Humanitarian Capacity Building and Preparedness with QGIS

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Video in TIB AV-Portal: Humanitarian Capacity Building and Preparedness with QGIS

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Humanitarian Capacity Building and Preparedness with QGIS
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MapAction has been using QGIS for the past five years or so as its principal training tool when working with humanitarian agencies in a number of countries affected by humanitarian disaster and conflict. This talk will focus on the training and preparedness work that MapAction has carried out with QGIS, reflecting on the experience of using QGIS, describing the methods it has employed to work with both GIS professionals and staff new to GIS, and what has been learned in the process. This will include some discussion of what has been successful and less successful, and how the use of mapping and GIS in humanitarian response can be encouraged and supported in the long term. There will also be examples of QGIS products and implementation by other organisations, with a view to identifying best practice and the means of disseminating this in the humanitarian information management community.
Keywords MapAction
Group action Meeting/Interview Theory
Metropolitan area network Group action Mapping Open source Building Channel capacity Bit Group action Computer animation Software Quicksort Website Extension (kinesiology)
Slide rule Pulse (signal processing) Group action Building Service (economics) Dependent and independent variables Texture mapping Channel capacity Insertion loss Client (computing) Mereology Indian Remote Sensing Mach's principle Data management DISMA Information Data structure Office suite Position operator Area Dependent and independent variables Scaling (geometry) Mapping Channel capacity Building Sound effect Denial-of-service attack Instance (computer science) Word Process (computing) Programmer (hardware) Computer animation Integrated development environment Computer cluster Software testing Simulation
Building Mapping Service (economics) Dependent and independent variables Network operating system Multiplication sign Channel capacity 1 (number) Insertion loss Special unitary group Computer icon Revision control DISMA Videoconferencing Moving average Website Summierbarkeit Quicksort Metropolitan area network Dependent and independent variables Electronic data interchange Cone penetration test Building Denial-of-service attack Group action Radical (chemistry) Category of being Process (computing) Programmer (hardware) Computer animation Large eddy simulation Simulation Local ring
12 (number) Focus (optics) Arithmetic mean Process (computing) Computer animation Channel capacity Strategy game State of matter Office suite Mereology Flow separation
Metropolitan area network Computer animation Dependent and independent variables Different (Kate Ryan album) Multiplication sign Real number Electronic meeting system Stress (mechanics) Counting Staff (military) Curve fitting
Dependent and independent variables Building Service (economics) Channel capacity Validity (statistics) Dependent and independent variables Sound effect Insertion loss Uniform resource locator Computer animation String (computer science) PRINCE2 5 (number)
Laptop Computer virus Standard deviation Trail Service (economics) Information management Texture mapping View (database) Multiplication sign Channel capacity Mögliche-Welten-Semantik Online help Heat transfer Mach's principle Data management Frequency Inference Strategy game Different (Kate Ryan album) Term (mathematics) Integrated development environment Information Operations research Collaborationism Service (economics) Dependent and independent variables Multiplication Texture mapping Information Mapping Heat transfer Internet service provider Lattice (order) Computer animation Integrated development environment Personal digital assistant Internet service provider Website Self-organization Quicksort Electric current Probability density function
Standard deviation Presentation of a group Texture mapping Direction (geometry) Multiplication sign Channel capacity Food energy Wave packet Power (physics) Formal language Data management Electronic meeting system Integrated development environment Information Arc (geometry) Default (computer science) Service (economics) Expression Internet service provider Heat transfer Analytic set Computer animation Software Free variables and bound variables Right angle Energy level Freeware Resultant Electric current
Modal logic State of matter Building Multiplication sign Coma Berenices Formal language Wave packet Number DISMA Number Goodness of fit Computer configuration Computer animation Term (mathematics) Musical ensemble Endliche Modelltheorie Conditional-access module Backup Reduction of order World Wide Web Consortium
Mapping Computer animation Personal digital assistant Student's t-test Punched card
NP-hard Standard deviation Standard deviation Mapping Texture mapping Disintegration Shared memory 1 (number) Library catalog Special unitary group Group action Transformation (genetics) Mereology Vector potential Formal language Formal language Mach's principle Goodness of fit Mathematics Collaborative software Data exchange Computer animation Software repository Repository (publishing)
