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Iceland could have been innovative: Participatory democracy

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CNN has been just reelected into the Icelandic Parliament as a member of the Pirate Party maybe some of you already so the speak yesterday where she was on an event talking about the cliques today is she's going to speak to us about the experience of crowdsourcing a constitution and really taking new steps with participatory democracy so she was shy adolescence lines made in Iceland at the attempts of building a new country and a new approach in the attempt of transforming politics we're gonna start off with a short video and then please give a warm welcome to bring it thank this you
and me so 1st of all you'll do you in here moment of there I don't know where I found in the most profound developed in human history it did double edged sword at all times the most liberating technological development history community it's also degree of surveillance to the and their and Schwartz he's executive director and enhance progress a compound of right was arrested and tried violating federal having lots and shorten the layout of the incline here's a pretty big clearly terrified of this new space and I think the challenge for our generation does understand that is to make sure that all the freedoms that which is seem totally commonsensical offline are protected online as well whoever leaked all those they departed documents to the WikiLeaks website is a traitor and that should be executed or put in prison for life and all infrastructure has been built for absolutely so there's
system of all the
actors are terrorists this is cyberwarfare mentioned democracy
without freedom of information without freedom of speech without freedom of expression is that democracy but remember him around him
about in private Bradley Manning
was arrested and charged with leaking video including the charge of aiding the enemy capital sets of a
random thing where the name with the
head
the unit is the last remaining 3 well my grandfather at
85 years have to learn the concept of what was courts and he likes it I want us
together to make best use of low low
low the village managers bird
uses a real model for how and this can be influential from the inside emerges from the other we have taken all the best lost around
well below 1 comprehensive vision
of the Freedom of Information speeds expressed we didn't know where this don't
how it's wonderful global censorship
laws on the internet we have to be a set and I've
seen you know realize all my dreams were can work and with that every single
1 of among it's like something out of a movie you have this
band of misfits and rebels coming together and just accomplishing this incredible and
here and
and we and the and the
new hi when they happen to be here and this immediately is
from that documentary film that they're due to the it's uh is what has been working on for the last 2 and a half years and it is very much about the work that have been doing in the Icelandic Parliament and inspired by the standard model Megan at they with so we'll talk to a little bit later on in my speech and 0 it's did the documentary on on Daniels but the most dangerous man in America and I really encourage you to see that 1 and I'm hoping that this 1 will come out of this year because we
are at at really critical time when it comes to creating loss to protect our digital rights and that is precisely why joint and helped found the Icelandic part Party now because I feel that there is no of political understanding on on the need to create for example a Online Privacy Act and most of our stuff that is hoping gathered online and Ys in such quantities and it's so sacred insensitive and that if the normal legislators would understand that the level of surveillance that is possible and they would hurry up to make laws but they just don't understand it and I spent left for years in the Icelandic Parliament and I helped create a political movement uh just called the moment in 2009 in the wake of the financial collapse and there was a hidden run moment to with it 1 of the chief aims to um and create a constitution by and for the people of Iceland because very many people understood that most people don't understand the Constitution at all because they read it and our current constitution is a 70 year old piece of paper that the Danish king gave us when we got our independence and was always meant to be just the temporary uh constitution but and most politicians that are the let politics gets in the way he and M. particularly power and that's why we haven't had a constitution yet and that's why our
new beautiful constitution that I'm going to tell you a little bit about is in a coma
and it went into a coma distance last days of this parliamentary session we just had elections on the 27th of April and and it's just before the and and the people that was supposed to work and make sure that a new constitution would get through all caved in and and that's why we now have a center-right government because the voters of the left people I left politics and they punish them for being cowards anyway so that maybe it's a good situation that we have the new const back in power in Iceland because that means that we might get
another revolution because we didn't really use that opportunity nearly enough affluent quick enough so when we
were pushing for these really fundamental changes and many people have heard that you don't have a constitution in Germany and I really think it's high time to think about it so that uh what a constitution this uh Constitution in my
opinion is so uh a social agreement of what sort of society you wanna be and that's why politicians should make it that's
