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Introduction to Linux

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all right Hello body good evening does
everybody in my life over the so I like to welcome you may well welcome from the alternative of the stocks my minus Sandel and together we are part of 1 of the students as a sessions at ETH degree are part of Project 21 of you know project
21 Oproer know that it they are as the sustainability of student association of unique URI universes and the digit and we are judicial branch of them so what we do know is that really official sustainability basically that means preserving information which is in our case softer in order to be able to reuse it later on in a more sustainable way and so to raise softer was being that if we stop the course by way quite a few so you should by now in no wise free software is called sustainable have for everybody else it does and that we have a recording of that so you can always watch it later if you want to so today I have a very specific goal was to be a much more concrete than our Kristen was on the last 1 it's not loss of color but it's really a an example of free and open source software which is a Linux some what personal I have to say there are are 2 ways to say in the next 1 is my notes here 1 is the next shoes what you want no 1 really knows what it's pronounced and they're really wars going on about this of itself and if you can just use use so my goal today for you is that if you have never seen a touch Linux you go home feeling as if you had to already have contact with Linux so it's kind of a 1st talked for you your 1st time in they just seeing a presentation I wanted to feel like actually lived it I would expect from you is of course if you're curious you interested and that you're ready I have to think a little bit out of the box that you're doing right now so all you
will this course are at the 1st thing we
can tell you what Linux it's so very simple way as in is not lady deep energy near Tenafly on a topic so that would be really boring else good too much detail and at about Linux distros who knows the Linux is 1st wall that's not that much OK so it's gonna be interesting and then we have a package manager who has heard about a package manager was heard about it AppStore OK so you will have heard about faggots just and mobile phone but then we got about desktop environments finally we don't have a quick glance at this last process and of course we gonna show you what our next events economy there's going to be a Q and a session at the very end of this I don't know we got half a microphone for the Q and A. no so yes you will you will by the way yes you may be recorded by this camera I hope that's the right if you else you have to talk to us after its weakened blurry that's just so it will be licenses and Creative Commons of things so if you have any questions there it you can immediately ask them and else if there are more events persons which is way procured I and of
course there's a whole team of what we have at least I ceased 6 people of us and they already to answer your question yes that's for it the preservation is being recorded that's where have all yes yes we're uploaded as soon as possible you link it from our website so basically Linux as an entire world of mentalities philosophy is in culture so it's a very very face thing you can have a technological way of seeing it you can have the loss of CO wasting it then they're really religious wars going on so that I can assure you different faces 1st of all if you've
never is used Linux in your life please stand up now discover reacts with different all right
kind of your people use it you keep sending can sending gives them loss of was so much more this time it so sorry so you can sit down and he had used 1 of the following again 1st is
this little device I'm not talking about the question and talk about the machine was they can sit down and you use that but it's not that much peoples'
anymore OK at this particular machine I mean because it has a Linux on if you have
used this machine no nobody standing anymore except for people don't have well then I guess you have all use Linux in your life already and the 1 thing for letting that everybody's it would probably this which is sort of the Internet unit
is basically 1 and for for a base for that
so almost everybody all that Linux system at home in your TV it's very likely that you have some kind of Linux inspired person or that you will really have a true Linux system or this thing reality of 54 G it's of a router which you can flash on with your personal X that's kind of the computer but also the stock version has also based on Linux at very very most routers or based on a Linux distro you can lock yourself in the comments that you will learn will also work in that you want today don't worry you will and in minute a practice and Corsican have Linux on a normal computer like this laptop little which is currently running go boom to Linux which is the most popular distro we have not chosen this semester to have 1 too but we will officially recommend openSUSE
of yeah big went defend please don't be too disappointed we also supported would do we have a great amount of knowledge about the won't because we have to use that a previous semester so you're free to use whatever you want we don't how recommendation we explain you the think specific to openSUSE but that does not mean that you cannot use what you want and most commands are generic they're very few differences which are really Re inner so out of peace is the cost of the actual
street world or the world look at that that's so it is extremely Spanish car from Microsoft and then we have this even more stylish Apple kind of looking thing by the way I do pictures or not of mind they have put our references down there in case you're interested to download of receptors and you don't see much let into the the the toxicity God is probably the 1 below there so on the PC World Linux is not very well established yet it is going up a it's very fast fast and never actually botched it's mostly 1 on service and you will probably in 2 hours not understand why that's the case and and under standard here because in my opinion in existence it's much less of of a hassle tool to deal with if you
just want to use it for every day so if this is workhorse the Linux system would not be operating system it would not be a call or it would just be an engine we
sent a Linux is a kernel kernel is kind of a basic thing in a call with an operating system that drives affects all the softer all the the processes communicated that thing a gets information back to as kernels the supervisors everything it checks that nobody does something they're not allowed to visitors so it's it serves as a base in a coordinative thing that's I say it's an engine that there's not much you can do is an engine I mean you can go have a seat on it yeah you will go very far right so what you want is probably tied to what a steering wheel you want some kind of gas
