Media Ecology and the Occupy Movement

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1. 'Mic Check! Media Culture in the Occupy Movement.' Throughout the spread of the Occupy Movement, Occupiers produced and circulated media texts and self-documentation across every platform they had access to. SNS were crucial to the spread of media created by everyday Occupiers, while Media, Press, and Tech Working Groups (WGs) worked to build SNS presence (especially on Twitter and FB), create more highly produced narratives, edit videos, operate 24 hour livestreams like, organize print publications like the Occupied Wall Street Journal, design and code websites like and wikis like, and build autonomous movement media platforms and ICT infrastructure (see Members of these WGs also worked with members of the press, from independent reporters and local media outlets to journalists from national and transnational print, television, and radio networks. Based on analysis of these and other media practices in the Occupy movement, this presentation proposes a shift away from platform-centric analysis of the relationship between social movements and the media towards the concept of social movement media culture: the set of tools, skills, social practices, and norms that movement participants deploy to create, circulate, curate, and amplify movement media across all available platforms. Insight into the media culture of the Occupy movement is based on mixed qualitative and quantitative methods, including semi-structured interviews, participant observation, visual research in multiple Occupy sites, and participation in Occupy Hackathons, as well as the Occupy Research General Demographic and Political Participation Survey (ORGS), a database of the characteristics of approximately 1200 local Occupy sites, and a dataset of more than 13 million tweets with Occupy related hashtags. 2. 'Research Justice and the Occupy Movement.' This presentation focuses on theoretical and practical developments around social movement research and research justice in the context of the Occupy Movement. Knowledge can be used to build and maintain, as well as to upset, power. Scholars and activists on the Left are working with the 99% to develop participatory research and include a broader base in the process of forming research questions, choosing methods, developing research tools, gathering, analyzing, and disseminating results. People are doing occupy research to: understand engagement with the movement, who is participating in Occupy, who is not participating, and why; challenge race, class, gender, sexuality, age, disability and other inequalities reproduced in the occupy movement; share ideas, strategies, and tactics; provide research and analysis to target the 1%; spread research skills, tools, and methods more broadly throughout the 99%. Scholars, movement researchers, and activists are working with and as Occupiers around the country and transnationally to develop research projects including: surveys of visitors to and; a general survey in multiple locations and across borders; analysis of occupy as a racial project, data visualization hackathons, and much more (see for more info). Chris will discuss research justice as a framework, processes and methods, findings to date, plans for the future and the critical role of this work in building more powerful social movements.
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Rule of inference
but I a a a a a a up his rule so yes him being to comment on this Christine tried letter from such systems of shock and today we're going to talk to you about about media ecology but actually starting out with a framing around research project research introduce you would research network is about a man start by introducing my organization I introducing sort of what our framing is around research just as as a pre context to what occupy research is
about or at least for some of us who were part of the ICA research network from and then I'll have to such as you talk about media ecology coming out of some of the research that we did as well I groups say that so just a
reminder to keep this in mind if anybody and so I worked on
organization called center data center is
not actually a data center as and we don't have a group of servers restore mentioned it's a 30 year old organization that's relatively small it's a nonprofit that partners with the social justice organizations to do research for their grassroots campaigns largely but also with social movements as well and we have a long history of trying to provide
information to the movement we actually started out as a library service so clipping service from the seventies and the nineties particularly around work that was going on around you know things that were going on in Latin America Central America and Southeast Asia it was radical library sitting in a room clipping articles in order to provide information of social movement actors with the information that they needed for the work that they were doing after that thing sort of started to transform the need for that changed a lot with the age that I and datacenters work started to move towards during you know whatever organizations really need is to do which became a lot of campaign research target research corpora research that kind of work into the 2 thousand so we've really transition to partnering with organizations to do research and build research capacity with grass-roots organizations and alliance members and some of our key partners for folks who were are not in the US context in this subsection work internationally but we work right now just give you a sense of some the amazing project that I am the summer chance to work on working with an organization called Global Action project looking at how you using media for the social justice organizing work working with an organization called
justice for families which is an alliance of organizations that represent families were trying to radically transform the juvenile justice system in the United States and I'm going to give you sort of an example of what we're doing with the domestic workers Alliance work we don't in the past and we may do it in an international context in the future but ultimately what we are trying to do and data center is transform the way knowledge production is happening by recognizing some really kind of key problems that the committees that we work with which are largely low-income communities of color in the United States but at 1 point and actually and hopefully once again in the future I will be working international context which is that a lot the committee that we work with have little or no access to the information that is used to make decisions about them but they are often either misrepresented or underrepresented in media sources from and in policy work that's happening very frequently they are experiencing violation of the the community or the individual rights and have very little or no control over that knowledge that's produced about them and and their knowledge and their data is often seen as not legitimate so these are communities are the subjects of research exactly in so many have been traumatized actually in the past by the research process the there it's just straight out extracted from or ultimately is used against them in some way so this is actually this image this slide is really based on a popular education tool that we use when working with communities where we're trying to sort
