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22:43 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Using Spatial Business Intelligence For Asset Management

The maintenance of waterways is expensive. Optimization of reconstruction projects can save money and limit hindrance for the public. In this presentation I show how the implementation of Spatial OLAP can give better insight in the quality of the construction of waterway banks. By spatially overlaying inspection results with construction records, a better estimation can be made about the overall quality, potential danger and repair costs. Spatial OLAP is an excellent way to provide insight into the different variables involved in the planning proces of maintenance.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
50:05 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

VivaCity Smart City Platform

Many big vendors are exploring the smart city concept explaining that the smart city is a city aware of the things happening in the infrastructures. Thus the vendors are pushing for a Smart Grid, Smart Metering, Smart Sensors and Smart Whatsoever. This makes the city look like a sick patient, being monitored in many ways with histograms, gauges and panels for the information to be read. In our opinion this is the most unnatural way to interact with city information. Historically the most used way to interact with citizen oriented information is the map. Even today, with the always more precise GIS tools, the map can be an important part of a city information management tool. The VivaCity Project is a platform for the data-driven smart city. The core of the platform consists of a map- based view of the city itself, with all the possible cartographic open data made available by the governance. Beyond that, various apps can contribute in a smart manner through a set of plugins and entry-points for various views of the city, enabling a deep and complex interaction with the city itself. This system is self-sustaining, considering that the city already contains its monitors, which are the citizens. They just need two sets of tools: a visualization tool enabling the citizens to understand what is being done at a given time, and a tool to express opinions, problems and proposals to the governance. Considering that an overly generic tool loses its meaning because it has no real target, the interaction with the governance is delegated to function-specific or target-specific apps sharing a common API. This way both governance and citizen gain benefits, having both sides creating new data all the time and interconnecting information from the city and its inhabitants: governance has the ability make decisions based on real-time citizen-driven data, while citizens have the opportunity to create new services using the provided data. Figure 1 - Part of the VivaCity Smart City Interface For instance, the APIs offered to external apps are aimed to the following areas of interest: Politics, political decisions Maintenance • • • • • • • • • Security City Info, Touristic, Cultural information Management, urbanistic information Urban events, Urban Acupuncture, social analysis Emergency Management, Emergency information aggregation from the many sources available Economic, Managerial information Environmental, Energy usage information The data shown in the interface is the sum and interpretation of the data provided by the local governments through open data, or applications created by third parties like OpenMunicipio in Italy, the OpenSpending platform by OKFN or even simply mash-ups with complex datasources, like the USGS earthquake map, or the various regional APIs for simple services or any other app enabling the citizen to participate actively to the activity of his government. Using the platform in different cities enables a normalization of the services offered by the cities, and the direct comparison and interconnection of cities through a distributed API supporting the governance to empower policies and improve citizens’ lifes.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
24:39 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

TileServer: Hosting Map Tiles And MBTiles

OpenGIS Web Map Tiling Service (WMTS) is becoming the standard used for distributing raster maps to the web and mobile applications, cell-phones, tablets as well as desktop software. Practically all popular desktop GIS products now support this standard as well, including ESRI ArcGIS for Desktop, open-source Quantum GIS (qgis) and uDig, etc. The TileServer, a new open-source software project, is going to be demonstrated. It is able to serve maps from an ordinary web-hosting and provide an efficient OGC WMTS compliant map tile service for maps pre-rendered with MapTiler, MapTiler Cluster, GDAL2Tiles, TileMill or available in MBTiles format. The presentation will demonstrate compatibility with ArcGIS client and other desktop GIS software, with popular web APIs (such as Google Maps, MapBox, OpenLayers, Leaflet) and with mobile SDKs. We will show a complete workflow from a GeoTIFF file (Ordnance Survey OpenData) with custom spatial reference coordinate system (OSGB / EPSG:27700) to the online service (OGC WMTS) provided from an ordinary web-hosting. The software has been originally developed by Klokan Technologies GmbH (Switzerland) in cooperation with NOAA (The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA) and it has been successfully used to expose detailed aerial photos during disaster relief actions, for example on the crisis response for Hurricane Sandy and Hurricane Isaac in 2012. The software was able to handle large demand from an ordinary in-house web server without any issues. The geodata were displayed in a web application for general public and provided to GIS clients for professional use - thanks to compatibility with ArcIMS. It can be easily used for serving base maps, aerial photos or any other raster geodata. It very easy to apply - just copy the project files to a PHP-enabled directory along with your map data containing metadata.json file. The online service can be easily protected with password or burned-in watermarks made during the geodata rendering. Tiles are served directly by Apache web server with mod rewrite rules as static files and therefore are very fast and with correct HTTP caching headers. The web interface and XML metadata are delivered via PHP, because it allows deployment on large number of existing web servers including variety of free web hosting providers. There is no need to install any additional software on the webserver. The mapping data can be easily served in the standardized form from in-house web servers, or from practically any standard web-hosting provider (the cheap unlimited tariffs are applicable too), and from a private cloud. The same principle can be applied on an external content distribution network (Amazon S3 / CloudFront) to serve the geodata with higher speed and reliability by automatically caching it geographically closer to your online visitors, while still paying only a few cents per transferred gigabyte.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
25:37 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Disconnected Geospatial Mobile & Open Source 5 Rules To Success?