why the people should make it and discuss it what they want to be the spirit of the constitution and that is weights and every generation has the right for a constitutional review the and from there are many countries that don't have this process and yet there are many now awakening to the fact that even in the United States where the Constitution there is like a prior but you know you can't change the uh and it's even the people that originally created that constitutes a set that it should be reviewed by its generation so we're always dealing with people in
power being very very much afraid of letting go and then we're dealing with us and the people that have usually been on the on the
outside now more than ever after we got and the new realities based on the Internet and we have come to realize that our systems are not done it is functioning in our own countries but everywhere there is this huge understanding and growing understanding that our democracies feel like dictatorship with many hats will we get a chains hats every 4 years and then what and stand there and there is also a really growing sense that the systems that written created when we were much fewer and we have a lot less complex world and we did live in a world that was completely aboard less like it feels and to me today that there is there are no information borders for they shouldn't be there are no financial borders there are no quarters when it comes to trading and and even and and to some degree there is some free flow of peoples and to have a the
so when people have started to realize that the system doesn't work for them anymore and they know what's wrong but I sometimes feel that nobody knows what to do instead the and I often pose this
question what do we want instead what sort of societies to the world do we wanna be and in 20 years in 30 years in 40 years and what this the hardware that we're going to build a new software into the new system and this is my new passion and I really want to work with people from all over the world to see many put down a blueprint for what the future should be for all of us and
locally as well the and have mannose together what's really cool people that managed to think outside the box for a long time to be a part of its global think tank for the for the new hardware so in the constitutional process my speed was an Afrikaner you've all of uh primarily around the year constitution in I sent others tell you really quickly how it was and and then during Q & a session you can ask me morning date in
detailed uh in detail what you want if you want to know anymore but primarily the where had really juicy
good collapse are innocent so we felt that everything we trust it be at the media the financial system the regulatory system for the financial sector the government the and the the academia have failed us and we had the world's 3rd largest financial collapse in the history of the world actually and hence pretty good achievement for a country
320 thousand people and and uh in the wake of it we have this sort of soft revolution where we manage we had 4 demands and I was 1
these people resulting outside the parliament at the end we wanted to get rid of the central bank manager we want to get rid of the head of the financial regulatory an
institution and we wanted to get rid of the government and finally we wanted a new
constitution by and for the people of Iceland the we got the freedom and pretty quickly but the birth of a new constitution has been slightly more complex and but the process of it was quite beautiful because we're really 1 did to the people to be a part of this process and so the 1st thing the new government did and my party as a minority party supported them every step of
the way with the constitutional development was the call together by National Assembly where 1 thousand people were randomly selected from a national registry to do some of our world café scenario where they would actually have a discussion about and what does
a human rights charter in the constitution mean what does it need to include and how it's 3 division of power best achieve and all these different pillars of what needs to be in a constitution and after 2 days of debates all that stuff was put into a and database and the at people would write on my the pieces of paper work was the most important element of each chapter where it's a segment of the constitution and then also pulled together and about process ask that was processed the constitutional committee also pull together all the stuff that had been processed in the parliament in the last 70 years I had to get
this the legal fact checking and then we had a national referendum where anybody who wanted to be a part of
a constitutional Parliament could could then make themselves available to run and so on so we were in a bit of a problem in Iceland said because we'd never done this and we can expect so many people to want to run so like 500 and something people that are needed to be introduced that because everybody was unequal platforms and it was sort of the spirit in eyes and that the time that they really want like politicians to be in this process which was good and so we got we left 23 in and there was some force is nice and that try to stop this and in particularly it's been a very
difficult and painful process for the right wing party that's a rule doesn't ever since with got independence with a few exceptions and
so on the they managed to with somebody on their have uh cold light