of you know declare what we're trying to do we know that a lot of policy makers are using mainstream sources sensors that economic data and so on to make policies about communities and we know communities don't have access to that same data about themselves we know that seldom are community sources community knowledge community data used to make policy decisions on so ultimately this is what our kind of goal is to shift this to bring access to whatever information to treaties and that need that is being used this right to know note like whatever information is whether it's census data or
other kinds of whatever is being used that that impacts a community there when you have the right to know that information on an end to sort of discontinued this relegation of community voices as essentially stories as anecdotes and bring those sources and that that input to bear on the process of policy-making some
detainees super quick example and uh and so some time section that's kind of and the unit of time but OK so in the United States several years ago on will actually just came backing up for a 2nd for folks who are familiar with the US context domestic workers folks to take care of children folks who are working on cleaning homes etc cetera arm and agricultural workers United States are among the most vulnerable workers in the
US they are largely excluded from labor law protections recognizing that that is true the Domestic Workers United in New York several years ago I really wanted to upset this process of of domestic workers being excluded from labor protection and then with that together with center decided to launch you know the 1st ever research project that
would sort of create a dataset that did not exist that represent what was going on with our communities so starting from the very process of creating surveys 1 of the
questions that we need to know what are the what is the data have to be to demonstrate what our communities are experiencing and
from that they really sort of transition communities to being at the center of what that knowledge production was to being considered the experts on issues affecting those communities which led to the passing of
the bill of rights for domestic workers we're doing this now with the
National Domestic Workers Alliance in the United States and maybe some of you have heard about this work it's actually really been a phenomenal experience for us to work with them on this wheel looking forward to being able to launch the report the national report here just a couple of months from but really we're starting out with again with
domestic workers themselves 1 of the questions that we need to ask what is the data that we need to collect who's going to collect it we're going to collect and then even taking that to
its logical conclusion which is that we will analyze that data together interpreted together for our own purposes and
just quickly so that Domestic Workers Bill of Rights in New York
City for the 1st time guarantees household workers and the notes 40 hours of work overtime pay sick leave on basically all the protections that any other category of worker has now for the 1st time in US history belongs domestic workers in New York and that's standings carried over into this National Organizing Project the 2nd so I mean what this all this kind of is trying to what I'm trying to sort of point 2 now is really what our framing that we are sort of the data center is pushing towards as what we think is kind of a critical part of of supporting movements which is a research justice agenda for movement building on in that is the presumption that are moving the data access to information Archimedes need to have access to information that we need to be able to have the power to define the type of legitimate knowledge is brought to bear on the issues that we are facing on that we have the right to produce that knowledge and use that knowledge as we see fit on and that we are able to have control legitimacy at different stages of the research process so what's that have to be so that at some point when
occupy large it was really exciting moment for us nowadays and has a long history of working with grass-roots groups and social movement organizations many of whom at least initially were also skeptical about whether or not this occupy movement would would grow to include those movements and those roots from in the work that was ahead but occupy research is an open no what is it OK so it's an open distributed shared space for research on it was very much a come 1 come all which for data center at least was something new we are a movement research organizations we do search support rumor research on for a specific and to improve you know towards whatever campaigns of movement of the we work with work towards that is not true for everybody was part of occupy research people are doing research for many different reasons and but the it that the goal at the end of the day there are some shared goals for this communion really sharing is 1 of the primary goals where we share we share research questions and methods and tools for data analysis so the so the network launched on September 20th as just Etherpad that very quickly got trolled
as we move to a wiki spaces that people sort algorithm to it which since moved to a moral WordPress
instance but at this point there are over 350 researchers who were participating in the network to a wide range of stuff and again it's a it's a very wide range of people as well with the free very different sort of
agendas a lot of students have a lot of academics we also have a lot of folks who are part of research working groups there in occupied counts as well and why are the folks doing it will section of very many different reasons we're a
lot of us came together with the belief that that research was going to be central importance for movement building for movement strategy for looking at how you know even in the occupy movement itself like could examine itself and use whatever it found there to can decide how to address certain issues it was facing did you know choose not to reproduce race class gender sexually other kinds of inequalities within the movement itself from but also be able to discuss itself it to the world and generate more challenge or add to different areas that were being created about and and whilst well everybody else is looking at us so I think you know and this being a very defensive kind of statement you know it's important to understand how you've been represented so where folks doing and this is a very very short partial list of a very very long a spreadsheet for folks were basically posting the projects that they were working on recruiting folks to work on it was really wonderful process of reading is intensive amount of coordination you're doing weekly or in an old essentially biweekly calls for folks were announcing the kind projects that they were working on why they were working on them looking for affinity groups to work on these projects and trying to understand what it meant to coordinate with an open network of folks on from
a lot of folks and has been very facilitated of connecting processes we ourselves datacenter worked on a lot on the coordination but we also worked on had to projects the survey project which we lovingly call logs because that's just cheat on and we'll share that some of the results of that survey I will and as social talk about some of the media results were also trying to create an Occupy research Handbook which was essentially intended to be a handbook that gives to movement actors in some of the research tools that were being developed by movement actors for the purpose of memory search we want to see it in about 1 thing so we also no we very quickly realize that there were 100