We present the challenges of building a disconnected geospatial mobile solution and devise five simple rules for the success of your app. This paper will look at the following key issues: Rule 1 Data Storage. Streaming GI data requires good bandwidth, by implementing a caching mechanism the end-user will always have access to the data for a given area. Rule 2 - Use Open Source. Free and Open Source software for GIS has evolved significantly in recent years and in some cases faster than commercial alternatives. The mobile field is a bit different and few experts are using free and open source mobile GIS, despite the good tools that exist. Rule 3 - Use Open Standards. In combination with the use of Open Source products, Open Standards can help future proof the solution. Rule 4 - Simplify User Interfaces. The time of the stylus is gone and users now expect to use their finger for driving the application. Specific attention must be paid to designing simple and clear user interfaces. Rule 5 - Implement Non native Solutions. Should separate solutions be developed for IPhone and Android? Could the answer be instead to actually develop non native solutions reducing development and maintenance costs. Armed with these rules we will look at the challenges on the road ahead to implementing your GI Mobile solution.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
26:23 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Leaflet: Past, Present, Future

Leaflet, a JavaScript library for mobile-friendly interactive maps, has come a long way since its inception. The library started as a one-night hack and evolved over the next two years as a closed proprietary API, developed by one person, and then was finally rewritten from scratch as an open source library in 2011. Leaflet is now the most popular open source solution for publishing maps on the Web. What’s the story behind Leaflet? How did it became so successful so quickly despite strong competition and lack of features? This talk will be presented by its lead developer and will cover lessons learned, the current state of the project and future challenges.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
23:01 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

LIDAR In PostgreSQL With Pointcloud

How do you store massive point cloud data sets in a database for easy access, filtering and analysis? The new PointCloud extension for PostgreSQL allows LIDAR data to be loaded, filtered by spatial and attribute values, and analyzed via integration with PostGIS. We'll discuss the extension implementation, basics of loading data with PDAL, and how to use PointCloud with PostGIS to do on­the­fly LIDAR analysis inside the database.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
16:26 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Gestural Interaction With Spatiotemporal Linked Open Data

Exploring complex spatiotemporal data can be very challenging for non-experts. Recently, gestural interaction has emerged as a promising option, which has been successfully applied to various domains, including simple map control. In this paper, we investigate whether gestures can be used to enable non-experts to explore and understand complex spatiotemporal phenomena. In this case study we made use of large amounts of Linked Open Data about the deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest and related ecological, economical and social factors. The results of our study indicate that people of all ages can easily learn gestures and successfully use them to explore the visualized and aggregated spatiotemporal data about the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
49:15 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

FOSS4G13 Keynote QGIS 2.0

  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
25:30 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

GraphGIS, Bringing Spatial Functionalities To NoSQL Graph Databases

Driven by the major players in of the Web like Google, Facebook, Twitter, NoSQL databases quickly gained real legitimacy in handling important data volumetry. With a first concept of key-value, NoSQL databases have quickly evolve to meet a recurring relationships between entities or documents. Graph / document paradigm provides flexibility that facilitates the representation of the real world. Beyond the representation of information of social networks, this data model fits very well to the problem of Geo Information, its variety of data models and the interconnections between them. The emergence of cloud computing and the needs driven by the Semantic Web have led publishers of geospatial solutions to consider other ways than those currently used to store and process GIS information. It is in this perspective that Geomatys has developed GraphGIS, a spatial cartridge for OrientDB, the Graph oriented NoSQL database. This solution provides support of geographic Vector, Raster and Sensor data, in multiple dimensions and their associated metadata.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
21:07 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

