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Situation Normal, Everything Must Change

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now so let's write that starts with our next talk I think we take a step back away from the details of coding and techniques and such as well right in the last talk here in this room at least to get a broader view on the evolution In all feudal professional Over the last years and maybe we get looking into the
future to remember we have the the 10th edition of false column so we have some time to look back to way can Simon what the hello OK I'm I'm going to talk about the dreaded would call business and so a lot of this is going to be about an markets about how things are changing as some of the stuff we're doing in and the UK government as well so I'm going talk about situational everything must change a couple words of warning and before I start and I haven't I can pictures so apologies for this and I also happen to be a scientist by training which means I like graphs so and is quick graph the level of audience pain that you against the number of slides given in a 45 minute presentation I reckon safe limits of about the and being a scientist I like to experiments on using land less than 200 and and I know what probably thinking 0 don't worry you do right you can get bit lost and there are plenty of signposts along the way and the start off by talking about issue cooled off as situational awareness mapping which about 1 important I'm going to about how to map environments and the so what why does it matter that some general lessons of economic learning a bit about game playing in the use of open source for this and then try and summarize it at the end and personal advice about what he thinks strategic game play like in the boardrooms of most companies as a game of chess all alchemy got fill in 1 of his in the HBO use for a game of chess none of the as about rights of about 600 companies survey that a game of chess and 598 where alchemy got film 1 of his in the HBO and and the problem is this thing called situational awareness and and to explain under these 2 examples ones a chest while it's a thought experiment and 1 and called modeling historical examples so chest well and I want you to imagine you live in a world where everybody plays chess and how well you play chess determined your success in this world what's interesting is no one's ever seen a chessboard although the scene of these characters on the screen and you play a game by pressing 1 of the characters a European and sees what you've done at the counter and you count and the game continues until it's so draw or somebody wins know what will happen is over time people will capture the sequences of these games and start to find magic sequences within them so if you press tonight I should respond with porn porn queen or something along those lines and then of course 1 day you will play a game of chess against somebody who will see something truly magical but they will see the board and so you will move they will counter you will move they will count and you will have lost and you will go to what fiddlesticks happened then I mean how is this possible have correct maybe it's the speed at which they pressed the the button and maybe they're happy person cultures got something to do with it maybe they had a good lunch and the realities you lost because you exist in what's known as a low-level situational awareness environment they exist in a high level situational awareness environment another example of this is the mystically it's an ancient politician Greek general I had a problem and the the Persians made and you had choices he could defend around the circuit depend around Athens awarded besides the was blocked off the streets about force the Persians along the coastal road into and Arab past called for modeling were a small number of troops could defend against the larger for other around 7 thousand all Greeks including 300 Spartans and that's where the story the 300 come from and so I want you to imagine it's the eve of battle your standing there the mystical in front of you and says I don't understand the landscape I don't understand the environment I have no matter but have no fear because I have created a SWOT diagram strength so transplant Army High level of motivation not to become a Persian slave weaknesses the forwards might stocks bonds turning up a truckload of decisions are turning up opportunities get rid of the Persians get rid of the year so that the Spartans were being we actually had this slums and and for its use unit the patient get rid of and the Oracle says a really don't you fill might be produced a few thousand years later know what you think is more effective in combat that a SWOT diagram obviously this passes the probably half I assume you have an MBA set there's just a map is slightly more usefully combat minus what diagram and as you rightly points out in business what do we use that's what diagram this important most businesses exist and environment which basically is based upon low levels of situation awareness they use verbal reasoning storytelling lots of backward causality all mean copying and they have no use representation of context so they have no positional movements high-level situation awareness environments tend to have visual reasoning they are context specific to the Basel and may have position and movement as if you ask a general 1 is a
general bombarded it's not because 67 % of successful generals bombard hills is not because that would make a good story and it certainly
