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20:49 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Semantic assessment and monitoring of crowdsourced geographic information

Whilst opensource software allows for the transparent collection of crowdsourced geographic information, in order for this material to be of value it is crucial that it be trusted. A semantic assessment of a feature’s attributes against ontologies representative of features likely to reside in this location provides an indication of how likely it is that the information submitted actually represents what is on the ground. This trust rating can then be incorporated into provenance information to provide users of the dataset an indication of each feature’s likely accuracy. Further to this, querying of provenance information can identify the features with the highest/lowest trust rating at a point in time. This presentation uses crowdsourced data detailing the location of fruit trees as a case study to demonstrate these concepts. Submissions of such crowdsourced information – by way of, say, an OpenLayers frontend – allow for the collection of both coordinate and attribute data. The location data indicates the relevant ontologies – able to be developed in Protégé – that describe the fruit trees likely to be encountered. If the fruit name associate with a submitted feature is not found in this area (e.g. a coconut tree in Alaska) then, by way of this model, the feature is determined to be inaccurate and given a low trust rating. Note that the model does not deem the information wrong or erase it, simply unlikely to be correct and deemed to be of questionable trust. The process continues by comparing submitted attribute data with the information describing the type of fruit tree – such as height – that is contained in the relevant ontologies. After this assessment of how well the submitted feature “fits” with its location the assigned trust rating is added to the feature’s provenance information via a semantic provenance model (akin to the W3C’s OPM). Use of such semantic web technologies then allows for querying to identify lower quality (less trustworthy) features and the reasons for their uncertainty (whether it be an issue with collection – such as not enough attribute data being recorded; time since collection – given degradation of data quality over time, i.e. older features are likely less accurate than newer ones; or because of a major event that could physically alter/remove the actual element, like a storm or earthquake). The tendency for crowdsourced datasets to be continually updated and amended means they are effectively dynamic when compared to more traditional datasets that are generally fixed to a set period/point in time. This requires them to be easily updated; however, it is important that efforts are directed at identifying and strengthening the features which represent the weakest links in the dataset. This is achievable through the use of opensource software and methods detailed in this presentation.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
32:29 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Magical PostGIS in three brief movements

Everyone knows you can query a bounding box or even spatially join tables in PostGIS, but what about more advanced magic? This short symphony of PostGIS examples will look at using advanced features of PostGIS and PostgreSQL to accomplish surprising results: * Using full text search to build a spatially interactive web form. * Using raster functionality to look into the future. * Using standard PostgreSQL features to track and visualize versioning in data. PostGIS is a powerful tool on it's own, but combined with the features of PostgreSQL, it is almost magical.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
31:05 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

OSGeo and LocationTech Comparison

We have two great organizations supporting our Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial: The Open Source Geospatial Foundation and LocationTech. Putting on events like FOSS4G is primary responsibility of these software foundations - supporting our great open source software is! This talk will introduce OSGeo and LocationTech, and balance the tricky topic of comparison for those interested in what each organisation offers. We will also look at areas where these organizations are collaboration and explore possibilities for future work. Each of these software foundations support for their existing projects, ranging from "release parties" such as OSGeo Live or the Eclipse Annual Release. We are also interested in the ��incubation�� process each provides to onboard new projects. Review of the incubation provides an insight into an organization's priorities. This talks draws the incubation experience of: * GeoServer (OSGeo), GeoTools (OSGeo), * GeoGig (LocationTech), uDig (LocationTech) If you are an open source developer interested in joining a foundation we will cover some of the resource, marking and infrastructure benefits that may be a factor for consideration. We will also looking into some of the long term benefits a software foundation provides both you and importantly users of your software. If you are a team members faced with the difficult choice of selecting open source technologies this talk can help. We can learn a lot about the risks associated with open source based on how each foundation seeks to protect you. The factors a software foundation considers for its projects provide useful criteria you can use to evaluate any projects.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
18:37 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Satellite Snow Cover Products Evaluation and Validation Platform Developed Entirely With Floss Software

The monitoring of snow cover extent is important for the management of natural resource, extreme events prediction such as snowmelt floods, avalanches etc. The current status is that the network of weather stations is too sparse in regions with seasonal snow cover to provide reliable snow monitoring and impact applications. Remote sensing can regularly provide maps of snow cover extent, under limitations imposed by satellite cycles or cloud cover. A number of daily or synthesis snow cover extent products, covering Romania, with different resolutions and specifications, are available for free (e.g. GLOBSNOW, CryoLand, H-SAF, IMS). These products were homogenized and included, along with reference and in-situ data, into an application that make possible for user to inspect, process, analyze and validate the information, using a web based interface. The platform, created by National Meteorological Administration of Romania offers services based on Open Geospatial Consortium standards for data retrieval (WMS, WCS, WFS) and server-side processing (WPS, WCPS). The services were built upon open source solutions such as GeoServer, OpenLayers, GeoExt, PostgreSQL, GDAL, rasdaman. The application is composed of several software modules/services. The modules are split into two categories: server-side modules/services and client side modules - responsible for interaction with the user. A typical usage scenario assumes the following steps: 1. The user is operating the client functionality to select a temporal and spatial slice from a product cube (e.g. 5 months archive of daily CryoLand FSC data); 2. The users select a statistic method to be applied; 3. The request is sent to the server side processing applications wrapped as WPS or WCPS calls; 4. The process will trim/slice the coverage cube, perform the statistic operation for the pixels within the ROI for each day in the selected time interval; 5. The results are sent back encoded in a standard file format; 6. The web client display the results in a relevant form.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
21:33 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

