Building Sustainable Resilient Communities with FOSS4G and Open Data

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Building Sustainable Resilient Communities with FOSS4G and Open Data
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Effective Disaster Risk Management (DRM) programs can make a significant difference in how communities prepare and respond to disasters. Countries that are most vulnerable to natural hazards, but where fewer investments in DRM programs are made, often suffer from the inability to collect, share and effectively use available risk information. Contributing factors to the problem are the costs of procuring, managing and sharing data, the expertise and training required to analyze the information, and the poor implementation of interoperability standards. The Open Data for Resilience Initiative (OpenDRI) seeks to address these challenges by applying the concepts of open data, community mapping, and open source geospatial software with a keystone role. As a World Bank sponsored initiative, OpenDRI supports DRM programs across the globe to build capacity and long-term ownership of open data projects that rely on open source software like Geonode, QGIS, and InaSAFE. This talk will discuss: Benefits and advantages of using FOSS4G in DRM and development programs Key success stories from OpenDRI and Code for Resilience (CfR) projects Challenges and strategies in building sustainable open source communities for international development and DRM
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and so the next speaker we
have this Jeffrey Johnson these things speak about building sustainable resilient communities with false for and open data on
their own the 2 of them so I'm just and I'm a consultant for the World Bank's Global Facility for Disaster Reduction resilience and I'm actually summary also started the read into the family all these things just a quick overview regular basis quick introduction disastrous management and especially the world bank the and the that kind of the technology in that space and then just introduction of our own business or and the challenges that that and then also this talk about the benefits and advantages of fossil using problems of software in the definition of facing and about program and also this current challenges and strategies we use trying to build sustainable resource use international and of course and successes all just kind overview of the reference
management space from its by the way the World Bank and other international agencies that kind of all this general points here so 1st thing very detailed physical risk assessment my doing collection data collection and analysis of some of the finishing up up with a consortium in Afghanistan's really very close can very carefully study on all of the natural hazard lists of everything from balance the slowing of earthquakes and all the different kinds of natural disasters that can happen and and then look at the exposure so soldiers where the people in the world buildings that sort of thing and they assess the risks and then to create a portfolio of activities that can be used to increase resilience so investing in In that the access producing roads and schools and possible that thing like that the be retrofitted in more resilient also just everything how and where development planning going in and disaster preparedness on current using this theorem spaces of financial detection instruments actionable what about that it's 1 of the key pillars of this these days and then of course when something does happen responding to reported on so all our innovation 100 on working as a consultant Innovation Lab inside you army projects in all these places around the world alliance returned from a trip and essentially contributes to of putting some of these things and practice of so there is a problem of the basic problem is that and understanding quantifying
the disaster acquirers requires the units of the data on after the explosion of all the body parts and a lot of developing countries coming from the word try calculating fantasy rise in the course of this this new vertical and some of the useful of or were trying to tackle the impacts of disasters and climate change on population censuses on is that you know you have reacted very useful or when we were trying to study the impact of disasters on schools and the nation's schools the and so on that the issue that we see our general there's a lot of fragmentation duplication across the different ministries and development institutions of there's real problems with discovering inaccessibility the many times this is after you realize that you got the right guy and right agencies happens and it is hard right if you know the show Schumpeterian speaking in a similar manner nuclear war this is the stable incomplete or what's the extent of the Curia or I mean there's it's not very much usage and application of it's just becomes a kind of a disincentive for investors and there so we we look at this problem from 3 different we call pillars 3 different perspectives and means less obvious open data for resilience initiative so we look at data sharing data collected using sort of walk through these quickly and on assurance and work with open data platforms are you talking about this week about the bank's investment platform called you know that I was 1 of the 2 nations that actually investments off at all and so on we said we were to set up for a strengthening opened by working working groups of open data and we were on the policy in point trees
so unless it is the open-source platform general event was 1 of
Saturn's platform and on has continued investigated up to this day and several vendors here I have always wanted to debate with the genomic and so basically support the user of the software but some examples that molality stationary will and start points of data mining and that's and collected some consequences and those little use that you have an example for a slide so that about how those regions recent floods so of all our approach to improving data sharing countries that work with the band are to 1st you also consider the also because of this at the end there's often a not institutional framework for this thing so you don't look at models policies around that's the sort of working with respect the number support just creating partnerships between agencies doing and memorandums of understanding licensing so there's a whole policy environment and and working with the government to identify the places where the technical-support usually you that we have just read about the and where they could use that will support so for instance the string so long the possession and surrounds the lower government agencies show that they all have data showing that it is for training so we look at doing the software in the cloud over creating infrastructure long time finance the Bank finances investments in the National ICT centers mental thing and was universal proprietary software so and then there's the can invest the institutional infrastructure itself so what we try to established help to establish working groups for around and there are a series of words that have been exists and that leaves and