isn't because well that's what you back and Mizuno Facebook might do what we do is we tend to use maps maps was where we can extract and y of strategies of relative state wide area and there and then your into the action during July how watching when so in military terms is all about where and why situational awareness 1st and then action anybody got a military background unfortunately of things that and as so I was like
in most organizations obviously organizations abstractly documents and lots of them it here about things like practical choice is the 1 lady will bring own disaster purchasing decisions are like Oracle and that uh operational details like azules implementation details by private and public I which are all about how what someone of action but why we tend to do stuff is very vague it's very small and it's normally because everybody else is doing so everybody else is doing additional first-class class around being agile being innovative etc. We should be the same as this sort of backward causality has been
going on for a long time and back in 1984 that we use to write books on the subject of research of excellent at 62 companies for you to copy and emulates people like that the Atari and the same thing's going on today in everybody's talking about new varieties the economy yes surge pricing for funerals and say sorry norm when you can't bury mother it's too expensive etc. and reality is we have a lot of this going on so much so that I spent about a year going around various events recording where I like to think of business level abstractions of a healthy strategy also allows for short here all the common blasts and additional Big Data destructive innovative collaborative competitive advantage etc. collected large numbers of strategy documents combine them to generate a blot and plates block we will lead the blood from the market through the use of blind and blood to build a blind etc cetera uh then simply combined the 2 together um common blossom block templates also generated 64 completely at random strategy is such as strategies customer-focused we will lead a that disruptive that of the effort of the market for our use of innovative social media and big data to build a collaborative cloud-based ecosystem structure needs to How strategies innovative digital business we will lead agree that the market for 1 of 64 um said Miranda got about 3 and responses of 3 basic types and this is more or less the exact wording from our business plan i've seen to these used already and and probably the worst 1 was on higher and so you have nice but all online this is strategy is service and so you if the if you ever need a strategy just type in the URL and it will automatically generate 1 and based upon all those that they those latest means so basically in Business Week stock when it comes to as situational awareness that doesn't matter so about 3 years ago I did study 160 Silicon Valley companies of the usability of the leading edge of competition I looked at the level of strategic play or situational awareness of verses in this case the use of open as in open-source Data process is open API is as a way of manipulating the markets and the bigger the bubble was the more company is in that group so very top we had the right hand side we have companies have higher levels of situational awareness and use open as a way of manipulating markets have sort of be opened by thinking crowd at the bottom right hand side again companies using that providing lots of open and button very low levels of situation awareness so that's sort of more the open by default as in all we've got this let's open it because if we open it magically good things will happen and when you looked at market cap over a seven-year period that the companies of the top a very positive companies in the bottom stagnant or negative so basically situational awareness seems to matter I if you are and looking at environments as well it's a good idea to look before you shoot so how do you improve situational awareness how do you manage a business environment we don't seem to have any of businesses are complex things massive people practice activities and data and we know we try to make sense of them through article box and why diagrams so IT systems diagrams business process diagram but things like this this is a self-driving car now of course if I expand and is a little bit and then called real world perception server if I asked you what should your approach beetle world perception that should you vote and how should you outsource it use XP Lean Six Sigma you would say no idea whatsoever you're goes the diagram itself could you know kind I guess worse because business and IT use different diagrams and no 1 can actually talk to each other even know were in the same organization so back in 2004 i was CEO of a software company it bought out by for start ups 1 by the L 1 by by and see the agent the other cannons and there we had this problem and I want to turn in terms of abstraction is just the same as everybody else is it just mean stopping so I wanted to turn the Organization into some sort of mass so that we could all understand what we were doing and not I know but my organization consists of the value chain so we had several of them being a breath I like to talk in terms of cups of tea so I'm going to use that to explain the value chain I we start with the use of user has indeed in this case a for a cup of tea that cup of tea has needs it needs to you need hot water and these other things as well as the log of a hot water has needs it needs cold water it a castle and castle has needs its power so I took 1 of our lines of business very simple and say about 6 7 million users 100 terabytes of data there about and converted it into a value chain this is a simplification that this gives me a position relative to the user but it doesn't give me