put into a court that the process the technical process of the national referendum was incorrect because both were not high enough and but still it didn't mean that the people that are elected were not rightfully elected i so they managed to actually have the referendum nullified and so the parliament was in a very difficult positions I was in a committee trying to figure out what to do and about this because his was really rare case not only in Iceland but in Europe and that you know the name of the referendum was deemed illegal so we eventually just hired them as a Council of the people that were elected for the constitution Parliament and today brought they did they did so many great things and we as parliamentarians have so much to learn from them because they managed to actually work together and they were like from all different walks of life and the man is still to
work together in a really incredibly powerful modern 21st century constitution with all the foundations of democracy at its core and they also they did not only do this to uh
as sort of a close group that completely up to process open the so all the meetings were open and they invited people to bring forward suggestions by e-mail war uh on the website where you could actually just do it through your Facebook account if you wanted to do it openly and or they could come visit them or whatever and and lots of these suggestions actually taken into account into the new Constitution I know a little bit about 3 articles that are important to me 1 is about whistle-blowing uh and source protection I want articles about that as a constitutional right everybody should have access to the internet and and 1 is about generation Freedom of Information Act and too many of my colleagues helped draft the the uh uh not colleagues in the parliament but colleagues in the grass roots and help that draft that that that text in the Constitution so in a and it's been actually really nice to see people feel that they have summers ownership in it might all these different parts of it there are people in society that view that their ownership in the constitution and that's exactly how
constitution should be made and unfortunately and things started to go downhill after the Constitution of also
gave this to the parliament because uh the Parliament needed to buttons Jeff give a technical and error Senate slightly equal technical errors and in that process the parliament to wait too long to do it and it didn't really start to do its work until it was too late and uh and that is sad because even if we wrap it up before and the Parliament was supposed to be um the and the wrapped up but before elections now a a few months ago and they were so afraid of Philip last that they caved in and it was an exceptionally day and for the US and take them society and our democracy rich person and I created a speech my final speech was that nite about exactly that issue and uh I started weeping alleged that because I was reading the intro to the new constitution and it's very nice you can find it it's in English as well and if you just google Icelandic new Constitution country you find it and it's the only speech at like so many people files like this uh I've never gotten such a response to anything I've ever done as a
parliamentarian assists less speed and I think it was what's nearly 6 thousand types times and you too and I don't think any other speeds ever in the history of the and parliament has been what's so many times but during the elections in this is the weird part so we have elections like 3 weeks later or 4 and then nobody talked about the new constitution
and for me this is some porn like
that the how the media sometimes works because they only allowed us to discuss and the promise of the Progressive Party about taking down uh uh mortgages 20 % for everybody which is of course impossible so and whenever I would say I want a lot about the Constitution there which is basically the steer me out of it and and and try to get me to speak about that relates and so I 1 of the main lessons to learn
from this is that and I don't
know if we can bring it out of the coma we I am feeling very embarrassed about my nation actually right now but because of the way people voted for lottery ticket instead of loading for the fundamental basics of our society and so I think the lesson is that whenever there is crisis be prepared before be prepared like if you want any sort of changes in your society don't wait until the crisis be prepared start to write laws and there are lots of lead people that like to hack into love us I mean Lawrence I really the texture of our reality and the loss should really reflect on function for all of us and 1 the reasons I I I'm not the llama granary a politician and not the politicians and I entered into parliament by CIA freak of axis was densely accident uh never had the intention of being a of a parliamentarian but I have spent 4 years there and I have learned some of so always been an activist and death
of knocking on the doors from outside and trying to get people to let me and then hear my voice and using the megaphones uh when I protester um but now I have a massive massive metaphor it's so
hills like that whenever I said the press release they were actually the media the printed at before I was in their they wouldn't or sometimes whenever I want to get a hold of a minister at this corner em off in the cafeteria and use you would have to wait for a couple of months before you could get the I a minister to listen to your concerns and there some 10 I