tank is 0 so that makes the call and there's a whole bunch of software that is bundled around a Linux in order to make it a full-size operating system and you can imagine that there are many many different ways of adding softer to that and many different mentalities of what kind of software you want to use is that I mean you want a Windows styles start menu or do you prefer something like Mac OS issue where you press a button and then spotlight pops up but you know there's a clear answer to that it's it's kind of about religion so we have to do is you have to pick your out and as Linux's freeze after everybody can't as a kid and so now we have what we call distributions distribution is a softer Pombal which is a Linux vision is based on Linux as public suspicion and case 1 as that's what makes things interesting there many many many operating systems which are Linux-based some for writers as some for computer some of service some our form many things or also from summer at 1 is was not accept the Linux distribution but this 1 something based on the next which is called Android so maybe you've heard of that it's not it's not a Linux entities not Linux anymore but it's space so who I was right to Linux mean Windows
is owned by microsoft or I suppose or sexist Apple's property who owns Linux the thing is you all it's public property Linux this lessons as free softer I won't go into detail with that you can always check out the video from the day before yesterday it's recording is a licensed under the GNU GPL license and it will actually be free for and so that's a really good thing you won't have to pay for Linux itself and don't I got a above that for who makes Linux I seen many many people
make Linux I no clue if that is taken from actually softer developping no kind of event but assume any man and few women so I guess that's probably enough medical picture of what would like a meeting off many many many developers who developed for Linux and programs associated that and they come together and none of them or most of them are not hatred they don't own any money so how does all this work the thing is when I myself want to have great softer I get the software for free but when it's free soft I take it I'd use like for
example the program but is rendering this right now all this is so the profits by rough is whatever you call it but it's the same thing as OpenOffice but don't the project is dead and my graph is lives on so the disorder actually I'm using this there's some things I dislike now as I'm a programmer I can write my own pieces of software to that I can change things which are in that because that's it's freeze after I get axis and the rights to modify soft as really really cool thing because it just modified whatever I want I mean you take your call or you change of tired to think 1 you would pink time and you can do fancy things if you if you know how to but the problem is not for me as I have done that with the GPL license after I myself I'm all glitch I'm must provide that so for free again guaranteeing the same rights as the rights that would guarantee to meet with my softer and I mention of 100 thousand people do that everybody sex science everybody takes the previous thinks that they got it build around to it and they have to give it back to the community so there's a whole huge bunch of soft daddies everywhere everywhere by S 8 most of you wear device where it is that is not on anybody because it's of that everybody and every time somebody adds to something to it you have to give it again so Western money and all that I mean you have to run and services cost money actually you have several ways of doing that the 1st way is sponsoring he just met crowdfunding is 1 thing or I mean there are many many hours other many enterprise which are very interested in getting Linux to work well for example our server poses a set up they want this to be good so they put a lot of money into the projects also we have a very interesting concept which is for example or Red Hat written as a company I would debut is they have they own Linux distribution which is called fedora that's the thing that is installed indicate that are not well 4 door is is the free version but you'll set to that had Linux and to get better Linux it don't have to pay they cannot legally make you pay for it but they can tell you well we can support you officially like they build that distribution they deadlocked softer for and they will a guarantee that it works if it doesn't work they come to you at the fixed foot and they will charge money for that so with the support they make the money that money goes back into softer which then has to be reduced refer free and that's this vision called the fedora you don't have to remember all that that's just so so that you know we're dark comes from case interest so nothing really is free but at the same time if everybody's interested in doing things that are free there's enough money around to keep this shit going that the alternative we don't get any money of that read about the same thing but just love to do it but it many many programmers who has that as well because it's also and their help help maybe in a few weeks you will you will find out the the also so a good thing for you is you don't have to live company you don't have to ask OK you don't have to ask a company where it says for example well have you tried restarting your computer as a standard blocked replied no 1 is in Wet problem to automatically generate for you this we play an on there's a bigger company there I won't tell its name but you might have experienced this kind of report it's very very frustrating no Linux you are talking to the devil opposite themselves when you file a block reporter views you go to a form as you walk as as a dental office the users because of fewer deadlock use Linux and you find something is not right is that you change it the you become a devil opera the whole thing is interconnected there's no such thing as client and and supplier because everything is next isolated also because when you go to the forum have a good chance that actual them up at will read your request the issue whatever that's a small thing I mean anybody can help you so they will just like normal forms you know they will tell you well have you press this thing and you do it and it just works and you say answers to but if have a major issue something that is really probably the softer then you have is it's an interesting problem that concerns many people have a good chance that actually a double opera will read it and what developers to them a lot so it might fixate your problem person so there's no no profit need of profit just you know everybody wants to have this software for quality and you actually get a better feel that a lot when users often communities of a very strong and the whole to get very tight would these communities specimen tightly it is a vision of what good stuff there should be and you will figure out in the next in about half an hour you will know many many different ways of but good stuff there can be which are absolutely contradictory so yeah anyway so
this brings us directly to distribution distribution