GeoServer for Spatio-temporal Data Handling With Examples For MetOc And Remote Sensing

This presentation will provide detailed information on how to ingest and configure SpatioTemporal in GeoServer to be served using OGC services, with examples from WMS and WCS services. Topics covered are as follows: * Discussion over existing data formats and how to preprocess them for best serving with GeoServer * Configuring SpatioTemporal raster and vector data in GeoServer * Serving SpatioTemporal raster and vector data with OGC Services Tips and techniques to optimize performance and allow maximum exploitation of the available data The attendees will be provided with the basic knowledge needed to preprocess and ingest the most common spatiotemporal data from the MetOc and Remote Sensing field for serving via GeoServer.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
14:05 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

triple-A for the environment: make IT simply better

triple-A for the environment: make IT simply better With the new Dutch Environment Act, the legal framework for development and maintenance of the physical environment becomes more understandable and manageable for citizens, businesses and governments. A simpler and more coherent environmental law contributes to work actively and efficiently on a dynamic and sustainable environment. This entire exercise of harmonization, reduction and integration is headed by the motto “Simply better”. In addition to the merging several dozen laws and regulations in one Environment Act (http://www.omgevingswet.nl), also the central IT office where citizens can apply for a environmental permit is further improved. This should make it easier to obtain a permit for example for a construction or business activity. The information presented in this central IT office must fulfill the triple-A requirements, i.e. Accessible, Applicable and Abiding. On the basis of this is a national system of open (geo)data registers of which the data acquisition and management is mandated to (semi-)government organizations. On each area of environmental law, a domain expert is appointed; stakeholders of each domain are metaphorically organized in an ”information house”, and all houses are situated metaphorically along “the avenue of the environment”. Goal of the improved central IT office is to provide a clear understanding of the relevant legislation and to allow each actor in the process to work with the same data and definitions. Therefore, we developed a prototype which presents a concept of linking data, definitions and regulations stored in one central register using an online mapping service as user interface. Using Linked Data as strategy with persistent URIs, we are able to link the concepts in this register to an end-user prototype application. We implemented an prototype for the question: “Do I need an environmental permit for… applying a change in business activity?“. An air quality impact assessment is computed based on user input an visualized in a map interface showing the effects of an increase of nitrogen emission on the nearby nature reserves after extending a greenhouse farming. We used the AERIUS calculation tool (http://www.aerius.nl/) of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment and presented the returned geodata as GeoJSON in the Leaflet Map API (http://www.leaflet.org). With this prototype, we provide a concept which facilitates the clear understanding of the requirements for an environmental permit by making IT simply better.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
21:13 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Geodata for Everyone - Model-driven development and an example of INSPIRE WFS service

In denmark the public authorities register various core information about individuals, businesses, real properties, buildings, addresses, ect.. This information is re-used throughout the public sector. It is a challenge for public authorities to re-use data from different providers to perform their tasks properly and efficiently across units, administrations and sectors. Therefore all the authoritative basic data should be defined and standardized according to the same methods. Danish Geodata agency as Denmark's central public source of geographic data has established a set of guidelines for future modelling of spatial data for distributing them as open geographic data. Based on the guidelines a model-driven process has also been established. It starts from the data modelling in UML to the end where data are distributed through WFS services and download services. One INSPIRE WFS service will be used as a concrete example.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
16:51 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Revolutionizing map use in Norwegian newspapers

Norway represents one of the countries with most newspapers and media outlets per person. One topic that has an everlasting interest is land registration data - or more commonly: Who bought which properties and what was the price. Land registration data has always been a public data set. Every citizen can request specific information on who has rights to which properties. Up until 1. January 2014 the digital version of this data set was monopolized by law to one vendor - obviously inhibiting innovation. Starting in 2014 - land registration data has been opened and is now accessible to everyone. Webatlas seized this opportunity and hired two summer interns. The task was fairly easy: "Revolutionize the way land registration data is used in local newspapers." After two hard-working months the resulting web application was used by a local newspaper with great results. The newspaper could finally showcase an interactive leaflet map displaying all real estate transactions in the area of interest. Behind the scenes the interns experienced a steep learning curve using PostGIS, GeoServer, Leaflet and a range of excellent plugins. Some of the more stable parts made it to the general use with an Open Source license on GitHub. Today. The solution is used in the majority of Norways newspapers - now showcasing more maps than ever! All made possible by two excellent interns, open data sets and well proven Open Source software components.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
22:46 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Use case of a dual open strategy in the canton of Zurich/Switzerland