different research teams they're were all trying to scrape the public Twitter data from occupy related hashtags knows like why is everybody doing this without coordinating so 1 of the things was also sort of shared data collection tools and teaching each other how to do that and then pooling resources so that there's an not as much sort of replication of the same exact because and so this is the cover page of of the occupy research survey was a completely
open process completely interesting to work on it in this way and there was no distinct single partner although a group of folks really did emerge was openly developed from start to finish it was a 4 week development process which for those of you doing surveys maybe that seems like a short time because you really speaking but for us when we're partnering folks it actually takes quite a long time decide what you're going to work on and it was a we had what we did was basically called for several sessions were folks could come and weigh in on what the survey design was going to look like we had a very specific goal which was to identify the demographics participation of folks who are working in the mid to look at the media practices and so on and that there were other folks were doing similar research so we were starting from scratch and we were inviting those folks to kind of join us on and try to make a survey as comparable as possible as well to some of the other work that was going on the world and then a pattern of synapsin years now and Socialiser can and
my which allowed to modify is is not here in her class was a university-based class that
piloted the survey and a lot of work to kind of support the process and we have several open training so the intention was to the face to face as well as online and we sort of lost out on that because as we were finishing up by basically all the cancer being raided and dismantled arm and then it was ultimately to become an online survey for this iteration of the camps and reoccupy we have to kind of rejoined and there you have it if you're if you're angry that our survey was only online and developed it is not as good as source data from
5 years to complete the police to shut down on the him on related databases the ship and so you know I we still collected 5 thousand surveys inside several weeks and once it was close we actually also had like an open coding process where a group of collective process of folks who were interested came in and looked at the data
and code it and so on and certainly for location because our ultimate goal was to take a data and release the data to the world after was another mice to the
camps used to analyze on their own for their own purposes and that it is available now and I'll show you here a link to it where you can even explorer and then we also had a couple of Pakistan such as gonna talk
about some of the 1st round of fact on which was looking at Twitter data but we also did happen on with this survey data as well I was what was it like 5 city kind of hack upon folks gathered and all these different sites to this raw dataset looking at different indicators this is this visualization here is kind of an early brainstorm we knew would variables we have we were visualizing different ways to look at the data and recreate the data
and can examine the data and 1 of the and then there are some people who was there from Charlie to in 2 days actually built a tool to allow folks to directly explore the data so there is a link here if you want this automatically does cross-tabs if you want to explore the data yourself and you can simply click around and it starts to cut the data by whatever indicator you're interested in you just wanna look at and you know for example you know when and who are people who identified as women who
participated to a certain extent an
accessory can continue to cut the data to look at responses that you're interested in most of our data came
from the urban areas within the United States Army and just kind of quickly giving an overview of some of the findings and again this is an
online sampled self-selected sample is not you know was again just totally online largely actually Facebook and Twitter and personal e-mails and networks although we did the we did post posted to every existing Facebook-related occupy groups based on this long list of Facebook group links that had been assembled through another shared data process through
the occupied by our research networks and then we use that I'm not prescriptive do that so we did hit hit all of them and I think your Facebook account got shut down to do too fast initially compared to just say no the magic number is
barely 200 before you recall the stamina and then Irish and after a couple weeks then we found a way to cancel it down so the point we're posting a survey to occupied sites around the world as well as on Facebook pages that is fine and you know unsurprisingly occupied is as as many people have called it a largely White movement within the United States is this sample we actually are about to hopefully sort vertices sample from face-to-face and made a surveys that were done relatively recently well modestly you refer not Ruth Milkmen has a team of people that just did a rolling protests
face-to-face survey for made a New York City answering look at her data compared to this 1 we were surprised to see over 15 % of folks identified as lesbian gay bisexual a a clear political like this is that also surprises see this
sort of employment status from a lot of folks identifying as employed full time a lot of folks identifying as middle class lot students of course and a lot of
folks sort of thought you know this is household income is not individual income reported that you know somewhere between you know whatever 0 and 30 thousand 740 thousand as household income very well
educated these actually amount to something like 93 per cent this is some college or a college degree or a graduate graduate work and or graduate degree I'm so essentially we're talking about at least for this again for this online survey the well educated in low income but class identity middle class group of folks and that are largely white the participating movement on and such as talk a little bit later about some of what that implies in the dialog that the movement has had we've actually as we've presented these results back other folks we know we're finding similar results are receiving really a lot of resistance to even having a discussion of race within the occupy movement assembly this divisive some believe we believe it's very necessary to think about you know what it means to do with the building this is just idealizes an
an idea of kind actually made this really lovely visualization the question was how you know where some what are the top 3 reasons that you occupy positions you because it's pretty but largely what people said was this they said you know
economic inequalities on economic injustice and chemical where you would expect very much and identifying around the rise of like you know as well as the most widely don't occupied and the number 1 and 2 reasons I think we're
mostly fear and police and time and time and time probably the number 1 so a lot of folks have also said that this would have the sense that the occupy movement was not directly collect connected to existing civil society