reinvigoration we do that then we will focus on this slide long-term capacity-building through to short-term training courses but also just like to long term engagement and we tried to ensure that there's always like immediately traditional accounts but this is a kind on part about this using open source in developing countries the 1st half of August August when buying licenses and using international consultants just not financially sustainable might work once you buy everyone around the world as the government's little expensive system or how to handle all adolescents so as we end up but there so we built a list this is not sustainable instances where the hard part of the our sample it's the process and of stakeholder agreements and institutionalization building capacity in many instances they belong and so this was really helps put those parts because all the very center so we can really focus on building capacity and not on the glory and how user license server and and it's easier to hand often kind of make the things that make make that cannot easy and can be they can understand that and other world is a really grows this kind of local business innovation you're right on the other day really go our way to invest in local ICT skills build up local consultants step and this the training so need to get the use the users of open-source software but then go to use in their productivity and using initiative idea for all and building an academic institution possible also with local solution 1 of so and here's the other thing is that just saying or doing Open source is not really enough there's kind of like open source and open source it's 1 thing to just so you know that you don't say that we're sources and I influence that's the sustainability of the project and the long-term engagement securities these projects healthy and growing so but this kind of strategy and tactics that we have we taken on are embrace are you know the alternately again you start something just could behave as if you have particle going about something and put up when it was done to start right all communication to the public the public issue trackers engaging in a local governments universities tried it can engage in participating are so again my popularly was about this but particularly powerful the authors of producing open-source software but it's really a case study in how the brain is invested open-source software and what's the return on investment and some kind best practices that we derived from that of so we talk about data sharing and there's data collection data collection and of aspects of things that we do we run out of fuel projects and concerts and we sort of hello find and interact and drive those this is what we really want them to be local initiatives and an armchair mapping information is great but it's much better to build up a local optimum Canadian countries the working independence status of the data and so this is because unlike traditional approach to data collection of nodes during my consultants the plus a lot of money for a page it's expensive that from but there's always recurring cost on the dataset and it's just going to get out of the very quickly but when we move to a collaborative approach but and I think the 1st time resources in Indonesia for the so that the horse was 1 many of the writers of the universe the region in the universe this collaborative approach and the resources that you have to be directed towards capacity-building and not going into some consultants paid account of the data becomes transparent is also for scalable maintainable it really tribes like usage of the data right I really we define like that builds the government of governments themselves participate in this data collection began to I don't called the capacity to understand risk itself and exposure and enlightenment builds a sunlight local ownership and trust in the data rate is the rate is the service so we this value all the time right before actors 0 I don't think that's
entirely on what I just some this song current data points of the after all the way but so I think that probably heard this that there we can the religion their own collection of data after the earthquake and I was it that we that generally are provided seed funding for and that kind of capacity in this list of those where have some support during agencies and immediately and with data collection and they I have the skills you know they made in the service that that the response and and this was already had a lot of i'm from university students in governments and local heroes in and just was pretty much a big success in the support prepared ahead of time because we don't this sort how these local networks but so here's another example I have been 1 of its products I don't know much about it but it's not the yeah but this this service center of center saying what the buildings map lots of no vessel shall facilities and toilets in these kind of things that you do that trains and i think still your friends model so that the dark matter and 1 in the project like so there's but but you know there's 1 1 consulting and lots and lots and lots and lots of local local people working on these things and I think that's the best model of and of course when she got data and you have a share in regard to some basic relations and when use that so I think any mention the platform some of the density of finding relevant support from day 1 and it's really a great the great tool for taking with data of the data you know floods earthquakes and putting it together with book exposure data come from string and you need some basic simpliciter consistent with the basic calculations that enable their currencies to do scenario-based planning there's something happens what's the expected impact how can we have a planet ahead and and I a plan ahead a a lot of times they decided and if you have a 50 on this once did we know these buildings so this thing we should you know look at rebuilding schools or going on elsewhere retrofitting of me more effective so this is a great tool taught you just based I started out with funding from the off the estimated using color groups and I think it's like attending to something on he discusses 1 the main authors of this and I think he he feels that data analysis instance belongs and effort in this in our model on training and it's so it's a really great and domain-specific point and use of it in this ecosystem and also work on a solid product usually with that content of so this really high level to just think about has signal from the city and gives some basic information about and they have a model for that city you just as the candidate for the that I and and the again do a lot of these I want to find a tree like this a simple it's unusually their capital on I have established and they have established that we use social platform the data collection and analytics from for for preparedness and then work on the design and implementation of risk assessment and we have this we do some work in the field and we develop the gain serious that's user so as to help people understand still have prepared prepare and and the fall of have prepared and can do something is going on and also