With a dual 'open'-strategy the department of geoinformation at the canton of Zurich/Switzerland opts for a strategic orientation towards open source and open data: Open in the sense of an open web-mapping- infrastructure based on open source components: Mapfish Appserver was developed as a framework for building web map applications using OGC standards and the Mapfish REST protocol. It is freely available under the new BSD-license (http://mapfish-appserver.github.io/). The Ruby on Rails gem comes with the following out-of-the box features: - Organize maps by topics, categories, organisational units, keywords and more - Combine maps with background and overlay topics with adjustable opacity - Import UMN Mapserver mapfiles to publish new topics within seconds - Fully customizable legends and feature infos - Creation of complex custom searches - Rich digitizing and editing functionality - Role-based access control on topic, layer and attribute level - Access control for WMS and WFS - Rich library of ExtJS 4 based map components - Multiple customizable viewers from minimal mobile viewer to full featured portal - Multi-site support - Built-in administration backend - Self-organized user groups maps.zh.ch, the official geodata-viewer of the canton of Zurich, was developed using Mapfish Appserver. It contains more than 100 thematic maps and is considered an indispensable working tool for everyone working with spatial data in the canton of Z?rich/Switzerland. 'Open' in the sense of Open Government Data: Zurich is the first canton participating in the national open data portal opendata.admin.ch. The portal has the function of a central, national directory of open data from different backgrounds and themes. This makes it easier to find and use appropriate data for further projects. The department of geoinformatics aims to open as many geo-datasets as possible for the public by publishing them on the national OGD-portal. The open geodata is issued in form of web services ? Web Map Services (WMS), WebFeature Services (WFS) and Web Coverage Services (WCS) - and contains a wide range of geodata from the fields of nature conservation, forestry, engineering, infrastructure planning, statistics to high resolution LIDAR-data.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
20:29 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Opening Address Data around the World

With over 110 million points, OpenAddresses.io has grown to be the largest open database of address data in the world. Governments, developers and businesses are realizing that address data belongs in a commons where it can be easily maintained, used by all, and drive economic growth. These early efforts are now powering some of the world's best commercial geocoding systems, as well as crucial infrastructure like emergency responders. But there's more work to do. We need to reform outdated laws, expand coverage to new cultural contexts, untangle shortsighted licenses, and invent new modes of collaboration between the public and government. We'll cover how OpenAddresses started, how it can be used today, and how we expect it to grow into a definitive global resource.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
20:32 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Research client side draggable route selection with pgRouting

pgRouting extends the PostGIS / PostgreSQL geospatial database to provide shortest path search and other network analysis functionality such as alternative K-Shortest path selection. But, in some case, client side draggable route selection (like Google Maps Direction or OSRM) is preferable. This presentation will research what is necessary to realize such client side draggle route selection with pgRouting, then try to implement the functionality to some browser(Leaflet, OpenLayers .etc) and desktop(QGIS .etc) client.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
06:33 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

PostTrajectory : Querying and Managing GPS and Trajectories on Postgresql/PostGIS

Recently, many services regarding moving object have been studied with using location information as mobile devices and systems are advancing. Trajectory is the data which information of the location by the time. The current database system is not defined that to store of the moving object data type. Therefore, the location information of object can be stored, but it is difficult to store those location information and time information together. In this paper, the extended system which can store the trajectory of the moving object by using PostgreSQL and PostGIS used as spatial database is designed and implemented.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
31:40 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Mapping in GeoServer with SLD and CSS

Various software can style maps and generate a proper SLD document for OGC compliant WMS like GeoServer to use. However, in most occasions, the styling allowed by the graphical tools is pretty limited and not good enough to achieve good looking, readable and efficient cartographic output. For those that like to write their own styles CSS also represents a nice alternatives thanks to its compact-ness and expressiveness. Several topics will be covered, providing examples in both SLD and CSS for each, including: mastering multi-scale styling, using GeoServer extensions to build common hatch patterns, line styling beyond the basics, such as cased lines, controlling symbols along a line and the way they repeat, leveraging TTF symbol fonts and SVGs to generate good looking point thematic maps, using the full power of GeoServer label lay-outing tools to build pleasant, informative maps on both point, polygon and line layers, including adding road plates around labels, leverage the labelling subsystem conflict resolution engine to avoid overlaps in stand alone point symbology, blending charts into a map, dynamically transform data during rendering to get more explicative maps without the need to pre-process a large amount of views. The presentation aims to provide the attendees with enough information to master SLD/CSS documents and most of GeoServer extensions to generate appealing, informative, readable maps that can be quickly rendered on screen.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
28:12 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

A spatial view in the culture heritage domain

Culture heritage institutions are hosting digital historic map collection and the collections more and more allow spatial-temporal searching and georeferencing of its maps. At the Saxon State and University Library Dresden (SLUB) this lead to the development of the Virtual Map Forum 2.0, which is a spatial data infrastructure (SDI) for searching, visualization and georeferencing plane survey sheets. This SDI mainly relies on OpenLayers 3, Mapserver, GeoNetwork and GDAL. Beside that, tools for automatic georeferencing based on image recognition software have been developed and compared with the use of crowdsourcing tools for georeferencing. A further topic, on which culture heritage institutions are focusing is enrichment, transformation and merging of existing heterogeneous metadata sets. The goal is to allow better searching and utilization approaches for digital and analog objects. In the SLUB this lead to the development of the open source ETL-tool d:swarm, which supports the transformation and enrichment of metadata records. This opens possibilities for adding spatial identifier to large amounts of library objects, like pictures, newspaper articles or books and through this allows for a greater consideration of the spatial dimension in discovery systems. Another big topic is long term preservation, which becomes even more important with the growing number of digital native publications and datasets. Libraries and archives as experts of long term preservation and spatial data infrastructure provider, which are confronted with tasks and questions regarding the preservation of content. They therefor can benefit from an exchange of knowledge and work between each other. The presentation will give an insight into the world of culture heritage institutions. It will present topics, where FOSS4G and libraries can benefit from each other. Therefore it discusses different issues from within the SLUB where FOSS4G is used or could be used and spatial issues are affected. The main topics are spatial-temporal searching and visualization, georeferencing, metadata enrichment and long-term preservation.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
21:10 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

GIS-modelling of long-term consequences after a nuclear accident.