Point (geometry) Building Scheduling (computing) Mapping Open source Software developer INTEGRAL State of matter Multiplication sign Compass (drafting) 3 (number) Formal language Wave packet Mach's principle Geometry Goodness of fit Mathematics Bridging (networking) Physical system World Wide Web Consortium Source code Execution unit Open source Amsterdam Ordnance Datum Total S.A. Bit Hidden Markov model Number Computer animation Multi-agent system System programming Self-organization Spectrum (functional analysis)
Point (geometry) Metropolitan area network Computer animation Open source Online help Electronic meeting system Open source Physical law
Axiom of choice Point (geometry) Group action Mapping Multiplication sign Plotter System administrator Set (mathematics) Branch (computer science) Mereology Field (computer science) Wave packet Number Latent heat Mechanism design Bit rate Different (Kate Ryan album) Information security Plug-in (computing) Form (programming) Noise (electronics) Arm Software developer Projective plane Group action Word Arithmetic mean Computer animation Personal digital assistant Hard disk drive Self-organization Website Summierbarkeit Quicksort Data management Spectrum (functional analysis)
Mathematics Mapping Computer animation View (database) 3 (number) output Group action
it can only be 1 again and the
theories of how prominent here where the what signed up to now because of the influence of the fish and so on you talk about so many action and I don't know how many of you have ever come across many action
against some of the world's in in in the audience but then it's up to a
bit about my actions on and talk a bit about what that action does with Q just in particular but also more generally with open source software and this is just software and how it relates to their consoles gyrus community and I would very much welcomes comments at the end and discussion at the end about the relationship because actually that's sort of where I want to look going is how how can and should be a small largely volunteer-driven and interact with in a large and just to large extent volunteer-driven open source communities so let me start with the letter and the question this this from and so what we
did well I think it can probably be summed up actually there's a lot of words on the slide in some the summed up in 2 words which is disaster response so when there are earthquakes when there are floods when there are 2 nominees when there is mostly in natural disasters but also in human losses if you we we are in a position to react very quickly to set up a team within 24 48 hours usually 2 or 3 people with a bunch of kids lots with printers we generate required and to work alongside in this kind of environment sometimes sometimes intent sometimes in hotel sometimes in an office to work alongside the UN response statuses and be that official UN agencies be that engineering and to provide a mapping service for those agencies so essentially clients are the people that are also responding to humanitarian disaster and and we've been doing this for for all 10 12 years were very much a part of that structure and you know we that that is the piece of the jigsaw that that we had an
action for fulfilled so that's that's that's resident detriments are positive called business if you in in this instance but we also work increasingly in in the areas of disaster preparedness and in their capacity building on the basis that that we have a lot of stuff in the process we understand about disaster mapping we understand about become data is needed we understand something about the kind of ways that they can be presented how can be used in in in JET and so 1 of our key strategic and this is the pulse the knowledge to of local agencies international agencies and to work with other people to try and determine can increase their capacity and also it's important for us to to to work with those agencies to learn about learning to learn about how preparedness and capacity-building can best be put into effect so it's a it's a very important part of what we do it's not 1 thing that were that were common for but it is increasingly important so just to give you some idea of scale
and we got the right way this is a
kind of political radicals that we've done over the last 20 years these
icons man not be self-explanatory but probably considered countries that have been working in your building and I'm sure you'll hear about imagine the kind of thing that will follow in following the so now also a lot of floods that assess the biggest single the biggest single category we got talk to interference that's that 2nd 1 so a good a good half of more than half of our responses over the last 10 years has been to frontal in very much in the category that and natural disasters that increasingly and these ones are on the left of it all at most the more recent increasingly when dealing with refugee processes across a video and movements of people when dealing with health crisis in responded to the about the outbreak in West-Africa within conflict in these countries that national and so we work in a situation where it's actually very different you know on natural disaster is something terrible happens we go in reducing it we get a very quickly we have the other services to the respondents to to provide the response and then when things start coming down here we go again and everybody says it for a job local agencies are interested these ones over here you know they just go on and it's actually about the outbreak in the loss of motor covering came to an end but this conflict situations yeah that that's that's not away as to intend this time will be if not these conflicts of the so that's that's quite a different mind-set us to get into and to think about how we need to respond so we have