what we found at least from the sample what was that that was not the case so you know as a really large number of folks who were saying that they voted it was something like 59 % of the people who participated in the survey said that this that occupy was not the 1st social movements that they participated in a lot of people identified with different kinds of civil society structures including having been part of social justice organizations in part non-profit infrastructure and that's
in terms of participation this is again a thorough survey here we were saying that really almost 70 per cent of people answered the survey had been to a General Assembly from over 60 per cent had been to a can't itself and and people are participating in really concrete ways so it's not just sort of this online Facebook support and sort of narrative people are sort of showing least people being a survey are showing up and and providing material support and engaging in kind of a deeper sense in terms of like working groups and so on and the reason why there's more people who attended the General Assembly that have been to account is
because again the population is that it includes all these things groups that represent local occupies that may not have actually had a physical encampment sites but they did have a General Assembly yeah we also folks what
types of other types of participation and that they were engaged in time and the outside of sort of camp activities in my direct occupy activities and a lot of again a lot of people were identifying sign petitions know having face-to-face discussions about occupy and so forth but 1 thing we also can wander . 2 was having organized an event an action being close to 20 % of of our survey population and you know someone was mentioned earlier this thing legalists with actually a lot of lot of folks also say that there was a leader full and movement and and this actually for us at least is at least 10 indicating tangible and your participation in terms of like straight up taking leadership roles over organizing events and that kind of thing and we know that a lot of people who were doing interviews in camps in really quite a lot of sort of originally texts for old people who for whom this is the 1st social if they participated in the have felt and expressed that that 1 of the most kind of emotionally charting things about this movement for them has been the capacity to engage in whatever way that they would like to what does it mean in terms of this is a special was had earlier today in terms of whether not there are sort of the most visible leaders that's not sort of what we're talking about here we are talking about just 10 different types of engagement so there are a lot of opportunities again and had not properties around Occupy research as an agenda as an open network is an open shared space for doing research on us you know participation of a wide network of folks speed scale the kind of openness being able to share data being able to have that kind of open dialog being able to pull the conversation away from sort of just you know whatever traditional kind of actors but there are also a lot of challenges not equal necessarily equal access accountability coordination has been a lot of work this transparency is an issue and and frankly authority and and again to be honest you know we there are over again over 300 folks opposition participating in our we don't know all of those people come and so we started to try to create mechanisms asking people to self-report more deeply what their gender is who they are where they're coming from and there have been people who have said OK well you know I know I know the social movement allies so I'm OK with participating but there have been moments of push back where people were just dealing like with their unclear about what the agenda of different researchers are as they should be you know and
if you're just saying you're doing research on can't interested checking the there's a different ways that we basically this is block the 1st sort of link here you can follow us on Twitter a mailing list was in the cell later we'll see that in the back you could occupy research study that much a research tenant
and then before I handed over to such just you know we're basically going to do data analysis workshop with the occupy survey data with folks from the camps on at the Allied media conference coming up on in Detroit Michigan USA I at the end of June and young so thank you and
thank you thank lists which you over the presentation cool so I'm gonna talk about work that
came out of the occupy research network especially focused on uh the media culture but In the occupy movement and I'll talk a little bit about what that is and must a talk about through the broader media ecology
in which an occupies taking place so again and such a Costanza Choquet and and an assistant professor of Civic Media comparative media studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and I'm also co-principal investigator along with the things occur men and Mitch Resnick at the Center for Civic Media which is a research unit within the nineties Media Lab and comparative media studies that explores how participatory media making can be connected to civic engagement and Civic action on the Berkman Fellow and cofounder of occupy research and it is known as Internet access so those are useless to put so on a server the little clip it loads of tell quality was a and C are best known for taking part with most death and black star and this is not a load cell skip that and there is a secret Internet connection appear to this computer but it doesn't seem to be working too well so this was a little clip of telly poly using the people's Mike and in which he basically this the people like to talk about and encourage occupiers the 2nd week of occupy Wall Street to use every media tool that they have at their disposal to spread the word and it would be available as part of the scientists in the that I it was sent to various parts of you don't have sold so the key concepts that I'm working with so 1st of all
what I mean by media ecology and I've been hearing this phrase and the number of times a which is great I really like that people are thinking beyond on certain specific platforms and moving outside the discourse of all of these the revolution 0 to the revolution 0 this platform that platform is not the platforms aren't important and I really like the way that Xenopus talking about this earlier today but we need to understand them within the context of the broader media ecology that people inhabit now right so a media ecology you have if you wanna map it out we can think about the political economy of the media system the way that the new platforms or platforms may have different technical affordances on we need to think about the levels of digital media literacy is access and skills that the general population have and also that people who are participating in a movement have on and of course we have to think about the legal and normative constraints on speech in a given context those things sort of make up what I'm talking about as the media ecology and by social movement media culture I mean this the tool skills practices and norms that participants in a movement might be using matches to create media such as documents not only to act as a sort of citizenship citizen journalists or activist media