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11:11 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1973

Mittelchile, Küstenkordillere - Gewinnung von Palmhonig im Ocoa-Tal

In the spring (August) agricultural workers fell a few selected honey palms (Jubaea chilensis (Mol.) Baillon). These then remain lying down until October when the palm sap has matured in the trunk. Then the palm crown is carefully removed, the tip of the trunk is cut open with a sharp knife and then bound together so that it does not burst open in the heat or when dry. A container placed underneath catches the palm sap dripping down. The place where it is cut and the container are covered. The workers collect the palm juice twice a day from their base camp (bodega). The dripping places also have to be cut open every day. In the bodega yard the sap is evaporated until it becomes a syrup, it is sieved and then filled into smaller vats. Twice a week the thickened palm honey is transported by horse or mule to the canning factory down the valley, where it is thinned with sugared water and filled into cans. To protect one of the last remains of the honey palms, the obtaining of honey in the Ocoa valley has been stopped.
  • Published: 1973
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
39:22 IWF (Göttingen) German 1988

Der Bänkelsänger Marin Ivanov Nikolov in Sofia 1984

Der Bänkelsänger M. I. Nikolov (geb. 1911), einer der letzten seines einst blühenden Gewerbes, singt auf dem "Frauenmarkt" im Zentrum Sofias alte und neue Lieder und Balladen, wobei er Physharmonium spielt und Liederheftchen verkauft. In seiner Wohnung werden der Sänger und seine Frau über Leben und Arbeit befragt. Anschließend trägt er seine früheste eigene Bänkelballade vor, die vollständig wiedergegeben wird
  • Published: 1988
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
37:02 IWF (Göttingen) English 1988

The Fairground Singer Marin Ivanov Nikolov in Sofia 1984

The fairground singer M. I. Nikolov (born in 1911), one of the last of a once thriving profession, sings old and new songs and ballads at Ladies' Market in the centre of Sofia. In so doing, he plays the physharmonica and sells songbooks. In Their appartment, the singer and his wife are interviewed about their life and work. Then, the singer performs his earliest fairground ballad in full length.
  • Published: 1988
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: English
27:27 IWF (Göttingen) German 1975

Mitteleuropa, Rheinland - Der Lazarusbrauch in Jülich

Every year on Shrove Tuesday the "Historische Gesellschaft Lazarus Strohmanus Jülich" (Historic Society Lazarus Strohmanus Jülich) performs in public the custom of throwing up a straw figure. The film presents in chronological order the general meeting of the performers and supporters of this custom (with "national song", commemoration of the dead, conferring of medals and swearing), the preparations for the performance (studying of the reprimanding verses, making of the brooms), and the principal phases of the performance: procession across the town, throwing up of the straw figure, entry into the inns, exhibition of the "Lazarus" in front of the town hall, and delivery of the keys of the town. Finally the undressed straw figure is thrown into Rur.
  • Published: 1975
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
16:04 Institut für Film und Bild in Wissenschaft und Unterricht, Abteilung Hochschule und Forschung (Göttingen) Silent film 1950

Indianerleben im Gran Chaco

Grass hut settlement; digging stick construction; house building; preparation of food; manufacture of double-string bow; hunt; fishing; men's festival; medicine man treating ill; tieing knots; spinning and weaving; row and circle dances of women. Recording speed 16 fps, projection speed 18 fps.
  • Published: 1950
  • Publisher: Institut für Film und Bild in Wissenschaft und Unterricht, Abteilung Hochschule und Forschung (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
30:18 IWF (Göttingen) German 1967

Mitteleuropa, Tirol - Nikolausspiel im Tauferertal

The boys leaving school ( 16 to 22 years old) study and perform the St. Nicholas play in the Tauferer valley every year in some houses of the village. Performers: harbingers, bajazzos, Zillertaler, country constable, angels, St. Nicholas, small and tall devil, old man, death, Dr. Eisenbart, farmer, Sterzinger, priest, Klaubauf, gipsy.
  • Published: 1967
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
10:35 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Mitteleuropa, Tirol - Flachsernte