there's a bunch of people who have this ambition but it's also a bunch of software which is bundled together is something you can bound up you can put a CD you put in a USB drive you can install your laptop distribution is basically an operating system full-size stopping system which will to based on your computer which you can use and also also it so a very very phrase kind of thing so what we have this year's of openSUSE open comes in many flavors so even though it's 1 distributions is so big that the people in within this mission split-up in sup can't so match and if that explores religion OK don't and take a seriously that many people hated us say this but it limits lost their religion there will probably the Catholic and the method this and so on that we have or audacity Christians and the Moslems and so but then the Christians we have a subcategory because I mean they have kind of the same got some of them no or can produces some don't like that is a single that way so it's laid out of Catholic dates of Protestants etc cetera and is the same thing you have the distributions which are really the major thing what people you communicate with where what service you on where you get to interact would would Europe what kind of what would your vision is where where we're going to go do we
want stable software that has proved itself reliable or do we want something experimental really brand new which is which crashes all 5 minutes the fates new when I want to test I mean depending on your device a can be both a will have 2 different distributions 1 each device with each entitled a within this division with you say for example I go the Midway which is kind of stable but still not walled now you have many many different ways of doing that where do or do I want to collect of the start menu do want to class about in what is what is kind of the feel that that distribution is giving me and there you have the so-called desktop environments which will fix that so we will talk about that in a 2nd so if insist tall openSUSE the standard way which is what we recommend on a reasonably powerful machine you will get this if WebBrowser which is Firefox and you have the best of times to school
KDE but there are many many different distributions symbolize here by this what I'm for figure assume has this little kind of family pictures and it's kind of like you can keep your view but actually if you have a mission time and looks like the thing to
the left so there's a lot of distributions outside that's it you might think I'm sorry you are quite wrong if you just look at the little box adopted in the top and you zoom in little bit this is what you get and that's like what a quarter of this picture so many many many distributions outside you will never get to test them all there are thousands of this use is for example rats torn and I think it's called as North Korean government which is developping that you might not want to try it out you can also vessels Chinese things or their distributions which opens light corpuscles which you probably want to try out and I get mainly thanks type so you will choose watch work what way to go and will tall if you want what every you tell us to install a your computer if it can be done within 2 hours he go at Jeonju on Linux from scratch it's not industry we might not be able to do it in time but with you have a favorite you just do we enough help you that if you don't want to pick a go with openSUSE that's a recommendation we think that's a good choice to stop it and you will never stay with your distribution you always move on because you see something cool your friend will always have a distribution you do that's that's about religion and I got stuck a fortunate personally so anyway so 1 way for the thing about this vision is a so-called package
manager package manager is kind of like the app store you have on your iPhone or D. what it called a place for group place on your Android phone and Windows for of but it's a a computer and it's extremely more powerful than what you think of this actually all the stores that you get or very downgraded simply fight of powerless things that bind you to the company that is running them of course in the Linux world it looks a little different it's much bigger much more diverse and you get much more control over what you have so baggage basically is responsible for managing softer on your computer so after is put in some call packets a packet just depending on what you call them that a package for example contains a Firefox 1 program in in a package or it can also contains several program like
there's a package ImageMagick which is all bundle of software tools that will help you converting images rotating them we call arising them are doing really everything that has ever been possible to do an image so there's a lot of programs containing this single package and you just don't panic them yourself usually on and more will understand Edisto that we can recommend but you just as your package measure to do that for so how does it know what software is out there it has channeled so-called repositories repository basically there's therefore that's the at what I what I would call it a channel and we know that this channel there is that and that and that and that packet which is offered in that in that in that version and usually there's 1 version for a packet general for real it not all said repo notice the short version of repository there are many ways to have repositories 1st of all the the most the safest ones are the official repositories that is softer that was that that is deadlocked actively being developed by the community that once Edisto and this this kind of certified the security stable to be good you can really trust these packages and the community projects for example there is a community project which is called the LC think that is not being developed by openSUSE it's is they're wrong don't use India yes that's about religion as well yes we'll see can be good can be bad there is free software site I can safely talk about things but if you want to use the US this you might not officially support that so what you do is that you can have another repository with software that the community bills not the oficial ones not the cranium off the Q of the distribution with the Hoare Corps people which are fully but the people in that around and if that's still not enough you can have Sokal personal repurpose bursary because you can do them yourself very simple you just tell the server this is my packaged as my source code compiled from distributed for me and it's going to do it all by itself and you can be very happy about that everybody can just at you wore repository today suffer sources and the package manager is going to have so why is that so important if because all these were grouped together in so-called softer sources so once you have configured that fight and you can always change have 5 courses you don't have to worry about it anymore all these repositories will be grouped into 1 kind of big globe source that is hanging on top of you constantly you can pull out from that whatever you want and a standard configuration has several tens of thousands of factors that you can choose from there's really not much softer you wanted so than which a pact which is not able to do and if it is not then you can always add reprobe with with that particular softer so why is a package manager so cool it's because it's extremely fast I install Firefox of this machine on Windows enough I now 20 seconds 30 seconds or if our Hoare Disk maybe several minutes on Linux it takes me 2 or 3 seconds to install fiber very fast now the other thing is that it's safe because it's well it's a safe as your repositories you don't have to pick a set up every single time you to down on something but you get your packages from summer you can trust things for this the official repository or also community projects are kind of transfer official repository in very trusted in my opinion you can always this cost that you can always switch to safer or less safe distribution that's you're really paranoid you gonna have all the possibilities of being paranoid I guarantee maybe you don't want to do that do anyway and so as a