FOSS4G In Large-scale Projects

The presentation covers experiences and challenges encountered during the implementation of the Kosovo Spatial Data Infrastructure. The SDI consists of GeoPortal, Cadaster and Land Information System and the Address Register, all implemented on the FOSS stack and interconnected via OGC services.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
24:37 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Machine Learning For Remote Sensing : Orfeo ToolBox Meets OpenCV

Orfeo ToolBox is an open-source library developed by CNES in the frame of the Orfeo program since 2006, which aimed at preparing institutional and scientific users to the use of the Very High Resolution optical imagery delivered by the Pleiades satellites. It is written in C++ on top of ITK, a medical imagery toolkit, and relies on many other open-source libraries such as GDAL or OSSIM. The OTB aims at providing generic means of pre-processing and information extraction from optical satellites imagery. In this talk, we will focus on recent advances in the machine learning functionality allowing to use the full extent of OpenCV algorithms. Historically, supervised classification of satellite images with OTB mainly relies on libSVM. The Orfeo ToolBox provides tools to train the SVM algorithm from images and raster or vector training areas, to use a trained SVM algorithm to classify satellite images of arbitrary size in a multithreaded way, and to estimate the accuracy of the classification. The SVM algorithm has also been used for other applications such as change detection or object detection. But even if it is one of the most used function of the OTB, the supervised classification function did not offer a single alternative to the SVM algorithm. However, the open-source world offers plenty of implementations of state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms. For instance OpenCV, a computer vision C++ library distributed under the BSD licence, includes a statistical machine learning module that contains no less than height different algorithms (including SVM). We therefore created an API to represent a generic machine learning algorithm. This API can then be specialized to encapsulate a given algorithm implementation. The machine learning algorithm API assumes very few properties for such algorithms. A method has to be specialized to train the algorithm from a samples vector and a set of target labels or values, and another to predict labels or values from a samples vector. Thanks to templating, these methods handle both classification and regression. Two other methods are in charge of saving and loading back the parameters from training. File format for saving is left to the underlying implementation, and the load method is expected to return a success flag. This success flag is used in a factory pattern, designed to be able to seamlessly instantiate the appropriate machine learning algorithm specialization upon file reading. It is therefore not necessary to know which algorithms the trained parameters files refer to. This new set of classes has been embedded into a new OTB application. Its purpose is to train one of the machine learning algorithm from a set of images and GIS file describing training areas, and output the trained parameters file. Another application is in charge of reading back this file and applying the classification algorithm to a given image. With these two tools, it is very easy to train different algorithms against the same dataset, evaluate them with the help of another application which can compute confusion matrix and classification performances measurement so as to choose one or several best algorithm along with their parameters. The resulting classification maps could then be combined into a more robust one using yet another OTB application, using classes majority voting or Dempster-Shafer combination. Our perspectives for using and improving this new API are manyfold. First, we would like to investigate further the use of the regression mode. We also would like to investigate the performances of the new machine learning algorithms for other tasks achievable with OTB, such as object detection for instance. Last, we would like to evolve the API so as to export any confidence or quality indices an algorithm can output regarding its predictions. This would open the way to the implementation of new active learning tools.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
23:35 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

MapServer Project Status Report - Meet The Developers!

This session starts with a status report of the MapServer project, followed by an open question/answer session to provide a opportunity for users to interact with members of the MapServer project team. We will go over the main features and enhancements introduced in MapServer 6.2 and 6.4, including the addition of the new TinyOWS and MapCache components, the current and future direction of the project, and finally discuss contribution opportunities for interested developers and users. Don’t miss this chance to meet and chat face-to-face with the members of the MapServer project team!
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
28:35 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

MapCache: The Fast Tiling Server From The MapServer Project

MapCache is a new member in the family of tile caching servers. It aims to be simple to install and configure (no need for the intermediate glue such as mod-python, mod-wsgi or fastcgi), to be (very) fast (written in C and running as a native module under apache or nginx, or as a standalone fastcgi instance ), and to be capable (services WMTS, googlemaps, virtualearth, KML, TMS, WMS). When acting as a WMS server, it will also respond to untiled requests, by merging its cached tiles vertically (multiple layers) and/or horizontally. Multiple cache backends are included, allowing tiles to be stored and retrieved from file based databases (sqlite, mbtiles, berkeley-db), memcached instances, or even directly from tiled TIFF files. Support of dimensions allows storing multiple versions of a tileset, and time based requests can be dynamically served by interpreting and reassembling entries matching the requested time interval. MapCache can also be used to transparently speedup existing WMS instances, by intercepting getmap requests that can be served by tiles, and proxying all other requests to the original WMS server. Along with an overview of MapCache's functionalities, this presentation will also address real-world usecases and recommended configurations.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
26:44 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Mapbender3 - Create Your Own Geoportal Web Application And Service Repository