can actually put forward uh I can ask for information from within the system directly and what I've done is I made myself into a plug-in I'm a plugin for the general public so whenever somebody needs some information out of the system I am the Freedom of Information Act and I'm trying to inspire more people to work like this because I as a parliamentarian and not there to govern I'm there to serve and I'm only going to be there like that got re-elected now for another party for the Pirate Party and I'm only going in now in order to uh teach the new pirates how it works so they don't have to learn for 2 years until they have figured out that the others are trying to come and treat them and so I will share my knowledge and then I'm done after 4 years I'm done with my duties but it is an incredible privilege because we're in this incredible time we were actually in the space of transforming transforming politics as we know them because like I said earlier many of us feel that our democracies are disliked dictatorship with many hats that we don't have a voice that we can't change things but we can we really can and I am in my work is a testament of the and that the wire say it is a testament is that eventually Manet's from the smallest party in the parliament to have an impact on where Iceland is going in the future by a
set of laws which were a little bit touched on in this documentary on the making
where I worked on an idea that originally came from john perry barlow and that was to create a reverse tax-haven and we have a transparency Haven the and I've already managed to or have an influence on having the best possible freedom of information that we have the best possible source protection laws in Iceland and now based on the Belgian laws and a
lot of this work is really inspired by our work on the internet because I I I
started to work on the internet in 1995 it was the 1st person the woman to go into web development and completely self-educated I never learn more than I need to and I never do more than 2 and the just to be able to put forward our and task the government was set so passed to make Iceland into a safe haven for freedom of information expression speech is a testament that anybody can do it because I was not an expert I am not an expert on use like you all and I have something that you ensure that everybody in here as a passion about something I just found out than what what this it in my life that gets me up in the morning and I really want to make my world better I understand that we are running out of planets and that there's not a lot of future from a 12 year old that's there in the game room somewhere and if I don't do something as an
individual this is my individual the the determination that I have a responsibility the I have a responsibility as an individual to help co-create create my own society that and the reason why I'm saying it is because people seem to forget that living in democracy is and work that democracy living in a free democracies work and requires your attention every day you can't cut up into smolt for somebody or maybe you didn't just aren't even bother to show up at that 2 well for somebody it's your responsibility to
co-create your own reality in
collaboration with others it is so important the and I am a testament the poets the 2 web developer that went into Parliament and open the windows to let people know how they can participate and so the next race and I'm really excited about in this participatory and prices to is an and that we've been developing something that many of you in Germany aware of what is called the with feedback relief with democracy so now we create an condition to it where people can actually have that on the top layer of it where they can have discussions and debates about the amendments so what is good or bad about the proposed laws and the parrots and nice and they tried to uh only put forward legislative suggestions but after a lot of research uh and we publish their research and then we copied into a little text because in the end it always needs to be made into law uh even effort and in ASR understandable and is possible now if we are successful with this better tests in Iceland the with
their standard pirates the next step would have been already getting other parties to
be interested in it the next step would be to have a direct plug-in into influencing any parliamentarian on how he casts his vote and that would be a perfect plugin the that to having an influence without having to be in a party because I feel that a lot of the party structures have become like the Church of Scientology and then some uh if you leave you're in you're an outcast and any simply like that we should all have the right to assemble
with any group and as a matter what is culture to Scientology
uh the Democratic Party or the pirates or whatever that is so
my dream is and I'm working on this uh as much as I can see is that we don't we don't have these uh clusters of power but we decentralize the power much more and that we make people aware of that laws are nothing else than an agreement or what sort of society on a B and it does matter if is a constitutional law if it's the lowest and that we have an and listen to I let's say sharing we need to be a part of the process I already so I decided that I wanted to have a like a good time for q and and I just wanna tell you a little bit more about that and there's 1 more thing
and then I'll do you and on a real that you ask me lots of questions and so I wanna encourage you to go to the uh in the websites I
am and I thought there has to have a look at the all the different aspects of the safe-haven nascent Whitney without about 50 % of the legal shield up and we're getting a report later this month from the Ministry of Culture and Education the put up a steering group together and to then there's the the they're putting the loss together so that we can process them in the parliament with his new Parliament whenever that comes together and I want you also if you have time I had to the and look into on the status of freedom of information expression is states where you come from and encourage your lawmakers to start to make 21st century lost because there is a very serious rates by when we look at their sharing loss might with a look at their copyright laws patents we are dealing with massive massive uh breach of