Members of a peasant family from St. Magdalena (Gsies valley) harvesting flax and hanging up the bundled stalks on wooden racks for drying.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
30:19 IWF (Göttingen) German 1982

Schafzucht im schottischen Hochland - Lammzeit

During the ewing-period the shepherd has to take especially care of the flocks. He has to assist the ewes in ewing, to control the feeding of the lambs, and to switch orphaned and abandoned lambs to ewes that have lost their lamb. This is still done by the traditional method of skinning: The dead lamb's skin is slipped on the abandoned lamb to deceive the mother ewe. At this time the shepherd must also warm newly-born, supercooled lambs inside the house and feed them artificially.
  • Published: 1982
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
33:38 IWF (Göttingen) German 1982

Schafzucht im schottischen Hochland - Schur und Auktion

Before shearing, done with electric devices and hand shears, the lambs are separated from the flock. The lambs are not yet shorn but dipped in a disinfectant, parasiticidal liquid prescribed by law. For the auction, held in autumn, the sheep for sale are loaded on special trucks and transported from the pasture to the public sale.
  • Published: 1982
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
51:52 IWF (Göttingen) German 1989

Weserfischerei in Nienburg - Arbeitsalltag der Familie Dobberschütz

Einer der letzten Fischereibetriebe an der Weser. Im Kontext sozialer Interaktion und alltäglicher Arbeitsroutine im Jahreslauf wird deutlich, wie die Familie Dobberschütz sich neuen ökonomischen und ökologischen Bedingungen anpaßt: Veränderte Fangtechniken (Aalschokker) auf der Weser, die zusätzliche Bewirtschaftung des Dümmersees, Forellenmast und marktorientierter Verkauf im Fischfeinkostgeschäft sichern weiterhin die Existenz des Familienbetriebes.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
06:32 Reichsanstalt für Film und Bild in Wissenschaft und Unterricht (RWU) Silent film 1939

Aus dem Leben der Kate auf Deutsch-Neuguinea - Aufnahmen aus dem Jahre 1909

Cooking bananas; smoking tabacco in rolls of leaves; knee dance and war dance with sticks; ghost dance with masks in coastal region and inland. Recording speed 16 fps, projection speed 18 fps.
  • Published: 1939
  • Publisher: Reichsanstalt für Film und Bild in Wissenschaft und Unterricht (RWU)
  • Language: Silent film
15:38 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1971

Mitteleuropa, Bayerischer Wald - Der Schindelmacher in Frauenberg bei der Arbeit

Thick pine logs are split in the courtyard with a hatchet and wedges. Inside the house the slips of wood are marked off with the use of a pattern and cutcu with a hand saw to different length. The shaping into shingles is done on the carver's bench by means of the shingle knife, the mallet, and the draw knife. Besides the working technique the film attaches great value to demonstrating the behaviour of the working man.
  • Published: 1971
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
02:48 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1959

Ostfriesische Wasserschöpfmühlen

Covering the blades of a post mill with canvas near Riepe. Scooping water in a Dutch windmill near Groß-Midlum with an Archimedes' screw which transports the water into a channel on a higher level.
  • Published: 1959
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
22:20 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1989

Mitteleuropa, Oberösterreich - Floßbau an der Enns

In 1985 the Museum of Rafts at Weyer celebrates its tenth anniversary. On this occasion an Enns raft is built by the traditional method from pine trunks. Former raftsmen and woodcutters show for the last time their ability. The film presents all the stages of the work, from the woodcutting, disbranching, and decorating over the wood haulage to the fastening together of the trunks.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
15:39 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1964

Mitteleuropa, Tirol - Roggenernte (Schnitt mit Sicheln)

In late July, early August the rye is harvested. Before harvesting, which is done by all members of the family, the reaping-tools are sharpened by beating the cutting-edges flat. During reaping the tools are sharpened again with a whet stone. When the reaped rye is bound, it is put on wooden frames and left to dry. The dried rye is carried into the barn.
  • Published: 1964
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
18:51 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Mitteleuropa, Rheinland - Anlegen einer Lehmtenne

