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30:18 IWF (Göttingen) German 1967

Mitteleuropa, Tirol - Nikolausspiel im Tauferertal

The boys leaving school ( 16 to 22 years old) study and perform the St. Nicholas play in the Tauferer valley every year in some houses of the village. Performers: harbingers, bajazzos, Zillertaler, country constable, angels, St. Nicholas, small and tall devil, old man, death, Dr. Eisenbart, farmer, Sterzinger, priest, Klaubauf, gipsy.
  • Published: 1967
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
22:20 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1989

Mitteleuropa, Oberösterreich - Floßbau an der Enns

In 1985 the Museum of Rafts at Weyer celebrates its tenth anniversary. On this occasion an Enns raft is built by the traditional method from pine trunks. Former raftsmen and woodcutters show for the last time their ability. The film presents all the stages of the work, from the woodcutting, disbranching, and decorating over the wood haulage to the fastening together of the trunks.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) German 1985

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Schleifen von Steinklingen am Kirimye

A young man from Munggona is sharpening the blade of a stone knife on a stone on the Kirimye River. An old man comes along and sharpens his stone adze's blade. The sharp cutting edge arises as the result of grinding the upper and lower edges on a wet stone.
  • Published: 1985
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
37:11 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Mitteleuropa, Tirol - Weben von Leinentuch

After preparing the warp by means of the warping frame and reel the warp is fixed to the loom. After fixing the front end of the warp to the take up roller and dressing the warp threads, the weaving process is started: The weaver inserts the weft by a shuttle and beats each weft thread into its appointed position in the fabric by means of the reed. By stepping on the pedals, which are connected to the shaft, the different sheds are formed. After finishing the weaving process the weaver removes the linen cloth (plain weave) from the loom and checks it.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) German 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Durchbohren des Ohrläppchens

A man pierces the earlobes of three boys with pointed wooden sticks which remain in the wound to keep the hole open. The earlobe is treated with the heat of smouldering pieces of wood.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) German 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Ab- und Anlegen von Hüftgürtel und Peniskalebasse

Two married men of approximately 45 and 35 years of age, respectively, from Malingdam, take off their penis gourds to show how they are put on. First, the gourd, whose lower end is attached with a cord sling through which one slips the scrotum, is put on. A rotang cord is attached around the upper third of the gourd; the former is put around the hips. The fixed rotang wrapping is wound around the waist on a broad leaf.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) German 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Behandlung einer infizierten Wunde

The infected wound of a man is treated by a fellow villager who uses pointed pieces of wood and a piece of a razor blade to drain the pus.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) German 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Wundbehandlung mit Schweinefett und durch Wärmeanwendung

A man treats the wounds of his bruised lower leg by applying warmed pig fat. He then lets the heat of smouldering pieces of wood act on the wounds.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) German 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Durchbohren der Nasenscheidewand

As it is customary among the Eipo the nasal septums of two girls are pierced with pointed instruments, a bone awl in the first case and a wooden stick in the second. The girls react remarkably calm to the painful procedure.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) German 1993

Otto Koenig - Stationen eines Forscherlebens

Beginning with his memories of childhood, Otto Koenig talks about his scientific career. His wife Lilli as well as his students and colleagues supplement the portrait of Konrad Lorenz' disciple, who, in 1945, founded the "Biologische Station Wilhelminenberg", where research on behaviour, culture and environment was carried out. Koenig explains his concept of cultural ethology and allows many glances at his work, including several research departments of his Institute for Applied Eco-Ethology, instances of his work in scientific film and TV, his collections and the intensive cooperation with his wife. Otto Koenig died in December 1992 aged 78.
  • Published: 1993
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
18:32 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1964

Mitteleuropa, Württemberg - Herstellung eines Hackenblattes in einer wassergetriebenen Hammerschmiede

A length of steel is cut off, heated and, passing under a variety of water-powered hammers, made into a hoe blade. The film then shows the polishing processes applied to the blade.
  • Published: 1964
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1987

