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Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Tukuna (Amazonasgebiet, Oberer Solimões) - Herstellung von Rindenstoff

The Tucuna Indians produce a piece of bark bast and paint it for the initiation celebration of the girls. A tree is felled. After the outer bark has been carefully removed, the inner bast layer is loosened from the trunk by knocking. It is carefully removed, washed, dried and stretched. Red and green dye are prepared. Several Tucunas decorate the bast of the bark with coloured animal drawings.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Krahó (Brasilien, Tocantinsgebiet) - Krankenbehandlung

The film shows the procedures used by a witch doctor in his attempt to cure a sick man: fumbling, pressing and rubbing his body with his hands, removing the disease by rubbing his hands together.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Krahó (Brasilien, Tocantinsgebiet) - Flechten einer Kokrit-Maske

A member of the Kraho tribe fashions a mask from palm leaf material, working first on the facial portion. When the mask and its leaflet dress are finished, a sample dance is performed and the mask is painted.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Krahó (Brasilien, Tocantinsgebiet) - Herstellen eines Pfeiles

A member of the Kraho fashions an arrow from reeds. He straightens any crooked reeds over an open fire. The arrow shaft is then shortened; feathers are tied to an end and the binding is sealed with resin. The other end of the shaft is sharpened, and the finished product is tested.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Schukaramai (Kayapó) (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Essen, Trinken und Rauchen eines Mannes mit Lippenscheibe

A young Shukaramai boy with a wooden disc in his lip demonstrates how he eats pieces of meat and drinks water. A second boy drinks likewise and then smokes a cigarette.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Karajá (Brasilien, Araguaia-Gebiet) - Knüpfen einer großen Matte

Caraja women and girls work with dried palm leaf material and bark twine to form large mats. These mats serve as ground cover or as protection from sun, wind, and quicksand.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Krahó (Brasilien, Tocantinsgebiet) - Jagdzug der beiden Zeremonialgruppen

Participants in the hunt separate into two groups in the field, and two camps of simple huts are established. The hunt begins after the morning meal; the kill is prepared by the women and is divided among all of the hunters. Near the end of the expedition, the male youths begin a log relay race.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Krahó (Brasilien, Tocantinsgebiet) - Tanz der Kokrit-Masken

Four dancers with kokrit masks perform on the village street. They stop in front of a hut and demand small gifts from the inhabitants. Continuing the dance, they move on to the next dwelling.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Karajá (Brasilien, Araguaia-Gebiet) - Fangen eines Arapaima gigas mit Grundnetz

On the way to a fishing expedition, Caraja men first stop by a sandbank to dig up some tasty tortoise eggs (Podocnemis). Then a large net is anchored across the lake. Men drive the bonytongue fish (Arapaima gigas) into the net by beating the water with long poles. Once a fish is caught in the net, a diver retrieves it and brings it to the surface, where it is killed by another fisherman with an axe.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Suyá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Schnitzen einer Lippenscheibe

A Suya prepares, polishes, and decorates a wooden lip disc and inserts it in place of the old one. An older Suya is seen removing his lip disc and cleaning it with water while bathing.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Suyá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Herstellen eines Pfeiles

A Suya measures and cuts the shaft for an arrow, notching the end. Feathers are attached later. The arrow tip is formed from a flexible but hardy wooden rod, and a sharpened monkey bone is used as the point and barb. The entire tip is finally attached to the shaft.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Javahé (Brasilien-Araguaia-Gebiet) - Aderlaß durch Wundkratzen

A witch doctor draws blood from men and women on a riverbank. The wounds are washed off in the river.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Javahé (Brasilien, Araguaia-Gebiet) - Häkeln von Beinbinden

A woman crochets a pair of cotton leggings for a man. Each legging is made of a thick band of material with fringe hanging from it. These ornaments are worn just below the knee.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Javahé (Brasilien, Araguaia-Gebiet) - Flechten einer kleinen Matte mit fester Randleiste

An Indian plaits a mat from a palm leaf. The stem and middle vein of the leaf becomes the edge of the mat, while the rest of the leaf is plaited in a diagonal pattern.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Erigpactsá (Brasilien, Oberer Juruena) - Bestellen eines Brandrodungsfeldes

