A Cellular Automata LandUse Model For The R Software Environment
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Title 
A Cellular Automata LandUse Model For The R Software Environment

Title of Series  
Author 

License 
CC Attribution  NonCommercial  ShareAlike 3.0 Unported:
You are free to use, adapt and copy, distribute and transmit the work or content in adapted or unchanged form for any legal and noncommercial purpose as long as the work is attributed to the author in the manner specified by the author or licensor and the work or content is shared also in adapted form only under the conditions of this license. 
Identifiers 

Publisher 
FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)

Release Date 
2013

Language 
English

Production Place 
Nottingham

Content Metadata
Subject Area  
Abstract 
A cellular automata model of landuse change developed in the free and open source software environment R is presented. The advantages offered by R as a development environment for a CA landuse model are evaluated, and the pros and cons of the approach employed are discussed in depth with reference to commercial alternatives.

00:00
Data model
Frequency
Mathematics
Computer animation
Closed set
Scientific modelling
Software
Cellular automaton
Scientific modelling
Integrated development environment
Bit
00:37
Point (geometry)
Meta element
Neighbourhood (graph theory)
Group action
Mapping
State of matter
Multiplication sign
Decision theory
View (database)
Scientific modelling
Cellular automaton
Insertion loss
Automaton
Vector potential
Rule of inference
Number
Data model
Video game
Game theory
Metropolitan area network
Rule of inference
Channel capacity
View (database)
Cellular automaton
Moment (mathematics)
Physical law
State of matter
Theory
Multilateration
Cartesian coordinate system
Video game
Distance
Vector potential
Neumann boundary condition
Computer animation
Personal digital assistant
Selection rule
Computer network
Right angle
Finite set
Quicksort
Game theory
Figurate number
Mathematician
Simulation
Data management
03:37
Point (geometry)
State observer
Neighbourhood (graph theory)
State of matter
Multiplication sign
Cellular automaton
Dynamical system
Mathematical analysis
Grass (card game)
Distance
Table (information)
Sound effect
Force
Data model
Mathematics
Core dump
Data mining
Aerodynamics
Physical system
Cellular automaton
Scientific modelling
State of matter
Core dump
Volume (thermodynamics)
Functional (mathematics)
Distance
Forest
Word
Computer animation
Personal digital assistant
Mathematics
Function (mathematics)
Right angle
Force
05:40
Rule of inference
Random number
Randomization
Mapping
Decision theory
Decision theory
Transport Layer Security
Cellular automaton
Calculation
Usability
Mereology
Mereology
Distance
Element (mathematics)
Distance
Data model
Computer animation
Raster graphics
Computer network
Order (biology)
Computer network
Equation
Process (computing)
Physical system
06:35
Multiplication sign
Scientific modelling
Disintegration
Characteristic polynomial
Cellular automaton
Insertion loss
Basis (linear algebra)
Instance (computer science)
Goodness of fit
Workstation
Data model
Mathematics
Video game
Statistics
Software testing
Physical system
Data type
Operations research
Information
Characteristic polynomial
Projective plane
Scientific modelling
Complex (psychology)
Expert system
Bit
Latent class model
Limit (category theory)
Local Group
Flow separation
Computer animation
Mathematics
System programming
Dependent and independent variables
Software testing
Physical system
Curve fitting
Window
Resultant
08:30
Area
Spacetime
Information
Presentation of a group
Code
Software developer
Multiplication sign
Open source
Insertion loss
Complete metric space
Interface (computing)
Data model
Prototype
Computer animation
Website
Dependent and independent variables
Integrated development environment
Prototype
Physical system
09:27
Line (geometry)
Scientific modelling
Analytic set
Computer
Matrix (mathematics)
Area
Natural number
Energy level
Integrated development environment
Loop (music)
Physical system
Area
Operations research
Series (mathematics)
Observational study
Scripting language
Computer
Range (statistics)
Computer programming
Vector graphics
Computer simulation
Computer animation
Raster graphics
Function (mathematics)
Mathematics
Revision control
Natural number
Condition number
Software testing
Simulation
Identical particles
Physical system
Lattice (group)
10:37
Greatest element
Mapping
Mapping
Cellular automaton
Cellular automaton
Binary code
Counting
Data model
Frequency
Number
Mathematics
Computer animation
Mathematics
11:25
Area
Rule of inference
Neighbourhood (graph theory)
Group action
Mapping
Mapping
Multiplication sign
Online help
Weight
Vector potential
Rule of inference
Plot (narrative)
Vector potential
Computer animation
Iteration
Term (mathematics)
Matrix (mathematics)
Matching (graph theory)
Window
12:21
Random number
Randomization
Group action
Mapping
Set (mathematics)
Equals sign
Multiplication sign
Skewness
Distribution (mathematics)
Cellular automaton
Calculus
Vector potential
Area
Sound effect
Boundary value problem
Physical law
Physical system
Area
Zoom lens
Observational study
Distribution (mathematics)
Bargaining problem
Computer animation
Function (mathematics)
Equation
13:32
Area
Numbering scheme
Mapping
Code
Lemma (mathematics)
Calculation
Infinity
Sound effect
Infinity
Distance
Plot (narrative)
Distance
Sound effect
Computer animation
Raster graphics
Personal digital assistant
Computer network
Equation
Right angle
Equation
14:50
Area
Slide rule
Mapping
Digital signal
Infinity
Plot (narrative)
Table (information)
Area
Sound effect
Data model
Degree (graph theory)
Computer animation
Raster graphics
Equation
Condition number
Matching (graph theory)
Resultant
Condition number
Flag
15:51
Query language
Group action
Mapping
Multiplication sign
Vector potential
Total S.A.