I have been working on a fellowship program from online remotely supported fellowship from initial walk people through and to take a lot of university students to computer science graduates can but rather science and to a teacher of open source software development and he's getting get out and participate in open source community in wall while they have a particular project work the prior 1 primary products I'm most proud of my changes to the students in the workplace there are produced I they want to create are always going during minimal support for they created an open source platform of lexical estimates the whole network or a mainly islamic country SMS and their their their readings of every day and uh they do it allows for analysis and some data base analysis is not available for farmers and so actually generated the and this project is being used to inform a much larger some kind of project and I think the government can of you know notice the students can someone summarize what was introduced by a lot of money on proprietary software that this has been realized that this thing it's the use of informal larger investments in and so the acid form of of those that are poorest all their results this and only website it's almost initially projected out of the article and didn't put on him because the but again the basic principles or make data and software and things open by the open up front don't don't to him because of the way to the environment of the devices software over and really co-creative cooperation with the local communities local ICT committees local the communities of and in the fall of the standard over time and over sources of big part of that and we buy this electron volt partnerships with local universities have lots of friends and understand the practices in principle insufficient with that that's that which I think is much
satisfaction classes processor up on the question of the way I think this kind of model can be very useful for you guys in the action I think you can birds easy engage in the image of the light in the community the software features the more time and more of an effort but over time it forces and you have absolutely nothing to support a lot we can let difficulty we have to that is we have this model gap in relation to the source and having to to come up again and not really is quite hard for us to honor that time that come long-term relationship and I think that's where we can work with people here and there but but because I was that understood this as part of the reason that we've looked at we much denser training on as well but was overseas now how how hard or easy it is to get a j node instance of running and really kind of embedded in use as opposed to what we like it is also the irony is that and is working and what what's the the gap between the she's real actively used instances laminaris there's no more or less difficult than using something like c can it certainly provides organization capabilities and I will see you in his doctorate in here is the developers on contained in the final refined and working towards library regeneration he has both on understand desktop and web he actually only company operated by the someone of also just using and judicial researchers have very kindly agreed with something working on it in next year's only at the exam or a easier difficult and so they actually and the data that thank you the to for but much but at the end you mentioned sustainability in several times during the talk you mentioned the fact that there is an attempt to not spend so much money on software and an international consultants and and of course the bank does
that time and time again so yeah recycling for consultants the end of the day a gigantic organization in the United States you know that minimize the results of a gigantic organization of those all I can only take her away from region innovation and we really try to it in way it's very easy to use higher some further come into a bunch of data collection and is been set of the life of this this is we really tried to engage local firms especially a collection efforts local from local In actors like when we II reality which I think is a good idea but my question is to what extent do you know that the bank is following up to know whether a particular mission actually does become sustainable well or whether the gun and extending another consultant 2 years later to do the same thing yeah so I mean like I was eventually received our our or mutual friends on the market has been engaged in this effort I don't want you to read for years I think long is the region is since the start of his theories yes probably was so there's 1 who's all yeah and then that the babies not our but that that's all is the 1 that I want and so there was a continues to go back over and over and over and over the general that yeah that they lost their hair and you have to see it you I'm also there all of which good morals also so now drawing of the growing by myself the things and I don't think that's always the case in every place for me I I I I certainly and on so that some programs walked away come back a year later it's only after the I mean that's that's something that that's the case and learning anything new dangers feeding growing over time on I kindly ask you not to talk with that in mind because the audience that is not present but online watching might not hear you the that just that just a few questions that you've gone around the world on this so but the cost the GeoNode software is it's 3 in cell and and the want to set up there and it's that that this this offer won't get out right so if somebody goes away it's they're
still for somebody else to pick up a few years that I just want to unusually the weighted GSR structures structures and agencies will hire trainable also and this is often are so so how many how many countries have you been to the no local people and to work and you know probably 20 years so you have something so it it seems to me that there's it's it's already called Fox and that there is that of the previous question too is coming in general we find that when were world sold slowly local ICT groups variant of exceeded the financial services themselves the light producing the final products were coming over the years and it the comes from the word sustainable analogy is they got their own financial incentive to keep things going and I think that's pretty important versus just the transaction like here's the money that's the problem this statement to understand that lasted projects like that unlike the example of Indonesia the training probably the 3 years ago the 1st group being in lower and so academics something so you know starts off at cells there and then you know I never hear from them again a couple of weeks ago the support request report from that were only a chat with him and the meanwhile instead of some for all of the religion using their runs and a collection efforts on all those all those things it's not always work but but in general building local baskets more sustainable and yet the question not and I have a copy of that report if anybody's interested it's right thank you very
much hands-on and having to do with less