makers but also to curate to circulate to aggregate's to amplify the movement voices across all of these different spaces within the broader media ecology and another work I talk about this as being transmedia mobilization another focus on that too much today but I'm sort of trying argue that everyone understand the relationship between social movements and the broader transform ecology we should think about the ways in which social movement actors using every tool that they have access to to generate and circulate messages across platforms so that people have multiple touch points by which they can enter into the narrative of the movement so this is an image of the media ecology surrounding occupied but this is the work that is largely being done by Pablo publicly must song was a visiting research scientist at MIT Center for Civic Media and I've been working with him on this work so what we're seeing is basically on from left to right is time each column is that the the front pages of newspapers so these are the newspapers of record in the United States the Wall Street Journal New York Times etc. and what's highlighted in red is the surface area of that newspaper front page on that day which is devoted to coverage of the occupy movement and what you see in this the bar charts then is the per cent of the total newspaper newspapers of note
front page coverage that's devoted to occupy and then the other and what you see in the lines in the background were family and i'll zoom into this the 2nd is is Twitter data
so on occupy related hashtags being used I so before I write jump into that quickly give us sort of short overview of some of the key media texts that were circulated of course this is the famous Adbusters poster and busses a small media will medium-sized media jamming and magazine that's been around for over a decade and that once the like this iconic poster on as an indication for people to experience the top here moments they talked about so the related to the Spanish indignados movement and the idea was to take the energy of the global cycle of struggles are coming out of the Arab spring and think about what it would look like in the United States and this is September 3rd of planning session of a small group of people who were thinking about actually doing an occupation of wall Street on September 17 this is a map that they developed so for the plan to do so and on September 7th they actually did a test run of the occupation and several people were arrested and totally invisible in really in in any media space not beverages believe in the social media space but september 10th anonymous produces a video which I don't have time to show you now and but these these slides will be online and you can look at them later when you have internet access calling for people to support people's right to peacefully assemble and the anonymous US support for thus September 17th action comes at a week beforehand really actually is the person you get a bump in sort of social media visibility that this is going to be an action that may be worth paying attention to it circulates through alternative media spaces in autonomous networks on as well as the summary and social media and then OK so this also is in a loaded load really really slowly but what what is acted out so this that is a video of 3 young white women are taking part in occupied action and being kettled by New York police with this on which sort of roping material written and if you saw this video because only a handful of people so then they were killed him and pepper
sprayed and so I'm policing of casually walking up and then I tapestry in the screaming in people collapsing in agony in this this video really circulated vary widely on and this is the 1st time that actually on after the anonymous we get a big bump in the social media space the 1st time you get mass media coverage is really with the
October 1st arrest the Brooklyn bridge so over of about 700 people get arrested on the Brooklyn Bridge in in a in a large action and what we can see is that then and translates into the 1st sort front-page newspaper coverage that getting on or there's a there's a tiny little story before that here for the the 1st time the showing to get significant front-page newspaper coverage what comes after the 700 arrests and and you can also see it's a right mentions that back here you have the anonymous video so that this 1st sort of bumps on happening in in Twitter fast forward to October 15th right so global day of action called for by a occupy as well as the occupation of Times Square in New York City and this is a map of the locations of all the actions on October 15th on over 12 hundred action sort of documented there and this is an instance of who she he was actually on Crowdmap . com which is the host of platform of the the mapping the mapping system and of course that's the highest level of coverage yet for the occupy movement so on on on the 15th you get almost 10 % of the front pages of the major English-language newspapers are covering occupied and you get a big spike in the twitter in the twitter so that and then the largest like comes with the actual eviction of occupy Wall Street and on November 15th and have the highest peak of tweets in it's interesting here if you look at after of up at the top here you've got Twitter actually peaking not surprisingly as occupation is actually taking place and then the next day you've got the big answer front-page coverage all across the various papers and it continues on like that and so you get additional bumps each time that a major occupied is affected so you've got the eviction of occupied was Angeles here on the fiction of Occupy Boston here and it sort of you know continues on like that so this this will let us look at how media text flow across these different spaces within the media ecology so return now talking about the media culture so occupiers are just tweaking the Madison Facebook and not only getting coverage in the mass media there and gage in a really wide range very rich and diverse set of media production practices and we talked a little bit about the people's Mike unfortunately I wasn't able to load this video and bites and what this video I here actually demonstrates the people's like being used during a gel solidarity action in 1999 during WTO protests organized by the global justice movement and ever unfamiliar with the People's Mike Mike check Mike Mike Jack Mike Jack might this this is the people's my people's my you've probably heard and seen it's made famous by occupy the things that would have a much longer history OK thank you for it additionally a common
strategy is media teams and working groups and so these are the in the physical locations those those occupies the did have tents that tent set up and of course you have an area which is devoted to media and and media making and so here's an image from inside the occupied Boston media tends to people sharing different skills and ideas show each other how camera works are talking to each other about different sort of breaking news from within the movement and I love this over on