Mapbender3 is a client framework for spatial data infrastructures. It provides web based interfaces for displaying, navigating and interacting with OGC compliant services. Mapbender3 has a modern and user-friendly administration web interface to do all the work without writing a single line of code. Mapbender3 helps you to set up a repository for your OWS Services and to create indivdual application for different user needs. The software is is based on the PHP framework Symfony2 and integrates OpenLayers, MapQuery and JQuery. The Mapbender3 framework provides authentication and authorization services, OWS Proxy functionality, management interfaces for user, group and service administration. In the presentation we will have a look at some Mapbender3 solutions and find out how powerful Mapbender3 is! You will see how easy it is to publish your own application.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
22:01 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Past, Present, & Future of MapProxy

More than three years ago MapProxy started as a small tile cache with the ability to serve regular WMS clients. MapProxy grew from that to a powerful and flexible proxy for maps. Features like the security API, the ability to reproject tiles, support for coverages from Shapefiles or PostGIS and the various tools are just a few things that make MapProxy to stand out. MapProxy is used in countless projects -- by federal or state agencies and institutions, by universities, students and hobbyists, by small, national and international companies -- all around the world. It is used to combine multiple WMS services to one, make WMS servers available in tiled clients or to restict access to georaphic boundaries. This presentation will show you the most important features that were added to MapProxy in the last years. All features will be explained with practical use cases. Topics: - Cascading WMS: combine multiple heterogeneous WMS services to one, with coverages and unified FeatureInfo - Tiling: create Google Maps/OpenStreetMap compatible tile services from WMS services that do not support the web mercator projection - Tiling: reproject tiles from web mercator to a local projection - Security: give users access to single layers, restricted to user-dependent polygons - Render server: directly integrate MapServer or Mapnik into MapProxy - Tools: calculate scales, estimate the number of tiles, read capabilities, re-seed areas, ... This presentation will also be about the future of MapProxy and the road to version 2.0.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
24:23 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

A New Zealand Case Study: Open Source, Open Standards, Open Data

  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
26:42 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

A Cellular Automata Land-Use Model For The R Software Environment

A cellular automata model of land-use change developed in the free and open source software environment R is presented. The advantages offered by R as a development environment for a CA land-use model are evaluated, and the pros and cons of the approach employed are discussed in depth with reference to commercial alternatives.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
27:23 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

An Open Source Analysis Toolbox For Street Network Comparison

This paper presents a novel open source toolbox for street network comparison based on the Sextante geoprocessing framework for the open source Geographic Information System Quantum GIS (QGIS). In the spirit of open science, the tool- box enables researchers worldwide to assess the quality of street networks such as OpenStreetMap (OSM) by calculating key performance indicators commonly used in street network comparison studies. Additionally, we suggest two new perfor- mance indicators for turn restriction and one-way street comparisons specifically aimed at testing street network quality for routing. We demonstrate the use of this toolbox by comparing OSM and the official Austrian reference graph “Graph Integration Platform” (GIP) in the greater Vienna region.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
30:25 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Raster Data In GeoServer And GeoTools: Achievements, Issues And Future Developments

The purpose of this presentation is, on a side, to dissect the developments performed during last year as far as raster data support in GeoTools and GeoServer is concerned, while on the other side to introduce and discuss the future development directions. Advancements and improvements for the management of raster mosaic and pyramids will be introduced and analyzed, as well as the latest developments for the exploitation of GDAL raster sources. Extensive details will be provided on the latest updates for the management of multidimensional raster data used in the Remote Sensing and MetOc fields. The presentation will also introduce and provide updates on the JAITools and ImageIO-Ext projects. JAITools provides a number of new raster data analysis operators, including powerful and fast raster algebra support. ImageIO-Ext bridges the gap across the Java world and native raster data access libraries providing high performance access to GDAL, Kakadu and other libraries. The presentation will wrap up providing an overview of unresolved issues and challenges that still need to be addressed, suggesting tips and workarounds allowing to leverage the full potential of the systems.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
26:53 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Taming Rich GML With stETL, A Lightweight Python Framework For Geospatial ETL