In order to evaluate consequences of deposited radioactive cesium (and other radioactive substances) in natural systems a GIS based model called Stratos has been developed. This model incorporates information regarding deposition, transfer to vegetation and animals, intervention levels and geographical distribution of animals. The presentation will use a case study which describes the possible environmental consequences for Norway due to a hypothetical accident at the Sellafield complex in the UK. The scenario considered involves an explosion and fire at the B215 facility resulting in a 1 % release of the total HAL 1 inventory of radioactive waste with a subsequent air transport and deposition in Norway. Air transport modeling is based on real meteorological data from October 2008 with wind direction towards Norway and heavy precipitation. This weather is considered to be quite representative as typical seasonal weather. Based on this weather scenario, the estimated fallout in Norway will be ~17 PBq of cesium-137 which is 7 times higher than fallout after the Chernobyl accident. The modeled radioactive contamination is linked with data on transfer to the food chain and statistics on production and hunting to assess the consequences for foodstuffs. The investigation has been limited to the terrestrial environment, focusing on wild berries, fungi, and animals grazing unimproved pastures (i.e. various types of game, reindeer, sheep and goats). The results of a model-run are maps for the chosen products, with categorized colors - giving the degree of consequences. A linked text file gives relevant numeric values for each color. The Stratos model is written in python which calls GRASS-functions and uses as gui for model setup. The model has been used for two reports at the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, and is currently being used and developed further in the "Centre for Environmental Radioactivity" (CERAD), cerad.nmbu.no.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
24:20 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Case study: A full-fledged cutting-edge FOSS4G map production system

The development and the usage of National Land Survey of Finland's dynamic and high performance map production system is described in this presentation. The system is currently in use and serves map images both to customers and to NLSFI production systems. The data in the map production system are open data and being updated on a weekly basis. When the data get updated, a RSS-feed is generated. Based on the feed, the map products are updated. Data is stored, updated and replicated in PostGIS. Map pictures are rendered in GeoServer. The visualization of the maps is based on SLD-stylesheets. SLD-stylesheets enable the same data to be visualized in several different ways. GeoServer in conjunction with SLD-stylesheets offers a Web Map Service (WMS). Map images are delivered via a high performance MapCache Web Map Tile Service (WMTS) and as image files via NLSFI download service. The system is designed to be expandable and is currently being further developed to enable the pro-duction of on-demand printed maps.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
21:27 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Decision-making system for grants for maintaning services in rural areas

Sweden is a sparsely populated country. Normally market forces would regulate the number and location of both public and commercial services as schools, medical care, grocery stores and pharmacies. In sparsely populated areas these forces does not work. The Swedish government has realized this and gives economical support to some services in order to maintain or in some cases expand the service level. The aim with this grants is to provide conditions for living, working and contribute to economic growth in these in remote areas. To be as effective as possible a decision making system has been developed to support the administrators of the grant. The system allows the administrators to monitor the current situation, update changes in the service structure and simulate fictive scenarios. The system is built on an open source platform and is available through the internet to authorized administrators on the regional level of the Swedish administration. As platform for the system the following open source projects and formats are used GeoExt, Ext JS, Openlayers, Mapfish, Pylons, GEOAlchemy, Mapserver, PostGIS, GeoJSON.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
25:21 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

OGC GeoPackage in practice: Implementing a new OGC specification with open-source tools

GeoPackage is a new encoding standard created by the Open Geospatial Consortium as a modern alternative to formats like SDTS and Shapefile. Using SQLite, the single-file relational database can hold raster imagery, vector features and metadata. GeoPackage is an ideal data container for mobile devices such as smartphones, IoT devices, wearables, and even automobiles. We have created a few open-source tools to manipulate this exciting technology in a way that is useful to the geospatial community. Our goal with the GeoPackage specification implementations is simple: Create GeoPackages quickly and reliably while maintaining standard conformance. The single biggest issue we have faced is the speed in which large amounts of imagery can be disseminated to the end user. Data standards reliability was also a concern because we found many vendors interpreted the specification differently or to suite their own needs. Finally, the main problem GeoPackage was created was to solve was interoperability. We set out to create an implementation that would guide other parties towards making a data product that would function as well on one platform as it would on a completely different platform. Our initial implementation of the GeoPackage specification was created using Python 2.7.x. The software design was intended for command line use only in a script-friendly environment where tiling speed was paramount. The Gdal2tiles.py script was improved upon by harnessing the Python multiprocessing library so that multiple tile jobs could run simultaneously. The other piece of the workflow, creating GeoPackages, would be a separate development effort from scratch called tiles2gpkg parallel.py. In tiles2gpkg parallel.py, we implemented multiprocessing by writing to separate SQLite databases in parallel and then merging the tiled data sets into one compact database. This implementation worked well and increased the performance of producing these data sets; however, the command line design means that all but the most technically adept users would struggle to use the tools. With the initial Python implementation getting early-adopters a preview of GeoPackage in the short term, our team set out to make a production-quality GeoPackage API that could satisfy all user needs. Named Software to Aggregate Geospatial Data or SWAGD, we created a robust library for tiling raster data, packaging raster data stores into GeoPackages, and viewing either the raw tiles OR the finished GeoPackage products within a map viewer. Additionally, a Geopackage verification tool was created to foster community adoption. For more information, see our Github site here: https://github.com/GitHubRGI/swagd. Many open-source tools are being leveraged on the SWAGD project, including many common build and continuous integration tools including Github, TravisCI, WaffleIO, and Coverity. Using proven software development mechanisms like unit testing and code reviews we now have a consistent, reproducible, and inclusive GeoPackage implementation. We have an aggressive list of future capability that we would like to develop including ad-hoc routing on a mobile device, vector tile data sets, and even 3D support.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
19:36 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