the left we can't quite see it but this is on the wall and explanation of how you use IRC Internet Relay Chat so I Internet Relay Chat is 1 of the oldest forms of of sort of simultaneous real-time communication it's very low bandwidth and this this little poster says I A C is a really really old old old style of communication that some hackers and used to use and so is interesting is that on the IIsi became much more visible not not in sort of the broader of media ecology and not throughout the movements but certainly among people who were working inside the new working groups people learn about this tool and use it to a coordinate in real time across the multiple complications of occupied and provide remote support these there more media tents from Occupy London occupy led to pretty common practice of course this has its own prehistory right so here's the World Social Forum in Brazil in 2009 and and it's a sort of again so independent center Brazil setting up of a physical location or people become still shares and below that is the G 8 protests in Scotland 2005 organized by UK in the media and and others with with the media and so on you click on the on the reclaimed the media 1 so this is very similar type of space and but as you can see here yes so in anyway that the monitors a lot bigger was the only thing I want to say so similar types of practices that circulate removing networks and life streams so life streams were widely popularized by the occupy movement and global revolution livestream was receiving over 80 thousand simultaneous views during some of the key sort of moments and then that was a really interesting developments and the video in the middle is flat tax burden is from last week collective uh 1 the founders of global revolution TV and and over here we've got a occupy streams maps which is created by Charlie the top who's a researcher at the at the media lab at MIT and based open OpenStreetMap so basically he's palling all of in real time the existing life streams
from the occupy movement and you could actually click on any of these and with then open up into a a real-time and so a lot of interesting technical innovation around also being able to browse and understand the movement media production practices but the point I was a sort of give here what's go back 1 was that there's a whole prehistory of livestreaming so in Wisconsin in March 2011 there's you sort of labor struggle and a recall proposal a governor who is vehemently union and this is a Kickstarter page of the local livestream trying to get resources to keep going the dream activist this in 2010 during their sitting of Senator McCain's office in opposition trying to get a interracial reformed for undocumented students and you In 2008 during the Republican National Convention as to the citizen media group called uptake did livestreaming of all the events and a lot of training set of people who were in the twin cities and Vlad I have no because I was I was there working with uh the Independent Media Center and with eyewitness video to document police brutality at r and c 2008 so uptake was doing livestreaming trainings and but participated in that got excited about the possibility of the technology goes back to New York and search training people on how to do this to occupy kicked around and there's there's a skill base because back even further than that over here is a deep dish TV which in the 19 eighties was a sort of radical media collective
that gathered money to purchase a rent time with satellite trucks and rates based on a satellite network in the United States to do live real-time nationwide broadcasting of anti-nuclear mobilization and also of the Iraq war 1 so they did livestreaming of the Iraq war 1 mobilisations Bush the senior the older and and so this again these are long sort of pre histories and how is 1 of the founders of deep dish TV also was 1 went to Seattle and became 1 the founders of independent media center to these ideas sort of circulate through movement networks is the point social media is obviously the and but just a couple examples from and so I mentioned that share dataset of 13 million tweets that were gathered by our she's the critical called collective on the also together a lot of data on the arab spring but we worked with them but to do occupied data hackathons word 2 of them and coordinated by a Google Hangout and shared life notes on the different projects and we brainstorm different ideas of how can we visualize these tweets that we understand better and what types of things people actually doing as they're producing new social media around occupied and so we came up with simple visualizations like this 1 is it's like a free open source version of trend stick and which just shows you different occupy hashtags and the volume over time and this is new occupy hashtag users over time at the left 1 is cumulative and this 1 is new and those those trends just mirror what we saw in the other 2 general volume so that the key events that happened I bring lots of new users into the network using the hashtag and this is by the team departed from acts that participated is is miracle here had a miracle so because seem produced this beautiful visualization using get the of the of occupied at occupy related reply networks so basically and each color represents a different occupied and the proximity of the points so that the black points are individual users the proximity is based on how frequently they communicate with each other and realize story short because I'm running of run time on what you see is sort of a representation in Twitter space of the actual could connectedness of different occupy location so I think the purple 1 is that that you check that's Amsterdam to Amsterdam is a little bit off you separated on its own some of the other local occupies are more tightly connected and we also looked inside what what are people sharing via these tweets these occupy hashtags so this is a visualization and if we were alive with that you could sort of browse and sort by the URL so people sending in tweets about what kind of things are they linking to and so we can actually sort and look over time and volume for when people are sending links to videos when there's an increase of livestream when they're sending links to donation via we pay and to sort of content and content categories on the types of links and around and there's a lot more stuff like shared this actually isn't from the Pakistan but begin tend to participate in both and so we're looking at the that the Twitter networks
are evolving over time and so they become more complex means of a larger media actors enter into those networks we could talk more about this later on I want can move on from from all the twitterers visualizations and then we had fun right so we also scraped tumbler for all of the remixes of pepper spray cops and we created a giant anatomy and pepper spray copper which is recursive which if you zoom into the image of pepper spray cup still end up looking at more images of pepper spray company just kind of keep diving in so humor is also an important part of the way that social movement media makers create and circulate images for the movement right and there's a lot of other stuff that happened right occupy design occupy hackathons to create apps this is the I'm being arrested alert AP and there's a there's a lot of different kinds of practices and we can sort of see here all all evening but I wanna move on and out of this space so how do we know which ones are important so all the stuff is going on OK great so you can find some anecdotes and examples well in occupy research wards survey that chris talked about the whole process of how we created that there's some credits over there on the left in terms of who who was involved in the key working group but on 1 of the things we asked about and in addition the demographic information and other forms of participation we are some stuff about media making so we've got . 20 % almost people said that they wrote a blog post about occupied and about 8 per cent of them made a video about occupy now does those numbers might seem really small and but they actually near what we find in the general population so if you look at the Pew Internet and American Life stats on the types of media making practices that people do online and it looks a lot like that the and then you can really see this fuzzy we need to make a nice visualisation sorry but we also asked so these are all different sources of media that people used and the columns are a sort of frequency of use so and over here this column is like in the last 24 hours and and then it goes on to the past week past month more than a month ago I