Data conversion combined with model and coordinate transformation from a source to a target datastore (files, databases) is a recurring task in almost every geospatial project. This proces is often refered to as ETL (Extract Transform Load). Source and/or target geo-data formats are increasingly encoded as GML (Geography Markup Language), either as flat records, so called Simple Features, but more and more using domain-specific, object oriented OGC/ISO GML Application Schema's. GML Application Schema's are for example heavily used within the INSPIRE Data Harmonization effort in Europe. Many National Mapping and Cadastral Agencies (NMCAs) use GML-encoded datasets as their bulk format for download and exchange and via Web Feature Services (WFSs).
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
26:53 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

The RAGLD (Rapid Assembly Of Geo-centred Linked Data) Framework

As more linked data and open data emerges a need was identified to meet a rising demand for a suite of application developers’ tools to make it easier to bring together, use and exploit these diverse data sets. RAGLD aims to create a set of tools, components and services to make it easier to develop linked Data applications. This talk will describe the RAGLD framework and examples will be given on how it can be used.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
25:24 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

The Right Approach: How Toscana Is Migrating To GFOSS

The Tuscany Regional Administration had a rather usual proprietary GIS infrastructure (ArcIMS, Oracle, ArcGIS). They started migrating to Open Source GIS with an integrated approach, both on the sever side (PostGIS, MapServer, Geonetworks) and on the client side (Quantum GIS, GRASS), providing also training to hundreds of their technicians. What makes this experience particularly interesting is the fact that they worked form the onset in very close contact with the community, requiring that the code developed for them was generalized, and pushed to main source code. This seemed more cumbersome at first, having to coordinate with several other developers, and not having functions closely fit to their specific needs, but the superiority of this approach become quickly evident, as several functions were further improved and maintained by third parties. Among the most notable achievements were much improved topology support in PostGIS, SLD support in QGIS, and much more. We advise other administrations and enterprises to avoid the temptation of working in isolation, and simply using FOSS4G, maybe tailoring it locally, without contributing back, as this approach is short-lived, and less successful in the long term.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
21:26 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Tiles And More - Deegree Freshly Implements WMTS

In 2013, a new service type joined the deegree family - the deegree Web Map Tile Service. This deegree service implements the OGC WMTS 1.0.0 specification and is going to be the OGC reference implementation for this specification. Both, the OGC WMTS test suite and deegree's candidate reference implementation have been developed within the OGC OWS-9 initiative. The intention for implementing WMTS was that deegree had no clear strategy to handle big raster data. As a result, one of the advantages of deegree WMTS is the performant handling of big raster data - such as aerial images - and providing it through a standard-compliant interface. Additionally there is advanced support for using other web services based on OGC WMS and WMTS such as GeoServer, GeoWebCache and Mapserver as datasource for deegree's tiling API, which is the underlying data access layer of the WMTS. As a key feature deegree is capable of proxying FeatureInfo output from those remote services. The presentation will give an overview about deegree WMTS and all its capabilities, especially regarding the interfaces with other OSGeo components.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
13:56 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Using NoSQL & HTML5 Libraries To Rapidly Generate Interactive Web Visualisations Of High-volume Spatio-temporal Data

Twitter has developed over the past few years into a potent source of public opinion and comment. The service passed 500 million users in June 2012, collectively posting hundreds of millions of tweets each day, and several high-profile analyses of this data (such as the Twitter Political Index, which mapped sentiment across the US towards the 2012 presidential candidates over the course of their campaigns) have demonstrated its potential for insight and near-time customer feedback. Handling such large volumes and throughputs of data is a sizeable engineering challenge, however, and several commercial ventures (TweetReach, Tweet Archivist - many others) have sprung up specifically to deal with this complexity - at a cost. In addition, many existing solutions are unable to properly utilise the location data that is present in a significant proportion of tweets, losing out on the rich geographical context. This retrospective aims to demonstrate how an informed coupling of emerging open-source component technologies can be used to resolve the complex problems of i. large stored data volumes, ii. real-time streaming input, iii. concurrency of writes and iv. geographically querying and visualising results - with a minimal development outlay. Specifically, the construction of an open-source process to read, process, write, query and visualise streaming, geolocated Twitter data using the MongoDB NoSQL database and D3.js JavaScript library will be detailed, focusing on how MongoDB handles real-time spatial data (including spatial indexes & querying) and the unique features that make D3 so well-suited to visualising and exploring spatial data in the web browser.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
25:52 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