understanding on how the networks and their most of the lawmakers in most of the policy makers have absolutely no
understanding about the world that most people here a very acutely aware of how it works and instead of being at war I really want us to that share knowledge about how it works because I found that often when you go inside the system and you start to talk to people and without are these walls that would have between us that you can actually get them to do sensible things not always but it's more likely if you are not in this war more against each other and a really also and encourage people to I am worth more
together on certain things like you know we can all agree on that there are certain things that are important to deal and and the biggest problem with anybody any group so when a change stuff is that they just get into too much trawling so uh prior incurs less trolling and more collaborations thank you very much
if information summarized and last nite was said please use this opportunity to ask questions and in assignment right and
coming in the you a but some hello heater her reading I'm going to hide
the last week I was in Mumbai as uh and invite investment conference and that at this conference were members of the business Task Force of the American defense and there were invite investors from around the each area and also coming in from America lots of philanthropist and everything else I asked a question there that was very out of place but perhaps should have been but I want to ask it again now in place where people will understand that in general and the question I asked was if the people in that context were aware of the for Our modifying merge aspect of the scope and open source software development in general and if they were aware of the efforts to turn this into a way to make collaborative policy documents you have and everybody and impact investment conference were concerned that with different nationalities you have to deal with different financial legislations and of course uh this is this is a massive problem so I know that comprehensive the Pirate Party in Belgium is a is interesting this development just like a common from your own yeah and
that's on a good question I haven't really thought a lot about that this specific problem and I think that the in general there are lots of stuff that we can't be inspired a work on with open source of uh legislative processes a lack of said to people whenever I've spoken about the image is that it's a completely CC anybody wants to use it can use it and so we have to work on that particular law together and with people from 5 countries that we're looking at you know and and and that laws that actually work because is not enough to base your loss and lost that don't look good on paper like the Georgia has a very good Freedom of Information Act but that is it doesn't work there so I but there is another aspect in this regard and I'm sorry I'm not clear but there is another aspect that I find very important when and looking up the modern losses that we need to have laws in such a way that they can be easily modified to update it and as we need to use as the resources and all the brains that are available to us and had to make laws upgradable and also you on transnational should not only be about trade I we need to be much more we know I'm so excited about seeing actually how would inherit flexible was or how we can uh learn from the island for a simple non that bolt and they're doing a beautiful uh think tanks there on environmental law constitutional law and an index of happiness and and all these elements that it's very difficult to get some information about so I think crowdsourcing lost in away from different countries and and having them upgradable would be the modern legislative process that would be very nice and and actually not only nice but actually uh we call it them at deductible
so things will end question things that the next question here hello I'd David Berry from swans
University and in retrospect in hindsight um the right Independence Party and aggressive policy weren't uh proportionally represented on the Constitutional
Council do now think that that was a
major flaw in the kind of a strategy of getting constitutional change and not all I think that they
did have actually people that represent those different parties but it wasn't about 3 % gain parties it was about representing what people and people often want something different than the parties once and everybody had an opportunity to run and uh there was no pollution in society for any particular kind of thinking to run so if they didn't get people to represent the parties that's because people don't want people to represent parties but values it was just used as a
propaganda to kill the process that's my opinion at least no and I was wondering you were mentioning that it was difficult to get people to see the importance
of this act and participating in the taking various I was wondering how you think you could motivated to do that would he actually something about the design of the process what ideas you have at yeah that's a really good question and 1 of the things that we are and a very young democracy we were of course uh under the Danish rule for a long time until 1944 so our infrastructure is quite immature in many ways and that's our understanding of uh our Roland democracy and I think that there are actually to really important protease they're happening in Iceland right now 1 is said that at a given which is a platform that that uh the city of Reykjavík