On simulation and GIS, coupling and hydrology

This presentation shows how to better integrate simulation codes and Geographical Information Systems, and takes the example of Hydrological modelling integration into QGIS. Scientific modelling and simulations are present in a large number of areas. A significant proportion of simulation codes are applied spatially, at different levels, from a neighborhood scale up to worldwide areas. These simulation codes take spatial information as input data, and output results which are related to space too. But most of the time, they do not directly handle GIS data. Data types and data formats are different, and there is therefore a lot of effort to put into pre-processing and post-processing of the data to get it from GIS to the simulation codes and back. For example, determining the diffusion of a pollutant leak into underground water necessitates to get a DEM, location of the leak, geological data and more from the GIS, and transform it to simulation code input format. Then launch a simulation (on finite volumes e.g.), and convert the output into GIS files so that to be able to visualize spatial repartition of the pollutant according to time. The topic of this presentation is therefore to show how to better interact between simulation and GIS. We present the prevalent types of data for simulation, how they differ from GIS, and how we usually transfer from one type to another. Then we show how we worked towards better integration. Polygonal meshes are the most common way of representing 2D geometries for simulation purposes. Integrating simulation to a GIS requires storing georeferenced meshes in a databases (or using standard GIS file formats), and being able to use simulation values interpolated over the elements as a map layer. We show how to modify simulation codes to read directly a mesh from a GIS and write the results into a GIS. We implemented a new type of layer for QGIS, a mesh layer, which enables to display simulation results with high performances. This takes into account the temporal dimension. We also demonstrate how to integrate a simulation code into QGIS Processing so that it can be managed directly from within the desktop application. We illustrate these concepts with a demonstration of a full integration of a Hydrological simulation tool inside QGIS, with simulation management, custom user interface and strong integration of data between the simulation code and GIS data. In this sense the FREEWAT project started mid-2015, which aims at integrating multiple Hydrological codes into QGIS is also a good example of simulation and GIS integration. We end up with the perspectives for more global integration of simulation tools and GIS, and the work still to be done to bridge the gap between those two worlds.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
24:29 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Leaflet vs. OpenLayers: which is best for our indoor maps?

Leaflet and OpenLayers are two well-known javascript libraries for embedding interactive maps in a web page, and each of them comes with pros and cons which are not obvious. Having worked with both libraries for indoor applications, we will in this presentation offer insight on which of them is more suited to a variety of situations and requirements, and which challenges they should overcome in the future.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
21:51 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Taking dynamic web mapping to 1:100000 scale

CartoDB is growing to be one of the biggest mapping platform for the masses, being powered by a fully open-source stack, with PostgreSQL, PostGIS, Mapnik and Leaflet at its core. Our aim is to democratize map and geographical data visualization, making it easy for non-GIS people to create simple maps using the CartoDB Editor, but still keeping all the power and flexibility of the underlying components available to advanced users, with a variety of building blocks ranging from the frontend with CartoDB.js and Torque to the backend with the Map, SQL and Import API, parts of what we call the CartoDB Platform. Serving dozens of millions of map tiles daily has its own set of problems, but when they are being created by hundreds of thousands of users (which have their own database and can alter everything from styling, to the data sources and the SQL queries applied) everything turns out to be a big source of challenges, both development and operationally speaking. This talk will go through our general architecture, some of the decisions we’ve had to take, the things we’ve learned and the problems we’ve had to tackle through the way of getting CartoDB to scale at our level of growth, and how we're giving back to the community what we've discovered though the process.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
22:27 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Earning Your Support Instead of Buying it: A How-to Guide to Open Source Assistance

More organisations are moving to use FOSS4G software to cover shrinking budgets. It is very appealing to an organization’s leaders to ditch their current proprietary software solution with the attendant saving on per user licences and ongoing maintenance costs. Obviously, if you switched to FOSS4G to get better features and scalability you should consider buying a support contract from one of the many vendors that offer them, these companies support many of the core developers directly. This way you get all the advantages of open source, prompt support and often the chance to ask for new features. However, if you (or your boss) are looking to save money then you are moving from a cash economy to a gift economy. In a gift culture you need to build up your “capital” before attempting to take too much out. For example, you’ve downloaded the software and installed it, and all looks good. Then disaster hits, you have a demo for the CIO and nothing's working; Time to hit the user list, the developer list, stack exchange. Why can’t you get an answer? Remember just because your issue is urgent to you the developers might be in the middle of a new release or adding a new feature and have more important (or fun) things to do with their time. They will notice they have never seen your name before on the list, or on Stack Exchange that you have a reputation in the single digits – thus you are a newbie. There’s no harm in that but wouldn’t it be better to have got that out of the way before your emergency. You could have built up your reputation by asking some questions earlier especially questions like “what can I do to help?” or “I found an unclear paragraph in the install instructions, how do I fix it for you?” on a mailing list. On StackExchange you can build reputation by asking good questions and by answering other people’s questions. Once you’ve banked some capital there are still good and bad ways of asking a question. Developers are busy people (the GeoTools users list has 20-30 messages a day for example) no one has time to read all of them closely. If you use a poor subject (e.g. "Help!!!!") or don’t provide a clear description of the problem (e.g. “it crashes”) then the odds of being ignored are huge. It can be tempting once you have found a helpful developer to keep emailing them directly, but this is likely to lead a polite(ish) reminder to keep to the list so that everyone can benefit or silence. This talk will show how to be a better open source citizen and get a better answer than RTFM when your project is stuck and the demo is the next day. The author will share his experience with helping users and developers on the GeoTools and GeoServer mailing lists and as a moderator on gis.stackexchange.com.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
22:44 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Building OpenLayers Applications with QGIS