After the old loam-floor is removed the ground is covered with dry loam, sprinkled with water and wedged by two cows, which are led across the loam. After that the children of the village compress the loam further playing circle games and the final smoothness of the surface is reached with the use of wooden beaters.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
24:27 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1983

Mitteleuropa, Tirol - Herstellung eines Wagenrades in Flaas

1. Manufacture of a wheel of wood: Drilling the opening of the hub, making the different parts, assembling the wheel on the wheelwright's bench, wedging the fellies. 2. Tiring of the wheel by the blacksmith in Lana, Meran: Measuring the circumference, fixing the wheel in a special holding device, shaping the wheel-band in the fire, manual welding, plaing the band on the wheel, colling the finished, burning wheel in water.
  • Published: 1983
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
14:38 IWF (Göttingen) German 1995

Mitteleuropa, Schleswig - Brennen von Torfkohle

The production of charcoal from peat for use in the metal industry played a significant part in the local economy around the peat-bogs on the German-danish border around Bramstedtlund until the end of the 19th century. In 1924 H. C. Davidsen was the last to use this process. Here he demonstrates again the making of grass sods, lighting the fire, placing dried peat on the fire, covering with grass sods and sand to make a kiln and, 4 weeks later, removing the cover and excavating the charcoal.
  • Published: 1995
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
25:19 IWF (Göttingen) German 1994

Mitteleuropa, Schleswig - Malen eines Schrankes mit Eichenholzmaserung

A small old wall-cabinet gets a new painting imitating oak-grain. Five coats of paint have to be applied: first and second ground coat, oilglaze, water-glaze and clear varnish. Both glazes are treated with several veining-utensils in order obtain an oakwoodgrain effect.
  • Published: 1994
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
19:18 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1982

Mitteleuropa, Schleswig - Winterfischfang (Eiswade) der Holmer Fischer

Principal operations of the last big "Eiswade" (catching fish with a drag net drawn below the layer of ice) carried on by fishermen of Holm on March 9th, 1965: cutting holes in the ice, introducing the nets, taking out the bag containing the fish, assorting the fishes.
  • Published: 1982
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
05:16 IWF (Göttingen) German 1994

Mitteleuropa, Schleswig - Vierspänniges Pflügen

Two teams of horses are put to an iron plough, the driver is riding on the rear saddle-horse, the ploughman is guiding the plough. The film shows the technique of "ploughing apart" on an a piece of marsh-ploughland about 16 m wide and appr. 200 m long in the Holstein Elb-marshes.
  • Published: 1994
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
06:27 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1971

Mitteleuropa, Holstein - Spinnen mit dem Spinnhaken

The film shows a cord being spun from twine remains and horse hair with the aid of the spinning hook, a reel-like device, used both for spinning and for winding the cord spun.
  • Published: 1971
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
41:54 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1980

Mitteleuropa, Holstein - Herstellen eines Weinfasses

The film shows the principal stages in making a fifty-litre wine cask: Preparing and arranging the staves, heating and binding together the staves, cutting the groove, making and putting the heads into place, hooping, and cleaning the finished cask.
  • Published: 1980
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
37:11 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Mitteleuropa, Tirol - Weben von Leinentuch

After preparing the warp by means of the warping frame and reel the warp is fixed to the loom. After fixing the front end of the warp to the take up roller and dressing the warp threads, the weaving process is started: The weaver inserts the weft by a shuttle and beats each weft thread into its appointed position in the fabric by means of the reed. By stepping on the pedals, which are connected to the shaft, the different sheds are formed. After finishing the weaving process the weaver removes the linen cloth (plain weave) from the loom and checks it.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
18:30 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1999

Erntearbeiten in Rosdorf

Agriultural work on the estate Rosdorf (near Göttingen) shot in the late 1930s (ploughing, chisel ploughing, drilling, rolling, harrowing, sowing, harvesting, threshing with a thresher). Finally the film shows a harvest feast from 1934.
  • Published: 1999
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
13:08 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1975

Mitteleuropa, Basel-Land - Fadenspiele

Two girls make together eight successive string figures. Then one of the girls makes a series of individual figures: eight rigid figures, two figures evenly moving and three string games (undoing the figure). All the figures are recorded first at 24 and then at 48 f/s.
  • Published: 1975
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
13:40 IWF (Göttingen) English 1986

