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2:38:15 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2012

Master class with Alain Aspect

Fifty years ago, R. Hanbury Brown and R.Q. Twiss, invented a new method to measure the angular diameter of stars, based on the observation of correlations in light. The analysis of their experiment in term of photons prompted hot discussions, and eventually led to the development of modern quantum optics, based on photon-photon correlation experiments. Similar quantum correlations can be observed with bosonic and fermionic atoms. I will present such experiments, after recalling the significance of the HBT landmark experiment.
  • Published: 2012
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
2:23:06 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2012

Master class with Charles Kane

We will give a pedagogical introduction to the topological classification of insulators and superconductors with an emphasis on the correspondence between bulk topological invariants and protected gapless boundary modes. We will begin with a discussion of band topology in one dimension followed by the theory of the integer quantum Hall effect, time reversal invariant Z2 topological insulators in two and three dimensions and topological superconductors. We will discuss the general classification of gapped free fermion Hamiltonians, along with its generalization to include topological defects. We will conclude with a discussion of Majorana fermion states at the boundaries of topological superconductors and in superconductor - topological insulator heterostructure devices.
  • Published: 2012
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
2:07:17 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2011

Master class with John Pendry

Transformation optics tells us how a distortion of space, and the objects it contains, maps into changes of the effective electric and magnetic responses of the distorted materials. This can be exploited to generate new devices from familiar ones. For example it is well known that a slab of negatively refracting material has lens like properties and can focus light. However the images are always of exactly the same size as the objects. This restriction can be lifted by applying transformation optics to create a negatively refracting magnifying lens that also has the property of sub wavelength. In the exact formulation both electrical and magnetic properties are equally affected by the transformation, but in the near field approximation at optical frequencies we can neglect the magnetic component. This leads to some novel devices that will be described in this class.
  • Published: 2011
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
1:09:44 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2011

Master class II with Boris Kayser

We will review the physics of neutrino oscillation, and summarize what has been learned from oscillation and other data during the last dozen years. We will discuss recent surprises that may point to new interactions and new particles. Then we will turn to the future: What are the open questions, why are they interesting, and how can we answer them through future experiments?
  • Published: 2011
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
1:17:27 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2011

Master class I with Boris Kayser

We will review the physics of neutrino oscillation, and summarize what has been learned from oscillation and other data during the last dozen years. We will discuss recent surprises that may point to new interactions and new particles. Then we will turn to the future: What are the open questions, why are they interesting, and how can we answer them through future experiments?
  • Published: 2011
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
1:18:12 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2011

Master class I with Bart van Wees

I will give basic introduction into the physics and technology of graphene, a one atom thick hexagonal lattice of carbon atoms. Starting from the elementary electronic sp2 bonding states between adjacent carbon atoms, I will show how the two-dimensional electronic bandstructure of graphene is be obtained. The role of the Schrodinger equation is replaced by the so-called Dirac equation, which decribes a two-component wave function. This leads to very rich physics and a interesting analogy with high energy physics. From an experimental point of view I will give a demonstration of the Scotch tape technique which made it possible to obtain single graphene layers for the first time. This made it possible to observed new effects, such as the anomalous quantum Hall effect, in field effect transistors based on single graphene layers. Various techniques to improve the quality and/or the quantity of the graphene layers will be discussed, including suspended graphene and techniques to grow graphene on various substrates. Finally a future outlook will be given.
  • Published: 2011
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
54:45 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2011

Master class II with Bart van Wees

I will give basic introduction into the physics and technology of graphene, a one atom thick hexagonal lattice of carbon atoms. Starting from the elementary electronic sp2 bonding states between adjacent carbon atoms, I will show how the two-dimensional electronic bandstructure of graphene is be obtained. The role of the Schrodinger equation is replaced by the so-called Dirac equation, which decribes a two-component wave function. This leads to very rich physics and a interesting analogy with high energy physics. From an experimental point of view I will give a demonstration of the Scotch tape technique which made it possible to obtain single graphene layers for the first time. This made it possible to observed new effects, such as the anomalous quantum Hall effect, in field effect transistors based on single graphene layers. Various techniques to improve the quality and/or the quantity of the graphene layers will be discussed, including suspended graphene and techniques to grow graphene on various substrates. Finally a future outlook will be given.
  • Published: 2011
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
1:12:34 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2012

Master class I with Juan Maldacena

We introduce the duality between quantum gravity in spacetimes with boundaries and quantum field theories on the boundary. We describe the arguments leading to the relationship and the dictionary between computations on the two sides. No string theory background is required.
  • Published: 2012
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
1:09:33 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2011

Master class II with David Quéré

Two hundreds years ago, Thomas Young understood how the solid/liquid contact is dictated by surface forces. Our plan is to discuss how the solid roughness modifies (quite dramatically) this law. Roughness can be either accidental, or set at a surface with micro-machined extures, which decides the resulting properties: super-hydrophilicity, water repellency, slip, anti-fogging properties, etc. We present recent developments in this lively field of surface science.
  • Published: 2011
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
2:36:48 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2012

Master class with John Turner

This lecture will introduce the components of photoelectrochemical hydrogen production devices as well as a discussion of the economics of hydrogen production and how that determines the necessary fundamental material properties of the semiconductor in addition to the other components of the system.
  • Published: 2012
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
1:08:11 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2011

Tuesday evening lecture with Andre Geim

Graphene physics explained by nobel laureate Andre Geim.
  • Published: 2011
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
1:10:02 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2012

Tuesday evening lecture with Alain Aspect

Fifty years ago, R. Hanbury Brown and R.Q. Twiss, invented a new method to measure the angular diameter of stars, based on the observation of correlations in light. The analysis of their experiment in term of photons prompted hot discussions, and eventually led to the development of modern quantum optics, based on photon-photon correlation experiments. Similar quantum correlations can be observed with bosonic and fermionic atoms. I will present such experiments, after recalling the significance of the HBT landmark experiment.
  • Published: 2012
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
1:21:53 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2011

Master class I with David Quéré

Two hundreds years ago, Thomas Young understood how the solid/liquid contact is dictated by surface forces. Our plan is to discuss how the solid roughness modifies (quite dramatically) this law. Roughness can be either accidental, or set at a surface with micro-machined extures, which decides the resulting properties: super-hydrophilicity, water repellency, slip, anti-fogging properties, etc. We present recent developments in this lively field of surface science.
  • Published: 2011
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
1:12:51 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2012

Master class II with Juan Maldacena

We introduce the duality between quantum gravity in spacetimes with boundaries and quantum field theories on the boundary. We describe the arguments leading to the relationship and the dictionary between computations on the two sides. No string theory background is required.
  • Published: 2012
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
11:48 CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) English 2012

The award ceremony for the FOM Prizes 2011

Klaas-Jan Tielrooij - FOM Physics Thesis Award 2011, Maria Antonietta Loi - Minerva Prize 2011, Silke Diedenhofen - FOM Valorisation Chapter Prize 2011, Pieter Kruit - FOM Valorisation Prize 2011.
  • Published: 2012
  • Publisher: CityTV.nl, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM)
  • Language: English
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