never did it and and so we have some interesting data points around the types of media and how important they were 2 different people who were part of the occupy movement was sitting here is like more than half of the people in our survey said that they never used twitter right but but the majority were on facebook within the last 24 hours there's that 7 % using IRC there's a 288 people out of our survey and 3 thousand you would never use IRC but those 288 if we start running across tabs at the predefined they were involved in working groups of unity working groups that kind of stuff and so I know what else is interesting here and traditional media not playing a lot of uh you know a huge role and so local radio local television and you know 2 thirds of people got some information from at at some point in the room station time but but I really it's not super important and the national light streaming video site is being out of a number of the other forms of traditional broadcast media in terms of who's using in the past 24 hours that's interesting and almost half of people are using web site of the occupy movement itself for for so if we step back from occupied right but what I'm saying is that I think that we could look at all social movements and sort of do this type of work and trying to some type of analysis around what is the media culture of different social movements and their different characteristics of different social media cultures might have and we wanna think about it a transparent what are the mechanisms for internal and external transparency when you're deciding what media gets amplified more what's the role of experts so there are these people who are sort of moving through movement spaces who might have prior knowledge to bring it in and are they participating movements are they accountable what are the mechanisms for accountability and again amplification and I have some interesting examples here but I to specifically in in a movement like chris talked about the racial composition of the occupy movement and it's like you know majority although different occupies take different steps to try and include the voices of people of color but but what are the concrete steps so in occupy you have projects like occupy the hood which is a concrete specific attempts to go out and work in low-income communities and communities of color to bring you know to connect with was happening occupied you have people of color working groups forming a lot of local occupies you have procedural innovations like of progressive stack Szostak is a list of people who organize speaker General Assembly in progressive stack says OK were to prioritize the voices of women and people of color and trans folks and they get to jump to the from the line wanna having General Assembly so there's lots of different strategies that movements might might adopt to trying to amplify the voices of those who are usually excluded and what are the norms around messaging to people to speak for themselves or is ever expect the stay on message on and occupied the a lot of training is about how to speak to the media not so much about what message to say the media but this is how you create your own sound and that was an interesting sort of relatively open type of innovation and bookstand standing is just media studies term for when you actually go and measure who did get to speak to the media to get look and see who got quoted that cited and we're working on some tools at the Center for Civic Media to use natural language processing to automate the extraction of care of like counts of standing by mass media by movement actors and open and close so what are the dynamics within a movement space that in in a social media culture that lean towards open and lean towards closed so in occupy you've got all these open spaces working groups that anyone can participate in different tools and platforms that set up where people can participate but you've also got close logics like 0 the police raided us what's happening camp and let's move to a secret hidden location and so my opening close I'm not is not only a normative a value judgment around opened always better close those good sometimes the reasons why you need to close down a particular communication process at a particular moment in time so this is due privacy and surveillance concerns but the question is how is the movement communications space characterized along these along these axes that's pretty much what I've got and so we need to use diverse methods we need to work within the framework of research justices Chris articulated to try and figure out what are the questions the movement actors wanna know and how do we do that together there's a rapidly changing media ecology that's very complex and and media movement texts move across them and between them and using rich and complex media cultures that include both sort of deep experience and knowledge with actors coming from other movements to share that as well as new people coming in and new experiences generating new ideas processes tools on and shaped by both open and closed logics of participation to that that so we have some time for questions here would be and then you have to life of a lot of them
on this insight of any questions you know what the volume of the story of given that there is
there's of of the intelligence organizations that would really like
to use this information for their purposes against the movement to you come across things that you've gathered that you thought it would make more sense to give it directly back to the communities rather than making it transparent say on our website so everyone can use it and perhaps how do you make those distinctions like what's going to be good to be transparent and what's going to be good as as within the Community Care Act back and talk about it in the context
of the data center because of they're actually for us comes up a lot from occupy research is is a challenge for us in the sense that we actually designed that survey in order to not capture data that would be sensitive or reveal the identity of particular individuals and the that but in fact a lot of things that we work with are many are undocumented many have really really can critical vulnerabilities so there are instances many instances in fact I would say the majority of the time where we're being open with our processes and that the data is protected in order to protect communities and so it is absolutely critical issue I mean that's not the only reason I there are a lot of times organizations that we're working with has specific corpora targets and that is something that you know and needs to remain and some of the research around that means remain secret in order to protect you know their interests as well with the logs dataset specifically for example and there's no personally identifying information for a lot of people in the last question was open-ended put these big thank you use and then like the name and you can't see this is great contact me known as ready so before we release the dataset name is the 1st step we quickly and all that leave all that information so that's about as 1 example is another question so back here to the quite