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Herstellen eines Perlenbandes in Halbwebtechnik

Salap, a man from Malingdam/Imarin village, demonstrates the making of a head-band in plait weaving technique. He stretches the warp over a wooden frame and starts weaving, opening every alternate shed by hand. The counter sheds are formed automatically by insertion of a separating stick. Assisted by another man and by boys, Salap strings white glass beads on the working thread, passes it through the open shed and arranges the glass beads between the different warp threads. The result is a woven band with a design of glass beads. Salap works in company with other men engaged in other things. Head-bands of this kind are worn by men as festive ornament.
  • Published: 1987
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
23:02 IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1977

Südwest-Europa, Portugal - Kirchfest »Romaria« von S. Joao d'Arga (Minho)

The romaria of S. Joao d'Arga takes place on August 29th. The patron saint is John the Baptiste. In addition to the widespread customs and vows (procession with the carrying of wooden frames, walking round the chapel, offerings, ex votos, rockets, firework, etc.) a dance contest here takes place, too.
  • Published: 1977
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
34:54 IWF (Göttingen) German 1978

Mitteleuropa, Baden - Die Altweibermühle in der Wolfacher Fastnacht

The musical comedy with spoken insertions is performed after the Shrove Monday's carnival parade in the market-place. The performance is organized by the "Freie Narrenzunft" (Free Fool's Company). Actors: speaker, miller, weaver - weaver's wife, buffoon - buffoon's wife, taylor - taylor's wife, cobbler - cobbler's wife, peasant - peasant's wife, clerk - clerk's wife, chorus of men and women, band. Subject of the play: At their husband's desire the wives are rejuvenated in the mill, but afterwards reject their old husbands and follow youg gallants. As the buffoon also wants his wife to be rejuvenated, the mill fails and the buffoon's wife is older and uglier than ever before.
  • Published: 1978
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
06:56 IWF (Göttingen) German 1982

Mitteleuropa, Tirol - Käsebereitung auf einer Alm im Gsiestal

On an Alpine farm in St. Magdalena (South Tyrol) the farmer's wife makes cheese: She pours milk into a large copper vessel hanging on a turning arm over the hearth and heats it. As rennet she uses a powder mixed water and a pinch of salt. She stirs the milk continuously and watches the temperature. At 40-50°C she adds two thirds of the rennet and reduces the heat. After a certain time she breaks the curdled milk with a whisk and adds the remaining rennet. Finally she skims the whey and packs the curd into the mould, placing on the lid stones to press the cheese. - Salt is rubbed into the surfaces of the shaped young cheese, overlapping edges are cut, and the cheese is stored in a cheese-room.
  • Published: 1982
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
43:36 IWF (Göttingen) German 1984

Mitteleuropa, Baden - Wolfacher Fasnet

One week before Ash Wednesday, Shrovetide is proclaimed out of a waggon in various places of the town of Wolfach. After the "Eleven o'clock Mass" on the following "Dirty Thursday" pretzels are distributed to the children. The procession of the coffee-party tabbies takes place in the afternoon of the same day. Shrovetide proper is opened on Shrove Monday by the so-called "Well-awake", a historical custom meant to wake up the fools. The big Shrove Monday procession in the afternoon is followed by the Shrovetide play about the abduction and the liberation of the gipsy princess. On Shrove Thuesday, the children have a procession of their own during which the Pretzel Fool is carried along. Towards the evening, the Procession of the Noses is passing through the streets; women disguised as males that have been practicipating are plunged into the fountain. Shrovetide ends on Ash Wednesday when the fool break into lamentations at the Wailing Wall and are then going to wash their money-bags in the fountain.
  • Published: 1984
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
15:03 IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1968

Mitteleuropa, Baden-Württemberg - Der "Strohmann" in der Wilflinger Fasnacht

Straw-cald figure are still to be seen in the spring customs of Baden. In the film the straw-man is dressed up, his functions in the carnival parade are shown, finally he takes off his straw coat.
  • Published: 1968
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) German 1991