OpenLayers 3 is a powerful mapping library that can be used to create interactive mapping applications. Although it has a simple, intuitive and well-documented API, it requires knowledge of JavaScript to use, and no tools exist to leverage its functionality for more general GIS users. This presentation introduces an open-source QGIS plugin that creates web applications based on OL3, without the need of writing code manually. Elements of the web app are defined using a simple GUI, and QGIS GUI elements are used as well to define its characteristics (for instance, for defining the styling of layers or the extent of the view). The plugin can create different types of web apps, from simple maps used to browse data layers, to rich ones with GIS-like functionality, as well as others such as narrative maps. Apart from being an interface for writing OL3 code in a graphical way, it automates data deployment, and can import data into a PostGIS database or upload layers to a GeoServer instance. Altogether, these capabilities, along with QGIS data management functionality, allow to create a web app from QGIS in a very short time, as well as modifying or improving it later.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
27:05 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Utilizing Free Open Source Software and Open Data in the Crop Suitability Analysis of Adlai for Climate Change Adaptation

With 43,000 square kilometers of rice producing farm lands, the Philippines is considered as the largest rice importer in the world according to World Rice Statistics (2008). The increasing demand for imported rice in the country has been largely attributed to topography, underutilized farm infrastructures, typhoons and rapid population growth. Given the need to supply a stable food source to Filipinos, the Department of Agriculture (DA) has been studying the feasibility of the mass production of Coix lacryma-jobi L or Adlai, a traditional food source abundantly grown by indiginous people in the country for centuries. In contrast to rice, Adlai is naturally resilient to pests, diseases, droughts and floods, and does not need irrigation. In its study, the Department of Agriculture wanted to evaluate the adaptability of Adlai in different parts of the country for it to become a complementary staple food for Filipinos. The results of the tests in four regions (II, IV, V, and IX) have been very promising. The study found that Adlai does not need fertilizers and insecticides, it can survive with minimal rainfall, and it can be planted in upland areas. To complement the current work of the Department of Agriculture, this study aims to map the agro-edaphic zones or the areas that are suitable for the cultivation of Adlai. It will apply free open source software (QGIS) and open data sources (ASTER GDEM, PhilGIS, and DA). The selected set of variables (slope, elevation, and soil order) will be cross tabulated, and the result will represent generalized classes of associated soil orders in combination with both elevation and slope. The result of this study could then be utilized by the Department of Agriculture to determine areas in Region 11, excluding the arable land for rice, that are suitable for the cultivation of Adlai. Sources: Japan-Space Systems, Phil GIS, Manila Observatory, Environmental Science for Social Change, Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Research.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
25:04 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

How can the students get Geospatial Information and make a map by using the FOSS4G.

We propose one of the practical case that the students are able to handle Geospatial Information and to make a map by using the FOSS4G. In recent years, the informatization of education is progressing in Japan. Its aim is to distribute one information device per one child in 2020 by informatization of education. However, it is not easy to implement the information device as the educational method. It is the same situation with respect to geographic information technology for education. From such a background, we founded the NPO in order to help the school by using a geographic information technology in 2011. We have carried out some of technical workshops for teachers, development of GIS teaching materials, and the provision of curriculum. Especially it is important to use geographic information technologies in geographical and historical education. In the classroom of geography and history, students can understand with realistic by using the GIS teaching materials. Therefore, we provide the teaching materials created by GIS for teachers or students. GIS can develop the teaching materials to maximize the imagination of students. Mainly, we have been using QGIS in the development of teaching materials. The KML file is an output from QGIS. The method is to provide database system in web by KML file materials. The name is OpenTextMap. The FOSS4G have been effective in this activity. Our goal in this talk is to share the educational practice by FOSS4G to other people.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
20:31 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

The way to go with WPS

How to find your way in difficult terrain, with obstacles, hazards, and deep snow? We present a solution for cross-country path planning and mobility, based on OSGeo software and open data. A large graph representing terrain, roads, and paths is stored in PostGIS for use with the pgRouting module of shortest path algorithms. The graph is based on detailed topography, soil type and vegetation data, and edge weights can be adapted for hikers and vehicles. The application is service oriented and held together by the Web Processing Service (WPS), the OGC interface standard for computation-oriented web services. A key component is the ZOO WPS server. The presentation will discuss WPS benefits and describe graph and weight generation, including challenges such as accounting for dynamic data about temporary hazards, weather, etc.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
26:17 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

PostGIS Feature Frenzy

What can you do with this PostGIS thing? This talk covers some basic and not��so��basic ways to use PostGIS/PostgreSQL to process spatial data, to build infrastructures, and to do crazy things with data. PostGIS has over 300 functions, which in turn can be used with the many features of the underlying PostgreSQL database. This talk covers some basic and not��so��basic ways to use PostGIS/PostgreSQL to process spatial data, to build infrastructures, and to do crazy things with data. Consider the possibilities: raster, topology, linear referencing, history tracking, web services, overlays, unions, joins, constraints, replication, json, xml, and more!
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
22:23 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Use case of Disaster Management System by using Geopaparazzi and MapGuide Open Source