Rule of inference
Data model
Maxima and minima
Programmer (hardware)
Skeleton (computer programming)
Video game
Iteration
Loop (music)
Multiplication sign
Rule of inference
Email
Mapping
Neighbourhood (graph theory)
Water vapor
Total S.A.
Letterpress printing
Avatar (2009 film)
Vector potential
Maxima and minima
Computer animation
Personal digital assistant
Mathematics
Quicksort
17:15
Slide rule
Neighbourhood (graph theory)
Randomization
Mapping
Exponentiation
Parameter (computer programming)
Mereology
Goodness of fit
Power (physics)
Hypothesis
Data model
Divisor
Information security
Subtraction
Area
Scale (map)
Simulation
Scaling (geometry)
Regulator gene
Neighbourhood (graph theory)
Sound effect
Parameter (computer programming)
Variable (mathematics)
Computer simulation
Pointer (computer programming)
Spring (hydrology)
Computer animation
Personal digital assistant
Quicksort
Simulation
Matrix (mathematics)
19:12
Statistics
Mapping
Algorithm
Patch (Unix)
Cellular automaton
1 (number)
Price index
Cohen's kappa
Goodness of fit
Programmer (hardware)
Spring (hydrology)
Goodness of fit
Mathematics
Computer network
Singleprecision floatingpoint format
Extension (kinesiology)
Pairwise comparison
Modal logic
Standard deviation
Mapping
Patch (Unix)
Characteristic polynomial
Compiler
Computer simulation
Spring (hydrology)
Computer animation
Right angle
Quicksort
Simulation
Spontaneous symmetry breaking
Form (programming)
Local ring
20:34
Pairwise comparison
Installation art
Fraktale Dimension
Real number
Fractal
Price index
Goodness of fit
Measurement
Measurement
Computer simulation
Computer animation
Pattern language
Boundary value problem
Mandelbrot set
Boundary value problem
Simulation
Curve fitting
Data structure
21:29
Point (geometry)
Complex (psychology)
Group action
Scientific modelling
Multiplication sign
Mereology
Data model
Word
Matrix (mathematics)
Scripting language
Maize
Area
Series (mathematics)
Multiplication
Scripting language
Scientific modelling
Complex (psychology)
Coma Berenices
Bit
Food energy
Vector potential
Computer animation
Mathematics
System programming
Parametrisierung
Kolmogorov complexity
Figurate number
Game theory
Whiteboard
Quicksort
24:44
Area
Mobile Web
Mapping
Code
Multiplication sign
Scientific modelling
Consistency
Decision theory
Software developer
Complex (psychology)
Rule of inference
Local Group
Revision control
Sign (mathematics)
Computer animation
Personal digital assistant
Blog
Infinite conjugacy class property
Quicksort
00:00
good morning that throughout the review to be here a Kelco close to material some good qualify for for the book and in interim and
00:11
brought by the beginning of just over a a little bit of fear period of city by simple land use model but you will talk about progresses timesteps the 0 2 to the end and we are looking to establish the sky think how much much land use is changing the way it is a changing and how was change and so
00:39
little time wanted some so that this is something that writers of the Manhattan Project the silent in New Mexico in the 5th inning but 40 50 with these guys domiciled will moment figure on the left and Joan 1 more morning on the right and this is that it will land definition of Soludo given in the last so grappled points before the fall in the number of connexions its neighbors each point is capable of Finite number of state the state of a time to be in the juice specified state to the point of writing and plus what this rule of tradition is fixed deterministically for more generally Mambo all the right decisions so the loss of talking about a new challenge for me to transition rules state the and a little of it comes back to to the wall and there was some sort experiment on mathematicians and later autumn Colway can or the game of life which show you see if you see the thing about the film capacity example actually applying the these that seems to have 2 children that we got this camaraderie although told him very relaxed Mijatovic the incentive of California and the basic said yet we would talk about sell a sell could be great could be a matter and we could all cells could contain land use it and the most deftly included the best but the best not the application of the law Thomas is believe it or not you want in the the England but 20 is all applied inside a major
02:23
standalone commercial of FFTW so AlQabas have this novel of England what the were there would be start with your initial and use my which in the case of but that is not the 56 year established that the rules you have to ask the government to run the most room was talking about the accessibility which is your you DiSesa roads or infrastructure networks suitability so the background kind of having capacity capacity of all of of the the background land to support the land the and Citigroup some to talk about and that is that you don't bill has could face is generally and the views on which to build new management your allow planning that area and and you have that transition potential and this transition potential as well as he can light you NEMO the next time step and the 1st thing we do is a woman political calibration we simulate on next like the man who got by which in my case it 1990 not quite long time step and and it is pretty simple is a pretty straightforward model and the
03:40