we do all over various this isn't very good condensed enough of them where we've done stuff and you can see that there is a focus countries where have no means self-evident we we go where there isn't a local capacity that we haven't got enough in Italy and because it the hands capacity has an ability to provide the consensus that we will it provides going from state is actually rural there is no noticeable agrees on the face of course from this finding Franceschini said during the the migrant crisis like us is on the and the European market process which is people to we had a couple people based in Geneva working unit cell I was working in Athens
working USS investors in both right so yeah that wasn't the last offer several European deployment and so we do it without strategies were considered in offices and in Athens getting interested in the sense of that a small story but it was for the most part this this is pretty much the
same if it's whereabouts 80 90 people together this is probably two-thirds that every year we ago away during exercise and this is up in Scotland and real in we can come in and pretend to be responding to disaster and is larger volunteers this 2050 649 days in the film that doesn't count the time that people spend in doing stuff on their own behind the community so that the volunteer general elections with a few
have paid staff at the wrong time and we will mention I we were you know we don't work on our and I think it's really important to stress we work as partners and these come with the UN agencies with some big and some smaller but not in the and on the other Humanitarian OpenStreetMap seeing hotspots in capon stand and for us to provide an essential data also so it's a very much different kind partnership whenever although almost never sitting there on our own definition we and just to give you an idea is
going on this income is all but this is also the acknowledges that half-a-million pounds and I'm telling you that most goes on a disaster response because you intend to and but also the
preparedness capacity building because governments and hundreds and validation of surprise that we're more funded by the familiar money from different the UK International Development Agency but is less than a full that's the effect service less than a 3rd of funding to the loss of a private apartment trusts and corporations we do to fund-raising and get money from rich people where of Prince Harry's locations so that's quite helpful in putting strings and getting money out to people would well and in
terms of what we did whereas the PCA of low tech many can focus and this is this is far out this is what we do we we make maps regard affair with a princess and inferences about laptops and with that much of a difference this is about 90 % of the value of what we do and we print them often people come in and say and and this has been about it taken off to the briefing meetings it gets passed around mostly on paper overseas intricate running permission on sites and against turned around anyone the PDF you know this is this is not not much different from what we were doing 10 is again and this is the discussion talk among the that warrants special how would deliver amounts of where we disseminate stuff because it's all related amounts but not really useful if no assistance critical past of what you do is how we get but it's about what we know what's going on where facilities on from and that is the virus that will help facilities of Islam possible world rather than those displayed on stunk explosion so it's a sectorisation is trying to sort of you know what time it is but augments satirize the city is 1 called in the Philippines and is a track of the time period in 2013 and then the actual track so is it will not be contacted if it's sophisticated consumers most of these methods is just about Palladium whatever information we can and then getting out as fast as we can to to the respondents so this is a common view so that people can take decisions and and so that's how you know this this people have the ability to coordinate and ensure so
that's kind of where we are all these things like organizations who spent on developing strategies and goals somewhere where 1 being less than this is where it would be really want to be a leading provider mapping services well we did call to us is well and we do want to know that so to say instituted came in and we do want to go to the new to this small collaborative environment that's very important for I mean we've tended to be very focused going and make them upscale and so on but we recognize that this was value and in collaboration with our partners in working partners and this transfer of of knowledge and information information management to 2 other respondents you know there's a kind of multiplication facts that work there if we can if we can go out and try and 50 people to do this sort of stuff that we do that that's nearly as many as we
can do that in a couple weeks ago there was necessarily have all the skills that we have but it's it's new people in the right direction so that's really really important so
