IWRM* in Mongolia (MoMo): Managing geodata with SHOGun and empowering the people

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Video in TIB AV-Portal: IWRM* in Mongolia (MoMo): Managing geodata with SHOGun and empowering the people

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IWRM* in Mongolia (MoMo): Managing geodata with SHOGun and empowering the people
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Mongolia is a huge country sandwiched between Russia in the North and China in the south with a particularly harsh climate. Temperatures in winter reach -40°C and the originally nomadic way of life is disappearing fast. Rich in natural resources, many stakeholders compete for water whose supply is also subject to rapid change. An ideal setting to research water related problems also affecting many other regions of the world. Currently in the 3rd three year phase the MoMo-project, funded by the Germany Ministry of Education and Research, has implemented an open source spatial data infrastructure using the SHOGun framework that utilises Spring, Hibernate, OpenLayers and GeoExt amongst others. The focus of the current phase is on capacity development so this talk is a showcase for employing open source geospatial software in a development context. Hinrich Paulsen (terrestris GmbH & Co. KG) Jürgen Hofmann (Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB)) Vanessa Bremerich (Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB))
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it is the next next speaker
research in the pulse he will talk about the integrated water resources management please thank you very much welcome everybody my name is Image Parsing on from the company interest and I will talk to you quickly about a project that we're doing in Mongolia but I'm not speaking only for addresses but I'm also speaking for the like this Institute of Freshwater ecology and inland fisheries and European whose co-author of this presentation is in Mongolia right now the minister sitting over there so any questions you might have regarding the part of my GB but please feel free to contact and as after afterwards and
we're not only the 2 of us the 2 institutions stresses and RGB of working in Mongolia but it's another 6 partners from germany some universities research institutes and to businesses and in Mongolia obviously we also have partners the Mongolian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Geography and Geology ecology working with us just showed about we're local heroes were here and bond you might have fidelity to my partner interested sees the Chair of this conference and we're still from the University of bonds we have of people working for us you might have met some of us running around here and to be is located in Berlin so also in Germany it's a research institute specializing in the search of freshwater biodiversity amongst other things and their big the big institutions 231 employees they get a lot of funding and to the very active in the more projects that initially started in 2006 but I will go into that in a all right
what I can talk about I'm gonna talk about a project in Mongolia and Mongolia is a fascinating country it's about 50 5 times as large as Germany and we're located with our resources without a research area here and that's part of the the biggest selling a basis which is 400 and 59 thousand square kilometers was catchment is only 15 thousand square kilometers large you will probably recognize lake by and here's the Russian Mongolian border going through here so that's suppression to where we're working from the number of hours just down here somewhere so that's what we're talking about no the big
question is why we're doing it and and how so the key questions are how can a science based on integrated water resources management is set up in Mongolia serving as a pilot region for all of Central Asia 1 thing that you have to bear in mind Mongolia is an extreme country which means that winter begins at the end of September and it freezes and gets down to to about minus 40 degrees and then in May everything thaws again and then there's a short hot summer and it cools down again so it's very extreme care about 2 . 5 million Mongolians living in Mongolia and at the same time you have 40 million that animals living their camels and sheep goats the like that and you have agriculture going on you have a lot of mining going on and all these stakeholders in there often fresh water and they're polluting the water and so there's is a big problem in combination with this very harsh climate so this is 1 thing why Mongolia was chosen as a pilot region for all of Central Asia because the water problems that prevailing in all of that region now the big thing is when you're researching water it all has a spatial context so the big other question is how do you get a geospatial a spatial data infrastructure set up so that you can take care of all these things and then the 3rd requestion is but how do you get all the local stakeholders to provide the data to use the data and stuff like that so basically to give you a
quick overview of all of the of what we're dealing with the 15 thousand square kilometers it's think
it's a catchment and it has some the main river that flows on here and in total all the tributaries together with the main river it's close to 2 thousand kilometers that we're monitoring and basically
how do we do it we have various chemical stadium regarding the nutrients so there's a lot of nitrogen being monitored and we have the chemical status regarding the metals that are being monitored then we have the physical hydrological status you have temperature discharge chlorophyl HPH and such values that are being monitored and apart from the chemical and physical properties of the ecological status of course is a big issue and then had a model how the morphological parameters like bank erosion vegetation what does that look like that's also a big issue and while we will you will
you can see in this matter that a lot of stations since 2006 were being monitors and being set up
and the Mongolian side they also had some stations in place but considerably less than what the research project has been doing in that region no the big question is how