largest is the way that the dynamics of the core of this small by what England and we have the idea that this is susceptible in Indonesia Selsey to change state by the end of function of the influence of the cells that we can play some observations so when I do Landy's change announces which is not you starting point for the public he said that some changes that of you frequently but the themselves you get no need any derogated landed systems about when only from under was not under geisha and but then we decided attraction that could be references was attraction in his own right some land use is always separate generally mining area separate from around the world with the case of who was general thing we can say that this would be repulsion than the following day of some changes never happened but run changing to qualify for 2 very very red situations is might happen the general it doesn't and it and this is of the system some things waste a where they are and that the land is a good
04:52
use of the word is that this is the summer of the new includes tabled by the year with got distances 0 2 200 for small later we got the attractiveness of the UK to these other clubs and particular highlighting orange because of a new unusual about of into the in a more to the attraction of the 2 and it the bath in the 2nd time steps you get of land where the Lamble's before it needs to have a high value and 0 0 7 itself if you that of a high volume 0 your and gets up and walks across from left which was the case so that this is just a which to make tricks does not Celso might that this is off for walk among
05:40
the and stop this year for this is again the highly random decisions while he collected in landscape we know it's not completed the minister some things that are not the random order book suddenly causes effectively we have come brand and how we did it we actually make some part the simulated landscape more taxes are around will not because the general was saying the human activities that 76 and around but it's OK so that were bought for
06:15
sensibility that well this is this against a simple equations from road you want were 19th and we take off or the beast a simple distance right now networks which could or another Cherianne and and classified justify by the cells with with closer distances on
06:36
suitability of the loss and the except to himself to be occupied by saying that again this is the institutional characteristics of planning restrictions and policies generally station the time steps you you could update in an integrated model to from some of the information you Iraty to climate change but the indignity of not of
07:03
any the station was a problem were got as a really good the land use modeling system on the market cool metronomic and it's quite expensive based on the life of a should 1st to its very good but it is expensive it based on the life and if you want any got to go outside and is different system if you want to be a statistical because of the testing should and more more goals with them all the Blue just interest in finding out about his MLS shut up and so we saw stakeholders people you want to work with a group it of about lamp planning a mobile phone as well for municipal authorities and and is very difficult to stop said this model you have to buy it as on the approaches Project and even give the results of this kind of thing Little Britain are due be had from the 1990 that you know experts again to come along negative policies appalled and then you have began to run rabbit information about the new employment and this is a little bit of that but also about with Windows only there are some other non commercial applications and that some of these mutations while and the and the rest of bigotry several Thomas land change more limited edition terrestrial planets and then I find it doesn't really response to any these definitions having from the public of anywhere near
08:32
debatable of over offending but by the same area some so long to something gives you complete freedom to explore the rebels inside a widely used in Biomolecular any responsibility for the loss is talking about and from the particular using Bolton because we local estate called all all Workshop being done yet and from area in the space of a website so sense yet everything's allowing you go to the website you can download everything will question as early information and same everything from like 70 miles storey of the last lot for last of the day and
09:11
the 1st of all it is a prototype of the presenters of the goalless professional development going on and I didn't want and use the the Times has been to face development that you under the put code almighty published this told smaller yet just
09:29
go out there with rival which she had gone out introduction to are anywhere in the world the way as a whole series of advantage of something of for the easy data and we meet up with the great and the good being arrested data nasty you can take your body that you can do a whole lot of things in the return and a dozen screwtop research reduced really really good at this level and the talk about you don't need a very powerful computer about a the for enough around and and he operating system that runs the roads are for the most and it did the rest at the age of identity and the and the and tools the spatial that is the great deal of
10:15
additional stuff that this is the models are actually between these is based in this area of the South West by the nature of the of the patients examples of my land simulations told the growth of these large found called some look at about and the and so the land
10:39