Men and women plant a recently burned slash-and-burn field. They sow maize: They dig holes, lay the seeds in these and cover them with earth.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Erigpactsá (Brasilien, Oberer Juruena) - Flechten eines Tragkorbes

The pinnules of a palm-leaf are plaited from the inner rib into a longish rectangle by an oblique 2/2 twill technique. The rectangle is folded in half and sewn on both sides. The resulting back-basket is furnished with carrying straps made of twisted lianas.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Erigpactsá (Brasilien, Oberer Juruena) - Herstellen eines Bastschurzes

Strips of palm bast are cut to equal lengths by an Indian and finely spliced in bunches. A loincloth is made in that these bunches are laid close together on a cord which the Indian has tied round his waist.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Erigpactsá (Brasilien, Oberer Juruena) - Anfertigen eines Halsschmuckes aus Wildschweinhauern

On a cliff ledge ranging out of the river a young Indian sits and binds four wild boar tusks together to form a pendant on a cord which is worn by the men.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Umutina (Brasilien, Oberer Paraguay) - Totenkulttänze

Extracts of last death cult dances performed by still free-living survivors of the Umutima people. Mask dancers, embodying souls of deceased relatives, are always male. They are accompanied by women. "Bakure" dance (flagellating dance of "forest dog"), "Hatori" dance of great masks and "Arischino" dance are shown.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Erigpactsá (Brasilien, Oberer Juruena) - Feuerbohren

Two Indians take turns at laying a fire with the aid of a twirling stick until the sawdust begins to glow and the tinder ignites.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Tukurina (Brasilien, Oberer Purus) - Krankenbehandlung durch Zauberärzte

Two witch doctors in Tukurime masks perform a dance while accompanied by women. Afterwards they treat some patients by a ritual examination of the contagious matter.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Salzgewinnung aus Wasserpflanzen

During the dry season quantities of aquatic plants (Eichhornia azurea) are collected in the lake, dried on the bank and burnt to ashes. In the village the ashes are lixiviated and the solution is evaporated. The result is light-grey potassium salt (chiefly KCl).
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1965

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Gewinnung des Farbstoffes »urucú«

The fruits of the urucú-bush (Bixa orellana) are gathered and the seeds coated with a red pulp are removed from the green shells. The seeds are mixed with water and all is passed through a round frame sieve and a rectangular plaited strainer to remove the seeds. The red liquid obtained is put on the fire and thickened into a slightly oily paste, which after hardening will be kept in lumps. Red urucú dye is used chiefly for painting the body and the hair, but also for decorating certain utensils and for dyeing cotton threads.
  • Published: 1965
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1966

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Anfertigen eines Halsschmuckes aus Schneckenhaus-Scheibchen

With a bush knife a Waurá man breaks from large snail-shells small rectangular plates and polishes them on a stone. Using a drill with a point made of a steel needle broken in the middle of the eye, turned by the palms, he makes two holes in each plate, one at the upper end, the other at the lower end. He then attaches the plates, partly covering each other, to a string put on a bow by passing a thread through the upper holes, removes the string from the bow, and puts it round his waist so that the plates are spread out like a fan. He fixes the plates in this position with a thread passed through the lower holes, then he tries the necklace.
  • Published: 1966
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1966

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Ringkampf

After day's work the men dance on the village square and practise wrestling two by two. The contenders first circle each other with a slouching attitude, then they go down on their knees and holding each other by the right hand each tries to clasp his left hand round his opponent's back and to push him down. The aim of the fight is to throw the opponent on the back to the ground. Only at contests between different tribes however the fights are fought to a finish, practice fights are usually stopped as soon as the superiority of one wrestler is evident.
  • Published: 1966
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1966

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Anfertigen eines Feder-Kopfschmuckes

Several big blue Ara feathers are fastened with a cotton thread in the middle of a cotton string stretched as a cord of a bow, followed on both sides by smaller yellow tail feathers of the japim bird, a member of the family Icteridae. The string of feathers is removed from the bow and attached on to a broad plaited headband around which a band of small variously coloured feathers is wrapped.
  • Published: 1966
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1966