interesting how the information flows work through different technologies can be so I have also asked about and how it goes from social media to mainstream media to back in this particular case because I've seen the film the arab spring we got in their operations research a lot is that there is usually some sort of spectacle that gets mainstream media interest there and then people turn to their social network sometimes to get more information the anonymous media seems to have been a bit of a blend the police brutality so could you know little learn about those kinds of those ecology part yeah sure
think I mean you've done a literary work on this and I think that you know
in a way there's a lot of very similar process is happening here so the mass media organizations over the last few years has definitely transforms the way that they think about the social media space where you know there was a moment at the turn of the century where it was like what's ignore the social media space and so the time there was no networks like in the media existed but it wasn't sort of that visible on the errors of this period of time when there is this sort of battle lines were drawn between the traditional journalists and the citizens you know journalists and I think that by now in 2012 the space is really transformed a lot that many of the mass media quote-unquote organizations of course they're constantly now sample teams of people devoted to sort of sorting and sifting through what's happening in social media spaces individual journalists and editors some newsrooms actually have a team others it's more distributed but the idea is that you also lists are constantly looking curating what's happening in social media space and then putting them back out amplifying through to television if you're broadcast outlets and and then of course by doing that you're reading a whole new sort of set of people who are going to take that and recirculated back their social media networks both by reposting stuff that's been put on the side of of a mass media organization and more decisive writing or about it so it really is yeah think it's a sort of a complicated process of remediation and that has open up a lot I think recently and and is now a sort of a regular part of the way the process works nature of the details of the cost high on I wonder if you can talk a little bit about
media bias I noticed in the in the in the complex that looking at coarser generally are times the other newspapers record that there is a distinct difference between different papers and I imagine that that's probably true across different kinds of music sources so have you done any research on that and what is that look like and the question is are you feeding it back into the media the communities in terms of fact-checking and media question yeah
absolutely so I mean of course with the visualization that and that we just showed is really just looking at surface area of coverage and this is something that media studies you know folks income scholars have done for a long time but there's a there's a great work by Victor something Pedro from Spain looking at sort of the Spanish draft movement in the eighties where you get a team of graduate students looking at all the front pages the Spanish newspapers city Spain not Spanish language in the US and sort of taking rulers and measuring the proportion of the surface area that's covered in calculating it would take them you know months and months of this big team so this tool that were developing now which is called page 1 x 1 where she got a Google Summer of Code person to work on it with this this summer and were taking it from this handcrafted thing that you are published in doing where he is is just 1 person pointing and clicking to us out a platform based tool that anybody could use to follow a particular story and it's sort of we have this interface will give you the different front page of a newspaper and then you say this have my my story that 1 and following yes or no and if yes then you highlight the area and of course necessary it's not looking at framing and bias but the same interface design were also working on to the next step beyond that I would be to allow people to do true within a particular spot in a sense also highlight sensors of particular frames to frame coding on were kind of inspired by this work by Miro marks for reading a bunch of other scholars have a book called shaping abortion discourse where they really look at to live and looking inside different mass media outlets and creating a whole sort of coding book around framing again it took them 5 years and an army of graduate students but they generate is really amazing charts of the bias around abortion debates in Germany and United States in which movement actors get to speak and we're trying to like to build on some of that work to create a new set of web-based tools that allow people to do that type of process in a shared to open network so right now we haven't done that classic sort of frame analysis within the coverage but of course it's it's there and we could do quantitative analysis on it on it later on the k we have 1 last question and I make enough to know
I really enjoyed your speech and I think is 1 of the best substantive and I well I would like to hear what you take on the war does the label Xpress because that is something that I never really believed in being an expert doesn't really tell me much apart from the label itself so think every expert has an ideology so I want to know what you think about this label and choose which and so well start and I think since you
and I were talking about in the context of of art and media media space and so in the context of the work that we do where we're working with communities constantly to challenge the label of expert and it's really important for us to disrupt the definition of expertise is coming from specific sites in the context of research it usually is from the academy and we was moving into communities many communities who had really bad experiences again with research is not just that it's also the Kennedy internalized process of not seeing your knowledge is being also religion and knowledge and senior expertise is being expertise and so we try to sort of take the concept of expertise and put on the table is something to be challenged and effectively reshape on and reconfigured and and something that is judged by the communities themselves in the in the context of the time you have much to add to that that's you know research just this is the framework that we're working with them would submit legitimating forms of knowledge that are usually seen as legitimate but challenging the hegemony of the academy and to some degree corpora researchers over what's considered real knowledge and so if you mean why do they use the term expert in the slide so yeah i should change things so thank you will realize that you have users so that you if
rule to get from here I mean you