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Gamified Control?

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it could be an and the OK so these mn cutting the kernelized so did you all thank of angels today no yes maybe applause did you all did y'all Postum due to the no OK see and Katinka will tell you about social credit system from China and I will tell you a little bit more about how all the human being can be from valued the just a megastar political science and modern events in Chinese science she are not only has hurt her theoretical knowledge from books but you always also combines it with the street study so please welcome with a very warm hand of applause Katinka thank and this I'm happy to be and and so 1st I want to thank all the people who made that possible this conference in this talk so thanks all you and special special thanks to all the people at translating if the before we start by like to say a few points the 1st was the thank you we already how about the 2nd is I I have to apologize in this is not my mother tongue so you will have some funny mistakes that I make so the internet has a bit more fun because the bolt can be buys and the 2nd thing is I I would take you on a journey through China social credit system its current stage and because we only have half an hour more less because I'd really like to spend a lot of time with you guys on talks on discussion in q in a we have to leave a lot of interesting sites out so there are some excellent talks on the CCC about technological aspects of Internet and in his users and fire China I would concentrate really hard on this social credit system but if you have questions please ask in the Quran a the Q and a will not be recorded so you can view the and if you have more questions just contact me after the talk Our ends it's the China topic and often when you talk about China you to say 0 young yeah that's China this is no China bashing session I'm sorry for anyone expected that the China China has a government and the government once to control something so this talk is about social credit systems in China but it is about a tendency as the internationally is the tendency to answer a social problems with technological solutions orderlies if the try so please keep in mind it's happening in China that it's not that we are safe in the rest of cozy or anything else so it's meant as an example of an international tendency and I prepared some courts so I will stick to the topic of to look at them from time to time and this talk presented my current state of research is not the truth on this talk Saturday represents current state of my cold as well so I'm not certainly 3rd please apologize but of small for a little journey I prepared a couple of stops the 1st 1 will be um videos from 2015 made by except threaded on Social credit systems in China and so if you don't like the talk at you have 7 and half minutes to to just finish nobody will notice the next point will be updates and corrections it's a video from 2015 on there some faulty information in its hands to do that I will give you a quick look at the Chinese Internet landscape the next point will be the current state of such a consistency it does say SCS is the same I'm just lazy and there's 1 question of not and science when talking about the Chinese credit system it's why that happening and again it's not because it's an evil government is the government so we'll dive in some idea logical aspects of Chinese politics today the and in the end I'm really looking forward to that point because I can shut it up and listen to your thoughts in really interested in that so everyone ready cozy that's wonderful things and then we can start with the video that is not showing right now know we need some technical support all it's not many see the pictures but we have time so you all the gods free water gentlemen I think we have a technical problem you soul while while the walk and my statement I was trying to get something from the yeah as he will do this is a good guy is the best guy to ladies applause for the war thank so all while waiting all to have the review the isn't it I because the it looked really good from here so let's play a little again and later we will have a Q & a session but unfortunately we're not allowed what we we can't recall security session and we will also not video stream the Q and a session so and I would like you to have a cold weekend of a process for all of you because you will have a great discussion with this nice lady and we therefore we try to make applause so there was not enough OK on this wasn't nominal that should be loaded the all OK preserve no we do but I think over there I did not hear any a could you could use the to please try it again you have a better better I think these guys away but remains all they go along some information ideas and you know after the video thank you and me and the information you get in the video is based on an atrocities these of their and their and the American civilian that his union ions that contain some mistakes but 1 thing when you want to know something about china the government is really open into publishing what they're doing and what they're planning to do on it's seems to be much more comfortable to just copying but maybe have a look into what the government says because it's a good way to find out what they're doing and they're scaring the open it works with a lot of government and um I realize that because this video had a lot of impact and there was a lot of news report on that scary system in China but only looked at the news
report and you have the video before you found out that it was more or less the
same the very same as in the
video even years later so please if you want to find something else check for facts there might be online too so let's the picture and that's my breaks we when we 1st got into it