use demand the heat and how much land is changing room on the other you talk about the land at the bottom of London 1 of the land is a year of land East amount in all 2nd data not calibration map is just simply have much land we no change to open in that their 1990 1 4 5 0 2 calculated
11:05
are the regatta very simple frequency Camara their conceded 6 6 thousand some 52 cells allocated to the air and that the demand on 57 sell the year timestep need to locate under 50 this is unlikely that we
11:27
just saying for David rules and then at the plight of local moving we where the using this kimono folk who come here and this is that we know that we still for the time and it doesn't help things that are quite white coats and holes in the match so I can filling in the various from the region was so much to thinking world of the
11:53
terms of the deal is honoured it would fill triploidy we can well by she agreed areas where the city walls in time and there is a yellow and red all on the fringes 15 days is the 2nd highest pretentious of high potential for transition using existing urban area for for a 2nd day of the nearest Walker the map the second highest potentials on the fringes of the 1st pretty straightforward the
12:23
randomness what will sorry for this week's light coloured its along with it needs to be used as you can see there are no longer programme but and effectively the Bible distribution is distribution of this means that we not we are getting by leaves consistently between 0 1 would mineral distribution with getting values that all the time toward want of ideas and the 1 that really important because we are multiplying it into the transition potentially equations of most of the time we got to get determined that occasion the with the about is not 1 that can be quite a long while so that this is how this is how we put or a around
13:11
that and then we had to to make sure that we set the city to whom so we not actually randomizing inside the boundary and the thousand refitting saw conceptual Mullally now we believe that it is a possibility of a new area to run the new outside the existing system but we don't really want chunks of City to randomly dissipated
13:34
anyway and accessibility will
13:37
this really is a very straightforward stop injustices just reclassification of was not overuse of friendly but it's not difficult on in a week of then we saying that everything from modest infinity 200 is given wondering from 100 300 is No 1 9 and so to the distance case that the following the highly distance about to point by kilometers justices half half its effect that 2 were far too long to wait for a rise and we can play around the values replied accessibility equation the real enemy of them and that's what we get described displaced we conceded that some white area at 18 side the really itself from the White is that we want to achieve this is because the the area is that are actually read pledge to the right by the on the road all infinitely high and the colour scheme of code of the people in the other and I think opened value for philosophical questions such an uneven to colour scheme for the
14:53
right the start as the ability to stop the slide match which is the simplest most typically examples of locating and longevity and land is found on the slopes of about 5 per cent and most of this area is in fact less than about what dissent books at White following the protected area come to land a 2nd all suitability where
15:16
concerning while the will to waste incorporated uttered the simplest fastest way out which is just exclude the and the data is to mould or you could out just the same way he I did suitability Alemão by from 0 to 1 of those not remember the returning 0 with pudding 0 is into a multiplying equations of result be 0 and again without more leylandii being that we wanted as saying We don't dissipate so we got out the condition in the UK and
15:51
we have to act as a sort of the to be easy way of his life he had again on a repeat of the programme had 1 of the things you see use of Italy with a lid and has less disintegrated to the problems but it has definitely battle ways to do and what we did in the Eighties we were running late in case of running the neighbourhood rules creating around the map than the calculating total transition attention to what multiplying these things together extracting the values and then renting a 2nd leg to locate the for this each time step 150 7 sales of land and had we do this we take the maximum using the Mexican and we and we change to minus non 9 not so the 2nd time I go into the lead with header would not picking the same maximum OK said that this a
16:54
solution into would have resulted rendition potential you can say that we will be speckled speculate that because we are on map side with got by using SIAM which all of whom were placed 1 but there are some summary which which outside the of a new chapter high potential so anyway yet so
17:19
worked on the case of the 3 simulations to test the kind golfers was or loving talking showing slide in the 2nd announced the randomness by changing scale parameters which is expected them to so that having a as part of a local and now and then 3rd simulation of reduced the neighbourhood influence on fact a 100 by so this produces the and the power of the neighbourhood respectively other variables this
17:52
