesser communism I don't mean letting Marxism by donning Stalinism I mean the old concept of the Soviet the working of the cultural body whose members work in unison full goal is it for like 2 years but it was idolized 400 so these are some of the homes skin syndicates operate on the moon and regulates the only sources when the planet remains a distant part of to which the export all the goods and
tells a philosopher so who is somewhat of an aberration within a Soviet society decides to leave the moon and go back to the planet now he was born on the moon is parents moved there but he was born it's already knows and when he arrives at the planets he sees whole ability added to the planet is paradise resources of every world the those so everywhere that society is free leader free equals capitalist everybody can consume as much as they want but of course that if you hold the fast so he begins to interrogators society in December let's and destroyed from within the although he doesn't want to do that everything comes crashing down in a very beautiful and also that we may ask weight but also have to pick good step form also she moved forward she she saw that the city is not this no object to be worshiped but a very real object grounded in the politics of every society which builds but what you messed was that everything is inexhaustibly part of the city there is no escape from those of most cities even if you are against it even if you out of everything which the city hates you always it and there is no way to operate outside of it that philosopher which leaves is known to the cavities planet he never once thinks of the possibility to 1 away into the rugged wilderness he never once things of the possibility that there is something outside of this and make a capital city in which he was alive also as tale begins to chip away at the
boundaries of the objectify city while there was a big sentence but it doesn't go the full distance the experience is still completely understood through the lens of the city and along comes this madman he had to have a problem that calling him a madman the quite lights that now he's still alive also as
to light as well of acyclic isn't and John Hansen engine Harrison bites yield books what it does is he takes a shower of any constructed completely yield space or block you vote on the sci-fi adventure the oscillatory Conium your draconian from the seventies and up until the 2 thousands will the final companion was released and actually cheating a bit because this is not actually the call to the book this guy I found tumble he made a post possible coveralls for the cone and then I would like to see this is actually a couple full Edgar Allan ends polled book store we the man of the car out and this is an installation by a guy called had a clock in 1928 which perfect flow needs because think of the Eternal City before and also there's lot and look at this this looks more like a city the way
that I know it's is the degraded is chaotic i is Baltimore and violent and beautiful and ugly what John Harrison doesn't draconian you say look you think that if you get a aboard a large enough and you drop the lines of the streets you will know the city but the
city is unknowable because what knowledge doesn't give you to know the name of the street this and that 22nd Street and and 34th Street for and the countless streets which cross what is that tell you about the actual placed nothing the city is always moving it makes recording was a hard look to lead because literally the he'll really lives on a different street corner every chapter it's the same house but it's on a different intersection streets and what John has is trying to tell you is stop thinking about city as an immovable object it is not any of an object every time that 1 of us perceives it they see something else instead of letting the center Apollo tell you what this and that call means defining yourself even if you don't want to find it yourself you will happen anyway so you might as well take control of the past instead of letting it operate beneath the surface only at analysts makes cities FIL fluid the last also a much alive is also that Twitter I was a great guy just under meal yields series of a trilogy of the books called the way he stole a solid which alone the climate change whole science fiction in which the environment becomes the enemy or something to be understood but before he did all that he wrote in Venice undergone title it's the name of the
city is just what its denizens quality in this very cyberpunk city as you can see from this there exist 2 wheels to Venice this portal well I'm taking a chance you know people like you lives students upper middle class middle class maybe some lower middle class that's about it and of course the rich they live and they operate in the breeze and the work above an underground so of the unwanted of those which the city has no useful but if that was the point of the book it wouldn't be very interesting because we
we said that so many times before we get the city has wanted and unwanted segregated and they distance themselves from them but what Mongolia says is even more interesting the city exploits both the wanted and the unwanted to the same degree the line which you think seperate you from that those who all unwanted of superficial even if you have the light skin color even if you have the like name even if you have the right body types you were still being exploited but more than that stopped worshipping the oppressed as the free and that's what the 3 stories that we showed that due to varying degrees you placed have always been romanticized in what is essentially any self-deprecating like I like to do bourgeoisie thought all the worker has a hard time but at least he has his freedom he goes back home and he can shrink his Guinness and he can go to sleep I once an can cursing Consuelo and he can be physical and the bourgeoisie of so limited in all social shells at least
they have the freedom and just under mu says what the hell and talking about if the over he's in there called you press of he's and that they are called the exploit not
summerize just in case this all of the history of science fiction in its toward Italy since there doesn't matter and it's all ideas and I'll tell you a story about a city that you all know it's called Jerusalem and if 1 of the most hotly contested cities in the last 4 thousand years but now it appears that even this ancient struggle has ways to create new dimensions to it because apparently mental events on the guns now this Jerusalem undergone 1 of his as leading newspapers it's liberal newspaper harlots than Stoli or about the stock should still being built beneath Jerusalem is architects build down to discover the secrets of the past but in those hallways they haven't just found repositories also storage houses they found spaces to make the point that point happens to be Jerusalem belongs to the Jewish people of course they use those spaces which will created on the ground to tell a story or to save this city as follows is just 1 example of how space is not just a place in which we see or put of things all sleep is the backdrop to the stories which we tell about ourselves and society tells in OWL name for us only by articulating those spaces in understanding them as these radical or conservative vectors can we ever hope to actually implement ideas about open societies and smart cities and communes the 1st step is to be imagined the city thank you very much thank you
very much yeah we have time a very short question quite short answer maybe under questions also beyond yeah you should it I could do it a might theory pardon well Short simple question if the city is everything now we have everything is
a city to start rearranging it is quite a big task to both reimagining everything so like to give us a hint about how instead of doing that perfect answer every time I give a talk about the subject this
is the question that's asked me sold you got us spot what now what should we do I don't have a good answer yes they do have is that you have to break down the units as little as small as you can from the city to the neighborhood to the street I give your personal store in Tel-Aviv the was an old police station left by the British and when they left the military and other based on and when they left that Anatoly was promised to the citizens of Tel-Aviv as a park but instead of the city want to make some money so they said that's not Bill about its do 5 calls the citizens of this and 1 of them bias my mother decided to found for the 1st time a neighborhood committee and that labeled committee consisting of 10 15 people worked tirelessly day in and day out to block the construction of those thousand and get the part of and it succeeded this succeeded not by tackling these grandiose issues assisted by working in the field and politicizing that the labels why you did they need science fiction for that why you need to imagine the city for that for that 1st names for that 1st stand up to say the streets belong to us and not to you this is a negotiation you need that's switch in your thought I go take credit for what my mom did but discussions with her she told me that she's also lead of science fiction it enables whole to look at the reality and say point what should this be the case why should we live as those that the force of we can live in new ways not big ways enabled committee and from that committee can be spot great things that's not a good
answer much more of and that but it is an answer I think that's what we to stop the er
and uh Yemen on