only and even now looking at this site thinking that
this can be something about it but I just don't understand like I must be reading this wrong it's just so clearly something out dystopian
science fiction and yet here it is in our
world and people are actually embracing it
apparently China has dignified being
an obedient citizens
thank going under the innocuous name of Sesame
credit China has created a score for
how good a citizen you are and that's
1 of the scariest things I've heard in quite a while it's jointly run by Tencent
yes batons and the 1 that owns right
games and has a significant share an epic and Activision Blizzard and also the ascendance Chinese competitor to Amazon Ali Baba
hence the name sesame so the owners of China's
largest social networks have partnered with the
government to create something akin to the US credit score but instead of measuring how
regularly you pay your bills it measures how
obediently you follow the party line they
dredge data from your social network so if you
post pictures of Tiananmen Square or share link about the recent stock market collapse your Sesame credit score goes down share a link
from the state-sponsored news agency about how good the economy's doing and your score goes up the Ali
Baba intense and are also the largest online retailers in China so Sesame credit is
also able to pull data from your purchases if
you're making purchases the state deems valuable like work shoes or local agricultural products your score goes up if you import enemy
from Japan go down the score goes and
the score has real world consequences
like many games Sesame credit has tears and levels and having a high school or give you special
benefits like making it easier to get the
paperwork you need to travel or making it easier
to get a loan now currently there are no consequences for having a low score but there's
been talk about implementing penalties once the system
becomes mandatory in 2020 penalties
like slower Internet speeds for low scoring citizens or even restricting the jobs that a low
scoring person allowed to hold but there's 1 more
layer to Sesame credit and here's where this goes from
being repulsive to downgrade insidious because this is all part of a social network it
also scan your friends so you will
lose points for having friends with low obedience courts and it tells you this at
any point anybody can check anyone else's
score and when you check your own score Sesame
credit provides a handy map of your friends to
show you who's dragging your score down and you ever
had that thing where you play a game with somebody who
was doing very well and you've tried to change their behavior to make them do better or maybe after a
while you just sorta stopped playing with the people who were holding you back that's at the heart of how the system works and it's also what makes this 1 of the most terrifying tools of authoritarian oppression I've ever read about because like
mass censorship jail time assassinations those are all big messy
implements for keeping a population line that messiness and severity foster resentment
eventually rebellion they're expensive they're unwieldy in and those tools are impossible to
maintain that social pressure ostracize
ation those things are free they happen
on their own and as a government tool they don't have nearly the same potential for going
embarrassingly disastrously wrong with a
system like this in place a government doesn't
even have to tell neighbor to spy on neighbor to rat each other out because that's all built
into a seemingly innocuous game system the
government need not step in re-education will be handled for them by friends classmates and relatives who want to maintain a high score and
if that doesn't work then potentially dangerous idea still end up quarantined by the social
isolation this game system causes
express or help to spread to many radical ideas and people will stop associating with you
and not because some jackbooted thugs showed up at
the door with threats but simply because
associating with somebody with those ideas will
lose them all the privileges they worked so hard to obtain it recontextualize is
obedience to an authoritarian regime in the
past you obeyed such powers because you were afraid fear kept you motivated but
fear is negative if fosters resentment
the world we're stepping into instead uses
positive reinforcement to promote being subservient to the will of the regime it's big brothers kinder gentler hand and the
things that make this scary is that we've seen the efficacy of this only too well in games you may not actually know this but when world war craft
was in its early stages of development it had an
unrested penalty mechanic that started limiting experience gains for players who had played too much and players hated it they
resented it and they complained about it every day
so after brainstorming on this for a while
blizzard had the idea to simply change how the mechanic was presented without changing any of the
existing numbers or systems they started
referring to the unrest experience penalty state as normal and made it the default and they started calling the original normal experience gained state has rested that's
all they changed and everybody loved it people would log on every day just to get
that bonus positive reinforcement works
wonders but unlike World of Warcraft
which built a system just to get people to embrace meaningless grinding Sesame credit has built a
system to get people to enjoy falling into line now the system is not mandatory yet
it's up in right now but it's going to be mandatory in 2020 and there's a
terrible brilliance to phasing that in
the early adopters are gonna be people excited about this system people who are already
patriotic and eager for anything that'll help
display that patriotism to the world and as
early adopters they're gonna talk up they're going to give it