do you arrive as an integrated water resource monitoring so I I just showed you the bound parameters that were being monitored and for example here in this case but you could look at the biological quality of fish and he would say well everything's fine so you give the green code and you look at the physical physico-chemical quality and you find while it's at risk is not good so color coded red and so on for the others and the result when you look at a stretch of river and you look at the various parameters you deal with the worst case scenario which means even if there is 1 parameter green and maybe another parameter green as soon as that 1 parameter that's red the whole stretch of river is at risk and it gets the level the lowest possible level that comes out as you want now this is what it looks like so if you look at the catchment the definitions of can be seen here in the legend so as you can see in the upstream regions its pristine waters its mountain regions it's pretty OK and as you go further downstream the quality deteriorates and this is basically the status of the current catchment but at a certain
point in time multi-parameter sensors are being used to actually determine the quality of various parameters and it's an online system so you get the various parameters that are monitored and you get the graphs over time to tell you what's happening without individual stuff of the big thing
is how do we do it we use as a spatial data infrastructure we you should should go is an acronym and it's and denotes springs hibernate openness and you and those are various frameworks that we use and we combine them to build a spatial data infrastructure that will accept all the data that's being monitored all the maps that are being made and so on and then there is something that we came up with basics is also JavaScript library that encompasses all this and makes it all work together and it I said that we started in 2006 project started in 2006 it's funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research and initially they funded 18 projects and more as this project is called is 1 of 2 projects that left over from the 18 and we actually got a 3rd and funding face so it's very special so we've been active in this region for 9 years now and dresses has actually been active in the 2nd phase building this special portal based on sugar and I will quickly just show you what functionality is so if you arrive synonymous user you can't really do much and then once you log in you can see that you have much more functionality you get a lot more the data to actually play
around with that and you can have interactive graphs of the data that's being measured you can locate pictures of riverbanks rolling for example stuff like that but
you can't annotate stuff which means you can actually draw on the map but just the way you would on an analog map but you can also turn that into digitized data so that you can actually work continue working with this data you can style this the way you would in any and you know choosing different kinds you can say what states so what we want to people to do is actually the river basin management with this so if you have people who were this and they leave off at the end of the day and then they come back the next day they can see their work state and next day they know their work state again they continue where they've been working on that
and you can print and maps them when you you know you just select a region and the new printer
PDF you will even get an overview of the pdf comes out which you can then digitally sent to somebody or you can send it to
the printer and obviously you can upload data in this case it's the shape upload you can also upload roster data stuff like that you can also download it again for use in other applications if you want
and we have a metadata portal in this case GeoNetwork opensource in place to do with metadata
and we have the user rights administration so that you can define who sees what which is an important issue and 1 very important thing is that in Mongolia which is a large country it has 29 catchments large consonants and you want maybe a river basin management for each 1 so what you can do here is just by quickly going through these taps here you can actually create new web GIS instances which are sort of in line with the catchment that you're looking at so you can very quickly create new would yes instances without having to program anything so it's very neat thing that you can I actually have individual web for the consonants this is what we developed in the 2nd phase and by the time you got the funding time went on and so
now the 3rd phase we have this to computer a program that was was still using should go but the using the new libraries so it looks a bit more modern and underneath everything is brand new and
we have the same back-end again so you can that actually maintain it's it's hard to see but here you can take care of users to take care of an up here you can manage the applications that you having and you have a new
clients something I just showed you sort of in the old version and something that's really new here and really critical we have the new bottom up here which is the river basin management plan on that list and I will quickly show you
what it is up here you can upload the PDF and it's in the pdfs so the max you can get out of the portal you can upload them here as a PDF and you can also upload a PDF which can be text that you for regarding the management plan that you have or if you want an atlas or if you want to document your you in the literature that's relevant and so on all the laws for that matter you can put it in here and you can easily premium documents if you get an update you just replace the old 1 with the new 1 and you can also interactively drag the the document to different locations and once you press on on the uppermost and then all these individual pdfs that can be 1 page can be 5 pages on pages they all get put into 1 big document which you can then download or make accessible to whomever so they can look at the management plan on that so and the B question is
how to get people to cooperate we're here in Germany them will instead several hours away and a few thousand kilometers so what we use is we use the term it but you don't get up it's a collaboration platform on the internet so that's where you can put your code where you can put your documentation stuff like that so when we change things on did have the Mongolian side can actually see it and vise versa and that's a sending OpenOffice documents or e-mails around with the changes that we're doing it's all documented it's out in the open and it's actually there for everybody so if you're interested in this the source code is that you can download it you can do stuff with that and you can obviously also contributed if you FIL doing so and it is a fantasy you can open up issues you can issue pull requests things like that and you can manage the whole project using the top and it also gives you an overview of the issues that are open so it's perfect for this collaboration over long distances not only over long distances we address as we also use it for internal projects that will programming so it's just now the other big