them the man Georgia users to inspire people to put
forward ideas on what they want to be improved in the city and the counselors actually agreed to take the 5 top ideas and process them every month and we the pirates promised that the captain's that had an opportunity to get seats in the parliament promise before election to use a very similar platform developed by citizens but there's and which is called better where we invite all Icelanders to come when use this platform to bring us uh suggestions on what needs to be improved and we have the same threshold as you have uh the 5 percent threshold to uh and like the thing between 14 and 16 % of Icelandic voters didn't have anybody to represent their values and use as a that's a half things so we're urging people to um I use this platform because everybody is aware of it right now and and give us a task us with something that they feel is important so we have like 2 % of the nation needs to put that idea forward and then will process it in the parliament and that is and the reason why I say these are an important platforms is that people are very used to instant gratification and in our society so if you immediately or in a relatively short period of time see a result of your work then it's more likely that you come again and use that platform and we're also the pirates also using this same as model for the discussion before people go over the priors going to liquid that voting and that is I'm hoping because relatively few and that wouldn't be a good prototype uh and to use those and there's a sort of democracy laboratory and and and make sure that it's scalable so that others consider yourself you that you can do it but we come and so in the constitution process people where and not very interested maybe when it became so complex with the people running have but in the discussions and debates that have been increasingly more interested but I think that we need sound to to make it actually more accessible and each year and for them to be a part of the the process even further so we will eventually someday get the new constitution yes are there more questions yeah and you mentioned in
1 of your answers that Georgia has very good to the freedom of information law but they don't work that's why don't the wide just don't they work where relevant but I think it's
because the government does honor and a B and the could requests the freedom of information requests that is what I was being told when we're doing this in 2000 8 1 0 maybe it's since I don't have any specific have in examples from it it was just the people that would research in the loss but that told me that there is like there lots and lots around the world that look good on paper even in my answer said there lots of lots of the look good on paper but if people are not aware of how the loss function if you only use loss in the sense that it's the uh written laughter instead of the spirit of the law then it's very typical that people get away with uh abusing the laws for their own benefit and it is usually the people that I report uh participate in making the laws of the
so called 1 % like you get
with lobbyist you get the banking sector to ride laws about uh protecting the general public forum fraud so obviously they will always have a lead way if we don't make sure that the process of law-making is transparent and you know who was responsible for what they thought of the law and that's another way of and they've been Dunedin uh starting a project in the United States the Sunlight Foundation we're trying to shed some light on how bad the lobbyists right which states of the laws so um yeah I think many people feel intimidated by laws and constitutions and stuff like that because it's written in a language that nobody understands for it's very difficult to understand it so maybe the 1st step is effort
to have laws written in a language that we all understand them feel comfortable that we are
within the boundaries of the loss that we agree to have in society but there is another thing I noticed about loss With these are interesting because I completely after it became a lawmaker are completely lost respect for laws and even more than I used to before and that is the fact that some you will never be able to write laws that will prevent people from trying to find glitches in it's just impossible and and so and we have to address the problems in our societies with something else and I was trying to write right and you'll that batch like uh I often feel that you know if if you have a tapestry of something in there looks a whole city Fabio always trying to put a sort of a bats over the whole instead of discussing what's wrong why are people feeling that they need to break the law that they have to have like that like in many societies you have the black market versus the and you know ordinary tax-paying market might increase for example as so I I really think we just need to a 0 our systems and that's why I'm interested in creating a new hardware as well this is not enough just 0 it thank you there was the lady at the back please yeah I had actually 2 2 quick questions
on the 1st was how were you able to bring people who were not so technologically savvy into this process framework here wouldn't if there is people you didn't feel and literate with using a computer would be able to be a part of the process and then the 2nd question is what is the next step now are you still going to try to get the the new constitution in places they're still way to do that yeah