an error of being positive and find then
it'll be foisted on the society as a whole
more than that of the early adopters are going to compete already you can see hundreds of
thousands of tweets displaying people's high
scores are showing off the new milestones they've had giving a hard numbers to their patriotism and
giving them bragging rights for being the most patriotic most right thinking person they know and that's going to set the tone for how
Sesame credit is intended to be used as a
competition to see who can agree with the government the most we've talked about propaganda games on this
channel before but for all the time we've spent
examining in the constructing terrible games that espouse hate and for all the studies on
propaganda games James has done this is the
use of game systems that frightens me the most
because to most people Sesame credit will seem benign perhaps even a fun it's a
conversation starter something to share with your friends but it's making heavy use of all the
psychological motivators that we game makers deploy in scoring systems and bladders of
levels systems that we build to shape play
habits and to keep people coming back like I said I am still kind of in a state of disbelief looking at this if any of you are watching this from China please tell me if I'm misunderstanding this thing because I would love to be wrong about it if not well I hope this episode can do some small amount to help the fight to keep such a system from becoming mandatory for everyone in the rest of the world I hope this helps remind us all how important it is to be aware and to be vigilant all of
these gamification techniques we've learned through making games offer incredible opportunities for
making this world a better more engaging place
black every great tool carries with it the potential for misuse of it's on us as a community who understands this amazing new medium to do what we can do stuff that I see next week what
human
face
so we had this to dual islands thank you check for credit for
this video and thank you for concentrating on gamification because a lot of time when I talk to social scientists without a lot of technological knowledge it was like OK it's a new system ons the whole game evocation thing to get me and I wondered about a lot of people who didn't seem to be interested in it because it's such the video contains some 40 information 1st I'd like to concentrate on key aspects they told us another video this is social rating system in China now the system will become mandatory in 2020 that's all right it works on big data Algorithms Artificial Intelligence and your online and offline data on the induced technologies like gamification and nudging and if you hear the way he insists and no it's not 1984 was about false unification is about feeling good and cozy the so In updates and corrections I promised you a quick look at the at Chinese Internet landscape much most people already know from the beginning that the Chinese government stuff it's to control the Internet as much as a coach and its users so some you might have heard of the Great firewall all its new X is out on you extra the golden she the great cannon which is the details weapon it would be really fascinating to dive in there but we have to watch from power another point that's really interesting for us looking at social credit system it's true name or real name registration which means you can't use a lot of services if you don't give them your ID number and the mandatory system in 2020 will work on ID numbers as far as we know so we watch the other side the uses them millions of users it's 1 more than 1 . 4 billion people in China ions I cities are really popular much more than in Germany for example and another thing that's please keep in mind cash is vanishing in China a couple of years ago for example when I lived in China the 2004 I paid my rent in cash Harvey in advance when a paid us anything I paid cash he could don't find a lot of places accepting cops but now China didn't have this development of carts that just jumped right through paying with mobile and you can buy at new or snack of magazine with your mobile phone on the Chinese users found multiple ways to deal with send the ship and antitrust positive it's a wonderful thing to look up and now the big players of the Chinese Internet because we learned from names in the film I might something very Chinese I make something
colorful OK you have the big players it's not about about and 10 cents we heard about them and by do is the 3rd biggest player each millions of users or billions so to explain those I will use an American companies names to have understanding and by do it is known for
that was the wrong you
by do is known for our by Dubai color and this is like the Chinese Wikipedia it's just a bit much controlled I Math by do pay and by it is used in artificial intelligence so the next 1 10 cents we learned about the gaming things and developed QQ this is a matter and some of you might remember kid the yeah it's just a bit bigger another add a lot of people don't think it's Chinese Edif Chinese that's called we checked it's I can say the even in what's up right on guess what we term developed we took pay hands and there's another that accompanied tensor and holds some parts in its Snapchat's it's rough percent owned by 10 cents at about a half hourly pay which is 1 of the biggest payment apps aren't you can even use it in Germany now I think in some shops it's running tableau 1 which is like the dangers to the bidder bigger and see no way below our way domains microblogging all and as seen as the biggest company in China and I hold more was the 3rd now we come to something really interesting the and it's and financial because and financial created something called 7 credits 7 credit is all about us child's 10 cents and or above us a tense and developed their own system so a corrections without colors