movement and as such is completely useless and the reason why it's useless is this value chains don't stand still you look at somebody like Nokia was a paper mill became a plastics company became a telecommunications company now it's becoming something different the NRC wanted of so I don't you know I did the usual thing of thinking in terms of diffusion and something appears early adopters lack of other problem diffusion curves they're all different shapes what there'll S curve shapes but there were different sizes over time different time frame Brian notice that things nor any appear they also evolved so we got a fair number of specified we've got some kind of parking battering 480 and by about 86 we had test Westinghouse we have utility provision of electricity a piece of work which looked into this looking at different types of publication and how they change more I noticed was that you start with the genesis of something and then you get custom-built examples of it then you get products and rental services when it becomes more of a commodity and then eventually you get utility services to something like the parking battery appears and when you get things like paper like C and eventually Siemens generators and eventually Westinghouse or something like that not be visit 3 both 1943 appears at and get things like and then the IBM 650 rental services like Tim share commodity hardware and eventually utility services like class so there's a process of evolution that is going on and what drives it is competition so you think business as little more than a cat by time anyone gains in advantage some new big gun like income than everyone else wants to follow and so what you have is a constant demand for anything which is useful but at the same time supplies want to provide that demand and someone introduces a new things like body armor and someone will make a better version and so what you have is supplied competition as well the supply and demand competition drives the process of evolution the now I have to think I have position relative to a user the value chain and I have evolution which gives me the movement so I took my original value chain back in 2014 thousand 1005 simply flattened that evolution curve but the bottom put everything in its place and that was the 1st man by produced in the 10 years ago but the we fact is that and now I have position and movement OK so
what why does that matter well when has got the better for less stable of UK government which was about a transformation of a government IT this is back in 2009 2010 with different mine Liam Maxwell is the UK government here 1 of the key things about it was wasn't the necessity of focusing on your user name if I take something like
the emergency services mobile communication platform which is all the radios for all 5 and the ambulance the police and such wonderful 300 page specification document but if somebody asked them what is the user need no 1 actually could say but man afternoon come at the environment out and I had 1 document and the use and becomes very easy it's the stuff the top of point-to-point communication put to multiple communication the 2nd thing that mapping helps with his coping with change so if you have a line of business and is not static it's evolving due to competition and as it evolves is characteristics change so we start off in this uncharted space where it's so highly chaotic it's uncertain it's it's constant deviating as a potential source of future work it doesn't matter whether it's money or in a series of 4 lectures to computing will start on the left and then over an undetermined amount of time it involves and becomes more industrialized ordered measures standard God this is known as the Salomon and innovation Salomon story innovation paradox of 2002 all organizations contain these 2 extremes because of these 2 extremes there's no such thing as one-size-fits-all management method as a matter whether we're talking about financial whether we're talking about project management developers and like project management and job in house is very good in the uncharted space but it sucks in the industrialized compared to things like 6 6 and in the middle of line is probably the most appropriate someone side you got XP or Scrum I happen to prefer to be done on this side we're about reducing the cost of change because that's the 1 thing we know is going to happen it's going to change but then we start to get an idea of what we want and so we start to add artifacts and this is where lean comes into now about reducing the cost of waste so minimum viable product etc. but eventually the time that act will evolve and become more industrialized and at this point we want to reduce the mediation and the cost of the so this is where 6 sigma becomes more progress the same person methods time material-based very strong and it's more outcome-based and a small cost and fixed and then eventually it's more units and utility this impacts management so something like H is too high speed rail massive enormous heavy engineering project 50 billion plots in the UK this is how they were trying to
organize a box and 1 diagrams I like most of its mass so this is a map of the the virtual world in which they choose to use being created it because it turns out it's cheaper to dig up a virtual world than it is the physical world building that system required multiple different components at different stages of evolution and so using a map they know the certain things there and then to be using outsourcing Six Sigma type approach certain things it's off the shelf products where it needs to be adapted is more lean certain things are being built in-house agile techniques so UK government in different projects the sovereignty of away from this idea of one-size-fits-all to the use of appropriate techniques and methods the