so far so all because everything I talked about so far is of 1 of the things that the swearing church something to kind of spend half the power of my presentation to your answer was so stupid but I as as really fantastic to really this is really up to the middle of the responsible for where analytical results about non-free licenses for software support training all the new a dialog with them so and it's where we draw emergency is using using larger so that there are if there there questions about lessons in idea of not a believer in the uh the don't look a gift horse in the mouth expression munitions and how that translates to other languages that basically it if somebody gives you something for free you should still check it Aaron k times and and all that stuff because in a civilized society there was no such thing as a as a free lunch but but as energy a support so why do we care about other things such as
QDA well all kinds of reasons actually is therefore training capacity-building it makes no sense to use up all because is what is going in and saying OK here's the here's how you spot to produce Lost mapping the body where the licenses that constitute so do just is actually the right tool for the and we have been for the last 5 years of music you just and and so we of the training but it's what humanitarian people use a lot of time in all the time of and and tools you will know it's good and it's really an continues to to be better in motion by the models we have used it in a magazine light is that when I was there anything in your in itself you know produce must be a 0 posters which were designed to literally Gokhan beaches for people come across in Texas I know this is where this is where the main facilities are well integrated where practical suffered a slightly out of the ordinary terms what we normally do it is interesting that since are for and in
last thing about it is there all because it is a humanitarian or something but a state which is applied in which does so on and is also modeling how many people will be affected using him under these circumstances in such such as 1 increasing numbers of volunteers telemark minority actually acute diseases so that we're still in terms of what people do is mostly but but we did have some training in the months ago
and these are all cases the answer it does a
good student you do what you normally do and spend the data in in heating and there you know that the cynical and tough punching lights change and so forth actually fits the interest and they work in the light of what they came up with and they can't find it quite hard to find things that G just couldn't do that they could do not produce they said that we should that we should be doing so
when estimating the well part of this of the collaboration software to enter the better sharing we've not been very good sharing costs of Wessex we set up a lot of overlapping data repository based on Jesus you can and integrates potentially of future this humanitarian data exchange which is a UN initiative which data people reuse extensibility of and we can get on to that through the through the can plug in the cages so that so we're already using other things we've been looking at the people 3 years have been trying to get him to workers to continue to use standards and the standard of what they do it's it's hard work so finally somebody come up with this very simple humanitarian exchange languages about a simple as the sun can get in if it's on the coast of this because of other countries have a look at the 1 so 1 of the challenges for us is how to use that data know how can we get changes working data
happening to our work from we've been trying to pressure metadata so that when we started to be confined again it is hard for us to do some of these things because basically what we do is make maps so you have to so again into a different ones that can be done and what the hotter but but
sometimes with cages we'd like to do more with like to a of gets it to the point where is you know there's some some customization tools humanitarian integrates got tools and systems and ways and doing the things you'd like it to go and present we like it failed to handle education humanitarian schedule language and we'd like to be happy to use it if all else fails and for some reason you don't use or we when we have so that's fine we can just drop changes and we agree that the Postal requirements hold on if you just said on get have about 4 years ago and surprisingly nobody went away and so this is the ability for us because we were shocked but the latter embracing the elephant to the question of the relationship open source of the challenges that have this and how we can has a total is it's not reach out to the open source community and try to try and engage in meaningful ways and it's a very exciting and it tells the that to here it's the same as a bunch of volunteers doing suffered 1 organization to tools and other times volunteers who here including need to be funded you need to pay the bills so this is a really good thing today would you mind doing this stuff or nothing so it does not really the way we want be working but we do want to find ways of making them so in the state of the conference this is this is the about the trust building bridges between us and them their consoles community and try to find ways of opening up inner we tend to be a bit an inward-looking we don't training together we all know each other and we have to find ways of a simple in other people and so we have here is
