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01:19 IWF (Göttingen) German 2004

Zur Physik des Turnens mit Schwüngen

Using a torsional oscillator, it will be shown how its amplitude can be increased without external torques, merely by correctly timed variations of the moment of inertia, which requires work. This is the principle of setting a swing in motion, or of swinging on the high bar. The oscillator used is a rotating stool with a helical spring. The experimenter on the stool changes the moment of inertia by alternating his position from sitting to prone.
  • Published: 2004
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
04:49 IWF (Göttingen) German 2003

Freie und erzwungene Schwingungen eines Drehpendels (Pohlsches Rad)

Basic properties of harmonic oscillators on a torsional pendulum, specifically their free and driven oscillations. For the latter, the transient oscillations will be shown, before the steady state has been reached. The torsional pendulum consists of a circular copper ring with an eddy current brake, and a torsional spring. One end of the spring is attached to the copper ring, the other end to a motor via an eccentric-and-rod mechanism. For the experiment, another pendulum, also specifically designed for lecture demonstrations, will be used. It sits on an optical bench and is projected onto the front wall of the lecture hall, together with a meter indicating the exciting frequencies used for the driven oscillations. Two pointers, one attached to the pendulum, the other to the eccentric-and-rod mechanism used for moving the spring, allow observation of the phase difference between the exciting torque and the angular displacement of the pendulum.
  • Published: 2003
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
01:00 IWF (Göttingen) German 2004

Kugeltanz

A steel ball is dropped onto a heavy steel plate. It collides elastically with the plate and rises almost back to its initial height, whereupon the motion repeats itself periodically, with an amplitude determined by the initial height. The total force acting on the ball is highly nonlinear. Energy dissipation leads to a slow decrease of the mechanical energy, and thus of the amplitude, as the experiment progresses. At the same time, the frequency increases
  • Published: 2004
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
01:56 IWF (Göttingen) German 2004

Wackelschwingungen

The sinusoidal vibrations of a tuning fork are made visible by means of a reflected light beam. The tuning fork is excited by compressed air, and can be rotated around its vertical axis. One of its legs carries a small mirror off which a laser beam is reflected onto the wall. By uniformly rotating the tuning fork, the time dependence of its vibration can be demonstrated.
  • Published: 2004
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
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