most organizations have no form of matter way of visualizing the environment so what we normally do is yeah yeah they only go where 0 6 sigma and then no 1 over Y and you know no were only or something along those lines or they do the political thing of the outsourced to so outsourcing becomes popular in that organization they cannot see the environment they take a large system outsource at all I want to have a very good specification because they want to know what's being delivered and of course what will happen is the industrialized bits can efficiently treated because they change of the uncharted bits cause constantly change exploring it's uncertain it's unknown will incur excessive change control costs so you inevitably end up with an argument with the vendor and the vendor says well it's all your fault because the bits that you you didn't change your mind on more efficiently treated and the cost is all because you didn't know what you actually want we should have specified in better and the answer you can never specified better because it's so and the next thing that
maps tend to be useful for his removing bias collaboration and silent so for example this is borders this is immigration and this is a national police database and what happens is something about home office that might get mad you start aggregator Matt and you find the same time start to appear in multiple different maps at multiple different places so what you discover is you got duplication the same teams building the same thing in different parts of the organization and if you think government is bad the bureaucracy duplication of bias you cannot be the private sector this is my leaderboard the worst examples and right at the very top is 1 global corporate which has 3 100 and 80 customized versions of the same in of these systems doing exactly the same things for exactly the same types of users customize by 318 difference the worst example I'm going government 190 which is what places system we have 118 customize workplace systems is doing the same thing but private sector hands down it's a separate type and the next thing it's useful for is you start to remove bias is you start to discover the within your organization you have people who treat some like a commodity and others who insists that it the sleep built examples of this is a a particular company in the financial world and it has been 18 inch racks anybody know what a standard size erectus 19 inch absolutely they have custom-built rocks and then they have a team of people whose job it is is to when they get a custom-built service as sorry that standard commodity servers to take shelves and basically drilled new holes so they will fit into the 18 inch customized products yeah and there you go what it makes no sense at all this company shouldn't even and compute it should probably be using a service like Amazon but for some reason it has decided because in the past somebody thought it would be a good idea to have a custom built around but it will have teams of people who are today now taking commodity boxes and customizing them fit into the lactase complete waste of money and when you find examples like this throughout the commercials other makes is contract in structure and the single fixed fast inexpensive simple and tiny as developed by the US Air Force by Lieutenant dam and the US Air Force
discovered and this is called the simplicity cycle but on the scale of complexity and and usefulness 0 goodness what will happen is people would have an idea that would add more features to the ideas of becoming a slightly more complex but more useful and then people would add more features to the idea so became really really complex and of no use to anyone and that was roughly when they built and the 1 this is not a good idea and what we wanna do is we wanna go down this way on the way to do that is to take a large-scale systems and bring them into small compared the inexpensively simple time when they built
the intelligence agencies supercomputer and they applied the process and worked out the most effective way of doing this was to go out and buy
1753 playstation 3 years and 1 of them together and it was a 10th of the price of buying a supercomputer that require happy of course a savings of loss leaders and the games and I believe they bought a gain and book that was about it and they also use it for what's called a harvest schools so the harvest altering combat aircraft and that went from paper to combat operations firing his 1st shot in 19 month to combat operations in 18 months which is unit events of a hardware is pretty early on the right it's and by the emergency services mobile communication platform you would naturally break it down into small chunks small little component because when you actually look at the contract structure is something else that's a big contracts in the middle have was being organized is where you get all the big change control cost overruns in government and of course the problem is with box environs specification documents there's no way of saying that your contract structure is for you also can use it for organizations so this happens to be a media company but the company by using their leisure time to sources aggregated sites said and done more branded so you know in netflix This BBC Channel 4 as content a pipeline of content and components and the way you treated if you break it down into small chapter so I am as news is what's known as the TP Sorel 19 bigger than be fed by 2 pieces because the problem is the older chunks are evolving and so you do you break it down you find engineering