secure and there's no junkware and this is this is really something really you have no set ups you just tell package installed as a toasty oak to sway Beckett's and on there's no buttons to click and there's absolutely no trumpery the constitutes is no tool bars no special search engines no configurations you want of what is that no 1 has interest of kicking you something you don't want back with it right so that's cool and another very neat thing of that is that updates or matched by the package managers well so if I want to install updates on this machine all open window is say at you which is fast update I know this from its attempts nice because just anywhere and it does the updating for all sufferers all this computer within seconds it checks for updates it down on the updates is also for operating system itself for all installed packages for my browser format you make client I mean it even it updates my libraries and everything so I don't have any kind of pop-ups that come up on my system annoying me although I don't have to reboot the Linux system typically by accident all anywhere but that would be the case you don't have to reboot your system after that you installed or raw insult updates of practice with that
they're a convenient thing and you go when you turn on your computer you know it's gonna start up without saying please way developed its size 1 of 206 so you can also tell your package manager installed me these 500 applications hit enter and your password because of a coffee become effects as installed your done been asked if you have 500 updates they so very very quickly so that's so that's AIPAC senators good I say practice is your friends and you gonna love anyway this is what package match might look for you are very simple business the
KDE of package manager thing there's a search field you typing there what you want to search for I for example Firefox hit enter and it will tell you it's not insult installed at all or if it's installed to move it you press OK and you're done of course you can do that it consul on country but that on the next slide but if you if you like click aiming point are you going to have a very very simple things for a while and it will be a message hang their new updates will and you click Install and that's it so we you're done so this is about that for the PAC treasure thinks now we gonna go people think aggressors that knows for their like becomes
so proving comes old-fashioned going to convert you go you think of those sessions you all think Connes is a really large like this looks like a modern operating system right gave no 1 has lived about the hand for 1st and just cuprous equity which would you think when we think about councils cannot you to break it frightens you yes that's what I wanted to hear so I'm not here to tell you consuls far the easiest thing in the universe it says that threatens you because is the opposite of religion why of GUI graphic user interfaces are based apps the Consul will not tell you what your options are you don't have 5 buttons to choose from you have to know what you want it to think 1st and any typing your comment so this is not a console is frightening for beginners but you will get these commands very very very fast and you break and we run ahead we got happy that you do a lot of Consul working on the practice courts so once you know that you know exactly what you want to tell the computer you don't have to say hang on I have to 1st tell you that I want something in and it then that I want us something and find and replace and in this submenu will want to replace and yes I do want to the cat the case to be respected and I have an entire work and then you start typing would get 1 because you don't have to do that you know what you want to type in a command that is exactly what you was you can chain commands you can change 5 coincided and say I want to list all the different screens so my computer OK no I want to take of that list only the lines which says connected so that I don't get to this connectives strains there was only a 1st sort of that and with that now I want to make this my primary screen but you can always changes commence together and they will form a new compound common which is very very nice so now I have this I press 1 button and this is not automatically put my screen where ever I want with 1 but
you can map things although it is my counselor so extremely powerful because all the commands that you have on your computer will be able to be compatible with each other also you can type you don't have to don't have to say this is about I want you just type your fingers you they feel right the keyboard has very very efficient wants to know what you want so it's very responsive as well an issue I have ever worked on and very slow machine which has run for quite a while and got lower I have to say Windows machine because all other this operating systems that I know don't get so at the time just windows of that but if you've worked he experience that you click something and wait for the window to open on the Connes you don't have that which is go tap-tap and immediately it shows you all the options that you have for completing the common just start typing of very very very fast you'll you'll see so that's I love the Council so much it gives me exactly what I want I work also the time of work in the council of the you can have your shortcuts defined a citizens so right now just promising you you don't have to be afraid of the cons you don't have to be but it 2 weeks ago that demonstrates you that you don't have to be afraid so just come am I will is I I dare you you will not be afraid anymore that's that's gone to a philosophy tradition but now I can hit each other and after safer so this is my opinion about ethics many many people disagree with that what say next on you will feel really some preferences I have some preferences I don't really have so processes KB I hate what