2014 was the year the Chinese State Council released a planning outline on the construction of social credit systems in China on that gave us a lot of information but only very few specific information so the they start us and in 2020 it will be managed mandatory but they worked on for as long as at least 2005 it allows governmental and private SCS so you have both I page companies are allowed to form their own private search credit systems we learned tense and not about the 2 of them and in different regions of high and on for example it's an island you have social criticisms run by the government so you see you have a lot of different systems running at the same time in different regions and sometimes you can choose between different social prejudice and at the same that is the same place and 7 accredited we have learned is the biggest and run by Ali Baba and 7 that time and it says credit is not the 1 who will be mandatory the I have 1 other point that I forgot it might come back later so to give you a bit
more information let's have a quick look at recent developments that I thought of it would be really interesting for you when you have that scenario all a society that is formed by a rating system in 2016 there's some new guidelines on the SCS New Cybersecurity loss and you might expect that they're getting a bit harder and harder every time and it was a police robot I don't know if you heard about it I was going to write an article but then we had a really nice conference that made a lot of work in my article died in the way so from you might have lost Waleed what was the movie couple of years ago you might remember even if there was a little skewed wide robots has specialty it could taste some into someone in China must have watched that may be too because guess what it looks like a and it contains a you find takes as an that's online and the People's Bank of China announced its own this is the currency to come soon they're working on it for years unsectarian I'm registrations for online come so no real number illustrations no online comments on and 20 20 Inc the mandatory such a credit system the next question is
usually How does the social transition work yes on we take a quick look at 70 credit because they had more and more services let X included guys could know body so we learned a lot of data mining they do for example when use started pain it goes through this course use goggles higher and higher the more you chop with Ali page than other undeveloped services we know that different and millions of services find now it's getting special because it draws information from officials as well so we have information from ports that does erectus threes on some because love is always makes everything better you get your data from the biggest stating out and signed up its baffled so you can't see if the person you want to fall in love with you have a good school and and of course they including more and more services their penalties now if you got to pay child support for a couple of months or years all I have heard people can forget that for quite a long time there are penalties for example you can't take high-speed trains or first-class flight tickets which is a very intelligent way again it's a very intelligent way to after penalties because if you start with people and nobody likes and nobody like openly it's clever the on of course and the companies do not tell you a lot about the technologies like hell they use in the systems so on and people want to know about the mandatory system know but it can do how will it look like and so on and there's a very simple life answer we don't know the Chinese government doesn't give you a lots of information on how it will look but we can guess in having a look on how the government worked in the last 20 30 years so long as we can have a look how that she pair the mandatory system like I said different systems at the same time and they will learn from this and my guesses they will have like a little mad lady of the best features of the existing systems and get rid of the faulty ones so and by best I mean best uh it from the point of view of the Government of course so now we a bit later because of our technological difficulties thanks again for solving that's why do you have a social credit system but died in the back in history some people might remember the year 1989 before you had a lot of countries that call themselves but also you not only a few and China's born of them and how did that make it in the eighties that's something called the error of reform and opening up where they opened up to the West mostly onto capitalism ions you might you know what that means China for the transformation society and with some people getting rich quickly and a lot of people are getting poorer and poorer and watching the rich you have a lot of social tensions and remember that China is a huge country with a vast amount and people and you know people are really good in getting on each other's nerves so you have problems I give you 1 number that I really like in 2014 the official calendar of mass incidents every day was nearly 250 and the number is rising so it will be much more today and the mass and sedans can be anything from pensioners holding up banners demanding more money because they worked their whole life and so I really have to concentrate on what swearing I to like really it's full run riot petrol bombs burning buildings for example G 20 in Hamburg he might have heard that's a mass incidents that's nothing to get crazy about that's just a little thing that happens hamburgers still standing and thank you and and keep in mind organize societies are controlled on different levels that's not only China and so should control is usually done by groups so it's much easier if we control the tie each other and have a long history in China 2 