thing is that you need to find people who are willing and able to cooperate and to collaborate so we found the Institute of Metrology and environmental studies and information in in Mongolia and they were very interested because they have a lot of Jew databases already up in place so they have a lot of data and they have quite a bit of knowledge that we're also employing in the more project so we got them to actually participate and it's working quite well so we've been spending the posterior 3 programming the geo-portal and doing stuff and at the same time we've been doing and capacity development so we we're on Skype we were doing hangouts with the Mongolian society 1st of all teaching them about the could have a platform because that was new to them but they the that this was the way to go and yes it's been going rather well and in February of this year we needed a five-day workshop with their technical people and we showed them should go we shouldn't go portal and the new developments that we're doing that and this is an
image of the workshop was on that was in the room but and going on and lung butter and but this
is another Group picture so basically this is how we have been dealing with these well the integrated water resources management projects in Mongolia and the technical set of that we've been using to actually work together with them and that it looks quite promising that will regional tasks of actually doing um or setting up the water resources management that can be used by the Mongolian side after our project finishes and we leave we are there any more since all the software components that we using since they're open source were legally but allowed to transfer the whole system to the Mongol inside so with the with the aid of the capacity development that we're doing where the hopeful that it will turn out and that they can that help themselves with all the research and all the data that's been going on for the past 9 to 10 years all right so at this is
my conclusion the due date is there the Mongolian so they were able to that the help along with the whole project and it's very important to find the right Mongolian partners which I think we have done so we're very happy about that and in terms of just the port was being developed on the internet and but yeah it's there for everybody to to use and on their own behalf we're doing cool stuff in Mongolia but not only there so if there are any developers around who feel like joining interest system please supply and that notes and thank you very much for your
attention thank you to the questions
that still correctly so that we can exist in ongoing language is then yes yes it has been translated so you can access it and linking angle other questions just clues as to do you have any feedback on how much to the user in the management from the Lemmon does point of view I mean you what is the impact of the users who do a these developments in the policy making and management of the missiles button the the impact is quite large because Mongolia's realizing that they have scarce water resources and the is highly variable it's been research whether it's climate change human impacts to all these things so they are actually in the process of realizing that they have to do something and so on the cooperation with the Mongolian side is very good because they're profiting from the German scientists and other scientists who were working in this field and they adopted term the European water directives to certain extent to their needs so yes the impact is there but this still struggling to get to all these river basin management plans set up for each individual catchment so they still have work to do in that field but we hope through the architecture that we've chosen and the ease of actually supplying all these catchments with a an information system that this will help and then to detection manage their water resources better other questions I have a question or history student mind as Mr. to libraries that using again slide about calls can you think it yes strength it's so only the reason that this the EXT terminal using I Spain Spring hibernator spring is the security model framework for security hibernating is basically a database abstraction layer so we have open as the as the client and so the client doesn't directly speak with the database post we use hibernate and then Geweke's T is is an express and hence library for spatial is undefined and and argue having might be using that during you what it what is your experience with the it it was a big for a while and then and then it's got the yes we we took it over and we took overdue exchange so we now have the summer and you know if you are not now kind of mother maintain a saint thing with the maintainers currently of Geweke's t the problem with GHT is currently that's the x license is a bit problematic so yes it's a dual license and turn but they're changing its and their changing its so that not everybody is happy with the license and so yeah j season is a wonderful library and you can get very good results very fast um so the only problem with this is the license the technology is is perfect the sorry experience is very good with you extend and especially in combination with with openness and this is what is emerging but there's with X chest so this was during the this 1 more you we can see him about that and their idea don't know why he and are at the base of social media like a hybrid is it is applied that what is the advantage of having you why you need it is so that you can exchange the databases without having to reprogram the whole application so if you use a database abstraction layer and you can't say start off with Oracle a lot of people have Oracle and if they want to merge 2 state post yes of PostgreSQL and it's very easy to do because you can sort of pull out the database underneath you put in the new database but all the requests they get translated by have so this is the advantage of having this abstraction there in between and I mean there are any number of other databases of just mentioned oracle but this MS SQL movement and whatever else so hibernate will actually allow you to actually switch from database the database and since we want to reuse these applications and then somebody says OK I have I don't have post of something else so the problem for us because we have this abstraction can thank you once again well thank you