city is they nice for people come from minutes because of the start menu it has fewer windows of actually look like Windows close button maximize button things that I is extraordinary customizable I mean you can make these so check boxes you everybody knows the check you can make a check boxes look round triangular or square if you want you can just customized everything a means that the Options dialog so huge something a particle and is something else I dislike is that Windows fate in and they fade out just like on Windows systems and a new offensive in a set of course I don't like that I like kind of the XT feel way just goes boom boom boom boom boom all the time know what you prefer ride it doesn't matter to me what your prefer because you know now that if you want fancy things customizable things you have to choose kT and all the KDD once on machines with I would recommend at least 2 gigabytes RAM commission is older than that wait for 2 minutes we gonna show you more simplistic wind that's the thing that's get these extremely complete after say well we have both which is a file manager which is there which can do a lot of things that handles net Furkat handles Windows plates of assiduously book things you can sign things it has a full-featured a client with everything that you could dream off if your minds of other cues etc. Our dead has big customizable of settings things so good is big and very
complete and that's too much for you but you still want something very smooth might radical with can
know you can always kind of the macro s so of desktop environments style of Linux it's it comes
as it it's not exactly options that you haven't not much more it's very minimal well this is not the newest version there still is a minimize and maximize buttons but what the can only people set s action to minimize the window of our to minimize the window which is what a switch to another window you this year desktop but you don't ever want to minimize the window just for the sake of minimizing it right so they kill it is will minimize or maximize why would you maximize the Windows you can just drag at the top so you don't need it so they can this is like no Marseille's minimalist they removed everything and don't use your data although they remove the start menu and they build this thing and is is really fancy boat this kind of when you want to see all the Windows you move your mouse the top left everything scales down and you see little tiny windows of everything that you have opened if you have to any Windows at this so-called Burke space just into to another work space and they will be dynamically created various KDE for example should before a will have static workspaces where you define in advance how many workspace is you have on going on that's not possible because they create themselves as you move things around as it and also the application starter is you move your mouse the top left of this and if you start typing now it will become a stop me so why would you use some that's kind of the way don't you like it or you hate if you love that's you go with tried out it's
really worth and he hated of the new usage is something else actually therefore machines back there maybe in 5 on the old 1 actually and the next with all these test of romance and presented to you at the end of this course feel free to go back and try it out yourself then there's excess now this is the 1st smaller desktop environment I can assure you access the I
call it sometimes X face but it's a religious question whatever it is called and they're contradictory informations about that an Internet but as X so don't get me wrong and it's very minimalistic in the sense of it doesn't come with anything that takes a lot of computational power that you will need for example the fall there no effects friend of just pop open up close and there's not much decoration of their here's transfer sealed enabled by the full that's not the the case things are small things are tiny but still it kind of provides everything that you are used to from a from a normal operating system this has spent a lot of progress in last 2 years for that if you have used excess before we should probit tried out again it has some interesting features which you it runs all the machines I think you can easily get along with 1 gig of RAM is that and it's can a fast you know it has also bundle softer that comes with it which is a minimalistic as well in the sense of not not like no minimalistic but purchase see the what what it wouldn't mess order but others no this is what I
don't like of 2 2 small and so on but I like acid excess a lot I use it for quite a while and it's is what you take if you have even less powerful computers at 500 Macs of rat but it has a stop me that looks like this access he has 1 of those chew but it also provides a slightly more modest of me now and if is really kind of the lowest you can get in terms of resources while still having something that feels like not brings as you're probably used to you can go much lower that like the 1 that is running here right now it takes less resources but there is some there so far managed this start menu there is no such thing at all I don't I don't cannot even maximizer minimize windows that doesn't exist online but this is the lowest you can get without going into so-called or tiling window metal minimal minimax if you want to go in low try open box but then you have already to to use the consul because all box has many things it doesn't provide a graphical and environment anyway so machine started Vedic steun work your way down optimizing away things you don't need so this is what it
looked like but you can change a lot of thanks so excess looks like this if you install it by default I'm not the openSUSE they have been dead but this is the or ritual but any can never make it look like that you see there's a kind of Mac OS show bore and you can is told that 1 on top of this unjust me plays this 1 I mean there's nothing in your intestine I read you cannot replaced by something else right if you want this custom start menu you have DOS and of choices or even more and also you have a lot of publications and things and so on and you see that actually the theme looks the same mass of KDE so you can combine the desktop environments features in order to make your kind of destep environment being based on 1 of the largest that around if you're more very very very more advances I would be able to and this is carried on this little 2nd as you've seen that before you can make it look like this is that the users you like decided to spend the whole time though making things look prettier than you can do that so this is about destep amines did you get the feel more or less would be says if you don't absolutely try out these things in a back then you can replay rounded them on the left the default so this is what you get when you start OpenSUSE with all of these actually is thought of as a last few what this step and and to choose from and the sort of 4 top choices that we would recommend and then you have this and that is
really site actually you know on a Macao the snow leopard has died and you should be using it anymore so bad news for some of