Nagybörzsöny - Ein deutsches Dorf in Ungarn

Nagybörzsöny/German Pilsen is located the north of Budapest and is considered to be a German settlement. German miners have mined gold and silver there since the 13th century. After mining was abandoned in the 18th century and decline of viniculture in the 19th century, the village fell into economic isolation. After World War II the use of the German language declined. The film shows buildings from the former wine-growing culture, the churches, the two local history museums, a charcoal plant in the forest, and then proceeds to language use and to the problems of the German mother tongue via discussions and reminiscences. Organised cultivation of this tradition is presented in scenes on a rehearsal of the women's choir and of the German dance group.
  • Published: 1991
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: German
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1972

Südost-Europa, Rumänien - Sonntägliche Totenklage in Desa

A 68-year-old woman enters the cemetery at six o'clock in the morning. She circumambulates the grave of her daughter and incenses it. Then she sits down and laments the death of the young woman in a long lyrical, monologue-like extempore mourning song. There are also women at other graves, lamenting or depositing food and gifts.
  • Published: 1972
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1972

Südost-Europa, Rumänien - Pfingstbrauch der Kaluscharen: Aufrichten der Fahne und Tanz auf einem Hof in Priseaca

The leader, the kalushars, the masked mutul, and the musicians, coming from the village, walk up a hill to the swearing-place (precept to be silent). After the oath on the flag dancing takes place. The films E 1653 and E 1655 present each a part of the custom.
  • Published: 1972
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1972

Südost-Europa, Rumänien - Pfingstbrauch der Kaluscharen: Tanzwettstreit zweier Gruppen in Priseaca

At a crossing in the village the kalushars meet the group from Colonesti. After a ceremonial salutation and a formal act the contest begins. Solo and group dances are performed. The films E 1653 and E 1655 present each a part of the custom.
  • Published: 1972
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Sammeln von Wasserinsekten

Girls from Munggona are wading through a pond and splashing up the water with their feet. In this manner the insect larvae in the water get caught in the thick plant growth and can be collected in dip nets. Then the girls lift a number of water plants and also collect the small animals under them.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Kinderspiele »taruk linglingana« und »mana«

Boys of different ages are playing in front of the men's house in Malingdam. In the first game they make a tower with their hands, which they then allow to collapse. In the second game they form rings from their thumbs and index fingers, which form a tube when they are placed one upon the other. In this game one player strikes a stone with the flat of his hand, which symbolises an animal. Another player has to guess in whose hand the stone is located.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Kastrieren eines Schweines

Outside the village of Munggona, four women castrate a young pig to promote its growth. One of the women sits on the ground and holds the pig in her arms Two of the women hold it tightly, while the fourth one performs the operation with a bamboo knife. The wound is not treated.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Herstellen einer Maultrommel

A man from Munggona carves a Jew's harp from the stem of a reed. He is using a rodent's incisor and a razor blade as tools. After he has completed it, he tests the musical instrument.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1989

Eipo (West-Neuguinea, Zentrales Hochland) - Spielen einer Maultrommel

In Munggona a boy and a man play their Jew's harps in succession on the plaza between the men's houses.
  • Published: 1989
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
22:22 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1972

Mitteleuropa, Niedersachsen - Reetdachdecken in Fintel

After a short depiction of the landscape the film shows the various processes of reed roof thatching: erection of the scaffolding, removing the damaged roof, cutting the bundles of reeds, laying and fastening the reed to the roof structure, covering the ridge with pieces of turf, smoothing and beating the newly covered places, dismantling the scaffold.
  • Published: 1972
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1971

Südost-Europa, Rumänien - Schafschur auf einer Frühjahrsalm im Cibin-Gebirge

Shearing takes place after milking. The sheep is laid on its back. Neck, belly, back and tail are shorn oner after the other, woolfell is rolled together and tied into a bundle.
  • Published: 1971
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
19:14 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1982