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Ringkampf der Frauen während der »sapalakú«-Zeremonie

In the course of a girls' initiation, at which the pubic apron of women, sapalakú (uluri), is put on to the girls, wrestling by women takes place as a symbolic imitation of men's wrestling.
  • Published: 1966
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1966

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - »javarí«-Kampfspiel (Übung)

Dances precede the daily practice of throwing a spear with the spear-thrower at a straw figure and the match, fought between two fighters at a time, one of each Waurá team, according to the rules of the javarí contest between different tribes.
  • Published: 1966
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1966

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Flechten eines Feuerfächers

A simple oblong fire fan with one long side reinforced to hold it by is made from young palm-leaves. The film shows an oblique 4/4 twill plaiting.
  • Published: 1966
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1966

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Anfertigen eines Maniok-Reibebrettes

A rectangular board is cut and smoothed. Wooden pegs are placed close to each other in pre-bored holes in the central area of the slightly convex upper side. They form the grating surface.
  • Published: 1966
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1966

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Anfertigen eines Kopfschmuckes für Knaben

A man makes for his small son a headdress in the form of a conical hat, utilizing a thin ring, palm-leaf strips and a cotton thread. It is a special headdress worn by boys at javarí contests.
  • Published: 1966
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1966

Waurá (Brasilien, Oberer Xingú) - Maskentreiben der »sapokuyauá«-Gestalten

Sapokuyauá masks impersonating fish spirits pass through the village. The wearers of the masks, men and young men, demand gifts from the women, but occasionally they also help them, e. g. in preparing manioc.
  • Published: 1966
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Kaschinaua (Amazonasgebiet, Oberer Purus) - Fischzug und anschließendes Fest

In preparation of a common catch of fish, the poisonous leaves of cultivated báka bushes are picked in the vicinity of a Kaschinaua village and, later on, the leaves are pulverized in mortars in the village. Following this, men, women and children walk upstream for three days until they reach a spot on the river which is particularly abundant with fish. Here the baskets containing the pulverized báka leaves are immersed and emptied into the water. The "fish poison" dissolves in the river water. Further downstream the Kaschinaua wait for the poisoned fish. The men kill the stunned fish by means of bow and arrow; women and children collect the dead fish. After this, one man kindles a flame by the drilling method to light a fire and then the caught fishes are gradually smoked on a grate which is positioned above the fire. After having returned to the village, both men and women dress up to hold a feast. The men dance in a long row through the houses and on the village square.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1968

Krahó (Brasilien, Tocantins-Gebiet) - Sammeln und Zubereiten von Schildkröten

Men and boys rouse several tortoises under a rock in the savanna and carry them to the village. On the village square, where his wife has lit a fire, one of the men prepares a tortoise: He removes the plastron with an axe and a bush knife, takes out the guts and inserts ground manioc for thickening. The tortoise is placed on its back on the blaze and covered by heated stones. Bunches of leaves are placed on the stones, covered by hot ashes and earth (earth oven). - The tortoise, cooked in its carapase, is taken out of the heap of ashes, cleaned roughly and consumed by the family.
  • Published: 1968
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Krahó (Brasilien, Tocantinsgebiet) - Zubereitung eines großen Maniokkuchens aus Anlaß eines Festes

Kraho women harvesting and preparing manioc. The manioc meal is mixed with pieces of meat, spread onto a large banana leaf, and is covered with leaves. This bundle is tied together, laid on hot stones, and is covered with leaves and earth. The finished cakes are uncovered the next morning and are cut into two large pieces. The villagers are divided into two groups; each cake is cut into smaller pieces and distributed to the people.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
Offline Collection IWF (Göttingen) Silent film 1962

Krahó (Brasilien, Tocantinsgebiet) - Fischzug

Equipped with weapons and the necessary utensils, a group of Kraho Indians travels to a river and sets up camp. The men gather liana plants, break them up, and place them into the water to stun the fish. The fish are killed with bow and arrow and are taken to the camp where the women bake the fish over an open fire.
  • Published: 1962
  • Publisher: IWF (Göttingen)
  • Language: Silent film
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