the or Windows XP you cannot use it anymore it has died has no more support what does that mean it means that people are not developping it anymore for security fixes there's a problem to the software and will not be fixed if to get a new operating system like Windows Vista which is the last 1 still being supported and openSUSE as that of course as well and here what do versions are labeled from 10 comma decimal 0 0 to what is I think right now it's 13 to receive the current version there is a Khot yes OK this is so the old really cycle witches stopping ass off a few weeks from so you as you see had about this much support which is still a little over 2 years there's the grains gray cells or Développement so it's not ready to use at a constant region which is sort of the official support that they have the evergreen green-faced witches if you don't want to switch to a new system consider keep it the kind of support that was it until then and then but when this and comes you better operate 2 to 1 of the the versions there are of of courses for free in your package match we all do it for you to press 1 button and know there were no be not be any error messages like and some other operating systems that I have never seen them announcer like this that every release comes every 8 months and there's so it trees is supported for the next 2 releases plus 2 months so it's a total of 18 months and Evergreen say is for people who really don't want to switch but news cycle it looks like this
so it's called mesons Leap and so far it's only it will only be available for C is 64 bits are in by computers so it's kind of follow very so they will may be extended to 32 bit later most of you anyway half a 64 bit computer even if you don't know it and minor release is labeled with adopt 1 at the end and it supported 18 months but this time we have 12 months between releases and there is a major reason for those who know when to it's kind of the LTS thing at a major release Vietnamese every 36 months on till actually the next major release will be support so you don't have to operate for 36 months regresses to that all clear this in detail but it gets nasty if you forget to operate and there's like Heartbleed will not be fixed on outdated versions are for those who know that they know how that it can be is always make sure you are in support so now when I install
Linux Mabille kicked 1 of sort so
talks will be breaking your as it's not that you should be too afraid of it all right your actual all as if you have a
macro as a window so as you can keep it on your computer and if you want to install OpenSUSE you can decide this fact this is what is gonna look like 1st of all the installed with tell
there's going to shrink the Windows partition that making Windows smaller is a critical book on resize the partition for those who know it it's kind a critical if you're if use someone like let's start a folder your left up to the floor that point it's very likely that you have a complete data loss so if installer system 1st of all do the backup compare all the you might press something wrong and then choose the wrong target and choose to override everything on purpose but without wanting it the solid dust would you tell it to do so it's good to do back up even though it's considered and then once you've installed at the site you can choose from your office and this is what the Chooser looks like Windows missed of your machine instead of the Windows logo this part there is say I want to sort openSUSE or what states in at a cool thing is both are completely absolutely uncoupled they have nothing to do with each other and they are 1 may not slow down don't want even leave but not recommended but you can even leave 1 hybrid and start but don't do it yes alone could looks like this so this is really fit this initial softer you do have it's harder to install a Dynamac don't worry we have a huge team of very experienced people in that so that can have 2 computers in 1 if you have 1 and killed by a virus that would be typically not the Linux box sorry had to think that than actually you have to and you don't have to to do anything he I what the other 1 is completely dependent actually forbindelse viruses on your Windows it will not be able to run on
Unix system it's incompatible so it's kind of anything else if 1 system is broken if you you will still have 2 of them so Yemeni perfidy find that also if you have by software like a Windows 10 installed your computer the Linux part will not be affected by this so if you look at you start up Windows you will not see Linux is you start at Mac you will not see Linux it does not the indicate nicer petition time however and Willard and it's
still recognize the other operating system and it looks like it's you the as sect is like a 2nd hard disk and you can move around any file that you want hey hey the winners protection is completely turned off so you can just press Toledano Windows folder and it gets deleted nice so watch out and the SSA systems or complete independence I agree on that so long rural rule I guess you don't need to break because we got to be done in about 10 minutes so we have not but it but it really needs right now no OK can so this is page to to symbolize that he will be on the Windows may petition this would kind of be your bootloader partition and then we have in this case 3 Linux for just 2 can imagine that like this so they're completely apart which is a month so what you can do now in order to get the next years to visit our next event
bridges the so-called it's polymers now what the in southern looks like is that the tables and viruses at land cables and a lot of people I think this year a huge amount of people and then we have helpless and they run around and you get if you get a piece of paper and you sit down and the piece of paper and you laptop bring a charge European but overlap you read the piece of paper do what's written not as soon as you run into a problem if you're not sure about something if you feed on insecure something you know the the hand and eventually somebody will come by and help you tell you what a breeze now if you have a serious from there some computers which are really really nasty to get Linux installed then this someone might get someone else we have so little bands this year with you know kind of like the medals for military is so green would mean openSUSE expert etc. so that person will get a more qualified person for your specific problem and this way we will we will get his Linux and so we have everything that we have installed 50 out of usually 51 laptops successfully even the ones which are not support so you you can trust the gonna