Südwest-Europa, Portugal - Töpfern von Krügen in Malhada Sorda

On a pottery wheel equipped with a star wheel, a woman is making different jugs with handles and spouts from a mixture of red and black clay, which she has prepared in a pit in front of her house. The fabrication of the jugs takes place on a drawn bottom using the spiral roll technique. The spouts are prepared by another woman.
  • Published: 1982
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1972

Südost-Europa, Rumänien - Bearbeitung von Wolldecken (»straie«) in Gura Rîului bei Sibiu

The film shows how woollen blankets are laid in a whirling basket to be soaked, they are later taken out and hung up to dry. In the next operation the blankets are stretched over a drum. When the drum is turned the blankets are dragged lightly over a bed of nails, and thus roughened. After being treated once more in the whirling basket, the blankets are laid in a tumbling drum. In this work phase, which can last from 14 - 24 hours, the desired compressing of the woven structure takes place. After a short rinse in the whirling basket the blankets are hung up to dry.
  • Published: 1972
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1972

Südost-Europa, Rumänien - Tuchwalken in Gura Rîului bei Sibiu

After showing the supply of water, the starting up of the water wheel and the mechanism of the fulling, the material is laid in the fulling trough, the pestle is switched on, cold and then warm water is added, the material is taken out and hung up to dry. The film ends with the storing of the cloth in a store-room.
  • Published: 1972
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
10:57 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1977

Südwest-Europa, Portugal - Tangfischerei bei Castelo do Neiva

The film shows the fishing of sea tang, carried on at low water, when the rocks stand up out of the water and boats and rafts may easily pass. The women fish on foot on the beach or in the water, the men from boats. The collected sea tang is carried to the drying-ground with hand-barrows or with ox-carts.
  • Published: 1977
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
08:30 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1981

Südwest-Europa, Portugal - Fischen von Wasserpflanzen in der Ria de Aveiro

A peasant and fisherman goes with his sons in his shallow sailing boat to fish algae. Two of the men collect with long-handled, broad wooden rakes water plants, the third propels the boat with a pole. The boat is unloaded at the peasant's private pier, then the algae are transported by an ox-cart to the fields, where they are used as manure.
  • Published: 1981
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
20:46 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1978

Südwest-Europa, Portugal - Brotbacken in Perafita

Leaven is added to a small quantity of flour and left to rest. Flour and salt water are then added and kneaded into a dough. Loaves are shaped, carried to the municipal baking-house and baked.
  • Published: 1978
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
11:22 IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1982

Südwest-Europa, Portugal - Brennen von Töpferware in Malhada Sorda

Approximately 500 different vessels are fired in a rented, rectangular kiln without a roof. Loading the oven is work for men. Firing is performed with broom twigs. The hot cinders and the ashes are poured into the firing chamber. Firing time, approximately 5 hours. The earthenware is removed from the kiln on the following day.
  • Published: 1982
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Original sound, no spoken text 1974

Südost-Europa, Rumänien - Pfingstbrauch der Kaluscharen in Priseaca

The film shows a group of men coming from the village up a hill. The group, marching silently, is carrying an approximately 14 m long pole, called the "flag". The kalushar group is accompanied by a masked figure, the mutul and three musicians. Having arrived at the hill the oath on the flag follows. Then there is dancing. When they return to the village they enter the first house and perform their dances in the yard. One of the dancers is "killed" by the mutul, who is then forced by the group to reawake the dead man to life. The game, which seems to be rooted in an earlier transit rite, ends with a dance for all. Two kalushar groups meet and perform several dances in a competition while observing certain ceremonies (greeting, formal parley etc.). The last part of the film shows the kalushar group coming from the village and climbing up a hill to conclude the traditional Whitsun rites. The cloth and the herbs are taken down from the "flag", distributed among the kalushars, the flag pole is hoisted up, and at a sign from the mutul it is let go. At that moment the men spring apart and run away in various directions. As soon as the pole hits the ground they turn round and greet each other as though they had not seen each other for a long time. The film ends with the subsequent dancing.
  • Published: 1974
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Original sound, no spoken text
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