An Introduction To Open Source Geospatial

  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
22:36 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

CDM & TDS Data Server: Earth & Ocean Sciences Meet GIS

Different geoscience disciplines have developed sophisticated domain-specific cyber infrastructures for data storage, manipulation, and visualization. NetCDF, HDF, and GRIB are multi-dimensional array-based data formats widely used in meteorology and oceanography. However, these formats are not fully compatible with the visualization and manipulation tools supported by Geographic Information Systems (GIS), which caters to the discrete vector features and 2D raster formats commonly used in the geography, hydrology, and cartography. By providing a higher level of abstraction and enabling spatial, rather than indexed, data access, the Unidata Common Data Model (CDM) facilitates integration of NetCDF, HDF, and GRIB data into GIS tools, fostering interdisciplinary communication. The THREDDS Data Server (TDS) utilizes the CDM to work efficiently with large, dynamic collections of observational and model data. The TDS organizes these collections into unified, logical datasets, simplifying their access and dissemination. TDS datasets are exposed via the WMS and WCS Open Geospatial Consortium specifications, with support for time and elevation standard dimensions. Alternatively, TDS datasets are accessible through specialized web services that provide subsetting capabilities. The NetCDF Subset Service allows for spatial subsetting, while OpenDAP subsets by index. Finally, metadata discovery systems such as Geoportal and GI-CAT harvest TDS catalog metadata. The TDS ncISO service also serves catalog metadata directly as ISO documents, enabling text searches and exposing a CSW interface on TDS instances through these discovery systems. The CDM & TDS are OpenSource projects (https://github.com/Unidata/thredds) with strong community support. Members have contributed key features, including the ncISO and WMS implementations. Moreover, many interdisciplinary Web-GIS applications have already been successfully developed combining TDS web services with resources from other spatial data infrastructures. Coupled with Unidata's governing committees, the projects provide a unique framework that establishes quality standards and ensures that development meets community needs
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
29:23 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

A Toe In The Water - Using Open Source Software To Support Catchment Management Planning

Integrated river catchment management planning seeks to balance many demands on the water and land, to protect water resources and ecology for the benefit of the economy, society and the natural world. Third sector organisations have a key role in this process - providing both the practical delivery of river restoration work, and an 'honest broker' role between government, private sector interests and local communities, to try and balance these often conflicting interests in a sustainable catchment plan. However, access to the complex evidence, software models and datasets, which are required for strategic environmental management planning, can be difficult for the third sector and community groups, due to reasons such as cost, licensing restrictions or technical capability. As the umbrella organisation of the rivers trusts movement in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, The Rivers Trust has been exploring the potential for open source software and datasets to improve the sharing of information and evidence with a range of stakeholders in the catchment management planning process. A web GIS application for identifying and prioritising barriers to migratory fish (based on Geoserver) and an application to identify sources of diffuse sediment pollution (built on SAGA GIS) will be demonstrated, and plans for future development of open source tools and data sharing is discussed.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
18:37 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Analysis Of Realtime Stream Data With Anvil

  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
18:55 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Big Data In Standardization: Can This Fly?

In geo data, a main footprint coming from Big Data stems from remote sensing, atmospheric and ocean models, and statistics data. In the strive for interoperability, standardizaiton bodies establish interface specifications for large-scale geo services. Are these standards really helpful, or do they inhibit performance? We investigate this and show both positive and negative examples, based on OGC, INSPIRE, and ISO standards relevant for scalable geo services.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
32:08 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Processing Data In GeoServer With WPS And SQL Views

This presentation will provide the attendee with an introduction to data processing in GeoServer by means of WPS, rendering transformations and SQL views. We will start by a brief introduction to GeoServer WPS capabilities, showing how to build processing request based on existing processes and how to build new processes leveraging scripting languages, and introducing unique GeoServer integration features, showing how processing can seamlessly integrate directly in the GeoServer data sources and complement existing services. The presentation will move on showing how to integrate on the fly processing in WMS requests, achieving high performance data displays of heatmaps, point interpolation and contour line extraction without having to pre-process the data in advance, and allowing the caller to interactively choose processing parameters. While the above shows how to make GeoSever perform the processing, the analytics abilities of spatial databases are not to be forgotten, the presentation will move on showing how certain classes of processing can be achieved directly in the database. Eventually, the presentation will close with some guidance on how to choose the best processing approach depending on the application needs, data volumes and frequency of update, mentioning also the possibly to leverage GeoServer own processes from batch tools such as GeoBatch. At the end the attendee will be able to easily issue WPS requests both for Vectors and Rasters to GeoServer trhough the WPS Demo Builder, enrich SLDs with awesome on-the-fly rendering transformations and play with virtal SQL views in order to create dynamic layers.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
28:27 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Open Geospatial Data And Services Publication On The Cloud: The INGEOCLOUDS Open Source Approach