that's a very good question I am people but also just meet the constitutional and constant or that could sent to recognize a regular males and word given call as so but there is 1 thing about our will select high-tech aboriginals like everybody has all the gadgets and I think around 90 something per cent centers are on Facebook and so I guess the rest of the ones that are below 12 and so on I think in general people artist uh very keen
to be a part of the online community you have ruled um what's a project will also make sure that people there are blind and deaf and so forth and to participate in the online community and and the other 1 in relation to the Constitution itself if it's gonna come out of the coma if they're like you know with coma patients you never know when you get them out of the coma so I will do everything in my power and there are lots of people on ice and that will do everything in their power to make sure that uh when it comes so the coal will be ready it In residence remote done with my time we have time for
about 2 or more questions if there no so now's your chance I'm just taking over to
see if there is any more hands going up no possible 1 mole like a well within the and you're right with you consistent and is luminaries of Republic of enjoyment about journalist and the question how
do you it's possible I and you membership evolving is enough support is this completely that that that
and there very many maturity of eyes and is 1 of the famous the year application of process there is 1 slight problem with this entire process and that is that the 1 constant applied most of the bystanders were not aware of that we were saying hey we wanna join the yield more sigh centers were told that which is going to have a look at a contract and so on I think that there is still a majority for PU to finishing it but then other that the EU is and really keen on continuing on with the uh why because they don't use the hasn't after you finish this history uh new fishery policy and for us to be able to fitness our application that needs to be ready the most countries that are in the same category assessment because later % of our laws are already you lost and would have had their promises done like 2 years ago so and I think it really depends both on the you and I stand if it's gonna be finished I think the longer it's been drawn it will be drawn out the last chances are that it's ever gonna get into voting and ice and uh would there's gonna be any resolution so I think the new government will actually put a deadline as for the EU to do there part of the application process and so I would suggest that will arrive have the feeling it's gonna be maybe a year or something like that the end it's about the government that's leaving that
was very like 1 of these parties were very keen to China Social Democrats of the Left Greens were completely against it so you had like a government the maturity that wasn't even in unison if they wanted to join or not so it's been I've been a part of the you will the joined the EU Icelandic Parliamentarian Committee have been following this very closely and reporting as much
as it can on it that 2 people understand and this it's been a future failure in but do not only would learn do we got the lot of stuff out of it than than than the US got that the rest of the modern media initiative as a platform to transform their loss with their already said that they wanna have a look at it to what use that as a basis for change in velocity EU so maybe something good will come out of it the but 1 of
these parties that are like the uh the right wing party they're completely against joining the EU so which is gonna be trick again and OK so thank you so much so also for taking the time not just beginning it will be
taking time to answer questions as having another big random Main you pH
and the and
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Clique <Graphentheorie>
Ereignishorizont
Gerade
Computeranimation
Videokonferenz
Gefangenendilemma
Videospiel
Generator <Informatik>
Web Site
Minimalgrad
Momentenproblem
Arithmetische Folge
Rechter Winkel
Open Source
Vorlesung/Konferenz
Physikalisches System
Geneigte Ebene
Raum-Zeit
Internetworking
Arithmetischer Ausdruck
Zustandsdichte
Menge
Besprechung/Interview
Sprachsynthese
Information
Schreib-Lese-Kopf
Videokonferenz
Informationsmodellierung
Datenmanagement
Einheit <Mathematik>
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Metadaten

Formale Metadaten

Titel Iceland could have been innovative: Participatory democracy
Serientitel re:publica 2013
Anzahl der Teile 132
Autor Jónsdóttir, Birgitta
Lizenz CC-Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 3.0 Deutschland:
Sie dürfen das Werk bzw. den Inhalt zu jedem legalen Zweck nutzen, verändern und in unveränderter oder veränderter Form vervielfältigen, verbreiten und öffentlich zugänglich machen, sofern Sie den Namen des Autors/Rechteinhabers in der von ihm festgelegten Weise nennen und das Werk bzw. diesen Inhalt auch in veränderter Form nur unter den Bedingungen dieser Lizenz weitergeben.
DOI 10.5446/33469
Herausgeber re:publica
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
Sprache Englisch

Inhaltliche Metadaten

Fachgebiet Informatik
Abstract Iceland could have been innovative: With the first truly crowdsourced constitution. Nearly a thousand randomly selected Icelanders initiatively expressed wishes and contributed ideas. In November 2010, a citizen panel of 25 people was selected from 523 candidates. Although the Supreme Court entered caveat at the request of the "old conservative elites' opposition", it bypassed the parliament, because the court declared the 25 persons a Constitutional Council. Within only four months the men and women -- accompanied by the citizens via Facebook, Youtube, Twitter and other sites -- enrolled a jointly draft.

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