along to simulate real Matt 19 56 but the slowing growth in the Scottish sprawling urban growth with the new irrigation channels and this is not just the sort of Altavista's Thesis areas of the occasion channels and and 1990 not of the them for the 1st 1 will Stalybridge and is not salty bad on Monday to gruesome land and Brodie improving this is rather like jacked up the randomness a little bit and and we can regulations city that this has the effect of think about it security again yet to see the difference in the 1st and 2nd haven't got any idea but there is such a spring up the way up the run in the start as the start to spontaneously occurred and then went on a reduced the effect of the neighbourhood respectively unavailable start to get a more realistic and then moralistic this very as we start to see the sort of writing at the edges and the possible use of the nil to simulate little bit red along with the but that was a bad simulation a came
19:13
up with the club were less realistic looks early still Thailand use single Simulations of look like the sort of mushrooms while he rooms this doesn't look like it seems to be growing step by step the some problems Google some good things some small patch the spring up will take anything of reality to the extent that they believe is pushing for a new prospectus ability but the to take irrigation channels this month as you can see it is that we don't we are growing irrigation channels alongside existing ones but these
19:50
problems can be solved rights local tomtit is quickly going to the statistical to his right quickly OK of the capital which is standard map compilers antennae having used omelette Whitechapel this goes simple doesn't take into account is no change so abuses multiflora statistics from monthly this programme by might call you mind on the show she is easy is not ready yet her that would be and we packages and and make sure that it's available travelling notice any good luck New York to work right but if you look at later Jihad and no 1 you just often to be able to simulate a growth
20:35
effectively will try to buy mention again this is a patent comparison measure and in general the placed between 1 and 2 to place the the to the more dispersed almost brought in more regular the patent so you can see all real much to go quite dispersed after dispersed boundaries simulations not remedying more ominous throughout his ability to discuss the user and there is along the road and then up up taken this of
21:08
applied to the real my in 2 thousand 7 with the same Christ and younger 57 so the up to 20 50 celebrities is working not almost allow flight to slow finish but there are well but like to put
21:33
full the full scripts under the said the real prices of the 2 at the capabilities and model multiple land use is you just need to be dealt to sold you have you have a high each each land you should have a say in transition potential Matrix in you need to sort out which of the 2 is the highest for each figures yourself between the different some we don't points and we have the singer yet again to apply and this is just a part of the Publicis so much for cooperative 57 projets complexity my column inches and climate change and land use of Charm apply some of the some the techniques last please feel
22:17
free to contact me but by the end of the week questions to protect you but room for a couple of it for these are the sort of the point where the will in walls and you want to call it will be smooth the all assuming year of all over the world to see it yet it and you take your time in the game not to circumstance with old Society says it will be like in 20 50 of by to 6 all of given to show how you read a year from the board in the future but yet absolutely you'd want to do me a whole series of wrong hundreds of many your time for them and put together the leading to but not to ability he a waterfall ability particular area is to change to take a great the more takes up by that 20 minutes we were laptop those 43 43 year it is not very far off but now is so slow that it had nothing to do with start running to the of the land use with the target motive when the kind of thing golf was facility to escape a little bit from the notion that the UK would be very happy to tell her but there and didn't it the union in the devolved the sort of straight allowing rather than well you can do it without being Singspiel features of the old timers but is to stimulate the feature a model of the city is a scenario in which the great goals this season things weren't that in the
24:46
case in spite you can use a new using using is consistent Ingram movies Mobile's great can business is usually a sign of the growing than some of the economic crisis in 2 thousand 7 and Dutch side of the handling of last player code which is most the Oscar also but the both the goals some going along with the old British yes you can it is the way across the group yes owning you can do it again you could incorporated in the new it it would be easy enough to introduce a new map of taking time step that could have been a development and his decision is that happened in the last academic calculated by and that you will get near the new things coming up for NEMO yet definitely that will be only really get about she would improve it really a thing because quite 11 the model of the metronomic model that we use commercial version is quite static and that set the tone of flexibility for we carried He was for a time no for the Senate and much of that time and it focal side the same commercial so well but I do know that the only way on the blog of interest in this area should be identified with the same rules should be identical about the attacks with the sort of time to do I only heard about that