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02:25 IWF (Göttingen) German 2004

Rotation um freie Achsen

It will be shown that the axis of maximum moment of inertia is also the most stable axis of free rotation. For this, objects of different shapes are suspended on thin wires from the vertical axis of an electric motor, and are rotated at increasing frequencies. They are a cylindrical metal rod, a piece of wood in the form of an egg, and a loose loop of a metal chain.
  • Published: 2004
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
00:55 IWF (Göttingen) German 2003

Plastische Verformung und Zerreißfestigkeit

The measurements performed in the experiment "Elastic deformation, Hooke's law" (C 14833) on a copper wire, which had been limited to elastic deformations at small stresses, will be extended here to larger stresses. When the yield stress is exceeded, plastic, i.e. irreversible deformation is observed. A further increase of the stress beyond the rupture strength, leads to rupture. A 40 cm long piece of wire is suspended on a lab stand, and carries a tray on which weights can be deposited. A pillow under the tray will dampen the fall when the wire ruptures. The loading of the tray occurs in three steps : First, 2 kg cause a clearly visible elongation. The addition of 1 kg results in a slow length change of several centimeters, the wire "flows", until "work hardening" leads to a constant elongation. The addition of only 200 g finally leads to rupture, as the rupture strength is exceeded.
  • Published: 2003
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
01:08 IWF (Göttingen) German 2003

Elastische Verformung: Hookesches Gesetz

A demonstration of the proportionality of tension and elongation during elastic deformation of a metal wire (Hooke's law). A copper wire, 4.4 m long, 0.4 mm in diameter, is suspended from the ceiling of the lecture hall. For the measurement of its elongation, a mm scale is attached to its lower end and is projected onto a screen, together with a fixed pointer. The wire is pulled in two steps by attaching consecutively two 300 g weights. The total elongation measured is 1 mm for 300 g, and 2 mm for 600 g, and is shown to be fully reversible when the weights are removed, indicating an elastic deformation. Elongation and force are proportional, in compliance with Hooke's law.
  • Published: 2003
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
02:38 IWF (Göttingen) German 2003

Foucaultscher Pendelversuch

A relatively simple demonstration and quantitative determination of the rotation of the earth using a simple pendulum several meters long, the so-called Foucault pendulum. The frequency of rotation can be measured in less than one minute. After carefully damping any spurious vibrations of the pendulum held at its maximum excursion, it is released using a mechanism that avoids shaking it. On the projection screen one can see how the maximum excursion of the pendulum wire shifts from one period to the next. A quantitative evaluation leads to the well known rotational frequency of the earth (1/day). Note that for this evaluation the geographic latitude has to be considered at which the experiment is being performed (f = 51.5 degrees). The actual rotational frequency of the observed rosette trace is here smaller than on the pole. On the equator, it would vanish.
  • Published: 2003
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
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