Heathland Beekeeping - 2. Central Europe, Northern Lower Saxony - Preparations for the Swarming Period in a Heather Skep Apiary

After first flowering the bees are collected and returned to the premises of beekeeper Georg Klindworth (Langenfelde bei Sittensen) where they receive artificial food. Tools are inspected and repaired in preparation for swarming. Nets, boxes for sending the animals, basket hives are repaired and sealed in cow dung.
  • Published: 1986
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: English
12:21 IWF (Göttingen) English 1983

Heathland Beekeeping - 7. Central Europe, Northern Lower Saxony - Harvest of Heather Honey in a Skep Apiary

In late autumn heather honey is harvested from the skeps stored in the farmstead. The combs are divided. Comb honey is cut, weighed, and packed. Pieces of wax are removed and collected for wax processing. From unsealed honey cells honey is extracted with a wooden Stade-type screw press. The pressed honey is cleared and filled in cans and jars.
  • Published: 1983
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: English
25:22 IWF (Göttingen) English 1987

Heathland Beekeeping - 4. Central Europe, Northern Lower Saxony - Work in a Heather Skep Apiary during the Cast Swarming Period

Due to late swarming the number of hives inhabited has tripled. Inspection of hives, collection of swarms into empty hives, preparing a reserve of queens.
  • Published: 1987
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: English
12:17 IWF (Göttingen) English 1986

Heathland Beekeeping - 3. Central Europe, Northern Lower Saxony - Work in a Heather Skep Apiary during the Prime Swarming Period

Swarming time for the bees on the heath lands starts an the beginning of june and lasts several weeks. Instantly a pre-swarm with the old queen leaves the hive they are caught in a net. When the bees in the bag have made a stable ball, they are placed in boxes and sent for sale.
  • Published: 1986
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: English
18:48 IWF (Göttingen) English 1982

Heathland Beekeeping - 8. Central Europe, Northern Lower Saxony - Bees' Wax Pressing in a Traditional Apiary

Remains of the combs from honey extraction are used for wax production. Heating the kettles, melting the wax in water, separating wax and water in a collecting tub, pouring the wax into forms, cleaning and storing the wax blocks.
  • Published: 1982
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: English
22:13 IWF (Göttingen) English 1987

Heathland Beekeeping - 5. Central Europe, Northern Lower Saxony - Summer Work during the Heather Blossom in a Skep Apiary

In August the beekeeper Georg Klindworth (Langenfelde bei Sittensen) tasks include: preparation for immigration, moving transportable hives through the heath land, temporary feeding during absences needed for transport and prior to the main flowering, inspection of the heath.
  • Published: 1987
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: English
20:03 IWF (Göttingen) English 1983

Heathland Beekeeping - 6. Central Europe, Northern Lower Saxony - Autumn Work in a Heather Skep Apiary

In Autumn the beekeeper Georg Klindworth (Langenfelde bei Sittensen) smokes the bees out of the hives and collects the combs. Then he strengthens and feeds the colonies in preparation for winter, as well as packing those destined for sale.
  • Published: 1983
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: English
23:53 IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1965

Mitteleuropa, Württemberg - Fronleichnamstag in Neuhausen auf den Fildern

Corpus Christi day opens at five a.m. with the so-called "walking-call". Still early in the morning, the altars which have been set up out doors are decorated, and carpets of flowers are laid. After early mass comes the procession, which proceeds upon a pre-determined route, starting at the church and going from altar to altar, finally returning to the church.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
09:52 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1963

Mitteleuropa, Schleswig - Anfertigen von Schuhen aus geflochtenen Binsen

Dried rushes (Scirpus lacustris) are plaited to a strong three-strand plait (for the sole) and a slender six cord plait (for the upper part). First the oval sole is seamed together and then the six cord plait is sewn on in spiral twists.
  • Published: 1963
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
08:59 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Mitteleuropa, Holstein - Arbeit mit Wasserschaufel und Grabenreinigungsgerät

Handling of various tools which were used for the cleaning of drains in the Elbmarshes in former times.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
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