and a lot of social socialist countries develop new forms of social control so in China that you have a whole color that means you can only get social services where you permitted to live a the I just give you really really short version of everything it's not it's a bit more complex as as you know the dying on which you can say it's an analog version of a lot of years stuff what you've done goes in there you needed a marriage permit if you want to get married and it wasn't easy to live without a net permitted aren't as China became more now digitized you might know what comes next next no 2 in 1 control became digitized as above and ask people are using ICT is more and more they create a use amount of data and the bloody thing with data is you don't feel smell or see anything vanishing to you people it's half for us humans to develop something toward something we can't see smell all feel on more and more technologies are used in civilians and social control but that still leaves the question why is China during its
let's go to another point I'd really interested in biological influences the way we see the world and the way we think about it is formed by theories by ideologies and what's the
Chinese flag you see it again maybe you remember some of you it's red with the yellow stars that usually is a code for socialists on the the this is now dawn you was kind of big in China the and so you have you have 3 socialists it really helps to know a bit about Marx's own rule in researching China and especially now that import it's not called my always then it's called mode the board it's about what he taught on to this reform of opening up I'm trying to feed you a bit of science history the Chinese government opened up to more for example there opened up to foreign to nationalism and if you know about about socialism usually you wouldn't put socialism and nationalism in 1 room because didn't like each other the Chinese government I found a way they like each other they got really interested in P R and then really research other countries how governments there's stood in power on some not so well known to most of us this is Confucius confucianism shaped and molded the Chinese societies for more than 2 thousand years but if you have that take influence you can't just get rid of it it's in people's memories it's in the whole society and Confucianism came back as an ideology my some parts of the socialist ideology vanished confusion of them came back and confucianism is about a society where everyone is on her or his place and the place is always below the ons with
all this new logical influences the way of communication changed as well before it was the master's and no it's a public old campaigns and programmes parts revolutionary names or poetic forms like hundred flowers yet the great leap forward and all these campaigns molded our picture of China or the picture mostly flat and there have people improve red flags but no change you new campaigns and programmes and that other names as well you have socialist harmonious society as a goal for the society and a couple of years ago before you couldn't put socialism and harmony in 1 room you the I have a tiny stream yes it sounds a bit like American dream yeah and and we learned that all governments are interested in control and feedback because you can't control something if you don't pay attention and can blow up anyway so why do we have an autonomic nervous system that child every part what's going on you have 1 electronica Ottomans nervous system in many societies not only China people using ICT so on this social credit system just creates a wonderful opportunity of the to pork and on the same time on influence so we come to the end of
this talk and to the summary so again this I think is very important it's an international tendency to solve social problems with technological solutions aren't as far as i crime concerned this is not the best maybe on the Chinese government they do not count and think in years they think in decades at least the I'm very looked the Internet and found out that this is a good to and they're using it successfully that we know at least since Edward Snowden's that other governments are capable of using the internet as a tool of well a social credit system exists of the use of Big Data algorithm ICT is and gain deification and it will become mandatory I'm this game when it becomes mandatory will define your life and not only your life that will define the life of the people is surrounding US well this school since children for example will go to will be chosen on your rate aren't there is the opportunity the to put this together with the National trip to currency so thank you all for listening not was my current state of research and the current set of my cold we both presented to this talk unfair and I'm really looking forward to Q and and discussing thanks and it's In fact we
think the a half thank you the it kind of put
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Gamified Control?
Untertitel China's Social Credit Systems
Serientitel 34th Chaos Communication Congress
Autor Kühnreich, Katika
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung 4.0 International:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen.
DOI 10.5446/34797
Herausgeber Chaos Computer Club e.V.
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Sprache Englisch

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Abstract In 2014 China’s government announced the implementation of big data based social credit systems (SCS). The SCS will rate online and offline behavior to create a score for each user. One of them is planned to become mandatory in 2020. This lecture will review the current state of governmental and private SCS and different aspects of these systems.
Schlagwörter Ethics, Society & Politics

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