of the engineers someday in this and if you have power HUD like not the fastest each have an acid you as as you probably know what it is you don't know what you have you probably have the then it will be a good idea to 1st of all defragmented to be nice and also I make a backup before you come again everybody's they might come back up 1 to the the words so you cannot tell me you haven't done 1 of really important for me I have only killed once a system in my life and it I had a backup so as I would have lost 1 terabyte of data would have been horrible the family pictures it happens it happens rarely but when it happens is that so it only women only have 2 days maybe it's not enough to get everybody through and all that to say we have unfortunately that problem with our our booking system become decomposing most of you have probably signed up with assays it's full of them actually this room according to them has 14 MeV 50 places quite right it has 160 so we are not able to influence anything about to change that is we don't even know how many people have signed up for the course we can't see anything is complete in transferred to us and when we try to reach somebody there it takes usually week of response time which is yeah it kind of stressful adjusted but if you don't have any free space on the internet if it says books dot com anyway have a look and see if it's really that busy and you can always come the next is a seceders off today in 1 week is gonna be days solid and 1 and you can choose you can pick this that person or that they've just after and so you have to have to come to 1 of them if you come the 1st time in something fails like you run out of battery because you forgot to bring your charger which is sometimes a problem that we have then you can always come to the 2nd 1 tried again now that's not enough for you we also have a so-called stomach patient which says basically we've got think like here if you like the year I would sit down together have a good time and you bring a laptop and we bring our laptops and we discuss little bit nerdy things if you want to or we fix the problem or anything it's completely there no rules and we do it every year and you just contact us say I stunt is to be organized because I have a problem with our that's what we get our kick out something we have a simple maiden nests in part of it is that that CH so you won't miss a thing and that way we just come together have a good time to now if you want to master your system efforts especially the consul part which is the more advanced that we we assume that you know how to use the start menu then you can come to a practice costs and we got our G 2 courses which is 1 is billed the top of the other 1 basically where everything we did a covering the 1st on will be covered in a 2nd part and we're gonna tell you exactly from 0 everything that to know to be able to manage surround system and if you run problems that come to our stunt this is right a slave words and and if you're still it's still interested about this and many of you have given very good feedback to Christian 2 days ago so I think it is for you that Kristen is gonna have another call the extra costs and he's got talk about I think neuro gentle or kind of a specific scientifically-based distribution which is especially for scientists many of you are probably scientists here was a scientist quite a few but the interesting created their operating systems built for scientists so he's got about that that's gonna be on the 20th now this temptation locally like
this is Beard this is Christian this is where we picked him up at exactly half year ago and maybe even like us maybe you can you can also you can buy that by the way at the end couple talks if you want to have promised that is some people still have to see it as for someone here so you can maybe you fall in love of our penguin and say we want to be part of this mean to be part of the alternative maybe help other people install things justice castoff for help organize think there's a lot of things we do we do like posts we do a lot of paperwork we do our lot of technical stuff etc. set up where we have to give a lot of friends at ETH in it in the like for example the people are recording there's it in for free so we have a lot of nice people who help us and that's a good thing and if you want to be part of that you just come with us and they're gonna be your friends as well right but of documents move sorry I don't have friends difference but at about my operating system teacher told us so the next the 1st stunt this will be at the 20 9th of this month and you know everything about it now did installed events they look like
that this time probably a little bit fuller so will be kind of thought you know you can come with each other because you can be so so close that many many people and I'm very very surprised about 3 times more people than less and it is on the website course write it down or just learning it by heart I think by knowledge knowledge the area of all the information that we have to get our simplest and don't forget that we have dinner computers you can play around with and just that's about it if you have any questions you and know
no presence that thank you very much that thank you very much for calling and which have a nice evening I hope that who of you feels now like they have touched the Linux and if you OK you know you can do the real thing of you have a lot of fun and the this is just the the the the the they the other the back is important thing for us to look at
it for every single thing thank you
Maschinenschreiben
Einfügungsdämpfung
Quader
Freeware
t-Test
Kombinatorische Gruppentheorie
Datensatz
Computerspiel
Digitalsignal
Software
XML
Äußere Algebra eines Moduls
Grundraum
Assoziativgesetz
Open Source
Güte der Anpassung
Eindeutigkeit
Verzweigendes Programm
Minimalgrad
Digitalisierer
Mereologie
Projektive Ebene
Kantenfärbung
Information
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Energiedichte
Prozess <Physik>
Prozess <Informatik>
Installation <Informatik>
Rechter Winkel
Digital Rights Management
Programmierumgebung
Fastring
Programmierumgebung
Ereignishorizont
Web Site
Einfügungsdämpfung
Rechter Winkel
Ganze Funktion
Open Source
Virtuelle Maschine
Einfügungsdämpfung
Einheit <Mathematik>
Computerspiel
MIDI <Musikelektronik>
Quick-Sort
Internetworking
Physikalisches System
Open Source
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Notebook-Computer
Baum <Mathematik>
Versionsverwaltung
Router
Physikalisches System
Open Source
Spezialrechner
Dienst <Informatik>
Subtraktion
Existenzsatz
Grundsätze ordnungsmäßiger Datenverarbeitung
Standardabweichung
Systemprogrammierung
Kernel <Informatik>
Prozess <Physik>
Zahlenbereich
Code
Systemaufruf
Betriebssystem
Information
Physikalisches System
Kernel <Informatik>
Distributionstheorie
Kategorie <Mathematik>
Gefrieren
Systemaufruf
Betriebssystem
Humanoider Roboter
Raum-Zeit
Videokonferenz
Arithmetisches Mittel
Open Source
Datensatz
Dienst <Informatik>
Bildschirmmaske
Software
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Bildschirmfenster
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Maschinelles Sehen
Distributionstheorie
Subtraktion
Freeware
Versionsverwaltung
Programm
Gefrieren
Kartesische Koordinaten
Spezialrechner
Bildschirmmaske
Client
Webforum
Normalform
Software
Äußere Algebra eines Moduls
Softwareentwickler
Maschinelles Sehen
Hilfesystem
Metropolitan area network
Verklemmung
Sichtenkonzept
Graph
Güte der Anpassung
Systemaufruf
p-Block
Ereignishorizont
Office-Paket
Dienst <Informatik>
Verbandstheorie
Rechter Winkel
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Server
Minimum
Projektive Ebene
Entropie
Unternehmensarchitektur
Verkehrsinformation
Faserbündel
Kernel <Informatik>
Distributionstheorie
Obere Schranke
Betriebssystem
Physikalisches System
Sortierverfahren
Dienst <Informatik>
Software
Software
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Distributionenraum