you come find the right place on the spectrum from just
are exactly what we can do do to to to the union of the people and that's that's really just 1 1 central question
humanitarian like you know like everywhere humanitarianism is this challenges we need to work with we need to open up and I think that this is some kind of point but and we need to recognize that the open source nations Wilson you can't necessarily people to do stuff with differing we've got funding maybe we should be directed some of its Awards 10 people to do things and in a sense the way this can help
some of the things we can and we and key and fj thank you very much and so on the other
few more minutes for couple of questions for cozy little groups so chances are you get question onto the this place my it from the 2 things 1 is that when you the ran Q plugin did you know what to Dutch words would to Dutch with ramp means and it's disaster had without noise yes there is an excellent choice of the is no small feat something about conditional the with something with Brasilia has apparently not been compared resiliency the real question I had is that the thing I want to us is from the United Nations and do you every month volunteers To cope with the question from United Nations so should be twice or 3 times as many when he said the questions from the United Nations hunting uh that will you you you you're being asked by the United Nations to come here to do project yeah will project if we have any answers we don't have enough volunteers when we're trying to grow the organization more demand that we can respond to them but but 1 of the challenges you need a lot of volunteers to to to be able to cite at any 1 time we've got 3 people that are available to go because most of all volunteers are working full time on you and someone working part time like this that is a sum of the academic so that the different different constraints but but yet but which are not everybody can guarantee 1 time so we didn't but but more volunteers means more funding or administration gets a point where the organizers becomes quite difficult to manage managing volunteers is very difficult anyway so the you get the it is exposition it's to the needy European branch of well again we have immediately we have people well enough in most of our volunteers in the UK case that you go to stringent and but because where I think because we're mostly funded by the about big chunk of from different international and indeed candidates from the other than the United Nations maybe will become more in western perceive there are other organizations Costa and J. for example in France our organization to do similar things but whether he want to have that sort of specific role as possible any other questions the mixing the I think I understand roughly what would a lot here looks like in disaster about in between disasters is the anticipation is the data work there what's that look like in this gives you a sense of what you or when you're not responding to so and this is a set of high spectrum of things related to 1 of the things we do is is sort of capacity-building stuff in where there is no disaster about where disasters happen so the 1st 100 example is and think 2012 what I mean is not something from nothing going on security issues but that's not a bad time to be working visual and training because you can get into the amount of time talking futures and expensive rates are working with the National Disaster Mapping Agency which in most countries with disaster management agencies with countries so there's this kind of training capacity-building work with a lot of exercises so every year there's a big exercise in this form the exercise it the only difference being a disaster and run around himself with other agencies and then we do things like building plug-ins for which allows us to publish data on top and pretend official website and on the streets and so on and so we have a sense of where software development group you take the here there are limited in number of limited in time but we we tried to do some of our own stuff because a specialist in this regard is making notice it can be better to do that and then people to do all that's it is a point faces a long time to do stuff sometimes think you know what it is firefight 10 grand from somewhere and pay somebody this again has an intelligent thank you 1 final short questions how do you arms role compared to yeah teacher to hold them there was some to so it is that they're very much a data and data is also and we see that this a data is also you know the people who work with with hot and you work closely with them here we are we are the consumers of the data so when we go on a mission is 1 of the 1st things we can do is pull down as much as we can as the yes and they said it on a hard drive went around the field plot data in fact we've been working on the assumption that the updates and mechanism because of it because we and combined with and so again it's it's some incentives and that and probably the 1st the 1st for the data we want to get a hold of when we get in this in a sentence and protect
change 1 so things again and so on and inputs which form the and we