In recent years, large-scale disasters have occurred in the countries of Asia including Japan, rapid collection and sharing of disaster information is required in order to provide relief and support speedy restoration of civic services. This presentation discusses the integration and customization of FOSS4G field survey tools and Web GIS server to facilitate aggregation and rapid sharing of disaster related field information. Further, the system also provide realtime interaction between field party and coordination team. A case study of practical use of the system at the Osaka Water General Service (OWGS) Corporation will be demonstrated to present the salient features of the system. The main capability of the system usability is normal as well as disaster situation will be highlighted.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
23:32 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Point Clouds in a Browser with WebGL

Potree is an open source project that implements point cloud rendering capability in a browser. It is a WebGL based point cloud viewer for large datasets. Thanks to WebGL, it runs in all major browsers without plugins. This presentation will give an overview over the current state of point cloud rendering with WebGL, about the difficulties and challenges. Laser data is expected to play an increasing role in the next years with falling prices for previously very expensive hardware, the development of autonomous vehicles and the popularity of drones. Powerful hardware and WebGL will open up a wide range of innovative browser-based web services in the near future.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
23:26 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Big data analysis with Tile Reduce and Turf.js

Tile Reduce is a new open source map reduce frame work for analyzing massive geo data. Tile reduce is a tile analysis framework built on the javascript GIS library Turf.js. It runs on your local computer or in the AWS cloud and scales to run thousands of processors in parallel. At Mapbox we use Tile Reduce to detect issues in global street vector data like OpenStreetMap, data comparison and data conflation. This talk will walk through the architecture of Tile Reduce, highlight advantages, limitations and future developments.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
1:03:54 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

FOSS4G Seoul 2015 - panel discussion

  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
21:00 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

GeoPackage and how open source is changing the way governments think about standards

Government is a great sector in which to use geospatial technology to solve problems at scale. This geospatial technology typically has varying degrees of quality and cost as you would expect in any market. Combine the two with the fact that the ecosystem of systems, large and small, is very diverse, creating varying challenges. With this in mind, governments are now realizing how their decisions impact their future capabilities. In this talk, we will discuss GeoPackage, an OGC encoding standard and the challenges it was created to solve. We were encountering a problem with how data was being created, disseminated, and used. With the rise of mobile computing devices raster images in various native formats were being disseminated to a wider audience to use and visualize information. These raster images were typically enormous and uncompressed in some cases and compressed but painfully slow in other cases. Computing resource availability varied across computing environments. Some end users were converting these large raster images to more friendly or optimized formats to do their daily jobs. This leads to massive data reprocessing efforts across many different areas, all of which are mostly avoidable if the source would simply produce relevant, fast-performing data in a format that satisfies the broadest audience. Many vendors have tried to solve this problem with their own custom or proprietary solutions. Full stack vendor solutions come with hefty price tags in the form of licenses, support contracts, or sometimes both. These solutions can and often do solve the immediate problem however they have side effects that reach far beyond the immediate. Vendor-specific technology islands therefore appear, beholden to a certain proprietary implementation simply because it would be too expensive or too involved to do otherwise. Proprietary data created for one system did not necessarily work in another system. Tools needed to be created, re-created, or modified to handle formats that did not work on their target platform. Data interoperability between geospatial groups is the first casualty. Glue code is then created to bridge the gap between the offending incompatible data and the desired data format of the new end-user. Government entities are quickly realizing that this makes no sense. Extra processing causes bottlenecks in downstream workflows and can quickly cause untenable requirements in areas like disaster recovery. Incompatibility in data makes it even harder to share crucial information between government organizations and non-government organizations alike. It is with these types of open standards that governments can maintain the control of their data creation and management. GeoPackage was created to free data from the constrictions of proprietary formats and is already paying dividends to government groups. Current GeoPackage development tools will be discussed as well as how early adopters are leveraging this new data specification and subsequent tools to push geospatial products to the end user.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
29:05 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Geopaparazzi, state of the art

Geopaparazzi is an application for fast field surveys. Its simplicity and the possibility to use it on as good as any android smartphone makes it a trusty field companion for engineers and geologists, but also for tourists who wish to keep a geodiary and any user that needs to be aware of his position even in offline mode. In Geopaparazzi it is possible to create text, picture and sketch notes and place them on the map. Notes can also be complex and form based in order to standardize surveys in which many people need to be coordinated. In the last years the support for the visualization of spatialite vector layers and recently also editing possibilities for spatialite poligonal datasets has been added, allowing for some simple-yet-powerfull possibilities on vector data. Desktop tools are supplied to bring datasets from the GIS environment to Geopaparazzi and back. The presentation will focus on the most important features of Geopaparazzi as well as the latest additions to the application in order to give a complete idea of the state of the art of the project.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
20:07 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

ngeo: a companion library for OpenLayers 3

ngeo is an open-source JavaScript library that aims to ease the development of web GIS applications based on AngularJS and OpenLayers 3. More specifically, ngeo provides Angular components, namely "services" and "directives", that can be combined together in different ways, based on the need of the application. This talk is a general presentation of ngeo. We will present some of the features provided by the library, through concrete examples. We will also present the design choices we have made, and why we have made this design choices. AngularJS, as a very popular framework, has received (severe) criticism lately. We will report on our experience with AngularJS, discuss its "good parts", and how we mitigate its "bad parts". With ngeo we define ? what we think ? is a good way to use AngularJS. ngeo, for example, includes guidelines for application developers, which have turned out to be key for the development of robust and high-performance applications. This talk is for anyone interested in AngularJS and OpenLayers 3. Come to this talk if you're interested to know how we use ngeo to develop applications combining AngularJS and OpenLayers 3.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
23:46 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