over here in the uncharted space is not the same as engineering in the industrialized and course everything will evolve the way you structure around it you want to create an adaptive structure is you have oracle pioneers settlers in town planners but a three-party system it's used in a particular parts of of government and you have you find you have different approaches 3 different approaches 3 different types of people normal people the same you can only see in our IT department if you take an IT department and send everybody on a six-week title of course a large chunk comeback miserable and unhappy and if you send them all on a six-week events another chance combat miserable and unhappy not everybody is the set of this particular method that was developed back in 1993 bring about a book called Accidental and so quick recap most organizations we sort that situational awareness is relatively easy to create maps and you take value chain evolution combine the 2 together with Matt once you have a map that helps people focus on user needs you focus on using the right sort of methods and techniques of you get rid of duplication and bias single organization you could also structure around the more interesting thing about mapping is when you come to learning and game-playing manipulation of market as with all manner or to have a matter you can try and adjust and see what works you can actually use it as a learning so what you have is position and movements of back in 2005 that's not had to things that platform and compute in 2005 we knew that was going to move to a utility we actually build the 1st platform as a service in house what we also knew but as a result you would get higher order systems being developed things will be built on top this is because there are common patterns in the economy what efficiency enables innovation as things evolve and due to competition so electricity nation seems to sort of utility provision what you see is not just efficiency of what it is you see an explosion of higher order systems so for example electricity enables lighting radio television etc. that simple components ization Herbert Simon's theory prior so do you think
about nuts-and-bolts how made cottage industry and also introduce the
screw-cutting lathe suddenly explosion of that standard nuts-and-bolts suddenly explosion of machinery those higher order
systems are also sources of future work you always go shift the capital from 1 to another that's known as creative destruction Jensen-Shannon beta the competition and I was efficiency enables agility enables new sources of way 1 of the great things about open approach is an open source is to accelerate that person drives did you know that the history electricity enable computing is the same process and pattern being repeated over and over to choice is an allusion there is a powerful forces if you are in competition with others and they have higher rates of agility efficiency and the ability to extract work and you then you are under pressure to adapt as more change that pressure map this is known as the Red Queen effect and you need to continuously evolve just to stand still relative to its surrounding ecosystem this is networked effects so and is exponential did you have something like Amazon and you look at the rate of growth of the ball and as these figures together back in 2 thousand 8 I used to unstructured prevented I sit back in 2008 we estimated where was going to go 1 . 5 % market by that 2011 reckon 6 per cent by that 2013 we're not far off where think by the end of 2006 in terms of server market provide yes somewhere between about 750 according to and these changes are exponential than all that I mean normally takes about 10 to 15 years to wipe out a pre-existing industry once the point of industrialization has started up countries we have inertia we don't like the change we don't like to change because of past success where there were a consumer all-weather where a provider in that space and is about 16 different forms of inertia you don't have to worry about but you know they exist so that 1 changes to to management and governance well explain what activities about not least of oogenesis custom-built car rental services commodity but also practices of all is exactly the same pattern noble emerging good best and the problem is these 2 so when complete was a product we developed architectural practices based on the idea of computers the problem there was a long mean time to recover if your server went down so we started building things like and plus 1 making more resilient use disaster-recovery test because it was a product we use scale that evolved and became best practice for program the causal factor is the act of all it became more of a utility as a result of novel practices emerge based upon the characteristics of volume operations would not lower NTT up things like scaling distributed systems design for failure at chaos energy scale monkeys net schools they evolved and became best practice will the utility was so what we've got is applications built on best practice for probably about and that's the legacy of state and applications built with best practices for the utility and that is the newest state there because everybody wants to me of the old stuff into this new world because they want the benefits of efficiency agility new sources of work so what they normally do is they take the legacy but on amazon amazon has an acid you may run around screaming in of cloud is now should the architecture of all was well to which the response is normally very negative they don't like it because there's a cost associated with re-architect but that cost is unavoidable and that cost is a major source of an action which is why vendors running and say what you need is an enterprise class in all role in the enterprise