Notebook-Computer
Maschinelles Sehen
Faserbündel
Distributionstheorie
Kernel <Informatik>
Stabilitätstheorie <Logik>
Sichtenkonzept
Browser
Familie <Mathematik>
Division
Intel
Virtuelle Maschine
Software
Software
Distributionenraum
Programmierumgebung
Figurierte Zahl
Schnelltaste
Distributionstheorie
App <Programm>
Bit
Quader
Kontrolltheorie
Dokumentenserver
Digital Rights Management
Gruppenkeim
Systemaufruf
Humanoider Roboter
Open Source
Software
Dämpfung
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Distributionenraum
Bildschirmfenster
Datentyp
Speicher <Informatik>
Maschinelles Sehen
Auswahlaxiom
Distributionstheorie
Stabilitätstheorie <Logik>
Web Site
Freeware
Dokumentenserver
Browser
Digital Rights Management
Programm
Versionsverwaltung
Wärmeübergang
Eins
Open Source
Virtuelle Maschine
Client
Hoare-Logik
Suchmaschine
Software
Mini-Disc
Bildschirmfenster
Programmbibliothek
Urbild <Mathematik>
Konfigurationsraum
Bildgebendes Verfahren
Einflussgröße
Dokumentenserver
Zehn
Open Source
Computersicherheit
Zwei
Physikalisches System
Malware
Quellcode
Teilbarkeit
Software
Rohdaten
Menge
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Server
Ablöseblase
Dateiformat
Projektive Ebene
Ultraviolett-Photoelektronenspektroskopie
Repository <Informatik>
Faserbündel
Soundverarbeitung
Programm
Punkt
Matching <Graphentheorie>
Digital Rights Management
Kartesische Koordinaten
Gruppenoperation
Software
Datenfeld
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Primzahlzwillinge
Installation <Informatik>
Message-Passing
Einfach zusammenhängender Raum
Schnelltaste
Menütechnik
Spielkonsole
Mailing-Liste
Betriebssystem
Programmierumgebung
Quick-Sort
Konfiguration <Informatik>
Virtuelle Maschine
Schnelltaste
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Bildschirmfenster
Datentyp
Rechenschieber
Benutzerführung
Spielkonsole
Computerunterstützte Übersetzung
Grundraum
Gerade
Touchscreen
Quader
Extrempunkt
Digital Rights Management
Baum <Mathematik>
Programmierumgebung
Physikalisches System
Elektronische Publikation
Konfiguration <Informatik>
Arithmetisches Mittel
Virtuelle Maschine
Client
Quadratzahl
Menge
Bildschirmfenster
Partikelsystem
Zentrische Streckung
Gruppenoperation
Bildschirmfenster
Versionsverwaltung
Kartesische Koordinaten
Programmierumgebung
Programmierumgebung
Makrobefehl
Raum-Zeit
Konfiguration <Informatik>
Softwaretest
Soundverarbeitung
Mathematisierung
Subnormaler Operator
Programmierumgebung
Physikalisches System
EINKAUF <Programm>
Internetworking
Virtuelle Maschine
Mooresches Gesetz
Nominalskaliertes Merkmal
Arithmetische Folge
Information
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Programmierumgebung
Data Encryption Standard
Extremwert
Quader
Atomarität <Informatik>
Default
Ruhmasse
Programmierumgebung
Term
Quick-Sort
Virtuelle Maschine
Parkettierung
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Bildschirmfenster
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Programmierumgebung
Default
Auswahlaxiom
Web Site
Total <Mathematik>
Freeware
Matching <Graphentheorie>
Computersicherheit
Versionsverwaltung
Zellularer Automat
Betriebssystem
Programmierumgebung
Quick-Sort
Netzwerktopologie
Software
Dreiecksfreier Graph
Bildschirmfenster
Versionsverwaltung
Fehlermeldung
Partitionsfunktion
Bit
Installation <Informatik>
Wurzel <Mathematik>
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Transitionssystem
Versionsverwaltung
Mini-Disc
Versionsverwaltung
Quick-Sort
Spezifisches Volumen
Partitionsfunktion
Einfügungsdämpfung
Computervirus
Web Site
Punkt
Vervollständigung <Mathematik>
Quader
Installation <Informatik>
Maßerweiterung
Physikalisches System
Partitionsfunktion
Datensicherung
Spezifisches Volumen
Office-Paket
Virtuelle Maschine
Wurzel <Mathematik>
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Mereologie
Bildschirmfenster
Installation <Informatik>
Makrobefehl
Funktion <Mathematik>
Vervollständigung <Mathematik>
Booten
Stochastische Abhängigkeit
Betriebssystem
Schlussregel
Physikalisches System
Elektronische Publikation
Partitionsfunktion
Ereignishorizont
Homepage
Physikalisches System
Systemprogrammierung
Festplattenlaufwerk
Software
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Bildschirmfenster
Mereologie
Ordnung <Mathematik>
Stereometrie
Distributionstheorie
Rückkopplung
Bit
Computervirus
Atomarität <Informatik>
Familie <Mathematik>
Bridge <Kommunikationstechnik>
Datensicherung
Eins
Internetworking
Physikalisches System
Computerspiel
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Gruppe <Mathematik>
Notebook-Computer
Response-Zeit
Ereignishorizont
Kontrolltheorie
Expertensystem
Leistung <Physik>
Installation <Informatik>
Systemaufruf
Vorzeichen <Mathematik>
Schlussregel
Betriebssystem
Physikalisches System
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Mereologie
Notebook-Computer
Wort <Informatik>
Tabelle <Informatik>
Formale Grammatik
Subtraktion
Bit
Selbst organisierendes System
Betriebssystem
Neun
Ereignishorizont
Arithmetisches Mittel
Flächeninhalt
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Datenverarbeitungssystem
Mereologie
Information
Ereignishorizont
Hilfesystem
Demo <Programm>
Videokonferenz
Multimedia
Dienst <Informatik>

Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Introduction to Linux
Serientitel LinuxDays 2015
Anzahl der Teile 05
Autor Kalbermatter, Sandro
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 4.0 International:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/36885
Herausgeber Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract This talk is part of the LinuxDays of the student association TheAlternative, the digital arm of [project21]. In the digital age, we want to draw attention to a sustainable interaction with knowledge and culture. We want to encourage usage and comprehension of Free and Open Source Software (also known as FOSS) as an alternative to proprietary software, as well as promote similar open alternatives in other areas. Our LinuxDays are a series of events designed to introduce Linux to beginners and help those who already have it enhance their knowledge. They are created mainly for users of other operating systems who want to discover and/or eventually switch to Linux. We start all the way from the bottom and guide you on your way up to a safer and more comfortable digital lifestyle. In our courses, we cover philosophical aspects as well as technical content. Users already familiar to Linux can jump in at any time to learn more about the wonders of Linux and Free Software. During our Install Events, we will personally assist you in installing Linux on your laptop. Don't worry - of course you can keep your existing OS and additionally use Linux if you want to. After visiting our courses, you will not only have an easy-to-use and efficient operating system on your computer, but also know how to get the best out of it and find more information on your own in case you are enticed with Linux. You don't have to worry about the limits and costs of proprietary software anymore. All students of Zürich may attend our events for free. In consideration of international participants, all courses are held in English.

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