The cloud can be used as an infrastructure, as a platform or as a (desktop) software replacement according to the three different paradigms that it supports (IaaS, PaaS and SaaS). On the other hand at the moment more and more applications are using the cloud as their backend since it promises (unlimited) scalability and elasticity in terms of storage and computing power. In the open source geospatial world a lot of effort has been invested in developing excellent software that can be used to store, manage, visualize and publish on the web geospatial data and services. But when it comes to the cloud those offerings are not always readily available since the software, we all build, does not scale in a way that can take advantage of the cloud. In that respect we worked towards providing scalability and elasticity capabilities for the storage, querying and visualization of geospatial data based on existing open source solutions like the Mapserver, PostGIS, Apache and so on. We also worked on the lower part of the software stack so that we can build an elastic file system for storing geospatial data. So we are in the process of offering a fully open source solution that can take advantage of the cloud and its properties. Moreover we have coupled this solution with support for publishing anyone’s geospatial data as Linked Open Data so that they can be readily combined with other data on the web. In that respect we are using an open source SPARQL endpoint (Virtuoso) that allows us to store geospatially enabled information given that a suitable conceptual model will be provided described in RDF. Thus we allow for seamless integration of published data on the semantic web and we provide the necessary services for integrating this kind of offering in other applications in the future. Additionally we identified an emerging need to allow end users to publish their own data and create dynamically their own customized services on the cloud. Thus we exploit cloud’s “unlimited” storage capabilities to allow end users to publish their own data (as long as it is cost effective, too), combine them with existing data and create their own WMS/WFS customized services and publish them on the web. This has a great value-added for the users since they can actually publish their own maps. Finally, we demonstrate the capabilities of our technical solution by building and offering a set of advanced geophysical services through the platform. These services include a service for creating shakemaps (maps the visualize the effects caused by an earthquake to the environment), predicting landslides (providing maps assessing the possibility of landslides) and handling pollution information in ground waters. In conclusion, we offer an open source software stack that is based on existing open source software and extends it as needed in order to take to the most possible advantage of the properties of the cloud. We have tried to keep the software agnostic for the specific cloud and its capabilities. The work is carried out within the INGEOCLOUDS FP7 Project, co-funded by the EU, and with the participation of companies (AKKA technologies, France), research centers (CNR, Italy and FORTH, Greece) and data providers like geological surveys (GEUS, Denmark; GEO-ZS, Slovenia; BRGM, France and EKBAA, Greece) and earthquake research institutes (EPPO, Greece).
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
27:53 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

Scribe: MapServer Mapfile Development Made Easy

Anyone who has tried to create great looking maps for a large dataset such as OpenStreetMap knows how daunting of a task that can be. Scribe is the solution to this painstaking task. This presentation will introduce this new way to not only edit, but mostly to manage, mapfiles. No matter how much data you have, how many mapfiles or the complexity of your symbology, it will help you sort out the essential by removing the iterative part of the process. Getting rid of all of this error prone copy-paste as well! Scribe is a python script that allows you to write a configuration file instead of a mapfile. The configuration is similar to Basemaps, but simpler to use and less verbose.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
24:45 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