cloud I want an enterprise battle the benefits of volume operations using commodity components built with a known commodity hardware customized might need yet can change the laws of physics commodity does not equal non-commodities volume operations does not equal customization doesn't stop people
trying to do completely the wrong thing that I mean you have a choice which is the public market I have is the hybrid of public and public not so bad the hybrid query areas underground now and then there's the whole we can do it just as well as Amazon and Google the next time is inertia kills it's a Kodak care that was 1st went online fate additional still camera out innovative the market I was an innovation or lack of it killed code the problem is its fulfillment systems were based upon analog image except images when manual to visual that 1st into the market with digital still cameras online but that business because it was based on analog images that complex Netflix blockbuster who was the 1st with a website video ordering online video online on demand was 1st but function what is it took a lot faster than we where to blockbuster of the shops that an internal conflict created this the term Amendment of the so we can mean what you start mapping you start discover common economic 1 the innovation enables efficient at storing efficiency enables innovation to and you know choices Malaysian we don't have free we have a national change for inertia is a killer there are no
longer to rectangular because if
you've got a and I I go back to that at home computer we need that was evolving so we knew it was going to a utility we knew it was going to enable higher order systems we need we would have a national and so what others so the question then becomes can we exploit this to our advantage which is the ways of manipulating environment and the answer is yes you can just like competition for you can accelerate it with an open approach you can if your evil or slow it down with pattern or if you're really evil slow down the by the uncertainty and then you can also use constraint there are 61 different ways of manipulating and market that I'm aware of and I just told you all and I'm not negate through them all are the anything I will is point into the top corner is L. G. N. C being some of the methods are better more water was a friendly than others some of them uh somewhat chaotically evil such as tolerating this misdirecting organizations some of them are less than and that's so I just simply can characterize them according to how how pleasant they are use on competitors but the point is what you have a map and you can manipulate it it tells you you get multiple choices of where to attack going attack this space that's place a less space and then strategies simply becomes a question of why 1 over another there was in fact a mapping why is it at a bunch of urban city to world around structure for back in 2008 and 2009 by 18 months much of what's a good friend of mine and we maxed out the environment we're fighting computes only server and because we mention that we knew we had to attack utility space which means any the guest OS this is a very simplified map we knew there would be terrible prices we didn't have to be called evolves and we knew there would be the development of new applications etc. and I also mapped out competitors uh 1 called Red Hat for example and use that to identify points of inertia within their organization so for example the cells on making money from satellite licenses subscriptions so you know obviously was in our interest to make all the security updates free so that would have an action the change and and so that was the result of the little blue line at the bottom was their percentage of operating system sharing 2008 and we spend less than a million dollars and by 2010 that when 2 was 70 % of all classes thing is pretty much maintain that position that these days I do these games with government a lot more 1 of founders of the the future and because and people talk about you know lots of stuff about future course is under different but there are certain common patterns with you can and use so 1 of the things is things appear negates a relatively peaceful state competition big vendors build up and others vendors have inertia to change because of our success so the becomes suitable for more commodity provision and new entrants me then we call it the state of war and you get this period of rapid change is punctuated equilibrium and that causes an explosion of higher order systems this state of wonder and of course destruction of those past and no to be honest they should never get disrupted uh there's like product substitution unpredictable priority utility you should never be disrupted by but they are pretty constant most constant this particular plan actually has some of the same pattern occurs in biological systems and we call it the adaptive renewal cycle occurs in Our on macroeconomic scale we call Congress the weights and so when you these ways we normally call ages so when we talk about things like the
age of electricity and these ages don't start with innovation and the elevation of the electricity was 480 and they always start with commoditization of a pre-existing activity this causes an explosion of higher order systems may things like Hollywood tally typing all or estimate trying to bring the wonder of magic and mature gas lighter which case it's pretty miserable and the course is difficult to say don't worry you know you could be a radio operator because they will go what's right so but anyway at the same happened in mechanical aids destruction of past industries explosion higher systems caused by commoditization of mechanical components into