Modifications to Web Processing Service Standard For Client-Side Geoprocessing

Nowadays we see the rapid growth of solutions number for spatial data processing in the Web (i.e. geoprocessing). One of the main trends of Web geotechnologies evolution is the transition from Web map applications to the Web GIS applications, which are supplement the maps delivery with the analytic tools providing to the end user through Web interface. The only general open standard describes implementation rules for Web geoprocessing services. This is the Open Geospatial Consortium Web Processing Service standard (OGC WPS), which is server-oriented standard [Schut at al., 2007]. Moreover, the vast majority of currently used solutions (both open source and proprietary) are server-oriented, i.e. assume the using for computations the server resources only. However, some researchers underline that it is possible way to transmit the executable code to the client for client-side computations and geoprocessing [Keens at al., 2007]. Also, some general Web architecture concepts assumes the effectiveness of client-side computations, e.g. Fog Computing concept [Hong at al., 2013]. Our practical experience also shows that in some cases it is useful to have ability of client-side geoprocessing, which is not opposite but complement technology to the server-side processing technologies. In addition, we believe that it is more useful to have the ability to run the same processing tool by choice on server or client side. We name such double-sided services as Hybrid Geoprocessing Web Services (HGWS) [Panidi, 2014]. We study and discuss the approaches to fill the gap of client-side geoprocessing general schema. For this purpose, we implemented previously the getProcess request as addition to the WPS protocol [Panidi, 2014]. Additionally at the previous steps of our study, we proposed a possible structure of getProcess request and draft XML schema for its response, which describes the list of executable resources and their dependencies [Kazakov at al., 2015]. Currently we working on detailed methodology of processing tools implementation, and prototypes testing in use cases of geospatial data processing for small-scale research projects. We use the Python programming language as primary development tool, because of its applicability to build both server- and client-side processing tools using single core program code. We use Python also for implementation of needed infrastructure components, such as HGWS server that supports the getProcess request/response performing, and client-side runtime environment that provides executable code orchestration on the client. Achieved results need to be discussed widely and carefully. However, main conclusion of our current work is that client-side geoprocessing schema in general could be relatively simple and compatible backward with current standards. The HGWS concept is applicable when implementing client-side geoprocessing Web services in small-scale projects and could be the entering point for study of distributed geoprocessing systems implementation.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
26:21 FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo) English 2015

An On-board Visual-based Attitude Estimation System For Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Mapping

A visual-based attitude estimation system aims to utilize an on-board camera to estimate the pose of the platform by using salient image features rather than additional hardware such as gyroscope. One of the notable achievements in this approach is on-camera self-calibration [1-4] which has been widely used in the modern digital cameras. Attitude/pose information is one of the crucial requirements for the transformation of 2-dimensional (2D) image coordinates to 3-dimensional (3D) real-world coordinates [3]. In photogrammetry and machine vision, the use of camera’s pose is essential for modeling tasks such as photo modeling [5-8] and 3D mapping [9]. Commercial software packages are now available for such tasks, however, they are only good for off-board image processing which does not have any computing or processing constraints. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and any other airborne platforms impose several constraints to attitude estimation. Currently, Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) are widely used in unmanned aircrafts. Although IMUs are very effective, this conventional attitude estimation approach adds up the aircraft’s payload significantly [10]. Hence, a visual-based attitude estimation system is more appropriate for UAV mapping. Different types of approaches to visual-based attitude estimation have been proposed in [10-14]. This study aims to integrate optical flow and a keypoints detector of overlapped images for on-board attitude estimation and camera-self calibration. This is to minimize the computation burden that can be caused by the optical flow, and to fit in on-board visual-based attitude estimation and camera calibration. A series of performance tests have been conducted on selected keypoints detectors, and the results are evaluated to identify the best detector for the proposed visual-based attitude estimation system. The proposed on-board visual-based attitude estimation system is designed to use visual information from overlapped images to measure the platform’s egomotion, and estimate the attitude from the visual motion. Optical flow computation could be expensive depending on the approach [15]. Our goal is to reduce the computation burden at the start of the processing by minimizing the aerial images to the regions of upmost important. This requires an integration of optical flow with salient feature detection and matching. Our proposed system strictly follows the UAV’s on-board processing requirements [16]. Thus, the suitability of salient feature detectors for the system needs to be investigated. Performances of various keypoints detectors have been evaluated in terms of detection, time to complete and matching capabilities. A set of 249 aerial images acquired from a fixed wing UAV have been tested. The test results show that the best keypoints detector to be integrated in our proposed system is the Speeded Up Robust Feature (SURF) detector, given that Sum of Absolute Differences (SAD) matching metric is used to identify the matching points. It was found that the time taken for SURF to complete the detection and matching process is, although not the fastest, relatively small. SURF is also able to provide sufficient numbers of salient feature points in each detection without sacrificing the computation time.
  • Published: 2015
  • Publisher: FOSS4G, Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo)
  • Language: English
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Version

AV-Portal 3.7.0 (943df4b4639bec127ddc6b93adb0c7d8d995f77c)