OpenWIS Opensource Software

OpenWIS OpenSource Software The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has been working for several years towards upgrading its global infrastructure to support all of its international programmes of work, both operational and research-based, to collect, share and disseminate information. The new infrastructure is called the WIS ( WMO Information System). It identifies three top level functions, namely: • GISC: Global Information System Centre; • DCPC: Data Collection and Production Centre; • NC: National Centre. Météo-France, the UK Met Office, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, the Korean Meteorological Administration and Meteo France International have developed the OpenWIS software, coupled with their existing systems, to perform the three functions required by the WMO Information System; that is, GISC, DCPC and NC. Based on opensource bricks, with GeoNetwork, OpenAM, JBoss, Apache, Solr and PostGreSQL, OpenWIS is going to become opensource. Beyond the WIS requirements, the OpenWIS consortium is building new functionalities for OpenWIS that will fit the OGC (OpenGeospatial Consortium) and INSPIRE (European directive) aspects, with standards OGC interfaces, a portal providing the viewer function with the discovery, search and request possibilities, and in a short future the billing and the transformation services. The current functional components of OpenWIS are: • Data Service and its cache of essential data • Metadata Service (ISO19115 catalogue synchronised with OAI-PMH protocol) • Security Service • Monitoring and Control • Portal (Discovery, Search, Browse, Request, Subscription) Météo France operates various dissemination tools. OpenWIS provide a generic interface that Météo France has adapted, covering requests for dissemination and their monitoring. OpenWIS interacts with data sources to respond to ad hoc or periodic subscription requests either directly via harness connections or relying on SOA OGC infrastructure. The new challenge of the consortium is to share the opensource model and expand membership beyond the founding members. The reflexion within the consortium enables to give some trends: • A steering committee for the integration of new functionalities (spontaneous or not) • One or two licences (the portal and the metadata component inheriting of the GeoNetwork licence) • A strong but reduced team for the initial developpement (MetOffice and Meteo France) • Git for the management of versioning and integration • The will to put the soft on the shelves of the World Meteorological Organisation • Entrance in the opensource area by the end of 2013
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
22:02 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

OpenLayers 3 Showcase

OpenLayers 3 enables a huge range of new web mapping functionality. In this talk, we'll show off many of the cool features of OpenLayers 3, including: Rich interaction and animation Virtual globe integration Raster layer effects Wide-ranging data source support The talk will be light on technical details and heavy with cool demos to show you how OpenLayers 3 opens up new and exciting ways of presenting your geospatial data.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
16:33 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

The Architecture Of Mobile Traffic Map Service

MOLIT(Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport) has established NTIC(National Transport Information Center) for effective management of various kinds of transportations in South Korea and released several services that people can use. Gaia3D Inc., has involved in one part of mobile service which displays traffic status on roads, streets, and highways up on geographical map, making people easily check the status of traffc wherever they’re heading. Gaia3D Inc., will introduce not only the experience of implementing mobile traffic map service (iPhone App, Android App, and Mobile Web Client) showing traffic on roads, streets, and highways at NTIC using Squid Proxy Server, GeoServer, and SQL Server but also advanced architecture coming up in 2014. NTIC system collects all kinds of real time traffic data of all highways, routes, streets, and roads in South Korea and divides those collected traffic data into three colors in green, yellow, and red by speed. These colorized traffic data are mashed up with map data to service on mobile devices. Servers carry out tiling traffic map in every 5 minutes and clients receive and display those tiled data. This system aimed at tolerating peak times of two major holiday seasons in South Korea - Chuseok(Korean Thanksgiving day) and Seolnal(Lunatic New Year’s day) when almost 15 million people per day travel at the peakest dat and about 8 million vehicels are poured out to roads, streets, and highways, so the system should be designed to safely handle over 100,000 concurrent connections. The whole system is consisted of two Cache Servers with Squid Proxy, six Map Server with GeoServer, and three Database Server with SQL Server. Real time traffic information and road lines are managed in SQL Server and provided to GeoServer. Traffic map tiles are produced in GeoServer and are passed to Cache Server. The client is designed to request tiles via interface of WMTS(Web Map Tile Service) protocol with Time Tag. The very initail architecture designed in 2012 somehow managed to endure traffic loads at peak times, but had some problems, which was quite disappointing and unexpected results. In order to improve the system, we’ve mainly focused on the enhancement of scalability. Also, we’ve newly redesigned the system into seperating tile producing servers and managing static contents using NGINX web server.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
19:05 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2013

The Business Case For Open Standards

The use of open standards has brought considerable business value to Ordnance Survey, Great Britain’s national mapping authority. Ordnance Survey participates in the development process for open standards in international standards bodies and is an early adopter of many open standards. The use of open standards has enabled Ordnance Survey to future proof internal information systems, foster innovation within new product development and better serve data to its customers. The use of open standards has brought considerable business value to Ordnance Survey, Great Britain’s national mapping authority. Ordnance Survey participates in the development process for open standards in international standards bodies and is an early adopter of many open standards. The use of open standards has enabled Ordnance Survey to future proof internal information systems, foster innovation within new product development and better serve data to its customers.
  • Published: 2013
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
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AV-Portal 3.7.0 (943df4b4639bec127ddc6b93adb0c7d8d995f77c)