the range was all about the commoditization of the means of mass communication the see about this is that it's evolution the pattern can be determined by looking at publication so you can narrow down the range of when it's going to happen 1 of a set of weak signals that can be used and the weak
signals can be looked like this so all the cloud stuff is in that moment of change Big Data is just going to what what that means is there's a whole bunch of problems and is running around thinking way of the future and is some utility providers set up and of course the dismissing and saying 0 use that the testing data but in production by approach when 10 to 15 years most problem this will be gone and then we've got things like robotics centers service lots of exciting future stuff coming up as well as current state so digital currencies OK so quick summary rapid what is a go 5 it's less and I mentioned that survival for the full chaotic neutral etc. and in terms of game play at the reality of business is a little more than a game and that game requires maps and to understand the environment there certain techniques and methods and spelled you can use to manipulate it and there are certain types of so I have a quick look at the corporate monster so what is the copper monster like it has no maps this is around telling each other stories and intensity yo-yo from 1 method to another and intends to outsource vastly too much and it tends to have backward causality copying what everybody else is doing it tends to suffer from duplication bias and lacks the ability to to anticipate to his for lessons 1 if you're doing a start up do not worry about the large you have almost nothing to fear particularly if you're looking at industrializing a space through the use of open source to the future is
also a lot of the open source movement has already moved into the space and in terms of ICT immersive 3 D printing robotic sensor is a set list is a lot of cool stuff which is about to be industrialized what will
be in the near future free open source is changing and used be a time that an open source was a sort of something corporates and didn't understand order in trying to understand we are now getting a whole new breed of people the settlers as we like to call them into open source every company out
there wants to be opened and as Robert Rameau said and left to
its you can't toss a freeze up in the air without hitting an open-class Foundation and or open standards body on the way down OK and then the 4th and final thing this situation normal everything must change of these patterns of economic growth competition enabling the commoditization of 1 set of components a cycle of change with the explosion of new components have been going on for a hundred years and there is no evidence that suggests that the stock many times soon thank you how all the work is Creative Commons BY the way share alike so you would say slide that you want to use a
Ungerichteter Graph
Service provider
Vervollständigung <Mathematik>
Generator <Informatik>
Kollaboration <Informatik>
Computerunterstützte Übersetzung
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Charakteristisches Polynom
Folge <Mathematik>
Selbst organisierendes System
Demoszene <Programmierung>
Reelle Zahl
Endogene Variable
Determiniertheit <Informatik>
Spezifisches Volumen
EINKAUF <Programm>
Offene Menge
Wort <Informatik>
Prozess <Physik>
Atomarität <Informatik>
Computerunterstütztes Verfahren
Komplex <Algebra>
Physikalischer Effekt
Plot <Graphische Darstellung>
Arithmetisches Mittel
Anpassung <Mathematik>
Projektive Ebene
Extreme programming
Varietät <Mathematik>
Web Site
Zellularer Automat
Transformation <Mathematik>
Physikalische Theorie
Data Mining
CMM <Software Engineering>
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Leistung <Physik>
Physikalisches System
Design by Contract
Dreiecksfreier Graph
Gesetz <Physik>
Streaming <Kommunikationstechnik>
Metropolitan area network
Shape <Informatik>
Gebäude <Mathematik>
Güte der Anpassung
Kontextbezogenes System
Dienst <Informatik>
Rechter Winkel
Grundsätze ordnungsmäßiger Datenverarbeitung
Stabilitätstheorie <Logik>
Klasse <Mathematik>
Automatische Handlungsplanung
Open Source
Spannweite <Stochastik>
Arithmetische Folge
Inhalt <Mathematik>
Open Source
Orakel <Informatik>
Gemeinsamer Speicher
Kartesische Koordinaten
Einheit <Mathematik>
Prozess <Informatik>
Figurierte Zahl
Nichtlinearer Operator
Zentrische Streckung
Verkettung <Informatik>
Strategisches Spiel
Gewicht <Mathematik>
Kombinatorische Gruppentheorie
Zusammenhängender Graph
Einfache Genauigkeit
Cloud Computing
Mapping <Computergraphik>


Formale Metadaten

Titel Situation Normal, Everything Must Change
Serientitel FrOSCon 2015
Teil 37
Anzahl der Teile 80
Autor Wardley, Simon
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung 3.0 Unported:
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DOI 10.5446/19613
Herausgeber Free and Open Source software Conference (FrOSCon) e.V.
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Sprache Englisch

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Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract In today’s computing world, it can often feel like we are drowning in wave after wave of new trends. This sea of change is simply a consequence of evolution within our industry. In this talk we will examine the evolution of technology, the management challenges this brings, why organisations suffer from poor situational awareness and how it’s always a case of “situation normal, everything must change Simon Wardley

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